A growing assortment of words and definitions used in the Early Modern era. See the Guide for more information.
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To teach; to guide; to learn. Also learen, later learn; laren, ler, leryn, leir, lear. A common Teutonic word; whence also lore. Note that (although this sense is now vulgar) as early as 1200 learn meant to teach; Shakespeare uses it in THE TEMPEST (1610): The red-plague rid you For learning me your language. Hence lered, learned; Chaucer says in THE DOCTOR'S TALE (1386) : For be he lewed man or ellis lered. [The earliest meaning of lewd was lay, not in holy orders; hence, unlearned, artless, vulgar; belonging to the lower orders.] The expression lered and lewed was common from the 12th to the 16th century; This lewde and learned, said Roger Ascham in THE SCHOLEMASTER (1568), by common experience know to be most true.
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