Search   
 
 
 
Before the advent of photography, if you wanted a picture of something or someone, you had to draw it yourself -- or hire someone to do it for you. Artists (at least the good ones) could make a good living painting portraits, cityscapes, scenes of commoners, or still lifes; and also preserving for us the particulars of their lives, the styles of their clothes and houses and the details of their world. Here are some whose works have lived beyond their lifetimes.
Status

Last Name
Nationality
Active
Sort
Selected
 
Find:

Aegidius Sadeler

borndied
15701629
an engraver from the Southern Netherlands active at the court of Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor in Prague. His early engavings were mostly faithful copies of works by Albrecht Dürer and copies of paintings by notable Italian painters. In Prague he also engraved p...
more
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Cartographers

Jan Saenredam

borndied
15651607
a Dutch Northern Mannerist painter, printmaker in engraving, and cartographer, and father of the painter of church interiors, Pieter Jansz Saenredam. He is noted for the many allegorical images he created from classical mythology and the Bible.
Links (1)


Pieter Jansz Saenredam

borndied
15971665
a painter of the Dutch Golden Age, known for his distinctive paintings of whitewashed church interiors. Saenredam is noted for his surprisingly modern looking paintings of church interiors - the great bulk of his production.
Links (1)


Jacobus Ferdinandus Saey

borndied
16581730 ca
a Flemish painter who specialized in architectural paintings depicting gallant companies amidst imaginary Renaissance and Baroque palaces and buildings. After starting his career in Flanders he moved to Vienna where he stayed for the rest of his life.
Links (1)


Cornelis Saftleven

borndied
16071681
a Dutch Golden Age painter. Saftleven's subject matter covered various subjects, including genre works, portraits, beach scenes, and biblical and mythological themes. Some consider his images of Hell to be his most individual contribution to Dutch painting. Approximately two hundred of his oil paintings and five hundred of his drawings still survive.
Links (1)


Herman Saftleven

borndied
16091685
a Dutch painter of the Baroque period. Herman was known for his landscapes of river scenes as well as of persons traveling through woods. In the 1680s, he was commissioned by the amateur botanist and horticulturalist Agnes Block, to draw flowers and plants at her country estate near Utrecht.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Charles Germain de Saint Aubin

borndied
17211786
a French draftsman and embroidery designer to King Louis XV. Published a classic reference on embroidery, L'Art du Brodeur ("Art of the Embroiderer") in 1770. In addition to his embroidery designs, he was also known for his drawings and engravings.
Links (1)


Master of the Saint Bartholomew Altarpiece

bornactivedied
unknown1475/80-1510unknown
an Early Netherlandish painter active in Germany between 1475/1480 and 1510. Despite his anonymity, he is one of the most recognizable artists of the early Renaissance period in German art.He was the last "Gothic" painter to be active in Cologne. Approximately twenty-five paintings have been attributed to him on the basis of his highly individual style, whic...
more
Links (1)


Master of Saint Giles

borndied
1500unknown
a Franco-Flemish painter active, probably in Paris, about 1500, working in a delicate Late Gothic manner, with rendering of textures and light and faithful depictions of actual interiors that show his affinities with Netherlandish painting. It is not clear whether the Master of Saint Giles was a French painter who trained in the Low Countries (perhaps more l...
more
Links (1)


Antoine Sallaert

borndied
15801650
a Flemish Baroque painter. His work survived in Brussels, where he lived and died. He was registered in the Brussels Guild of Saint Luke as a master in 1613 and used the monograms ASall f and AS entwined.
Links (1)


Adriaen van Salm

borndied
1660 ca1720
a Dutch draftsman and painter. He produced primarily marine art. These were done in pen with India ink applied to a cloth or a pre-processed panel. The Dordrechts Museum mentions further that he was also a schoolmaster and later a draper.
Links (1)


Richard Samuel

bornactivedied
unknown1770-1786unknown
an English portrait painter who won several prestigious medals in the 1770s in London. He is known for a small number of paintings including what came to be known as The Nine Living Muses of Great Britain of 1778 in which he painted the nine leading blue stocking women of his time.
Links (1)


Paul Sandby

borndied
17301809
an English map-maker turned landscape painter in watercolours, who, along with his older brother Thomas, became one of the founding members of the Royal Academy in 1768. While commissioned by the army, he began producing watercolour landscapes documenting the changes in Scotland since the rebellion, and making sketches of Scottish events such as the hanging ...
more
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Architects

Thomas Sandby

bornactivedied
17211740s-1780s1798, Jun 25
an English draughtsman, watercolour artist, architect and teacher. In 1743 he was appointed private secretary to the Duke of Cumberland, who later appointed him Deputy Ranger of Windsor Great Park, where he was responsible for considerable landscaping work.
Links (1)


Hendrikus van de Sande Bakhuyzen

borndied
17951860
a Dutch painter, well known for his landscapes and marinas. His son, Julius van de Sande Bakhuyzen became a well-known painter and his daughter, Gerardine Jacoba van de Sande Bakhuyzen was also a painter of still life, flowers, and fruit. Sande Bakhuyzen has paintings in public collections including two in the United Kingdom.
Links (1)


Joachim von Sandrart

borndied
1606, May 121688, Oct 14
a German Baroque art-historian and painter, active in Amsterdam during the Dutch Golden Age. In Amsterdam he worked as a painter of genre works, and portraits. He won a very good following as a painter, winning a lucrative commission for a large commemorative piece for the state visit by Maria of Medici in 1638, which hangs in the Rijksmuseum.
Links (1)


Dirck Dircksz van Santvoort

borndied
16101680
a Dutch Golden Age painter. Santvoort was born and died in Amsterdam, where he married in 1648 and had a son named Rembrandt. He married a second time in 1657. Though not registered as a Rembrandt pupil, he is considered a member of Rembrandt's school of painting,...
more
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Military

Henry Sargent

borndied
1770, Nov 251845, Feb 21
American painter and military man, was born in Gloucester, Massachusetts. In 1793 Sargent went to London, where he studied with Benjamin West and had courteous treatment from more
Links (1)


