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The world doesn't need architects to make buildings. The world needs architects to make architecture.

Expanding on the medieval mantra of let's make really ornate stuff, Early Modern architects created some truly impressive structures using pre-modern construction tools before settling down with simpler and more practical designs; here are some of the more note-worthy.
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Cross-listed in Writers

Colen Campbell

bornactivedied
1676, Jun 151712-17291729, Sep 13
a pioneering Scottish architect and architectural writer, credited as a founder of the Georgian style. For most of his career, he resided in Italy and England. He is believed to have trained in and studied architecture under James Smith, this belief is strengthened by Campbell owning several drawings of buildings designed by Smith.
Links (1)Notes (1)


Cross-listed in ArtistsSculptors

Alonzo Cano

bornactivedied
1601, Mar 191629-16561667, Sep 3
a Spanish painter, architect and sculptor. He was made first royal architect, painter to Philip IV, and instructor to the prince, Balthasar Charles, Prince of Asturias. He was notorious for his ungovernable temper; and it is said that once he risked his life by c...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Artists

Ludovico Cardi

aka: Cigoli
bornactivedied
1559, Sep 211581-16101613, Jun 8
an Italian painter and architect of the late Mannerist and early Baroque period, trained and active in his early career in Florence, and spending the last nine years of his life in Rome. He was one of the most influential artists in 17th-century Florence. Cigoli's fame and influence, even prior to coming to Rome, was of such a degree that the Florentine amba...
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John Carr of York

bornactivedied
17231752-17991807
a prolific English architect. Best known for Buxton Crescent and Harewood House, much of his work was in the Palladian style. In his day he was considered to be the leading architect in the north of England.
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Girolamo Cassar

aka: Glormu Cassar
bornactivedied
1520 ca1560-15881590 ca
a Maltese architect and military engineer who designed many buildings in the capital Valletta. He also designed various churches, the bakery, the mills and some private palaces and houses in Valletta, some churches in Rabat and Verdala Palace.
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Vittorio Cassar

bornactivedied
1550 ca1570s-1600s1607/1609
a Maltese architect, engineer and knight in the late sixteenth and early seventeenth century. He is claimed to have designed several fortifications and churches, but very few documents supporting his involvement exist. Many details about his life, including his date of birth and death, are also disputed. Son of the architect Girolamo Cassar
Links (1)


Richard Cassels

aka: Richard Castle
bornactivedied
16901728-17511751
one of the greatest architects working in Ireland in the 18th century. The untimely death of Edward Lovett Pearce, aged 34, in 1733, made Cassels Ireland's leading architect working in the sought after Palladian style. He immediately assumed all of Pearce's commissions and thus began designing a series of lavish country houses.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in ArtistsWriters

Pablo de Cespedes

aka: Céspedes
borndied
15381608, Jul 26
a Spanish painter, poet, and architect. He was in Rome in February 1559, engaged in conducting certain negotiations for the Archbishop Carranza de Miranda, of Toledo, who then stood charged with heresy before the Inquisition of Valladolid. He remained in Italy for over 20 years and built a reputation as an artist. His only surviving works from that period ar...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Sir William Chambers

bornactivedied
1723, Feb 231740-17961796, Mar 10
a Scottish-Swedish architect, based in London. Among his best-known works are Somerset House, London, and the pagoda at Kew. Chambers was a founder member of the Royal Academy.
Links (1)Notes (1)


Edward Clark

bornactivedied
1822, Aug 151840s-19021902, Jan 6
an American architect who served as Architect of the Capitol from 1865 to 1902. While still in his late teens, Clark was apprenticed to the nationally known Philadelphia architect Thomas U. Walter. While an apprentice, he helped Walter design and plan the buildings for Girard College.
Links (1)


William Clayton [2]

borndied
1823, Nov 171877, Aug 23
a New Zealand colonial architect. Born in Norfolk Plains, Australia, Clayton trained as an architect in England, and designed more than three hundred buildings in Tasmania, most notably Launceston's St Andrew's Kirk in 1849 before emigrating to New Zealand in 1863.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Artists

Wenceslas Coebergher

aka: Wenzel
borndied
15601634, Nov 23
a Flemish Renaissance architect, engineer, painter, antiquarian, numismatist and economist. Faded somewhat into the background as a painter, he is chiefly remembered today as the man responsible for the draining of the Moëres on the Franco-Belgian border. He is also one of the fathers of the Flemish Baroque style of architecture in the Southern Netherlands.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in ArtistsWriters

Pieter Coecke van Aelst

borndied
1502, Aug 141550, Dec 6
a Flemish painter, sculptor, architect, author and designer of woodcuts, stained glass and tapestries. His principal subjects were Christian religious themes. He worked in Antwerp and Brussels and was appointed court painter to Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor. Coecke van Aelst was a polyglot. He published translations of Ancient Roman and modern Italian archit...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Artists

Pietro da Cortona

bornactivedied
1596/97, Nov 11620s-16601669, May 16
was the leading Italian Baroque painter of his time and, along with his contemporaries and rivals Gian Lorenzo Bernini and Francesco Borromini, was one of the key figures in the emergence of Roman Baroque architecture. He was also an important designer of interior decorations.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Artists

Giovanni Battista Crescenzi

bornactivedied
15771610s-16351635
an Italian painter and architect of the early-Baroque period, active in Rome and Spain, where he helped decorate the pantheon of the Spanish kings at El Escorial.
Links (1)


Lewis Cubitt

bornactivedied
1799, Sep 291820s-1870s1883, Jun 9
an English civil engineer, he was a younger brother of Thomas Cubitt. He built many bridges in his career (most of them being in South America, Australia and India), and was jointly responsible for designing the rebuilt London Bridge railway station in 1844.
Links (3)


Thomas Cubitt

bornactivedied
1788, Feb 251810-18551855, Dec 20
was the leading master builder in London in the second quarter of the 19th century, and also carried out several projects in other parts of England.
Links (1)


François de Cuvillies

aka: Cuvilliés
bornactivedied
1695, Oct 231724-17681768, Apr 14
a Belgian-born Bavarian decorative designer and architect who was instrumental in bringing the Rococo style to the Wittelsbach court at Munich and to Central Europe in general.
Links (1)

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