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The marshes of Cape Cod are a primary source of this native berry, so the colonists could harvest the abundant fruit with ease. Cranberries were initially referred to as "crane berries" because cranes walking through cranberry marshes gobbled up the succulent fruit. In addition, Cranberries also used to be called bounce-berries because of how the mature fruit bounces if dropped.

Cranberries were most likely first used as a food by Native American Indians, and was used to make a staple called pemmican, which provided sustenance and nutrition to them during the long and cold winter.

Cranberries were also frequentlyused to make breads, desserts, jellies, jams, and sauces. They were not cultivated as an agricultural crop until 1816.

Medicine: Eastern Europeans believed cranberries reduced fever and cured cancers.


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