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Before the advent of photography, if you wanted a picture of something or someone, you had to draw it yourself -- or hire someone to do it for you. Artists (at least the good ones) could make a good living painting portraits, cityscapes, scenes of commoners, or still lifes; and also preserving for us the particulars of their lives, the styles of their clothes and houses and the details of their world. Here are some whose works have lived beyond their lifetimes.
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Laurent de La Hyre

borndied
16061565
a French Baroque painter, born in Paris. He was an innovative artist who used his superior skills as a storyteller to portray rarely depicted subjects. His drawings are treated as seriously as his paintings, and sometimes show simplicity and dignity of effect.
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Georges de La Tour

borndied
15931652
a French Baroque painter, who spent most of his working life in the Duchy of Lorraine, which was temporarily absorbed into France between 1641 and 1648. He painted mostly religious chiaroscuro scenes lit by candlelight. La Tour is best known for the nocturnal light effects which he developed much further than his artistic predecessors had done, and transferr...
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Maurice Quentin de La Tour

borndied
17041788
a French Rococo portraitist who worked primarily with pastels. Among his most famous subjects were Voltaire, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Louis XV and Madame de Pompadour. In 1737 La Tour exhibited the first of a splendid series of 150 portraits that served as...
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Etienne de La Vallee Poussin

aka: Étienne de La Vallée Poussin
borndied
17351802
French history painter and creator of interior decorative schemes. La Vallée-Poussin spent many years in Rome, where he was admitted to the Maltese order with the rank of "Cavalier Donato" (i.e. not of noble lineage, but given for services rendered to the order) and where he became a member of the Academy of Arcadia.
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Nicolaes Lachtropius

borndied
16401700
a Dutch Golden Age flower painter. According to the RKD he was a flower still life painter who followed Otto Marseus van Schrieck] He was born and worked in Amsterdam, The Hague and in Leiden and was last registered in Alphen aan den Rijn.
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Nicolas Lagneau

bornactivedied
unknown1600-1650 caunknown
a French draftsman noted for his portrait drawings. He was especially interested in grotesque physiognomies, which he drew in meticulous detail either from models or from his imagination. His drawings are usually executed in black and red chalk, sometimes with the addition of blue or yellow gouache. In their heightened realism, and their emphasis on facial e...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Dominicus Lampsonius

borndied
15321599
a Flemish humanist, poet and painter. A secretary to various Prince-Bishops of Liège, he maintained an extensive correspondence with humanists and artists at home and abroad. Lampsonius dedicated himself for some time successfully to the art of painting. He was assisted in his efforts by Lambert Lombard, the eminent Renaissance painter of Liège. HIs writin...
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Nicolas Lancret

borndied
1690, Jan 221743, Sep 14
a French painter, was born in Paris, and became a brilliant depicter of light comedy which reflected the tastes and manners of French society under the regent Orleans. Lancret completed numerous paintings, a significant proportion of which (over eighty) were engraved. Although he completed several portraits and historical pieces his favourite subjects were b...
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Cross-listed in Sculptors

Edwin Henry Landseer

borndied
18021873
an English painter, well known for his paintings of animals—particularly horses, dogs and stags. However, his best known works are the lion sculptures in Trafalgar Square.
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Mair von Landshut

bornactivedied
unknown1485-1504 caunknown
a German engraver and painter. Almost nothing is known of his life, but his last dated drawing was from 1504. The Munich tax records of 1490 list a "Mair maler von Freising" (Mair, painter from Freising), and the style of altarpiece panels in a Munich church from around 1490 corroborates his presence there. He painted a lunette panel with Passion Scenes for ...
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Fitz Hugh Lane

borndied
1804 Dec 191865, Aug 14
an American painter and printmaker of a style that would later be called Luminism, for its use of pervasive light. Beginning in the early 1840s Lane would declare himself publicly to be a marine painter while simultaneously continuing his career as a lithographer. He quickly attained an eager and enthusiastic patronage from several of the leading merchants a...
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Giovanni Lanfranco

borndied
15821647
painter, one of the foremost artists of the High Baroque. His masterpiece is the Assumption of the Virgin in the dome of Sant'Andrea della Valle (1625-1627)
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Dirk Langendijk

