|Lost Vivaldi Flute Concerto Found in Edinburgh Archive|
October 07, 2010, BBC (UK) by Staff
A lost flute concerto by the composer Vivaldi has been discovered at the National Archives of Scotland.
Il Gran Mogol, which belonged to a quartet of lost concertos, has been authenticated as the work of the 18th Century Italian composer.
|Spanish Navy finds 100 Shipwrecks in Hunt for Treasure|
October 07, 2010, The Telegraph (UK) by Staff
Two minesweepers and other vessels, on a mission to protect the country's historical heritage from private salvagers, located the sites in Atlantic waters off the southwestern city of Cadiz as part of a campaign that began Sept. 8 and is due to last two months, the Culture Ministry said.
Spain wants to avoid a repeat of a saga that began in 2007 when Tampa, a Florida-based Odyssey Marine Exploration, found a sunken Spanish galleon and salvaged from it an estimated $500 million in silver coins and other artifacts.
October 07, 2010, Archaeological Institute of America by Samir S. Patel
The sediment and water appear to swirl in different directions and my eyes struggle to focus. I’m not deep, just 12 feet below the surface of Pensacola Bay, but visibility is zero. A brief twinge of panic seizes me. A hand grabs mine and guides it to a hard patch in the soft sand. Floating words appear: “We are at the stern.” The hand then pulls me shoulder-deep into a hole. More words: “Sternpost.” A moment later, there’s no more hand. I scan the gray-green haze for bubbles but see nothing. Following procedure, I wait 30 seconds and surface. My guide, University of West Florida (UWF) archaeologist John Bratten, bobs just 10 feet away, an underwater writing slate in hand. We drift back to the dive platform, a custom-built barge where a group of UWF graduate and undergraduate students tend to gear, take notes in yellow field books, and help each other in and out of the water. They’re excavating the wreck of a ship from the 1559 colonization fleet led by Don Tristán de Luna y Arellano, a Spanish nobleman possessed of more ambition than luck.
|You Asked, We Answer: Is the Star-Spangled Banner a Poem or a Song?|
October 07, 2010, National Museum of American History by Megan Smith
Many visitors have noticed that in our exhibition and on the website, we refer to the words of the Star-Spangled Banner as a song, not a poem. This is a change from what many people learned in school—that Francis Scott Key was moved to write a poem, and the words were eventually set to a tune. So why do we call Key’s words a song?
|Spanish Armada Sets Sail to Claim Deep-Sea Treasure|
October 06, 2010, The Guardian (UK) by Giles Tremlett
Spain has sent an armada into waters around its coasts to seek out hundreds of shipwrecks in an attempt to head off a US marine exploration firm accused of plundering Spanish property from the seabed.
Over the past month, more than 100 suspected shipwrecks have been located by the Spanish navy in the Gulf of Cádiz, considered one of the world's richest hunting grounds for underwater treasure. br>
Dozens of Spanish galleons returning from the colonies in South America in the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries are believed to have sunk in waters around Cádiz.
|Unearthed Presidio Tunnel Is a Monument to Failure|
October 06, 2010, NBC by Joe Rosato Jr.
Eric Blind sat up to his ankles in mud. With a brush, he scraped away at a structure of 157-year-old brick, taking in a sight he knew would soon disappear.
...Last week, crews excavating an old Army landfill in the Presidio came upon the entrance to the old tunnel, dug in 1853. For Blind, it was akin to discovering the Holy Grail.
|Naked as Nature Intended? Catherine Crowe in Edinburgh, February 1854|
October 05, 2010, The Charles Fort Institute by Mike Dash
You might call it parapsychology's greatest mystery. Did Catherine Crowe – sixtysomething literary stalwart of the mid-nineteenth century, passionate advocate of the German ghost story, and author of that runaway best-seller The Night Side of Nature (London, 2 vols.: Newby, 1848) – really tear through the streets of Edinburgh at the end of February 1854, naked but for a handkerchief clutched in one plump hand and a card case in the other? And, if she did, was it because she had experienced a nervous breakdown, or because the spirits had convinced her that, once her clothes were shed, she would become invisible?
Crowe's name may not ring too many bells today, but a century and a half ago she was famous. Born in 1790, she was noted as a novelist (she wrote Susan Hopley, an intricately plotted crime novel that was some way ahead of its time) and as a friend of the great and good (she knew Thackeray, Dickens and Charlotte Brontë, among many others). Nowadays, however, she is best remembered as a pioneer parapsychologist – "a hugely important figure in the emergence of modern ghost-seeing culture chiefly because of her relentless calls for society to turn its attention to the unexplained phenomena in its midst and investigate them in an objective manner." [McCorristine p.10]
|N.Y. gets 'One Hand Clapping' Zen Debut|
October 04, 2010, The Japan Times by Ann Levin
The publication of J.D. Salinger's "Nine Stories" introduced a new generation of Americans to a Zen Buddhist koan roughly translated as, "What is the sound of one hand clapping?"
br>This koan, which is an aid to meditation that cannot be solved by logical thinking, can be traced back to the 18th century Zen master Hakuin Ekaku.
br> Hakuin, who was also a brilliant and prolific painter, is virtually unknown to American audiences. Now, in the hopes of remedying that situation, the Japan Society in New York is staging the first retrospective of Hakuin's work in the United States.
|Colonial Kids had it Tougher than You|
October 04, 2010, Discovery News by Liz Day
Forget childhood obesity and behavioral problems. Little ones in the 17th Century met colorful ends from eating poisonous beans, falling off wharves and the vague “failure to thrive,” according to Dr. Howard A. Pearson's analysis of colonial doctors' letters in the most recent issue of Pediatrics magazine.
