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Cross-listed in PiratesCartographers

Richard Sawkins

bornactivedied
unknown1679-16801680, May 22
a British buccaneer who participated in the Pacific Adventure, a privateering expedition headed by Captain John Coxon. Participated, along with Coxon and Bartholomew Sharp, in the surprise attack on Santa Marta. Sawkins attacked Spanish shipping merchants and...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Friedrich Schiller

aka: von Schiller
borndied
1759, Nov 101805, May 9
a German poet, philosopher, physician, historian, and playwright. During the last seventeen years of his life (1788–1805), Schiller struck up a productive, if complicated, friendship with the already famous and influential Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. They frequently discussed issues concerning aesthetics, and Schiller encouraged Goethe to finish works he l...
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Cross-listed in WritersLegal

Franz Schmidt

aka: Meister Franz
bornactivedied
15551573-16171634
an executioner in Hof from 1573 to April 1578, and from 1 May 1578 till the end of 1617 executioner of Nuremberg. He left a diary in which he detailed the 361 executions he performed during his 45 year career. Throughout his career as an executioner, Franz Schmidt also had a side job as a healer. According to Joel Harrington who authored an account of his li...
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Cross-listed in Writers

George Sewell

bornactivedied
unknown1713-17261726
an English physician and poet, known as a controversialist and hack-writer. In early life Sewell inclined to Toryism, and was a bitter critic of Gilbert Burnet, whom he attacked in five pamphlets (1713–1715). Sewell's best-known literary work was his Tragedy of Sir Walter Raleigh, as it is acted at the Theatre in Lincoln's Inn Fields, 1719; 5th edit. with ...
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Cross-listed in WritersInventorsScientistsLegal

Fathullah Shirazi

borndied
unknown1582
a Persian-Indian polymath—a scholar, Islamic jurist, finance minister, mechanical engineer, inventor, mathematician, astronomer, physician, philosopher and artist—who worked for Akbar, ruler of the Mughal Empire. Among the inventions credited to him was an early anti-infantry volley gun with multiple gun barrels similar to a hand cannon's. Another cannon...
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J. Marion Sims

borndied
1813, Jan 251883, Nov 13
an American physician and a pioneer in the field of surgery, known as the "father of modern gynecology". His most significant work was the development of a surgical technique for the repair of vesicovaginal fistula, a severe complication of obstructed childbirth. He is also remembered for inventing Sims' speculum, Sims' sigmoid catheter, and the Sims' positi...
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Cross-listed in Writers

John Snow

bornactivedied
1813, Mar 151837-18571858, Jun 16
an English physician and a leader in the adoption of anaesthesia and medical hygiene. He is considered one of the fathers of modern epidemiology, in part because of his work in tracing the source of a cholera outbreak in Soho, London, in 1854. His findings inspired fundamental changes in the water and waste systems of London, which led to similar changes in ...
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Cross-listed in WritersScientists

Georg Ernst Stahl

borndied
1659, Oct 221734, May 24
a German chemist, physician and philosopher. He was a supporter of vitalism, and until the late 18th century his works on phlogiston were accepted as an explanation for chemical processes. Stahl's focus was on the distinction between the living and nonliving. Although he did not support the views of iatro-mechanists, he believed that all non-living creatures...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Charles Woodward Stearns

borndied
1817, Sep 241887, Sep 8
an American physician and author. Stearns graduated from Yale College in 1837. After graduation he studied for two years in the Medical School of Harvard College, but took his degree of M. D. at the Medical School of the University of Pennsylvania in 1840. He began practice in Springfield, but soon became a surgeon in the United States Army, and served in Fl...
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Cross-listed in AstronomersWriters

Samuel Stearns

borndied
1741, Jul 131810, Aug 8
an American astronomer, doctor, author and publisher. His trade was medicine but he also studied herbalism and astronomy. The book Annals of Brattleboro, 1681-1895 states of him that: "His fame as an astronomer led many of the inhabitants to consult him on the turn of future events." Stearns was a British Loyalist during and after the American Revolutionary ...
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