aka: Langendyk
borndied
1748, Mar 81805, Dec 15
a Dutch draughtsman, painter and etcher. He produced mainly depictions of land and sea battles and other military scenes from the Dutch Patriottentijd (circa 1780–1800) and the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars (from 1792). As an artist, Langendijk quickly focused on military scenes, evidenced by his early sketches of horses and soldiers (1769–177...
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Eustache-Hyacinthe Langlois

borndied
1777, Aug 31837, Sep 29
a celebrated French painter, draftsman, engraver and writer. He became known as the "Norman Callot". He taught both his daughter Espérance Langlois and his son Polyclès Langlois and they often assisted him with drawings and engravings. In 1793 he began to study art at the École de Mars in Paris under the painter Jacques-Louis David. In 1794 he was conscri...
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Francois-Emile de Lansac

aka: François-Émile
borndied
1803, Oct 11890, Apr 1
a French painter. A pupil of Jean-Charles Langlois, a great admirer of Théodore Géricault, Lansac spent several years at the stud farm in Tarbes, studying horses. Back in Paris he collaborated with Ary Scheffer, became his pupil and contributed his talents to many of Scheffer's paintings. On leaving the Scheffer workshop, Lansac specialized in portraits, m...
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Nicolas de Largilliere

aka: Largillière
borndied
1656, Oct 101746, Mar 20
a painter born in Paris, France. His painting caught the attention of Charles II, who wished to retain Largillière in his service, but the controversy aroused by the Rye House Plot against Roman Catholics alarmed Largillière. Largillière left for Paris, where he was well received by the public as a painter. Upon ascending to the throne in 1685, James II r...
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Pieter Lastman

borndied
15831633
a Dutch painter. Lastman is considered important because of his work as a painter of history pieces and because his pupils included Rembrandt and Jan Lievens. In his paintings Lastman paid a lot of attention to the faces, hands and feet. His apprenticeship was with Gerrit Pietersz Sweelinck, the brother of Jan Pieterszoon Sweelinck. Between approximately 160...
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Paul Lautensack

borndied
14781558, Aug 15
a German painter and organist. Lautensack was born in Bamberg, but in 1525, on account of his having embraced the Reformation, he left that city and settled in Nuremberg. There he painted many subjects from the Apocalypse, and also wrote some treatises upon it, which were collected and published in Frankfurt in 1619. However, his fanaticism became such a pub...
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Thomas Lawrence

borndied
1769, Apr 131830, Jan 7
a leading English portrait painter and the fourth president of the Royal Academy. Lawrence was a child prodigy. He was born in Bristol and began drawing in Devizes, where his father was an innkeeper. At the age of ten, having moved to Bath, he was supporting his family with his pastel portraits. At eighteen he went to London and soon established his reputati...
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Charles Le Brun

borndied
1619, Feb 241690, Feb 22
a French painter and art theorist. Declared by Louis XIV "the greatest French artist of all time", he was a dominant figure in 17th-century French art and much influenced by Nicolas Poussin. In Rome he remained four years in the receipt of a pension due to the liberality of the chancellor. There he worked under Poussin, adapting the latter's theories of art....
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Antoine Le Nain

borndied
1599 ca1648
The three Le Nain brothers were painters in 17th-century France: Antoine, Louis (c.1593-1648), and Mathieus (1607–1677). They produced genre works, portraits and portrait miniatures. By 1630, all three lived in Paris, where they shared the studio founded by Antoine, who was admitted to the Paris painters' guild, enabling his two brothers to train under him...
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Louis Le Nain

borndied
1593 ca1648
The three Le Nain brothers were painters in 17th-century France: Antoine (c.1599-1648), Louis, and Mathieu (1607–1677). They produced genre works, portraits and portrait miniatures. Because of the remarkable similarity of their styles of painting and the difficulty of distinguishing works by each brother (they signed their paintings only with their surname...
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Mathieu Le Nain

borndied
16071677
The three Le Nain brothers were painters in 17th-century France: Antoine (c.1599-1648), Louis (c.1593-1648), and Mathieu. They produced genre works, portraits and portrait miniatures. Mathieu became the official painter (Peintre Ordinaire) of Paris in 1633, and much later was made a chevalier. Among his sitters for portraits were Marie de Medici and Cardinal...
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Blaise Nicholas Le Sueur

borndied
17161783
a German painter and engraver of allegorical and historical subjects. As director of the Berlin Academy of Art, he was influential in the development of the landscape painter Jacob Philipp Hackert and historical painter more
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Eustache Le Sueur

borndied
1617, Nov 191655, Apr 30
one of the founders of the French Academy of Painting, was born in Paris, where he spent his entire life. Some paintings, illustrative of the Hypnerotomachia Poliphili, which were reproduced in tapestry, brought him into notice, and his reputation was further enhanced by a series of decorations (Louvre) in the mansion of Lambert de Thorigny, which he left un...
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Cross-listed in ComposersWriters