Over one-fifth of infants in some colonial communities died before their first birthdays. So, what was pediatric health-care coverage like in colonial times when kids had it so tough?
|Seeking Booty, Archaeologists Dive to Blackbeard's Pirate Ship|
October 04, 2010, FOXNews by Staff
Archaeologists seeking ancient pirate booty are heading back to sea off North Carolina's coast -- a continuing effort to recover artifacts from the wreck believed to be Blackbeard's flagship.
The boat, called Queen Anne's Revenge, is believed to have sank in 1718 near Beaufort, N.C. Archaeologists in the state aim to save a dozen cannons -- up to 8 feet long and as much as a ton in weight -- and the ship's 1,800-pound anchors by preventing the process that corrodes iron in saltwater. To do so, they apply skinny aluminum rods to the boat that act as annodes, supplying an electrical charge that inhibits corrosion.
|Details of 18th-Century 'Ground Zero Ship' Revealed|
October 04, 2010, Our Amazing Planet by Andrea Mustain
Since the remains of a wooden ship were unearthed at the World Trade Center construction site in mid-July, a horde of researchers has been putting the vessel under the microscope — sometimes literally — in a quest to piece together the true story of the resurrected ship, and save it from decay.
Three of the experts most intimately involved with the 18th-century mystery ship — Michael Pappalardo, an archeologist, Norman Brouwer, a maritime historian, and Nichole Doub, a conservator — convened on a tiny stage Sept. 30 at the New York Academy of Sciences in front of a packed house, to discuss what science and history detectives have uncovered about the ship so far.
|Confusion Over History of Md. Cabin Museum|
October 04, 2010, The Washington Post by Annys Shin
In 2006, at the height of the housing bubble, Montgomery County paid $1 million to buy a two-story colonial in North Bethesda with a log cabin jutting out on one side. The house had been on the market only a couple of months, but county officials felt compelled to act quickly: This might be their only chance to save the real Uncle Tom's cabin - the former home of Josiah Henson, the model for the title character in Harriet Beecher Stowe's seminal antislavery novel.
...The house was once home to the Riley family, who held Henson as chattel, and the years that Henson spent on the 3,700-acre Riley plantation, from 1795 to 1830, did form the basis of his memoirs, which Stowe relied heavily on. But historians have determined that Henson never lived in the house or the cabin, which was then a kitchen. He lived in slave quarters that are long gone.
|Rural Cemeteries Offer Peaceful Sanctuary to the Dead and the Living|
October 04, 2010, The Associated Press by Staff
In the Romantic era of Wordsworth and Beethoven, the Victorian vogue of mourning embraced a love of nature and artistry. So-called "rural cemeteries" a few miles out of town were a sublime departure from the austere colonial churchyards with morbid funerary where the dead typically ended up.
Some 200 were established in the three decades before the Civil War, beginning with Mount Auburn near Boston in 1831. They're invariably hemmed in now by urban sprawl, forerunners of large-scale city parks and the grid-pattern cemeteries that predominate to this day.
|British Woodlands More Extensive Today Than They Have Been Since 1750|
October 04, 2010, The Daily Mail (UK) by James Tozer
As the leaves start to turn to gold, there's no better time for a walk in Britain's most scenic forests.
And this year there's even more for tree-lovers to celebrate after it emerged that the nation's woodlands are more extensive today than they have been for centuries.
|For Solitude, Try History-Infused Walk in Woods at Pre-Civil War Rural Cemetery|
October 02, 2010, The Canadian Press by Ben Dobbin
Atop an oak-shaded hill at Mount Hope Cemetery, an epitaph chiselled in Latin on Col. Nathaniel Rochester's headstone whispers on the wind: "If you seek his monument, look around you."
Mount Hope, America's oldest municipal park-garden graveyard, is a refuge not only for the departed. Curious souls still tramp through the 78-hectare arboretum by the tens of thousands each year, among them picnickers, bird watchers, joggers and history buffs.
|Movement of the Moment Looks to Long-Ago Texts|
October 01, 2010, The New York Times by Kate Zernike
The Tea Party is a thoroughly modern movement, organizing on Twitter and Facebook to become the most dynamic force of the midterm elections.
br>But when it comes to ideology, it has reached back to dusty bookshelves for long-dormant ideas.
br>It has resurrected once-obscure texts by dead writers — in some cases elevating them to best-seller status — to form a kind of Tea Party canon. Recommended by Tea Party icons like Ron Paul and Glenn Beck, the texts are being quoted everywhere from protest signs to Republican Party platforms.
|Life of a Navy Surgeon: Rum, Worms and Tobacco Cures|
October 01, 2010, CNN by Brad Lendon
Blood letting, tobacco smoke blown into the lungs, rum rubs and even the sight of Australia were some of the treatments used – with varying degrees of success – by surgeons of Britain’s Royal Navy to treat patients from the late 1700s to the late 1800s, government records released Friday show.
