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borndied
1837, Jun 221884, Jul 10
an American chess player. He is considered to have been the greatest chess master of his era and an unofficial World Chess Champion. A chess prodigy, he was called "The Pride and Sorrow of Chess" because he had a brilliant chess career but retired from the game while still young. Bobby Fischer and Viswanathan Anand ranked Morphy among the ten greatest chess players of all time, with Fischer describing him as "perhaps the most accurate player who ever lived". Morphy was born in New Orleans to a wealthy and distinguished family. He learned to play chess by simply watching games between his father and uncle.
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06/21/1858-Louisiana chess prodigy Paul Morphy arrives in Europe 
02/26/1859-Paul Morphy's chess match vs Augustus Mongredien begins -- Morphy wins 
04/30/1859-Paul Morphy returns to New York from Liverpool after a 10-month chess tour of Europe, retires
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Adolf Anderssen
...tournaments of 1851 and 1862, but lost matches to Paul Morphy in 1858, and to Wilhelm Steinitz in 1866. Accordingly,...
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