Edward Lear

borndied
1812, May 12/131888, Jan 29
an English artist, illustrator, musician, author and poet, and is known now mostly for his literary nonsense in poetry and prose and especially his limericks, a form he popularised. His principal areas of work as an artist were threefold: as a draughtsman employed to illustrate birds and animals; making coloured drawings during his journeys, which he reworke...
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Claude Lefebvre

aka: Lefèbvre
borndied
1632, Sep1675, Apr 25
a French painter and engraver. Lefèbvre soon established himself as a leading portrait artist, and in 1663, at the age of thirty, he was received (reçu) as a member of the Académie Royale de peinture et de sculpture in anticipation of his portrait of Jean-Baptiste Colbert (Château of Versailles). Lefèbvre spent several years creating the portrait and fi...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Valentin Lefebvre

aka: Lefèvre
borndied
16421682
Not much is known of the life of the Flemish artist Valentin Lefebvre. The fundamental influence on his work, clear also in the present sheet, is the Venetian artist Paolo Veronese (1528-1588), but it has also been pointed out that Giovanni Coli and Filippo Gherardi were significant.1 Both those painters were working in Venice between 1663-68, in the Library...
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Master of the Legend of Saint Lucy

bornactivedied
unknown1480-1510unknown
an unidentified Early Netherlandish painter who worked in Bruges, a city in today's Belgium. His name comes from for an altarpiece in the church of Saint James in Bruges, which is dated 1480 and depicts three scenes from the life of Saint Lucy. Since then, twenty-five to thirty-five paintings have been attributed to the same hand. He may have trained Spanish...
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Master of the Legend of St. Catherine

bornactivedied
unknown1470s-1500sunknown
the Notname for an unknown late 15th century Early Netherlandish painter. He was named after a painting with Scenes from the Legend of Saint Catherine, now kept in the Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium. He was active between c. 1470 and c. 1500, probably around Brussels. It has been speculated that the Master may be the Brussels master Pieter van der Wey...
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Master of the Legend of the Magdalen

bornactivedied
unknown1483-1527 caunknown
an Early Netherlandish painter. He has not been identified; his name of convenience is derived from a large, now-dispersed altarpiece with scenes from the life of Mary Magdalene, which has been dated to between 1515 and 1520 based on the costumes of the donor portraits. However other works attributed to him are extremely difficult to date with any accuracy. ...
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Charles Leickert

borndied
1816, Sep 221907, Dec 5
Charles Leickert first learned painting in The Hague under the supervision of landscape painters Bartholomeus van Hove, Wijnand Nuijen, and Andreas Schelfhout, among many others. Leickert specialised in winter scenes, sometimes romanticising the sky in pale blues and bright pinks. He painted almost all of his works in the Netherlands, in The Hague from 1841-...
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Cross-listed in Sculptors

Frederic Leighton

borndied
18301896
an English painter and sculptor. His works depicted historical, biblical, and classical subject matter. Leighton was bearer of the shortest-lived peerage in history; after only one day his hereditary peerage ended with his death. Leighton remained a bachelor and rumours of his having an illegitimate child with one of his models in addition to the supposition...
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Sir Peter Lely

borndied
1618, Sep 141680, Nov 30
a painter of Dutch origin, whose career was nearly all spent in England, where he became the dominant portrait painter to the court. He arrived in London in around 1641, which was marked by the death of Anthony van Dyck in December. His early English paintings, mainly mythological or religious scenes, or portraits set in a pastoral landscape, show influences...
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Jacques-Antoine-Marie Lemoine

aka: Lemoyne
borndied
1751, Jul 171824, Feb 7
a French artist, known primarily for portraiture. He declined to follow his father's precedent in becoming a notary, and instead began study at the École des Beaux-Arts in Rouen. Having moved to Paris by 1772, he studied under Jean-Jacques Lagrenée (1737–1821) and Maurice-Quentin de la Tour (1704–1788). He was attracted to Parisian theater and music, a...
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Marie-Victoire Lemoine

borndied
17541820, Dec 2
a French painter. Born in Paris, where she also died, she was a student of François-Guillaume Ménageot, and took part in numerous Salons. Her sisters Marie-Denise Villers and Marie-Élisabeth Gabiou also became painters.