Britain’s National Archives has cataloged and made available to the public journals and diaries from surgeons who served on ships and in shore installations from 1793 to 1880. The archive represents “probably the most significant collection of records for the study of health and medicine at sea for the 19th century,” said Bruno Pappalardo, naval records specialist at the National Archives.
|7ft Worms, Hermaphrodite Sailors and Resurrection by Tobacco Revealed in Archive|
September 30, 2010, The Telegraph (UK) by Andy Bloxham
Worms seven feet in length, the first documented case of a hermaphrodite and the tale of a sailor who was saved from death by tobaccco smoke have emerged in a catalogue of bizarre Naval doctors' records disclosed by the National Archives.
In the calm lines of the notebooks' closely spaced copperplate are records of lightning strikes, gun fights and mutinous crews.
There are courts martial, shipwrecks and even murder during the long ocean journeys undertaken by the doctors' ships between 1793 and 1880.
|In Madison, Site of Slaughter gets Facelift|
September 30, 2010, The Morning Sentinel (ME) by Erin Rhoda
The town can't change the history that comes with the site of one of the largest slaughters of native Americans in Maine. But it can mend the landscape and teach people about the area's significance.
"The Pines," an area next to the Kennebec River on Father Rasle Road, is near where the Norridgewock Indians, a band of the Abenaki tribe, were massacred by the English in 1724. The conflict, pitting the French and Abenakis against the English, marked the end of the tribe in the area.
|Steeped in American History, Smith House may end up in Ireland|
September 30, 2010, The Pittsburgh Post-Gazette (PA) by Len Barcousky
What looks like a brick second-story addition to the William Smith House -- where the first armed opposition to British rule by colonists was planned -- actually is a wooden frame covered with shingles, he said. That 20th-century upper floor is one of the things that so far has kept the building off state and federal registers of historic structures.
...Smith, an 18th century businessman and local magistrate, was one of the leaders of what historians describe as a group of colonists that mounted the first armed resistance British rule. His home -- then a one-story stone cottage -- was the meeting place in 1765 for mostly Scots-Irish settlers who organized themselves into armed bands. They formed a local militia after concluding that neither the colonial government in Philadelphia nor British officials in London were able to protect them from Indian raids.
|Hale Honored on Anniversary of Execution|
September 29, 2010, Downtown Express (NY) by Joseph M. Calisi
Revolutionary war hero Nathan Hale was honored last Wednesday in a ceremony at City Hall Park. The event marked the 234th anniversary of Hale’s execution at the hands of the British soldiers in 1776.
|'Haunted' Llantwit Major Castle Back on the Market|
September 28, 2010, BBC (UK) by Staff
A 'haunted' castle which was pulled from auction in 2006 is set to go back on the open market.
The crumbling ruins of the 16th Century Llantwit Major Castle, also known as Old Place, were put up for sale by the Vale of Glamorgan Council.
|Historians Lobby for State Signage to Recognize Revolutionary War General Nathaniel Woodhull|
September 28, 2010, NY Daily News by Nicholas Hirshon
Exactly 234 years ago this month, a Revolutionary War general died from wounds incurred during a defiant showdown with the British - a gripping tale of patriotism that began in Queens.
But the spot where Nathaniel Woodhull was mortally wounded in 1776 does not bear tribute to the first high-ranking colonial officer to become a prisoner of war and die in enemy captivity.
|Box Found in Arctic has No Franklin, Amundsen Items|
September 28, 2010, CBC News (Canada) by Staff
A box unearthed in a Nunavut community along the Northwest Passage earlier this month contains nothing related to Arctic explorers Sir John Franklin or Roald Amundsen, government officials have announced.
...The box was purported to contain either documents related to Franklin's ill-fated attempt to navigate the Northwest Passage in the 1840s or items from Amundsen's journey through the passage in the early 1900s.
|Naked Dwarf Revealed Again in Painting|
September 28, 2010, Discovery News by Rossella Lorenzi
The naked image of a dwarf who starred at the Medici court in the Florentine Renaissance, has been revealed after nearly three centuries of oblivion, Italian art experts announced last week at a press conference in Florence.
Known as the Portrait of Dwarf Morgante, the painting, a two-sided canvas which portrays a court jester, was made before 1553 by mannerist painter Agnolo di Cosimo, better known as Bronzino (1503-1572).
Long considered to be obscene, the full frontal view of the naked dwarf was painted over in the 18th century.