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1776, Dec 261787-18591859, Sep 21
an English artist, naturalist, antiquary, illustrator, soldier, and spy. His military career began in 1787, when he studied at the Austrian academy for artillery and engineers at Mechelen and Leuven in Belgium. Although his military service, which ended in 1820 and included the Napoleonic Wars, saw him travel extensively (including the West Indies, Canada, and United States), much of his time was spent at a desk job in Britain. As a prolific self-taught illustrator, he is also known in military history circles for Costume of the Army of the British Empire, produced towards the end of the Napoleonic Wars and an accurate depiction of contemporary British uniform.
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Charles Hamilton Smith1776, Dec 261787
 
18591859, Sep 21

Thomas Sandby17211740
 
17891798, Jun 25
 an English draughtsman, watercolour artist, architect and teacher. In 1743 he was appointed priva...
Agostino Carlini1718 ca1760
 
17901790, Aug 15
 an Italian sculptor and painter, who settled in England and became one of the founding members o...
Richard Cosway1742, Nov 51754
 
17911821, Jul 4
 a leading English portrait painter of the Regency era, noted for his miniatures. He was a contemp...
Hendrik-Jozef Antonissen17371755
 
17921794
 a Flemish painter of landscapes and cattle. Antonissen was born at Antwerp. He entered the studio...
Januarius Zick1730, Feb 61750
 
17971797, Nov 14
 a painter and architect. He is considered to be one of the main masters of the Late-Baroque. Janu...
Lemuel Francis Abbott1760/611780
 
17981802, Dec 5
 an English portrait painter, famous for his likeness of Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson (curr...
John Mare Jr.17391765
 
17991802/03
 an American painter, businessman, and public figure. Not much is known of Mare's training, althou...
Francisco Agustin y Grande17531770
 
17991800
 a Spanish painter of the Neoclassic style. In 1799, he became a member for the Royal Academy of S...
Matthew Pratt1734, Sep 231764
 
18001805, Jan 9
 an American "Colonial Era" artist famous for his portraits of American men and women. He was appr...
Thomas Morris [2]1750 ca1780
 
18001816
 engraver
William Winstanley [2]17751793
 
 
18061806
 an English painter of landscapes and portraits who worked in the United States from the early 179...
Nicolai Abraham Abildgaard1743, Sep 111764
 
18091809, Jun 4
 a Danish neoclassical and royal history painter, sculptor, architect, and professor of painting, ...
George Engleheart1750, Oct 261773
 
18131829, Mar 21
 one of the greatest English painters of portrait miniatures, and a contemporary of Richard Cosway...
Andrea Appiani1754, May 311776
 
18141817, Nov 8
 an Italian neoclassical painter; fresco painter active in Milan and a court painter of Napoleon. ...
John Singleton Copley17381752
 
18151815, Sep 9
 an American painter, active in both colonial America and England. He was probably born in Boston,...
Daniel Caffe1750, Jul 211770
 
18151815, Jan 16
 a German pastel painter of portraits. Caffé was born in Küstrin, and began his career as a pain...
Robert Fulton1765, Nov 141793
 
 
18151815, Feb 24
 an American engineer and inventor who is widely credited with developing a commercially successfu...
Frederick Kemmelmeyer1752/531782
 
18161823 ca
 Frederick Kemmelmeyer advertised that he was an artist for the first time in a Baltimore newspape...
Marcello Bacciarelli1731, Feb 161750
 
18181818, Jan 5
 a Polish-Italian painter of the late-baroque and Neoclassic periods. He painted a set of portrait...
Josef Abel1768, Aug 221801
 
 
18181818, Oct 4
 an Austrian historical painter and etcher. Among his famous works are paintings and etchings of K...
Benjamin Greenleaf1769, jan 131803
 
 
18181821, Jan 10
 painter was once thought to be identical to Benjamin Greenleaf (1786-1805) the prominent American...
Jurriaan Andriessen1742, Jul 121760
 
18191819, Jul 31
 an able artist in decorative painting; the decorations of the new theatre at Amsterdam were execu...
William Bartram1739, Apr 201773
 
18191823, Jul 22
 an American naturalist. He was born in Kingsessing, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. As a boy, he acco...
Martin Drolling the Elder17521810
 
 
18191817
 Born in Oberhergheim, France. Learned to paint from an artist in Schlestadt, and then attended th...
Benjamin West1738, Oct 11746
 
18201820 , Mar 11
 Born in Springfield, PA. He was self-taught, having little formal education and he could barely r...
Henry Fuseli1741, Feb 71761
 