Andrea del Sarto

borndied
14861530
an Italian painter from Florence, whose career flourished during the High Renaissance and early Mannerism. His most striking among other well-known works is the series of frescoes on the life of St. John the Baptist in the Chiostro dello Scalzo (c. 1515-1526)
Links (1)


John Sartorius

borndied
1700?1780?
an Anglo-German animal painter, the first of four generations of the celebrated Sartorius family of artists. Sartorious was born in Nuremberg in Germany, first of four generations of artists who had a considerable vogue as painters of racehorses, hunters, and other sporting subjects.
Links (1)


Piat-Joseph Sauvage

borndied
17441818
a Belgian painter. He worked for a time in Brussels under the rule of the Habsburgs. He then joined the Saint Luc Academy in Paris, and in 1774 made nine paintings. As his fame grew, he was chosen as the official painter of the Prince de Condé, and then by Louis XVI and the Royal Family.
Links (1)


Edward Savage

borndied
17611817
an American portrait painter and engraver. He was born in Princeton, Mass., and at first worked as a goldsmith, also practicing engraving. Although seemingly untrained in painting, he came into prominence in 1790 through his portrait of George Washington, i...
more
Links (1)


Jacob Savery

borndied
1565 ca1603
a Flemish-born and trained painter, etcher and draughtsman who was active in the Dutch Republic after 1584. He specialised in still lifes, animals, landscapes en genre paintings. Jacob’s earliest known works of 1584–6 are mostly cabinet-size landscapes that clearly show the influence of his master Hans Bol.
Links (1)


Roelant Savery

borndied
15761639
a Flanders-born Dutch Golden Age painter. After his schooling, Savery traveled to Prague around 1604, where he became court painter of the Emperors Rudolf II and Mathias. Savery primarily painted landscapes in the Flemish tradition of Gillis van Coninxloo, often ...
more
Links (1)


Martin Schaffner

borndied
14781548
a German painter and medallist. Schaffner was born, lived and worked primarily in Ulm. His birth year is calculated based on a self-portrait medal he created in 1522 in which he describes himself as 44 years old. Schaffner initially apprenticed under Jörg Stocker. Records indicate he was a taxpaying householder in Ulm in 1499, suggesting that he had meanwhi...
more
Links (1)


Godfried Schalcken

borndied
16431706, Nov 16
a Dutch genre and portrait painter. He was noted for his mastery in reproducing the effect of candlelight, and painted in the exquisite and highly polished manner of the Leiden fijnschilders. Schalcken painted several portraits, of which the half-length of William III of England, now in the Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, is a good example. Like Dou, Schalcken speci...
more
Links (1)


Ary Scheffer

borndied
1795, Feb 101858, Jun 15
a Dutch-French Romantic painter. Scheffer often painted subjects from literature, especially the works of Dante, Byron and Goethe. Two versions of Dante and Beatrice have been preserved at Wolverhampton Art Gallery, United Kingdom, and Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, US. Particularly highly praised was his Francesca da Rimini, painted in 1836.
Links (1)


Hendrik Scheffer

aka: Henri
borndied
1798, Sep 251862, Mar 15
a Dutch painter in the Romantic tradition who lived in France for most of his life. Scheffers work was not without merit, though far behind the work of his brother Ary. Like Ary he was also a pupil of Pierre-Narcisse Guérin. Although he was technically excellent, his drawing was incorrect and his colouring cold. His work was much sought after in his lifetim...
more
Links (1)


Johan Bernard Scheffer

aka: Johann, Jean Baptist
borndied
17641809, Jun 30
a German-born painter and etcher active in the Netherlands. By 1788 he lived and worked in Utrecht and from 1790 in Dordrecht where in October 1794 he married the miniature painter Cornelia Lamme (1769-1839), daughter of the landscape painter Arie Lamme. They had three sons who survived to adulthood: the portrait painter Ary Scheffers (1795-1858), the journa...
more
Links (1)


Christoph Thomas Scheffler

aka: Schäffler
borndied
1699, Dec 201756, Jan 25
a German painter of the rococo period. He is best known for his frescoes. Among his works are the frescoes of the St. Cäcilia church in Heusenstamm, which was built by Balthasar Neumann for the Schönborn-Heusenstamm family, and those of the St. Paulinus' Church in Trier, funded by Elector Franz Georg von Schönborn. The frescoes in the chapel of the Deutsc...
more
Links (1)


Andreas Schelfhout

borndied
1787, Feb 161870, Apr 19
a Dutch painter, etcher and lithographer, known for his landscape paintings. Schelfhout belongs to the Romantic movement. His Dutch winter scenes and frozen canals with skaters were already famous during his lifetime. He became one of the most influential Dutch landscape artists of his century. Initially Schelfhout painted mainly summer scenes, beach scenes,...
more
Links (1)


Willem Schellinks

borndied
16271678
a Dutch painter, draughtsman and etcher of landscapes and marine scenes and also a poet. Willem Schellinks was one of the most widely traveled Dutch artists of his time. He traveled along the Loire and the Seine in 1646, and between 1661 and 1665 he visited England, France, Italy, Malta, Germany and Switzerland, keeping a record of his travels in multiple la...
more
Links (1)


Petrus van Schendel

borndied
18061870
a Dutch-Belgian genre painter in the Romantic style who specialized in nighttime scenes, lit by lamps or candles. This led to him being known as "Monsieur Chandelle". He made a name as a portrait painter and moved frequently, living in Breda (1828-29), Amsterdam (1830-32) Rotterdam (1832-38) and The Hague (1838-45). He was a regular participant in the Exhibi...
more
Links (1)


Andrea Schiavone

aka: Andrea Meldolla, Andrea Lo Schiavone
borndied
1512 ca1563
an Italian Renaissance painter and etcher, born in present-day Croatia, active mainly in the city of Venice. By 1540, he was well enough established in Venice that Giorgio Vasari commissioned him a large battle picture (which the Florentine author mentions in h...
more
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Architects

Karl Friedrich Schinkel

bornactivedied
1781, Mar 131805-1830s1841, Oct 9
a Prussian architect, city planner, and painter who also designed furniture and stage sets. Schinkel was one of the most prominent architects of Germany and designed both neoclassical and neogothic buildings.
Links (1)


