While many freelance operators abounded with the Age of Exploration, national interests were also paying attention and quickly organized their own expeditions. The individuals on these ships were also frequently also explorers, but their main mission was to deliver the Rule of Law -- for each's respective country -- on the High Seas.

Last Name

Augustus Keppel

aka: 1st Viscount Keppel
1725, Apr 251735-17831786, Oct 2
an officer of the Royal Navy during the Seven Years' War and the War of American Independence. During the final years of the latter conflict he served as First Lord of the Admiralty. During the Seven Years' War he saw constant service. He served as Commander-in-Chief, North American Station from 1751 to 1755 He was on the coast of France in 1756 and was deta...
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Cross-listed in PiratesExplorers

Yves-Joseph de Kerguelen-Tremarec

aka: Kerguelen-Trémarec
1734, Feb 131797, Mar 3
a French explorer and naval officer. He was born in Landudal, Brittany. During the Seven Years' War, Kerguelen-Trémarec was a privateer, but without much success. In 1767 he sailed near Rockall, or Rokol. Although he may not have approached within sight of it, or even within 150 miles, he appears to have had good information regarding it. His charted positi...
Timeline (1)Links (1)

Cross-listed in Governance

Henry Killigrew [5]

1652 ca1712, Nov 9
an English Royal Navy officer and Member of Parliament. He was the son of the playwright Henry Killigrew. He was active in the Royal Navy during 1670s and 1680s, and was promoted to vice-admiral in 1689, but was suspected of Jacobite sympathies and not given a sea command after 1693. He was however appointed a Lord of the Admiralty in that year.
Links (1)

Cross-listed in Pirates


aka: Kuo-hsing Ye, Kuo-hsing Yeh, Coxinga, Zheng Chenggong, Cheng Ch’eng-kung, Guoxingye, Kaishan Shengwang,
1624, Aug 241646-16621662, Jun 23
a Chinese military leader who was born in Hirado, Japan to the Chinese merchant/pirate Zheng Zhilong and his Japanese wife Tagawa Matsu, and who died on Formosa. A Ming loyalist and the chief commander of the Ming troops on the maritime front for the later empero...
Timeline (2)Links (7)Notes (1)

Cross-listed in Explorers

Adam Johann von Krusenstern

1770, Nov 191793-18061846, Aug 24
a Baltic German admiral and explorer, who led the first Russian circumnavigation of the globe. After publishing a paper pointing out the advantages of direct communication by sea between Russia and China by passing Cape Horn at the southern tip of South America and the Cape of Good Hope at the tip of South Africa, he was appointed by Czar Alexander I to make...
Links (1)

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