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17911820s-18551856, Feb 12
an African-American tradesman and abolitionist in New York City, New York. He operated and owned a tailoring and dry-cleaning business, and, on March 3,1821, he was granted patent 3306x for a dry scrub process as the first African American to be granted a patent. Jennings became active in working for his race and civil rights for the black community. In 1831, he was selected as assistant secretary to the First Annual Convention of the People of Color in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, which met in June 1831.
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Thomas L. Jennings17911820
 
18551856, Feb 12

Eli Whitney1765, Dec 81793
 
18251825, Jan 8
 an American inventor best known for inventing the cotton gin. This was one of the key inventions ...
Rene Laennec1781, Feb 171804
 
18261826, Aug 13
 a French physician. He invented the stethoscope in 1816, while working at the Hôpital Necker, an...
Sir Humphry Davy1778, Dec 171795
 
18291829, May 29
 a Cornish chemist and inventor, who is best remembered today for his discoveries of several alkal...
James Boydunknown1820
 
1829unknown
 an immigrant from Ireland living in Boston, received a patent for a cotton-webbed fire hose that ...
Pavel Schilling1786, Apr 51810
 
18371837, Jul 25
 a diplomat of Baltic German origin employed in the service of Russia in Germany, and who built a ...
E. K. Gauzenunknown1820
 
1839unknown
  a Russian naval technician. Working in the Russian naval base at Kronshtadt near Saint Petersbur...
William Otis1813, Sep 201835
 
 
18391839, Nov 13
 an American inventor of the steam shovel. Otis received a patent for his creation on February 24,...
Ithiel Town1784, Oct 31810
 
18431844, Jun 13
 a prominent American architect and civil engineer. One of the first generation of professional ar...
Karl Drais1785, Apr 291817
 
18451851, Dec 10
 a German inventor, who invented the Laufmaschine ("running machine"), also later called the veloc...
Napoleon Guerinunknown1830
 
 
1849unknown
 an inventor who obtained a U.S. patent for the first life preserver made of cork on November 16, ...
Lewis Haslettunknown1840
 
 
1849unknown
 an inventor and the first person to receive a patent in the U.S. for an early form of the gas mask.
Stephen Perryunknown1840
 
 
1849unknown
 a 19th-century British inventor and businessman. His corporation was the Messers Perry and Co, Ru...
Charles Thurber1803, Jan 21840
 
 
18491886, Nov 7
 an inventor and firearms maker who made important innovations in the early development of the typ...
Petro Prokopovych17751798
 
18501850
 the founder of commercial beekeeping. He introduced novelties in traditional beekeeping that allo...
Lucien Vidi18051844
 
18581866
 a French physicist. In 1844 he invented the barograph, that is, a device to monitor pressure, a r...
Pierre Adolphe Piorry1794, Dec 311816
 
18591879, May 29
 a French physician born in Poitiers. He invented pleximetry (a method for the investigation of in...
Isaac Singer1811, Oct 271830
 
18631875, Jul 23
 an American inventor, actor, and businessman. He made important improvements in the design of the...
Michael Faraday1791, Sep 221813
 
18661867, Aug 25
 an English scientist who contributed to the study of electromagnetism and electrochemistry. His m...
John Herschel1792, Mar 71816
 
18671871, May 11
 an English polymath, mathematician, astronomer, chemist, inventor, experimental photographer, and...
Linus Yale Jr.1821, Apr 41850
 
18681868, Dec 25
 an American mechanical engineer and manufacturer, best known for his inventions of locks, especia...
Sylvester Marsh1803, Sep 301826
 
18691884, Dec 30
 the United States engineer who designed and built the Mount Washington Cog Railway. He invented m...
Charles Babbage1791, DEc 261815
 
18711871, Oct 18
 an English polymath. A mathematician, philosopher, inventor and mechanical engineer, Babbage is b...
Joseph Plateau1801, Oct 141827
 
18721883, Sep 15
 a Belgian physicist. He was one of the first persons to demonstrate the illusion of a moving imag...
Anyos Jedlik1800, Jan 111817
 
18731895, Dec 13
 a Hungarian inventor, engineer, physicist, and Benedictine priest. He was also a member of the Hu...
John Deere1804, Feb 71821
 
18861886, May 17
 an American blacksmith and manufacturer who founded Deere & Company, one of the largest and leadi...
Alvan Clark1804, Mar 81830
 
18871887, Aug 19
 an American astronomer and telescope maker. He was a portrait painter and engraver (c.1830s-1850s...
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