Johann Heinrich Schonfeld

aka: Schönfeld
borndied
1609, Mar 231684
a Baroque painter of Germany. Schonfeld was perhaps one of the most talented German 17th-century painters. He lived some years in Rome and Naples, creating many scenes based on legends from the history of Ancient Rome. His colours are light and festive, the forms are treated easily and freely, and small details are often only hinted at with a flexible stroke...
more
Links (1)


Anthon Schoonjans

aka: Parhasius
borndied
16551726, Aug 13
a Flemish painter. Schoonjans was born in Antwerp and became a pupil of Erasmus Quellinus II and his son Jan-Erasmus Quellinus. He travelled to Rome and like his teachers had done before him, joined the Bentvueghels with the nickname "Parrhasius" in 1674. In Rome he lived with Carel de Vogelaer in the Via Margutta and later he lived from 1688-89 in the Corso...
more
Links (1)


Johannes Christiaan Schotel

borndied
1787, Nov 111838, Dec 21
a 19th-century painter from the Northern Netherlands known for his marines. Schotel was born and died in Dordrecht. According to the RKD he was the pupil of Adriaan Meulemans, Martinus Schouman, Abraham van Strij, and Jacob van Strij. He was a member of the Dordrecht artist's society Pictura and was the father of Petrus Johannes Schotel.
Links (1)


Petrus Johannes Schotel

borndied
1808, Nov 111865, Jul 23
a 19th-century marine painter from the Northern Netherlands. Schotel was born in Dordrecht. According to the RKD he was the son of Johannes Christiaan Schotel, in whose style he followed. He worked for several years as a drawing teacher at the marine school in Medemblik. He married and his daughter Petronella Elisabeth Schotel became a painter who followed h...
more
Links (1)


Aert Schouman

aka: Aart
bornactivedied
1710, Mar 41735-17851792, May 7
an 18th-century painter from the Northern Netherlands. Schouman was a leading artist in Zeeland between 1735 and 1785. During that period he lived and worked in Dordrecht, The Hague and Middelburg and taught pupils in Dordrecht and The Hague. He travelled to England twice and assembled an important collection of paintings. He was a prolific and versatile Dut...
more
Links (1)


Martinus Schouman

borndied
17701848
a 19th-century painter from the Northern Netherlands. Schouman was born in Dordrecht. According to the RKD he was the pupil and grandnephew of Aert Schouman and the brother of Aert II. His pupils were Pieter Arnout Dijxhoorn, Jan de Greef (1784-1834), Pieter Martinus Gregoor, Matthijs Quispel, Johannes Christiaan Schotel, and his son Izaak Schouman. He is kn...
more
Links (1)


Otto Marseus van Schrieck

borndied
1613 ca1678, Jun
a painter in the Dutch Golden Age. He is best known for his paintings of forest flora and fauna. Many of his paintings are dark studies of plants, often with lizards at the base and insects on the leaves and branches. Arnold Houbraken's biography of Otto ment...
more
Links (1)


Cornelis Schut

borndied
1597, May 131655, Apr 29
a Flemish painter, draughtsman, engraver and tapestry designer who specialized in religious and mythological scenes. Presumed to have trained under Rubens, he treated Counter-Reformation subjects in a High-Baroque style. After a stay in Italy, he worked mainly in Antwerp where he was one of the leading history painters in the first half of the 17th century.
Links (1)


Cornelis Schut III

aka: Cornelis Escut III, Cornelis Scut III, Cornelio Schut el Mozo, Cornelio Schut el joven
borndied
1629 ca1685
a Flemish painter who was active in Seville, Spain during his entire career. He was one of the leading Flemish painters working at that time in Seville and he was very close in style to Murillo. He worked in many genres, including history paintings, portraits and still lifes. Most of his dated works were made in the 1660s. He did not deny his Flemish roots b...
more
Links (1)


Schuyler Limner

bornactivedied
unknown1717 - 1725 caunknown
The designation "Schuyler Limner" or "Schuyler Painter" can be applied to the anonymous maker, active circa 1717 to circa 1725, of some two dozen early eighteenth-century portraits of subjects from the Albany, New York, area. The name is derived from what appears to be the earliest and most ambitious effort by the artist, the full-length portrait of Colonel ...
more
Links (1)


Moritz von Schwind

borndied
1804, Jan 211871, Feb 8
an Austrian painter, born in Vienna. Schwind's genius was lyrical—he drew inspiration from chivalry, folklore, and the songs of the people. Schwind died in Pöcking in Bavaria, and was buried in the Alter Südfriedhof in Munich. In 1834 he was commissioned to decorate King Ludwig's new palace with wall paintings illustrating the works of the poet Tieck. He...
more
Links (1)


Domenico Scianteschi

borndied
unknownunknown
Italian painter in the 18th c.


John Scott

bornactivedied
1774, Mar 121788-18211827, Dec 24
an English engraver, known for his work on topics showing animals. At the age of twelve he was apprenticed to a tallow-chandler; but at the end of his articles went to London, where his fellow-townsman Robert Pollard gave him two years' instruction, at the same time paying him. On leaving Pollard, Scott obtained employment from John Wheble, the proprietor of...
more
Links (1)


Samuel Scott

borndied
17021770, Oct 12
a British landscape painter known for his riverside scenes and seascapes. Scott was born in London, and began painting in around 1720. Nothing is known of his artistic training. He started as a maritime artist, painting men-of-war and other ships on calm seas in the style of Willem van de Velde, many of whose drawings he owned. He also painted a set of six p...
more
Links (1)


Enoch Seeman the Elder

borndied
1661 caunknown
a Dutch painter. Father of Enoch Seeman the Younger.