Pierre-Antoine Lemoine

borndied
16051665, Aug 19
a French painter known for still lifes. He died in Paris. His Still Life with Bunches of Grapes, Figs, and Pomegranates shows Italian influence, and may have been exhibited for the Academy in 1654.
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Francois Lemoyne

aka: François, Le Moine
borndied
16881737, Jun 4
a French rococo painter, born in Paris. In 1701, when he was 13 years old, he entered the Académie de peinture et de sculpture. He studied under Louis Galloche and stayed until 1713. In 1711, Lemoyne won the Prix de Rome. He was accepted as a member of the Académie in 1718 and was elected as a professor in 1733.
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Cross-listed in Sculptors

Jean-Baptiste Lemoyne [2]

borndied
17041778
a French sculptor and among the greatest French portraitists. Lemoyne's more important works have for the most part been destroyed or have disappeared. In his portrait busts we have a remarkable series of important portraits, of which those of women are perhaps the best.
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Andries Cornelis Lens

bornactivedied
1739, Mar 311759-18221822, Mar 30
Flemish painter and draughtsman
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Cristobal de Leon

aka: Cristóbal de León
borndied
unknown1729
a Spanish painter, active near Seville. He was a pupil of Juan Valdes Leal. He painted eighteen monastic portraits, and some for the church of San Felipe Neri in Seville. He died at Seville. He is presumed to be the brother of the painter Felipe de León.
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Felipe de Leon

aka: León
borndied
unknown1728
a Spanish painter of the Baroque period active in Seville. He imitated the style of Murillo in painting devotional pictures, and in producing copies of the master. He died at Seville. He is presumed to be the brother of the painter Cristóbal de León.
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Cross-listed in AstronomersSculptorsArchitectsInventorsScientistsCartographers

Leonardo da Vinci

bornactivedied
1452, Apr 151466-15191519, May 2
an Italian polymath whose areas of interest included invention, painting, sculpting, architecture, science, music, mathematics, engineering, literature, anatomy, geology, astronomy, botany, writing, history, and cartography. He has been variously called the father of paleontology, ichnology, and architecture, and is widely considered one of the greatest pain...
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Agustin Leonardo

aka: Agustín
bornactivedied
unknown1620sunknown
a Spanish painter of the Baroque period. He was born in Valencia, and took up the habit of the Order of Mercy at Xàtiva. In 1620 he was a brother in the convent of that order at Puig near Valencia, where he painted for the sacristy four large canvases: Finding the Image of Our Lady at Puig, Siege and Surrender of Valencia to King James; and the Battle of th...
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Jusepe Leonardo

aka: José, Jose
borndied
16011652
a Spanish painter of the Baroque period, active during his maturity in the royal court in Madrid. Leonardo was one of the artists used to decorate the Royal Alcazar of Madrid, restored by King Philip IV of Spain. Félix Castello and Leonardo painted the vaults of the Sacristy of the Royal Chapel. He was unable to finish the Reliquary in the same chapel and, ...
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Nicolas Bernard Lepicie

aka: Lépicié
borndied
1735, Jun 161784, Sep 15
the son of two reputed engravers at the time, François-Bernard and Renee-Elisabeth, was introduced to the artistic and cultural environment by his parents. Nicolas-Bernard studied with reputed artists of the century including Carle Vanloo. In 1769 he was accepted to the Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture in Paris. Three years later, in 1772, he became ...
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Emanuel Gottlieb Leutze

borndied
1816, May 241868, Jul 18
a German American history painter best known for his painting Washington Crossing the Delaware. He is associated with the Düsseldorf school of painting. In 1840, one of his paintings attracted attention and procured him several orders, which enabled him to go to the Kunstakademie Düsseldorf, where he studied with Lessing. In 1842 he went to Munich, studyin...
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Jacobus Levecq