18201825, Apr 17
 a Swiss painter, draughtsman and writer on art who spent much of his life in Britain. Many of his...
John Scott1774, Mar 121788
 
 
18211827, Dec 24
 an English engraver, known for his work on topics showing animals. At the age of twelve he was ap...
Andries Cornelis Lens1739, Mar 311759
 
18221822, Mar 30
 Flemish painter and draughtsman
Eunice Pinney1770, Feb 91809
 
 
18261826
 an American folk artist active in the towns of Windsor and Simsbury, Connecticut. According to ar...
Matthew Harris Jouett17881812
 
 
18271827
 an American portrait painter, the son of Jack Jouett. Jouett painted in New Orleans, Natchez, Mis...
Johann Samuel Arnhold1766, Dec 221780
 
18291828, Jan 1
 a German painter. He was born at Heinitz, a village near Meissen, and studied in the Art School o...
Elisabeth von Adlerflycht1775, Sep 231811
 
 
18291846, Mar 15
 a German painter and inventor of the Rhine panorama. Elisabeth von Adlerflycht had a painting gal...
Marianne Ehrenstrom1773, Dec 91790
 
 
18311867, Jan 4
 a Swedish writer, singer, painter, pianist, culture personality, memorialist, principal and lady-...
Hendrik Voogd1768, Jul 101788
 
 
18391839, Sep 4
 a Dutch painter and printmaker, who was active in Italy. Voogd's works from his first Roman years...
Jose Aparicio1773, Dec 161790
 
 
18391838, May 10
 a Spanish painter of the Neoclassic period. Born in Alicante and died in Madrid. His early traini...
Karl Friedrich Schinkel1781, Mar 131805
 
 
18391841, Oct 9
 a Prussian architect, city planner, and painter who also designed furniture and stage sets. Schin...
Sir George Back1796, Nov 61808
 
 
18391878, Jun 23
 a British naval officer, explorer of the Canadian Arctic, naturalist and artist. As a boy, he wen...
Jacob Maentel1763, Jun 151797
 
 
18401863, Apr, 28
 Born in Kassel, Germany. Self-taught artist, painted local portraits. Fought under Napolean. Emig...
William Kneass1781, Sep 251812
 
 
18401840, Aug 27
 the second Chief Engraver of the United States Mint from 1824 until his death in 1840. Kneass is ...
Johann Adam Ackermann17801800
 
184091853, Mar 27
 a German landscape painter of the early 19th century. His best-known works are his winter landsca...
Benjamin Trottunknown1791
 
 
18411843
 Benjamin Trott, thought to have been born in Boston, ranks with Edward Greene Malbone and Charles...
Washington Allston1779, Nov 51801
 
 
18411843, Jul 9
 an American painter and poet, born in Waccamaw Parish, South Carolina. Allston pioneered America'...
Augustus Wall Callcott1779, Feb 201799
 
 
18431844, Nov 2
 an English landscape painter. His preference for landscape, including river and coast scenery, so...
Heinrich Jacob Aldenrath1775, Feb 171814
 
 
18441844, Feb 25
 a portrait painter, miniaturist, and lithographer. It is said that he painted the portrait of the...
Henry Inman1801, Oct 201821
 
 
18451846, Jan 17
 an American portrait, genre, and landscape painter. He was the first vice president of the Nation...
George Chinnery1774, Jan 51796
 
 
18491852, May 30
 Born in London, studied at the Royal Academy Schools. Moved to Ireland in 1796, where he establis...
Leo von Klenze1784, Feb 291808
 
 
18491864, Jan 26
 a German neoclassicist architect, painter and writer. Court architect of Bavarian King Ludwig I, ...
Antonin Moine1796, Jun 301830
 
 
18491849, Mar 18
 a French romantic sculptor in the first half of the 19th century. He began his career as a landsc...
Vicente Lopez y Portana1772, Sep 191794
 
 
18501850, Jul 22
 a Spanish painter, considered one of the best portrait painters of his time. Vicente López was a...
Jules Robert Auguste17891810
 
 
18501850, Apr 15
 a French painter associated with Romanticism and classicism. His travels in Greece, Egypt, and Mo...
Abdallah Khanunknown1810
 
 
1850unknown
 a Persian painter and architect, active between 1810 and 1850 in Tehran. He received his apprenti...
T.H. Matteson1813, May 91841
 
 
18501884, Feb 2
 T.H. is for Tompkins Harrison, his first and middle names. Born in Peterboro, NY. In 1841 he move...
Johannes Hermanus Koekkoek17781793
 