Enoch Seeman the Younger

borndied
1694 ca1744
born in Danzig, now Gdansk, Poland, around 1694. His father, also Enoch was born around 1661, and the Seeman family were painters. As a painter to the British royal court Seeman the Younger completed portraits of George I, in 1730, in the robes of his coronation and of George II some years later. The first of these pictures is held at the Middle Temple in Lo...
more
Links (1)


Daniel Seghers

aka: Daniël
bornactivedied
1590, Dec 31630s-1650s1661, Nov 2
a Flemish Jesuit brother and painter who specialized in flower still lifes. He is particularly well known for his contributions to the genre of "flower garland" painting. His paintings were collected enthusiastically by aristocratic patrons and he had numerous followers and imitators. Seghers was exclusively a flower painter. It is not easy to establish a ch...
more
Links (1)


Gerard Seghers

aka: Gerardo, Geerard, Zegers, Zeghers
borndied
15911651, Mar 18
a Flemish painter, art collector and art dealer. As a painter of history and genre paintings, he was in his youth one of the leading representatives of the Flemish Caravaggisti movement. Seghers is known mainly for his monumental genre paintings and large religious and allegorical works. He completed many altarpieces for churches in the Southern Netherlands....
more
Links (2)


Hercules Seghers

aka: Segers
borndied
1589 ca1638 ca
a Dutch painter and printmaker of the Dutch Golden Age. He was "the most inspired, experimental and original landscapist" of his period and an even more innovative printmaker. He moved to Amsterdam in 1596. There Hercules was apprenticed to the leading Flemish landscapist of the day Gillis van Coninxloo, but his apprenticeship was presumably cut short by Con...
more
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Educators

Karl August Senff

borndied
1770, Mar 121838, Jan 2
a Baltic German painter, engraver and teacher. He is best known for his etchings of famous German and Estonian military figures in service to the Imperial Russian Army. He served as professor of drawing at the University of Dorpat (now University of Tartu) from its reopening in 1802 until his death in 1838 where he trained some of Estonia's most celebrated a...
more
Links (1)


James Seymour

borndied
17021752
an English painter, widely recognized for his equestrian art. Seymour's love of art was matched only by his love of horses. He began spending time at racetracks early on, and before long found himself absorbed in the sport - drawing, painting, owning, breeding, and racing horses. His art proved popular among the prominent sporting families of the day, eventu...
more
Links (1)


James Sharples

borndied
1751/521811, Feb 26
an English portrait painter and pastelist, who moved to the United States in 1794. He first exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1779. James Sharples established his career in America in 1794 by offering to make profiles of local and national politicians. He then used the original portraits to show as samples to new clients or to make copies of the originals. D...
more
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Taras Shevchenko

bornactivedied
1814, Mar 91822-18611861, Mar 10
a Ukrainian poet, writer, artist, public and political figure, as well as folklorist and ethnographer. His literary heritage is regarded to be the foundation of modern Ukrainian literature and, to a large extent, the modern Ukrainian language. Shevchenko is also known for many masterpieces as a painter and an illustrator. He was a member of the Sts Cyril and...
more
Links (9)


Jan Siberechts

borndied
16271703
a Flemish landscape painter who after a successful career in Antwerp, emigrated in the latter part of his life to England. His topographical views stand at the beginning of the English landscape tradition. Siberechts arrived in England around 1672 and spent the first three years in England painting decorations in the Duke’s newly built Cliveden House at Ta...
more
Links (1)


Ignatius Sichelbart

borndied
1708, Sep 261780, Oct 6
a German-Bohemian Jesuit missionary and painter. After his novitiate in Brno and the study of theology in Olomouc, Sichelbart was assigned as the missionary to China's Provincial Government in 1745. He was joined on the mission by two other painters Giuseppe Castiglione and Jean Denis Attiret. Together while in China, the artists combined their European tech...
more
Links (1)


Luca Signorelli

borndied
1445 ca1523, Oct 16
an Italian Renaissance painter who was noted in particular for his ability as a draughtsman and his use of foreshortening. His massive frescoes of the Last Judgment (1499–1503) in Orvieto Cathedral are considered his masterpiece. His first impressions of art seem to be due to Perugia — the style of Benedetto Bonfigli, Fiorenzo di Lorenzo and Pinturicchio...
more
Links (1)


Adam Silo

borndied
1674, Dec 251760
a Dutch painter who specialized in maritime scenes — particularly naval ships, but also trading and whaling vessels. He also wrote books on art and gave drawing lessons to Russian Tsar Peter the Great. The multitalented Silo produced not only paintings bu...
more
Links (1)


Michiel Sittow

aka: Master Michiel, Michel Sittow, Michiel, Miguel
borndied
14691525
a painter from Reval (now Tallinn, Estonia) who was trained in the tradition of Early Netherlandish painting. For most of his life, Sittow worked as a court portrait painter, for Isabella of Castille, the Habsburgs and others in Spain and the Netherlands. He was one of the most important Flemish painters of the era. Michel Sittow became an independent master...
more
Links (1)


Cornelis van Slingelandt

borndied
16351686
a Dutch Golden Age painter. According to Houbraken he was both a cook and a painter, known by the bentname "Zeehaan" (Sea-rooster, or Sea-cock) for going to Rome twice by sea. He lived in Dordrecht "by de Groothoofdspoort, over 't Ossenhoofd". According to the RKD he was a portrait painter who buried a child in 1666 in Dordrecht, which indicated he had settl...
more
Links (1)


Pieter Cornelisz van Slingelandt

borndied
16401691
a Dutch Golden Age portrait painter who had been a pupil of Gerard Dou and is known as one of Leiden's fijnschilders. According to Houbraken, his teacher was Gerard Dou, who he imitated so well that many of his works were later misattributed to him. He was rather introverted and very methodical and conscientious, spending months on his works and striving for...
more
Links (1)


John Smart

borndied
1740 ca1811
an English painter of portrait miniatures. He was a contemporary of Richard Cosway, George Engleheart, William Wood and Richard Crosse. Smart was born in Norfolk, but not much is known of his early life. It is recorded that in 1755 he was runner up to Richard Cosway in a drawing competition for under-14s held by the Society for the Encouragement of Arts, Man...
more
Links (1)


Wolfgang de Smet

borndied
16171685
a Flemish painter, who was active in Leuven in the mid-17th century. He is mainly known for his landscapes, architecture scenes and history paintings. Hardly anything is known with certainty about this painter whose earliest and latest known paintings are dated respectively 1640 and 1667. Currently, only three paintings are attributed with a certain level of...
more
Links (1)


Robert Smirke

borndied
1753, Apr 151845, Jan 5
an English painter and illustrator, specialising in small paintings showing subjects taken from literature. He was a member of the Royal Academy. Smirke painted also some pictures for John Boydell's Shakespeare Gallery and for Bowyer's History of England. These works included Katharine and Petruchio, Juliet and the Nurse, Prince Henry and Falstaff, and The S...
more
Links (1)