aka: Leveck
borndied
16341675
a Dutch Golden Age painter trained by Rembrandt. According to Houbraken, who was his pupil during the last 9 months of his life, he had been trained by Rembrandt, but inherited a sum of money when his parents died, that he used to take care of himself, his two unmarried sisters and a blind half-brother. Houbraken could not recall much of his painting style, ...
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John Frederick Lewis

borndied
1804, Jul 141876, Aug 15
an Orientalist English painter. He specialized in Oriental and Mediterranean scenes in exquisitely detailed watercolour or oils. Lewis lived for several years in a traditional mansion in Cairo, and after his return to England in 1851 he specialized in highly detailed works showing both realistic genre scenes of Middle Eastern life and more idealized scenes i...
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Judith Lewis

bornactivedied
unknown1750sunknown
painted 'Family Hunting Party', 1756


Jacob Leyssens

aka: Jacob Lyssens, Nicolaas Leyssens, N. Lyssens, Notenkraker
borndied
16611710
a Flemish painter and decorator from the Baroque. He decorated many rooms and ceilings in prominent residences and buildings in Antwerp and collaborated with other artists such as Jan Baptist Bosschaert and Gaspar Peeter Verbruggen the Younger, who painted the flowers and other ancillary objects. He was proficient in the painting of still lifes of fruit.
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Judith Leyster

aka: Leijster
borndied
16091660
a Dutch Golden Age painter. Leyster painted genre works, portraits, and still lifes. Her entire oeuvre was attributed to Frans Hals until 1893, when Hofstede de Groot first attributed seven paintings to her, six of which are signed with her distinctive monogram 'JL*'. She specialized in portrait-like genre scenes of, typically, one to three figures, who gene...
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Gijsbrecht Leytens

aka: Meester van de Winterlandschappen, Master of the Winter Landscapes
borndied
15861650 ca
a Flemish painter who specialized in landscapes and in particular winter landscapes. Leytens painted mainly landscapes. All known landscapes by him are winter landscapes except for a few such as A mountainous landscape with deer in the Herzog Anton Ulrich Museum, Braunschweig and a Wooded Mountain Landscape with Waterfall and Travellers in the Nationalmuseum...
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Andres Leyto

aka: Andrés, Deleito, de Leyto
bornactivedied
unknown1680sunknown
a Spanish painter of historical subjects and interiors. He painted, in conjunction with José de Sarabia, pictures in the cloister of the convent of San Francisco at Segovia. He is mentioned briefly by Juan Agustín Ceán Bermúdez as "De Leito." 19th Century English art books refer to him as "Leyto".
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Josse Lieferinxe

aka: Master of St. Sebastian
bornactivedied
unknown1493-15081508
a South Netherlandish painter. Originating in the diocese of Cambrai in Hainaut, then part of the territories ruled by the Dukes of Burgundy, Josse Lieferinxe was documented as a "Picard" in the regions of Avignon and Marseille at the end of the fifteenth and in the early sixteenth centuries. He was first mentioned in Provence in 1493. Thus he figures among ...
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Cornelis Liefrinck

borndied
1581 ca1662 ca
a Dutch Golden Age landscape painter. According to Houbraken he was born and lived in Leiden and was still painting in 1640, along with his contemporaries Arnout Elsevier, Jan van Goyen, and Egmont Cornelisz Stooter. Houbraken may have meant Cornelis Stooter, since both Elsevier and Stooter were founders of the Leiden Guild of St. Luke, and all four men were...
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Jan Lievens

aka: Lievens de Oude, Livius Johanis le Vieux, Johannis Livens, Lievens, Lieversz(oon), Lyrins, Leyrens
bornactivedied
1607, Oct 241619-16721674, Jun 4
a Dutch painter, usually associated with Rembrandt, working in a similar style. Lievens collaborated and shared a studio with Rembrandt van Rijn from about 1626 to 1631. Their competitive collaboration, represented in some two dozen paintings, drawings and etchings, was intimate enough to cause difficulties in the attribution of works from this period. Lieve...
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Master of the Lille Adoration

bornactivedied
unknown1510-1530unknown
an Early Netherlandish painter active in Antwerp. He was active in Antwerp and was influenced by Dirck Vellert. He often painted works of the Adoration of the Shepherds, but is named for a specific painting currently in Palais des Beaux-Arts de Lille. He should not be confused with the Master of the Antwerp Adoration.
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Johannes Lingelbach

