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Scientists
borndied
1765 ca1829, Jun 27
an English chemist and mineralogist. He was the founding donor of the Smithsonian Institution. Smithson was never married and had no children; therefore, when he wrote his will, he left his estate to his nephew, or his nephew's family if his nephew died before Smithson. If his nephew was to die without heirs, however, Smithson's will stipulated that his estate be used "to found in Washington, under the name of the Smithsonian Institution, an establishment for the increase and diffusion of knowledge among men."
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06/27/1829-English scientist James Smithson dies, conditions of his will ultimately establish the Smithsonian Institution
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