Cross-listed in MilitaryWritersScientists

Charles Hamilton Smith

aka: C. H., C.H.
bornactivedied
1776, Dec 261787-18591859, Sep 21
an English artist, naturalist, antiquary, illustrator, soldier, and spy. His military career began in 1787, when he studied at the Austrian academy for artillery and engineers at Mechelen and Leuven in Belgium. Although his military service, which ended in 1820 and included the Napoleonic Wars, saw him travel extensively (including the West Indies, Canada, a...
more
Links (5)


Thomas Smith [2]

bornactivedied
unknown1670s-1680sunknown
a seventeenth-century American artist and mariner. He is best known for the self-portrait that he painted circa 1680, which (according to the portrait's owner, the Worcester Art Museum) is 'the only seventeenth-century New England portrait by an identified artist and the earliest extant American self-portrait'. Little is known about Smith's life. He lived in...
more
Links (1)


Lucas Smout the Younger

aka: Smaut
borndied
1671, Feb 271713 , Apr 8
a Flemish painter of coastal and country scenes who was active in Antwerp. Smout was not very productive as he suffered from gout, which affected his hands. This may also be the reason why he remained unmarried and lived in the house of his eldest sister Clara Catharina who was married to the painter Gonzales Casteels.
Links (1)


John Smybert

aka: Smibert
borndied
16881751
a Scottish American artist, who was born in Edinburgh, Scotland and died in Boston, Massachusetts, United States. Smybert began drawing while apprenticed as a painter and plasterer, on moving to London he worked as a painter of coach carriages and a copyist. He studied under Sir James Thornhill at his academy, then travelled to Edinburgh and Europe seeking w...
more
Links (1)


Peter Snayers

borndied
15921666/67
a Flemish Baroque painter known for representations of historical battle scenes. Born in Antwerp, he studied under Sebastiaen Vrancx before joining Antwerp's Guild of St. Luke in 1612. By 1628, Snayers was a citizen in Brussels. There, he worked first for Archduchess Isabella, and was later the court painter for Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand and Archduke Leopol...
more
Links (1)


Jan Snellinck

borndied
1548 ca1638, Oct 1
a Flemish artist and art collector. A notable pupil of Snellinck was Abraham Janssens. According to Houbraken, he was overlooked by Karel van Mander, but he was a notable painter from Mechelen, famous in his day among royalty for his heroic paintings of battle scenes. He painted for churches and heads of state and was 55 in 1604.
Links (1)


Frans Snijders

aka: Snyders
borndied
1579, Nov 111657, Aug 19
a Flemish painter of animals, hunting scenes, market scenes and still lifes. He was one of the earliest specialist animaliers and he is credited with initiating a wide variety of new still-life and animal subjects in Antwerp. He was a regular collaborator with leading Antwerp painters such as Peter Paul Rubens, Anthony van Dyck and Jacob Jordaens.
Links (1)


Pieter Snyers

aka: Peeter,
borndied
1681, Mar 301752, May 4
a Flemish art collector, painter, draughtsman and engraver who worked in a wide variety of genres. Nicknamed 'De Heilige' or 'The Holy One.' Snyers was a versatile artist who painted in many genres including portraits, genre paintings, landscapes, still lifes, flower pieces, animal paintings, fruit pieces, game pieces, vegetable still lifes and plants. He pa...
more
Links (1)


Pieter Jan Snyers

aka: Petrus Johannes Snijers
borndied
16961757, Sep 21
a Flemish painter. Pieter Jan Snyers was born in Antwerp. He was the nephew of Pieter Snyers who was his teacher. He was registered as a pupil with the Antwerp Guild of Saint Luke in 1712–13. It is not clear at which date he became a master in the Antwerp Guild of Saint Luke. He served five times as the deacon of the Guild. He died in Antwerp. As Pieter Ja...
more
Links (1)


Il Sodoma

aka: Giovanni Antonio Bazzi
borndied
14771549, Feb 14
Il Sodoma painted in a manner that superimposed the High Renaissance style of early 16th-century Rome onto the traditions of the provincial Sienese school; he spent the bulk of his professional life in Siena, with two periods in Rome. Along with Pinturicchio, Sodoma was one of the first to practice in Siena the style of the High Renaissance. His first import...
more
Links (1)


Jan Soens

aka: Giovanni Sons
borndied
1547 ca1611 ca
a Dutch painter from 's-Hertogenbosch. According to Karel van Mander he moved to Antwerp to live with a schoolmaster named Jacob Boon, whereupon he taught himself the rudiments of painting. After becoming proficient, he moved in with the painter Gillis Mostaert, and assisted him creating landscape paintings in the manner of Gillis' twin brother Frans Mostaer...
more
Links (1)


Gerard Soest

aka: Gerald
borndied
16001681, Feb 11
a portrait painter who was active in England during the late 17th century. He is most famous for his portraits of William Shakespeare and Samuel Butler, but p...
more
Links (1)


Francesco Solimena

borndied
1657, Oct 41747, Apr 3
a prolific Italian painter of the Baroque era, one of an established family of painters and draughtsmen. Francesco Solimena was born in Canale di Serino, near Avellino. He settled in Naples in 1674, there he worked in the studio of Francesco di Maria and later Giacomo del Po. He apparently had taken the clerical orders, but was patronized early on, and encou...
more
Links (1)


Abraham Solomon

borndied
1823, May 71862, Dec 19
an English painter. His first exhibited work, Rabbi expounding the Scriptures, appeared at the Society of British Artists in 1840, and in the following year he sent to the Royal Academy My Grandmother and a scene from Sir Walter Scott's Fair Maid of Perth. These ...
more
Links (1)


Jan Frans Soolmaker

borndied
16351686 ca
a painter and draughtsman, mainly known for his Italianizing landscapes, with equestrian and arcadian scenes. He worked in Antwerp, Haarlem and Amsterdam. He is regarded as one of the best followers of the Dutch painter Nicolaes Berchem. Soolmaker had a relatively short career and aside of the Escorial painting (if not a copy after someone else’s work), no...
more
Links (1)


