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Cross-listed in Explorers

Michel-Gabriel Paccard

borndied
17571827
a Savoyard doctor and alpinist, citizen of the Kingdom of Sardinia. Born in Chamonix, he studied medicine in Turin. Due to his passion for botany and minerals, he met Horace Benedict de Saussure, who initiated the race to be the first to ascend Mo...
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William Palmer

aka: Rugeley Poisoner, Prince of Poisoners
borndied
1824, Aug 61856, Jun 14
an English doctor found guilty of murder in one of the most notorious cases of the 19th century. Charles Dickens called Palmer "the greatest villain that ever stood in the Old Bailey". Palmer was convicted for the 1855 murder of his friend John Cook, and was executed in public by hanging the following year. He had poisoned Cook with strychnine, and was suspe...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Ambroise Pare

aka: Paré
borndied
1510 ca1590, Dec 20
a French barber surgeon who served in that role for kings Henry II, Francis II, Charles IX and Henry III. He is considered one of the fathers of surgery and modern forensic pathology and a pioneer in surgical techniques and battlefield medicine, especially in the treatment of wounds. He was also an anatomist and invented several surgical instruments. He was ...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Caleb Hillier Parry

borndied
17551822
an English physician, who is remembered for Parry–Romberg syndrome, first described in work published in 1825, after his death. Parry's doctoral dissertation was De Rabie Contagiosa. He habitually noted down case histories, and a work Elements of Pathology (1815) was completed before he was disabled by illness.
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Cross-listed in Writers

James Parsons

borndied
17051770, Apr 4
an English physician, antiquary and author. He was elected Fellow of the Royal Society, and was assistant foreign secretary of the society about 1750. He was also Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries of London, and a member of the Spalding Society and of the Society of Arts.
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Cross-listed in Writers

Charles Patin

borndied
16331693
a French physician and numismatist. He was the son of Guy Patin, headmaster of the school of medicine in Paris, and a friend of Jacob Spon. Trained first by his father, he obtained a law degree and then chose to study medicine. He became best known for his numismatic work. He married the moralist author Madeleine Patin and their daughter Gabrielle-Charlotte...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Magnus Pegel

aka: Pegelius, Pegelow
borndied
1547, May 151619
a German doctor and mathematician. Pegel was born in Rostock in Pomerania/Germany and was one of the first authors to write (in 1604) about the theory of blood transfusions. He died at Stettin.
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Thomas Pell

borndied
1612/131669
an English-born physician who bought the area known as Pelham, New York, as well as land that now includes the eastern Bronx and southern Westchester County, New York, and founded the town of Westchester at the head of navigation on Westchester Creek in 1654. Born in Sussex, England, Thomas Pell was a brother of mathematician John Pell. He studied at Cambrid...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Pierre Petit

borndied
16171687
a French scholar, physician, poet and Latin writer. Born at Paris, Petit studied medicine at Montpellier, where he took the degree of MD, though he did not practice medicine afterwards. Returning to Paris, he resided for some time with the president Lamoignon, as tutor to his sons, and afterwards as a literary companion with Aymar de Nicolai, first president...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Heinrich Petraeus

borndied
15891620
a German physician and writer. He was Professor of Medicine at the University of Marburg. He was son-in-law of the chemist Johannes Hartmann (1568–1631). He is known for his Nosologia Harmonica Dogmatica et Hermetica. This was an attempt to find concord between rival medical theories of the time: those of the progressive chemical physicians (exemplified by...
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Cross-listed in WritersLegal

Thomas Phaer

aka: Phaire, Fayre, Faer, Phayre, Phayer
borndied
1510 ca1560, Aug 12
an English lawyer, pediatrician, and author. He is best known as the author of The Boke of Chyldren, published in 1545, which was the first book on pediatrics written in the English language. He published Natura brevium in 1535, and Newe Boke of Presidentes in 1543. He published The Regiment of Life in 1544, a translation of a French version of the Latin tex...
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Cross-listed in Clergy

Obbe Philips

aka: Philipsz, Filips
borndied
1500 ca1568
one of the early founders of Dutch Anabaptism. He was the illegitimate son of a Roman Catholic priest from Leeuwarden. Philips studied medicine, and became a barber and a surgeon. He married in 1530 and set up his business in Leeuwarden. Obbe Philips became interested in the Reformation, and converted to Anabaptism late in 1533. He was probably baptized by B...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Pierre Adolphe Piorry

borndied
1794, Dec 311879, May 29
a French physician born in Poitiers. He invented pleximetry (a method for the investigation of internal organs using percussion) and was the creator of medical terms toxin, toxemia and septicemia. He published works on numerous aspects of medicine, and had some success as a poet. One of his better known poems was Dieu, L'Ame et la Nature (1853).
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Cross-listed in InventorsScientists

Nikolay Ivanovich Pirogov

borndied
1810, Nov 131881, Nov 23
a prominent Russian scientist, medical doctor, pedagogue, public figure, and corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences (1847). He is considered to be the founder of field surgery, and was one of the first surgeons in Europe to use ether as an anaesthetic. He was the first surgeon to use anaesthesia in a field operation (1847), invented various ...
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Cross-listed in Writers

John William Polidori

borndied
1795, Sep 71821, Aug 24
an English writer and physician. He is known for his associations with the Romantic movement and credited by some as the creator of the vampire genre of fantasy fiction. His most successful work was the short story "The Vampyre" (1819), the first published modern vampire story. Although originally and erroneously accredited to Lord Byron, both Byron and Poli...
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Cross-listed in Military

William Pym

borndied
17721861, Mar 18
a British military surgeon. In 1794 he was appointed to a flank battalion commanded by Sir Eyre Coote, in the expedition under Sir Charles (later Earl) Grey which landed at Martinique in the early part of that year. He was present at the reduction of Martinique, Saint Lucia, and Guadeloupe. The force to which he was attached suffered great hardships, but rem...
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