 
18511851
 a Dutch painter and draughtsman. Johannes Hermanus Koekkoek initially trained under Thomas Gaal, ...
John James Audubon1785, Apr 261803
 
 
18511851, Jan 27
 an American ornithologist, naturalist, and painter. He was notable for his extensive studies docu...
August Ahlborn1796, Oct 111823
 
 
18521857, Aug 24
 a German landscape painter. His paintings are mainly of Italian, North German, and Tyrolean lands...
Heinrich Gotthold Arnold17851800
 
 
18541854
 a German artist. Arnold was born in 1785 at Lamütz, near Radeberg in Saxony. He was a pupil of S...
Jean-Baptiste Isabey1767, Apr 111786
 
18551855, Apr 18
 a French painter born at Nancy. Employed at Versailles on portraits of the dukes of Angoulême an...
William James Blacklock1816, Mar 31843
 
 
18551858, Mar 12
 an English landscape painter, painting scenery in Cumbria, the Lake District and the Scottish Bor...
Joseph Bonomi the Younger1796, Oct 91824
 
 
18561878, mar 3
 an English sculptor, artist, Egyptologist and museum curator. From 1824 to 1826, he was a member ...
Hannah Cohoon1788, Feb 11844
 
 
18561864, Jan 7
 an American painter born in Williamstown, Massachusetts. Cohoon began creating her drawings and a...
Albrecht Adam1786, Apr 161809
 
 
18581862, Aug 28
 a German painter of battles and horses. Brother of Heinrich Adam. He worked until a great age, re...
Matthew Cotes Wyatt17771805
 
18591862, Jan 3
 a painter and sculptor and a member of the Wyatt family, who were well known in the Victorian era...
Heinrich Adam17871811
 
18591862, Feb 15
 a German painter. He studied painting in Augsburg and Munich, and distinguished himself as a pain...
Karl Altmann18021850
 
18591861, Jan 11
 a Jewish-German painter. Altmann, son of Joseph Altmann, was born in Feuchtwangen and grew up in ...
Taras Shevchenko1814, Mar 91822
 
18611861, Mar 10
 a Ukrainian poet, writer, artist, public and political figure, as well as folklorist and ethnogra...
Karl Agricola17791800
 
18621862
 a German artist, noted for his portrait miniatures. He became known for his mythological pictures...
Hermann Goldschmidt1802, Jun 171820
 
18621866, Apr 26
 a German-French astronomer and painter who spent much of his life in France. He started out as a ...
Ernst Gebauer1782, May 231797
 
18651865, Jul 7
 a German painter. Very little information is available about his life. He was born in Lietzen and...
James Augustus Suydam18191850
 
18651865
 an architect, lawyer, and artist; as an artist was considered one of the premier Luminism painter...
Jacob Abels18031826
 
18661866
 a Dutch painter. Born in Amsterdam. He was especially noted for his paintings of moonlit landscap...
Ferdinand von Arnim1814, Sep 151839
 
18661866, Mar 23
 a German architect and watercolour-painter. He became a member of the Berlin Architects' Associat...
Heinrich Burkel18021824
 
18671869
 a German genre and landscape painter. He was designed for trade, but devoted every spare minute t...
Jean-Frederic Waldeck1766, Mar 16?1790
 
18691875, Apr 30
 a French antiquarian, cartographer, artist and explorer. Waldeck is remembered primarily for the...
Jakob Alt1789, Sep 271810
 
18691872, Sep 30
 a German painter and lithographer. He became noted as a landscape painter and made various journe...
Antoine-Louis Barye1796, Sep 241810
 
18691875, Jun 25
 an Italian painter and architect of the early-Baroque period, active in Rome and Spain, where he ...
Max Emanuel Ainmiller1807, Feb 141828
 
18691870, Dec 9
 a German artist and glass painter. The earliest specimens of Ainmiller's work are to be found in ...
John Gadsby Chapman1808, Dec 31830
 
18691889, Nov 28
 an American artist famous for Baptism of Pocahontas, which was commissioned by the United States...
Moritz Calisch18191834
 
18691870
 a 19th-century painter from the Northern Netherlands. In 1834 he won 150 guilders from the Drawin...
Andreas Achenbach1815, Sep 291835
 
18691910, Apr 1
 a German landscape painter, associated with the Düsseldorf school of painting. In his early work...
Stephen C. Massettunknown1840
 
1869unknown
 San Francisco's first entertainer, Stephen C. Massett, was the true Bohemian type. He was an arti...
George Catlin1796, Jul 261830
 
18721872, Dec 23
 an American painter, author, and traveler who specialized in portraits of Native Americans in the...
Honore Daumier1808, Feb 261822
 