Daniel Soreau

borndied
1560 ca1619, Mar 28
a German Baroque still life painter. Soreau was born in Tournai. According to the RKD his pupils were his twin sons Isaak and Pieter, Francesco Codino, Sebastian Stoskopff and Joachim von Sandrart, though Soreau died only a year after Sandrart became his pupil in 1618. Sandrart claimed he became a painter at a later age than usual and was good at painting "s...
more
Links (1)


Hendrick Martenszoon Sorgh

borndied
1610 ca1670, Jun
a Dutch Golden Age painter of genre works. Born in Rotterdam, Sorgh became a pupil of David Teniers the Younger and Willem Pieterszoon Buytewech. Sorgh painted mostly interiors with peasants. His kitchen interiors feature elaborate still lifes. He also painted market scenes, portraits, and marine and historical scenes. Sorgh's works include, for example, A M...
more
Links (1)


Pieter Soutman

borndied
1597 ca1657, Aug 16
a Dutch Golden Age painter and printmaker from Haarlem. Soutman was born and died in Haarlem, where he was a contemporary of Frans Hals, Hendrick Gerritsz Pot, and Pieter Claesz, and seems to have been influenced by all three, considering the various attributions of his paintings through the centuries. Probably during Prince W?adys?aw Vasa's visit to Antwerp...
more
Links (1)


Cornelis van Spaendonck

borndied
1756, Dec 71839, Dec 22
a Dutch painter who was a native of Tilburg. In 1789 Spaendonck became a member of the Académie des Beaux Arts. He painted throughout his lifetime, displaying his works in the salons of Paris until 1833. Most of Spaendonck's works were created with oils and gouache, and he is remembered for his lush still-lifes of flowers. Among his paintings were subjects ...
more
Links (1)


Gerard van Spaendonck

borndied
1746, Mar 221822, May 11
Gerard van Spaendonck painted with both oil and watercolors. He contributed over fifty works to the Vélins du Roi, a famous collection of botanical watercolors possessed by French royalty. From 1799 to 1801 he published twenty-four plates of Fleurs Dessinees d'apres Nature (Flowers Drawn from Life), which were high-quality engravings for students of floral ...
more
Links (4)


Adriaen van der Spelt

borndied
1630 ca1673
a Dutch Golden Age flower painter. According to Houbraken, whose comments were based on the Gouda stories by Ignatius Walvis, he was an excellent flower painter born in Leiden, but his parentage was from Gouda. He spent many years at the court of Brandenburg working for Frederick William I, Elector of Brandenburg, but moved to Gouda to marry a third time wit...
more
Links (1)


Franz Joseph Spiegler

borndied
1691, Apr 51757, Apr 15
a German Baroque painter. He is best known for his frescoes, which decorate many of the churches and monasteries along the Upper Swabian Baroque Route. The frescoes in the Zwiefalten Abbey are considered his masterpiece. Around 1710 Spiegler began training as a painter in Munich under the tutelage of his great-uncle, the Bavarian court painter Johann Kaspar ...
more
Links (1)


Karel Philips Spierincks

aka: Spierinckx, Spierinck, Spieringh, Spiringh, Spirinck, Spirinx, Spirin, Carlo Filippo Fiammingo
borndied
1609/10 ca1639, May 22
a Flemish painter who spent his active career in Italy. He painted mainly landscapes with putti or mythological scenes in a classicizing style which show the influence of François Duquesnoy and Nicolas Poussin as well as religious paintings. The work of Spierincks can be divided by subject matter into mythological and religious paintings. The two major infl...
more
Links (1)


Maria Spilsbury

borndied
17761820
a British artist known for her religious paintings and portraiture. Despite never having had any formal training, Spilsbury first exhibited at the Royal Academy at the age of fifteen and continued to do so throughout her life. Her paintings were also shown at the British Institution, the British School, the Hibernian Society of Artists, and the Dublin Societ...
more
Links (1)


Jacob Spin

borndied
1806, Apr 241875, Jun 3
a Dutch artist of ships. When he was 18 years old, he embarked as a sailor on the frigate "De drie gebroeders of Amsterdam." During his travels he mades drawings of the ships on which he sailed or which he saw in Harbours and on the Oceans. His production until 1837, however, wasn't very large. In 1832, Jacob marries Elisabeth Maria Smits. They live at the B...
more
Links (1)


Guillaume de Spinny

borndied
17211785
a Dutch painter.


Cross-listed in Sculptors

Bartholomeus Spranger

aka: Bartholomaeus, Bartholomäus, Spraneers
borndied
1546, Mar 211611
a Flemish painter, draughtsman, sculptor and etcher who became a painter to the imperial court in Prague. His unique style combining elements of Netherlandish painting and Italian influences, in particular the Roman Mannerists, had an important influence on other artists in Prague and beyond. He worked on wall paintings in various churches. Spranger also wor...
more
Links (1)


Cornelis Springer

borndied
18171891
a Dutch 19th century landscape painter. He was a pupil of his father, the carpenter Willem Springer (1778–1857). He was a pupil of Hendrik Gerrit ten Cate, Kasparus Karsen, and Jacobus van der Stok. He became a member of the Amsterdam painters collective Felix Meritis and won a gold medal for a painting of a church interior in 1847. He is known for waterco...
more
Links (1)


Massimo Stanzione

borndied
1586 ca1656 ca
an Italian Baroque painter, mainly active in Naples. Though his preliminary training is uncertain, it is thought that he studied with Fabrizio Santafede and Battistello Caracciolo; however, most of the influence he received was from Caravaggio. Art historians beli...
more
Links (1)


Jan Havickszoon Steen

aka: Jan Havickszoon Steen
borndied
1626 ca1679
a Dutch genre painter of the 17th century (also known as the Dutch Golden Age). His works are known for their psychological insight, sense of humour and abundance of colour. In 1648 Jan Steen and Gabriël Metsu founded the painters' Guild of Saint Luke at Leiden. Soon after he became an assistant to the renowned landscape painter Jan van Goyen and moved into...
more
Links (2)


