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Much of what we know about the Early Modern era comes from the writings of that time. With the proliferation of the printing press and a somewhat more literate population, much more literature of this period is preserved (as opposed to earlier times). Whether from a novel, play, travel journal or scientific paper, these writings add greatly to our knowledge of our history.
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Cross-listed in Astronomers

Franz Xaver von Zach

bornactivedied
1754, Jun 41780s-18271832, Sep 2
a Hungarian astronomer born in Pest, Hungary. Zach published Tables of the Sun (Gotha, 1792; new and improved edition, ibid., 1804), and numerous papers on geographical subjects, particularly on the geographical positions of many towns and places, which he determined on his travels with a sextant. His principal importance was, however, as editor of th...
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Cross-listed in AstronomersClergyScientists

Abraham Zacuto

bornactivedied
1452, Aug 121480s-1500s1515 ca
a Sephardi Jewish astronomer, astrologer, mathematician, rabbi and historian who served as Royal Astronomer in the 15th century to King John II of Portugal. The crater Zagut on the Moon is named after him.
Links (13)Notes (2)


Cross-listed in Clergy

Shneur Zalman of Liadi

bornactivedied
1745, Sep 41780-18121812, Dec 15
an Orthodox Rabbi, and the founder and first (Lubavitcher) Rebbe of Chabad (1780–1812), a branch of Hasidic Judaism, then based in Liadi, Imperial Russia. He was the author of many works, and is best known for Shulchan Aruch HaRav, Tanya and his Siddur Torah Or compiled according to the Nusach Ari.
Timeline (1)Links (1)


Niceto de Zamacois

bornactivedied
18201846-18821885
a Spanish-born Mexican historian, novelist, poet and journalist. He emigrated to Mexico in 1840. He died at 65 years of age after making important historiographical and journalistic to his adopted country contributions.
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Johann Heinrich Zedler

bornactivedied
1706, Jan 71727-17491751, Mar 21
a bookseller and publisher. His most important achievement was the creation of a German encyclopedia, the Grosses Universal-Lexicon (Great Universal Lexicon), the largest and most comprehensive German-language encyclopedia developed in the 18th century.
Links (1)


Joseph Zedner

bornactivedied
1804, Feb 101830s-1840s1871, Oct 10
a German Jewish bibliographer and librarian. In 1832 he became a tutor in the family of the book-seller A. Asher in Berlin, and later engaged in the book-trade himself; but being unsuccessful he accepted in 1845 a position as librarian of the Hebrew department of the British Museum in London.
Links (1)


John Zenger

bornactivedied
1697, Oct 261730s1746, Jul 28
a German American printer and journalist in New York City. Zenger printed The New York Weekly Journal. He was accused of libel in 1734 by William Cosby, the governor of New York, but the jury acquitted Zenger, who became a symbol for freedom of the press. In 1733, Zenger began printing The New York Weekly Journal, in which the journal voiced op...
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Cross-listed in Commerce

John Peter Zenger

borndied
1697, Oct 261746, Jul 28
a German American printer and journalist in New York City. Zenger printed The New York Weekly Journal. He was accused of libel in 1734 by William Cosby, the royal governor of New York, but the jury acquitted Zenger, who became a symbol for freedom of the press. In 1733, Zenger began printing The New York Weekly Journal, in which the journal voiced opinions c...
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Timeline (1)Links (1)


Zhang Renxi

bornactivedied
unknown1670sunknown
a noted Chinese poetical critic, who flourished in the 17th century. He was the author of the Ouwanji, a collection of essays, and also of a treatise on inks, dated 1671.
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Cross-listed in Artists

Hristofor Zhefarovich

bornactivedied
1690 ca1730s1753
an 18th-century painter, engraver, writer and poet and a notable proponent of Pan-Slavism. His name was first mentioned in 1734 in Belgrade, where he was well known as an artist. Zhefrovich was the author of two religious works, an instruction to newly appointed priests and a description of Jerusalem. His name is also associated with two textbooks — a prim...
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Zhiyanzhai

aka: Rouge Inkstone, Red Inkstone
bornactivedied
unknown1750sunknown
the pseudonym of an early, mysterious commentator of the 18th-century Chinese novel Dream of the Red Chamber. This person (a man or a woman) was a contemporary of the author Cao Xueqin, who knew the author intimately enough to be regarded as the chief commentator of his work, while it was still unpublished.
Links (1)


Vasily Zhukovsky

borndied
1783, Jan 291852, Apr 12
the foremost Russian poet of the 1810s and a leading figure in Russian literature in the first half of the 19th century. He held a high position at the Romanov court as tutor to the Grand Duchess Alexandra Feodorovna and later to her son, the future Tsar-Liberator Alexander II.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Clergy

Nicolaus Zinzendorf

aka: Imperial Count of Zinzendorf and Pottendorf
borndied
1700, May 261760, May 9
a German religious and social reformer and bishop of the Moravian Church. Born at Dresden, Zinzendorf was often influenced by strong and vehement feelings, and he was easily moved both by sorrow and joy. He wrote a large number of hymns.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Physicians

Jovan Jovanovic Zmaj

borndied
1833, Nov 241904, Jun 1
one of the best-known Serbian poets. He was a physician by profession, like his literary predecessor writer Jovan Stejic.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Clergy

Johannes Zollikofer

borndied
1633, Dec 291692, Apr 23
a Swiss reformed vicar. He was author and translator of many books. Zollikofers sermon on The unholy fiends' miserable condition - Christian warning regarding superstition and sorcery, in which magical practices are criticised. Witch-hunts were conducted with reference to his sermon.
Links (1)


Jose Zorrilla

aka: José
borndied
1817, Feb 211893, Jan 23
a Spanish Romantic poet and dramatist. In 1837 he published a book of verses, mostly imitations of Alphonse de Lamartine and Victor Hugo, which was so favoura...
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Timeline (2)Links (1)


Cross-listed in MilitaryGovernance

Miklos Zrinyi

aka: Miklós Zrínyi, Nikola Zrinski
borndied
1620, Jan 51664, Nov 18
a Croatian and Hungarian military leader, statesman and poet. He was a member of the House of Zrinski (or Zrínyi), a Croatian-Hungarian noble family. He is the author of the first epic poem in Hungarian literature.
Timeline (1)Links (1)


Cross-listed in AstronomersClergyScientists

Niccolo Zucchi

aka: Niccolò
borndied
1586, Dec 61670, May 21
an Italian Jesuit, astronomer, and physicist. As an astronomer he may have been the first to see the belts on the planet Jupiter (on May 17, 1630), and reported spots on Mars in 1640. His Optica philosophia experimentis et ratione a fundamentis constituta, published in 1652–56, described his 1616 experiments using a curved mirror instead of a lens a...
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Timeline (1)Links (1)


Jeronimo Zurita y Castro

aka: Jerónimo
borndied
15121580, Nov 3
an Aragonese historian of the sixteenth century who founded the modern tradition of historical scholarship in Spain. Zurita's style is somewhat crabbed and dry, but his authority is unquestionable; he displayed a new conception of an historian's duties, and, not content with the ample materials stored in the Archives of Aragon, continued his researches in th...
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Links (1)


Huldrych Zwingli

borndied
14841531
a leader of the Reformation in Switzerland; also a poet, hymnwriter, author of Pestlied. In his publications, he noted corruption in the ecclesiastical hierarchy, promoted clerical marriage, and attacked the use of images in places of worship.
Timeline (2)Links (1)

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