A growing assortment of words and definitions used in the Early Modern era. See the Guide for more information.
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Favorable, propitious, gentle. Latin Favonius, the west wind. From 1650. John Keats (1821) : Softly tell her not to fear Such calm favonian burial.


The fountain of inspiration; the draught that poets drink. Hippocrene (Greek, fountain of the horse; it lowed from a rock on Mt. Helicon where the hoof of Pegasus struck) was the name of a fountain sacred to the Muses. O for a beaker, cried John Keats in the ODE TO A NIGHTINGALE (1820), Full of the true, the blushful hippocrene.


As a verb: (I) To bend, stoop; make obeisance; to bow, submit. Used from the 9th into the 19th century. In MERLIN (1450), we read: The archebisshop lowted to the sword, and sawgh letters of golde in the steel; In Conan Doyle's THE WHITE COMPANY (1891): I uncovered and loutcd as I passed. Also luten, lowte. (2) To lurk, lie hid; sneak. Used 9th to 16th century; Gower in CONFESSIO AMANTIS (1390) said that love luteth in a mannes herte. (3) To mock, treat with contempt; also, to lout someone out of something. Udall In RALPH ROYSTER DOYSTER (1553): He is louted and laughed to skorne, For the veriest dolt that ever was borne; Shakespeare In HENRY VI, PART ONE (1591): I am lowted by a traitor villaine, And cannot helpe the noble chevalier. Hence louter, a worshipper; louting, bowing, cringing; John Keats in a letter to J. Taylor (23 August, 1819) : Is this worth louting or playing the hypocrite for?
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