18731879, Feb 10
 a French printmaker, caricaturist, painter, and sculptor, whose many works offer commentary on so...
Tobias Andreae18231853
 
18731873
 a German landscape painter. born at Frankfort, studied under J. Becker, and then went to Munich, ...
Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux1827, May 111854
 
18731875, Oct 12
 a French sculptor and painter during the Second Empire under Napoleon III. Carpeaux entered the ...
Marie Adrien Persac18231856
 
18731873
 a French-born painter, photographer, surveyor, lithographer and inventor, Marie Adrien Persac was...
Edward Blore1787, Sep 131811
 
18741879, Sep 4
 a 19th-century British landscape and architectural artist, architect and antiquary. In 1826, he w...
Hermann Anschutz1802, Oct 121820
 
18791880, Aug 30
 a German painter and professor at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in Munich. He is associated with...
William F. Woodington1806, Feb 101825
 
18791893, Dec 24
 a notable English painter and sculptor of the 19th century. He exhibited at the Royal Academy fro...
Francis Alexander1800, Feb 31833
 
18791880, Mar 27
 an American portrait-painter. One of Alexander's best portraits is that of Mrs. Fletcher Webster,...
Eugen Adam1817, Jan 221840
 
18791880, Jun 6
 a German painter. He specialised on animal, genre, landscape and battle paintings. He had his ate...
Franz Adam1815, May 41840
 
18791886, Sep 30
 a German painter, chiefly of military subjects, born and active for much of his life in Italy. Fr...
Joseph Matthaus Aigner1818, Jan 181840
 
18791886, Feb 19
 an Austrian portrait painter, who studied under Friedrich von Amerling and Carl Rahl. He painted ...
Jean Pierre Alexandre Antigna1817, Mar 171840
 
18791878, Feb 26
 a French painter. Born in Orleans; died in Paris. Until 1845 his paintings were generally religio...
Alvan Clark1804, Mar 81830
 
18871887, Aug 19
 an American astronomer and telescope maker. He was a portrait painter and engraver (c.1830s-1850s...
Friedrich von Amerling1803, Apr 141828
 
18891887, Jan 14
 an Austro-Hungarian portrait painter in the court of Franz Josef. Amerling created over 1000 work...
Benno Adam1812, Jul 151830
 
18891892, Mar 8
 a German animal painter, and distinguished himself especially by his depictions of game animals, ...
Franz Alt18211840
 
18891914
 an Austrian watercolor landscape painter, son of Jakob Alt and the younger brother of Rudolf von ...
Alexandre Cabanel1823, Sep 281844
 
18891889, Jan 23
 a French painter who painted historical, classical and religious subjects in the academic style. ...
Ramon Marti Alsina18261848
 
18891894
 a Catalonian painter in the Realistic style. His first major exhibition was at the Exposición Ge...
Thomas Ball1819, Jun 31851
 
18931911, Dec 11
 an American sculptor, painter and musician. His work has had a marked influence on monumental art...
Edward Armitage1817, May 201840
 
18941896, May 24
 an English Victorian-era painter whose work focused on historical, classical and biblical subject...
Gustave Moreau1826, Apr 61852
 
18951898, Apr 18
 a French Symbolist painter whose main emphasis was the illustration of biblical and mythological ...
Albert Bierstadt1830, Jan 71855
 
18951902, Feb 18
 a German-born American painter best known for his lavish, sweeping landscapes of the American Wes...
George Whiting Flagg1816, Jun 261830
 
18991898, Jan 5
 an American painter of historical scenes and genre pictures. He was the brother of the artist Jar...
Wilhelm Amberg1822, Feb 251840
 
18991899, Sep 10
 a German genre painter. He was educated by the painters Carl Joseph Begas in Berlin and Léon Cog...
Benjamin Champney1817, Nov 201848
 
19001907, Dec 11
 a painter whose name has become synonymous with White Mountain art of the 19th century. He began ...
George Frederic Watts1817, Feb 231830
 
19041904, Jul 1
 English Victorian painter and sculptor of the Symbolist movement. Watts became famous in his life...
Rudolf von Alt1812, Aug 281833
 
19051905, Mar 12
 an Austrian landscape and architectural painter. Son of the lithographer Jakob Alt and the brothe...
Oswald Achenbach1827, Feb 21843
 
19051905, Feb 1
 a German painter associated with the Düsseldorf school of painting. Though little known today, d...
William Holman Hunt1827, Apr 21847
 
19051910, Sep 7
 an English painter and one of the founders of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood. His paintings were ...
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