Harmen Steenwijck

borndied
1612 ca1656+
a Dutch Golden Age painter of still lifes, notably of fruit. Harmen became active as a painter in Leiden between 1628 and 1633. He moved back to Delft from 1633 to 1656. In 1654-1655 he made a trip to the Dutch East Indies. He died in Leiden. Steenwijck is best known for his visual sermon in the painting An Allegory of the Vanities of Human Life at the Natio...
more
Links (1)


Pieter Stevens II

aka: Peter
borndied
1567 ca1632 ca
a Flemish painter and draughtsman known for his landscapes. He left Flanders to work for the court of Emperor Rudolf II in Prague. The circulation of prints made after a series of romantic Bohemian landscape drawings by Stevens and other artists had an important ...
more
Timeline (1)Links (1)


Cross-listed in Clergy

Joseph Steward

borndied
1753, Jul 61822, Apr 15
an American minister, portrait painter and museum curator. Steward was a largely self-taught artist, although he may have studied with Jonathan Trumbull in the fall of 1792, during Trumbull's brief residency in Hartford. Steward is known to have been painti...
more
Links (1)


Adalbert Stifter

borndied
1805, Oct 231868, Jan 28
an Austrian writer, poet, painter, and pedagogue. He was especially notable for the vivid natural landscapes depicted in his writing and has long been popular in the German-speaking world, while remaining almost entirely unknown to English readers. Stifter's work is characterized by the pursuit of beauty; his characters strive to be moral and move in gorgeou...
more
Links (1)


Dora Stock

aka: Doris, Dorothea
borndied
1760, Mar 61832, Mar 30
an artist of the 18th and 19th centuries who specialized in portraiture. She was at the center of a highly cultivated household in which a great number of artists, musicians, and writers were guests; and her friends and acquaintances included some of the most eminent figures of her day, including Goethe, Schiller and Mozart.
Links (1)


Jorg Stocker

aka: Jörg
borndied
1461 ca1527+
a German painter who in Ulm ran his own master workshop. About the artistic education and origin of Jörg Stocker, one can not say much. Although some recent writings call Jacob Acker younger people as a training company by Stocker, but they can not demonstrate that from the resources found so far. Also on the artistic relationship between Bartholomew Zeitbl...
more
Links (1)


Matthias Stom

borndied
16001652+
a Dutch golden age painter considered one of the masters of Utrecht Caravaggism. Other variants of his name are Matthias Stohom or Stomma, Matheo Schem and Matteo Tomar. Stom spent most of his artistic life in Italy, and 200 of his works have been preserved. His work typically features religious scenes. He is appreciated for his psychology and noted for his ...
more
Links (1)


Dirck Stoop

aka: Dirck Stoff, Theodorus (van der) Stoop, Thierry, Rod(e)rigo
borndied
1615 ca1686
a widely travelled painter of the Dutch Golden Age. In 1638 Stoop was a pupil in the Utrecht guild. He then went to live in Italy, probably between 1639 and 1645. During a subsequent visit to England he painted the panoramic Restoration procession of King Charles II (1660). Dirk then went on to Lisbon and became Court painter to the Princess Catherine of Bra...
more
Links (1)


Abraham Storck

borndied
1644, Apr1708, Apr
a Dutch painter, who enjoyed a reputation for his marine paintings, topographical views and Italianate harbour scenes. Storck was an outstanding draughtsman too. Around 1666 Storck set up his own workshop producing naval, harbor scenes as well as landscape paintings and city scapes. In 1670 he traveled with his brother Jacob and worked in Germany. In 1694, b...
more
Links (1)


Jacob Storck

borndied
1641, Sep 81700 ca
a Dutch Golden Age marine painter. Storck was born and died in Amsterdam. According to Houbraken he was the brother of the marine painter Abraham Storck who painted views of the Rhine and inland ships, but who was not as gifted. According to the RKD he was the second son of the marine painter Johannes Sturckenburgh, younger brother of the marine painter Joha...
more
Links (1)


Sebastian Stoskopff

aka: Sébastien
borndied
1597, Jul 131657, Feb 10
an Alsatian painter. He is considered one of the most important German still life painters of his time. His works, which were rediscovered after 1930, portray goblets, cups and especially glasses. The reduction to a few objects, which is characteristic of early still life painting, can again be recognized in Stoskopff's painting. His chief works hang in Stra...
more
Links (1)


Thomas Stothard

borndied
1755, Aug 171834, Apr 27
an English painter, illustrator and engraver. In 1778 he became a student of the Royal Academy, of which he was elected associate in 1792 and full academician in 1794. In 1812 he was appointed librarian to the Academy after serving as assistant for two years. Among his earliest book illustrations are plates engraved for Ossian and for Bell's Poets...
more
Links (1)


Stradanus

aka: Giovanni Stradano, Jan Van der Straet, van der Straat, Stratensis
borndied
15231605, Feb 11
a Flanders-born mannerist artist active mainly in 16th century Florence. Many of his works depict the hunt, designs which became so popular they were translated into prints. Stradanus collaborated with printmakers Hieronymus Cock and the Galle family in Antwerp to produce hundreds of prints on a variety of subjects, most of which were repeatedly reproduced a...
more
Links (1)


Bernhard Strigel

borndied
14611528, May 4
a German portrait and historical painter of the Swabian school, the most important of a family of artists established at Memmingen. He was born at Memmingen and was probably a pupil of Zeitblom at Ulm. He stood in high favor with the Emperor Maximilian I, in whose service he repeatedly journeyed to Augsburg, Innsbruck, and Vienna.
Links (1)


Bartholomeus Strobel the Younger

aka: Bartholomäus, Bartlomiej
borndied
1591, Apr 111650+
a Baroque painter from Silesia, who worked in Prague, Silesia, and finally Poland, where he emigrated to escape the disruption of the Thirty Years War. He painted portraits and religious works for the complicated ruling elites of the region and religious orders. His largest and most impressive painting, the Feast of Herod with the Beheading of St John the Ba...
more
Links (1)


Peter Edward Stroehling

aka: Peter Eduard Ströhling, Stroely, Straely
borndied
17681826 ca
a portrait artist from either Germany or the Russian Empire who spent his later years based in London. He worked in oils and in miniature and painted a number of royal portraits. Stroehling painted portraits and historical figures, both in oils and in miniature media. His work is almost always less than life-size. Stroehling's image of the poet Ludwig Achim ...
more
Links (1)


Bernardo Strozzi

borndied
1581 ca1644, Aug 2
a prominent and prolific Italian Baroque painter born and active mainly in Genoa, and also active in Venice. Strozzi was born in Genoa. In 1598, at the age of 17, he joined a Capuchin monastery, a reform branch of the Franciscan order. When his father died, he left the order to care for his mother, earning their living with his paintings, which were often in...
more
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Joseph Strutt [1]

borndied
1749, Oct 271802, Oct 16
an English engraver, artist, antiquary, and writer. He is today most significant as the earliest and "most important single figure in the investigation of the costume of the past", making him "an influential but totally neglected figure in the history of art in Britain", according to Sir Roy Strong. Strutt was born at Springfield Mill in Chelmsford, Essex, t...
more
Links (1)


Gilbert Charles Stuart

borndied
1755, Dec 31828, Jul 9
an American painter from Rhode Island. Gilbert Stuart is widely considered one of America's foremost portraitists. His best known work, the unfinished portrait of George Washington that is sometimes referred to as The Athenaeum, was begun in 1796 and never ...
more
Links (1)


George Stubbs

borndied
1724, Aug 251806, Jul 10
an English painter, best known for his paintings of horses. Stubbs was born in Liverpool, the son of a currier and leather merchant. Information on his life up to age thirty-five is sparse, relying almost entirely on notes made by fellow artist Ozias Humphry towards the end of Stubbs's life. Stubbs worked at his father's trade until he was 15 or 16. After hi...
more
Links (1)


Johann Georg Stuhr

borndied
16401721
a German Baroque painter. There are very few details known about his life. He was born and died in Hamburg. According to Houbraken he was the teacher of the Lubienetski brothers in Hamburg before they travelled to Amsterdam. According to the RKD, he was the teacher of Christoffel and Theodor Lubienitzki. Known for battles, landscapes and marines.
Links (1)


Johann Stuntz

borndied
17531836
a German artist, landscape painter, draughtsman and print-maker. very little is known about his life. In 1802 he set up as a picture dealer in Strasbourg. Soon after he moved to Munich where he specialised in lithography. His work is represented in museums in both cities.


Ernst Stuven

borndied
1657 ca1712
a German Baroque flower painter. e was born in Hamburg, where he was initially trained by Georg Hainz. At the age of eighteen he moved to Amsterdam (ca. 1675-1677), where he became a pupil of Johannes Voorhout, who he knew from Hamburg. Being more interested in flower painting, he soon joined the studio of Willem van Aelst, and after a period with him, he sw...
more
Links (1)


Thomas Sully

borndied
17831872
an American portrait painter, who was born in Britain but lived most of his life in Philadelphia. He painted in the style of Thomas Lawrence, and his subjects included Thomas Jefferson, more
Links (1)


Abraham Susenier

borndied
1620 ca1672
a Dutch Golden Age painter, usually still lifes and especially good at painting silverwork, who joined the Dordrecht Guild of Saint Luke in 1646. his monogram "AB S" was mistaken for Abraham Steenwyck or Abraham van Beijeren up to the 20th century, and only recently have his works been reattributed.
Links (1)


Justus Sustermans

aka: Giusto Sustermans
borndied
15971681
a Flemish painter in the Baroque style. He was born in Antwerp and died in Florence. Sustermans is chiefly notable for his portraits of members of the Medici family as he was their court painter. His work can be found in both the Palatina Gallery and the Uffizi Gallery in Florence, and in many other galleries around the globe. During his lifetime he was fêt...
more
Links (1)


Lambert Sustris

aka: Alberto de Olanda (Albert of Holland)
borndied
1515 ca1591
a Dutch painter active mainly in Venice during the Mannerist style. He was born in Amsterdam, and only came to Venice when over 40 years old. His training is unknown, but he was utilized by the studio of Titian for the depiction of landscapes. He accompanied Titian on his trips to Augsburg in 1548 and 1550–1551, and there executed portraits. Returning to V...
more
Links (1)


Cross-listed in ArchitectsLegal

James Augustus Suydam

bornactivedied
18191850s-18651865
an architect, lawyer, and artist; as an artist was considered one of the premier Luminism painters. He is widely known as an American landscape painter and one of the leading members of the Hudson River School.
Links (1)


Isaac Claesz van Swanenburg

borndied
15371614
a Dutch Renaissance painter and glazier active in Leiden and Gouda. Swanenburg was a very good painter, whose paintings hung in various council buildings of Leiden. Swanenburg's paintings of various notable burgers of Leiden have survived, as well as a series of monumental historical allegories on the wool trade.
Links (1)


Jacob Isaacsz van Swanenburg

borndied
15711638
a Dutch Golden Age painter. Swanenburg left for Venice, was in Naples for ten years from 1605 to 1615 and married there. He returned to Leiden without his family, and then two years later in 1617 made another trip back to Naples to move his household definitely back to Leiden, where he became a successful painter.
Links (1)


Herman van Swanevelt

borndied
16041655
a Dutch painter and etcher from the Baroque era. He painted his first signed and dated works in 1623 in Paris. In 1629 he moved to Rome, where he painted many landscapes, and introduced a new type of idyllic landscape with sunlit 'contrejours' reflecting the times of day. As a matter of fact he seems to be one of the first to paint landscapes without biblica...
more
Links (1)


Jan Swart van Groningen

borndied
1495 ca1560 ca
a Dutch Renaissance painter. According to Karel van Mander he was in Gouda in 1522-1523, at the same time that Jan van Scorel was there, who had just returned from Italy. He could paint landscape and flesh tones in the manner of Scorel, and travelled to Italy h...
more
Links (1)


Michael Sweerts

borndied
16181664
a Flemish painter of the Baroque period, active in Rome (1645–1656) in the style of the Bamboccianti. The Bamboccianti were known for depicting genre scenes of daily life, but Sweerts's contributions to this genre display greater stylistic mastery and social-philosophical sensitivity than many of his colleagues in this "school."
Links (1)

Colonial Sense is an advocate for global consumer privacy rights, protection and security.
All material on this website © copyright 2009-19 by Colonial Sense, except where otherwise indicated.
ref:T5-S50-P1101-C-M