aka: Johann
borndied
16221674
a Dutch Golden Age painter, associated with the second generation of Bambocciate, a group of genre painters working in Rome from 1625 - 1700. His skill in painting genre figures is no less accomplished in his depictions of architectural and natural objects. He was often invited to paint the figures and animals within other artists landscape pieces, such as t...
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John Linnell

borndied
1792, Jun 161882, Jan 20
an English landscape and portrait painter and engraver. Linnell was a naturalist and a rival to John Constable. He had a taste for Northern European art of the Renaissance, particularly Albrecht Dürer. He also associated with William Blake, to whom he introduced Samuel Palmer and others of the Ancients. Linnell was born in Bloomsbury, London. His father was...
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Jean-Etienne Liotard

aka: Jean-Étienne
borndied
1702, Dec 221789, Jun 12
a Swiss-French painter, art connoisseur and dealer. Jean-Étienne Liotard visited Istanbul and painted numerous pastels of Turkish domestic scenes; he also continued to wear Turkish dress for much of the time when back in Europe. Using modern dress was considered unheroic and inelegant in history painting using Middle Eastern settings, with Europeans wearing...
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Filippino Lippi

borndied
1459, Apr1504, Apr
an Italian painter working during the High Renaissance in Florence, Italy. In 1488, Lippi moved to Rome, where Lorenzo de' Medici had advised Cardinal Oliviero Carafa to entrust him the decoration of the family chapel in Santa Maria sopra Minerva. These frescoes show a new kind of inspiration, quite different from the earlier works, but confirm his continued...
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Christoph Friedrich Reinhold Lisiewski

borndied
1725, Jun 31794, Jun 11
an 18th-century German portrait painter. Lisiewski belonged to a family of painters, founded by his father, Georg Lisiewski, a native of Poland who was an active portrait painter in Berlin. Christoph Lisiewski was from 1752 to 1772 court painter to the Prince of Anhalt-Dessau. In that time, he also traveled to Dresden and Leipzig to portray. He then brought ...
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Georg Lisiewski

borndied
16741750
a Polish Baroque portrait painter active in Berlin. He was born in Olesko, a town formerly in Poland but now in Ukraine, that was also the birthplace of the King of Poland, Jan III Sobieski. He was probably taught by painters active at Olesko Castle, but he moved to Berlin in 1692, where he became the father of the German painters Anna Dorothea Therbusch, An...
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Johann Liss

aka: Jan Lys
borndied
1595 ca1630 ca
a leading German Baroque painter of the 17th century, active mainly in Venice. After an initial education in his home state, he continued his studies, according to Houbraken, with Hendrick Goltzius in Haarlem and Amsterdam. Around 1620 he travelled through Paris to Venice. Although his earlier work was concerned with the contrasts of light and shadow, his fi...
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Bernardo German de Llorente

aka: Bernardo Germán de Llórente
borndied
16851757
a Spanish painter of the late-Baroque period. He was active in Seville where he was one of the followers of Murillo and made a name with his devotional paintings of the Virgin Mary. Llorente was known for his trompe-l'œil still lifes, a genre that was quite popular in Andalusia at the time. An example is the Wine or the Allegory of taste at the Louvre. Thi...
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Rowland Lockey

borndied
1565 ca1616
an English painter and goldsmith. He worked mainly as a copyist of earlier portraits to make up sets of oil paintings for the fashionable long galleries of great houses, but signed or documented portrait miniatures on vellum and a signed title page engraving for the 1602 Bishops' Bible also survive. He is best known for his two near life-size copies from the...
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David Loggan

borndied
16341692
an English baroque engraver, draughtsman and painter. The young David first studied in Danzig under Willem Hondius, and later in Amsterdam under Crispijn van de Passe II. He moved to London in the late 1650s. There he produced various engravings, among them the title-page for the folio Book of Common Prayer (1662). In addition, he also did a number of miniat...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Gian Paolo Lomazzo

aka: Giovan, Giovanni
borndied
1538, Apr 261592, Jan 27
an Italian painter, best remembered for his writings on art theory, belonging to the second generation that produced Mannerism in Italian art and architecture. He was admired as an artist and in 1562 was depicted on a medallion by Annibale Fontana which described him as having been introduced by Mercury to Fortune (commercial success). Lomazzo became blind i...
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Lambert Lombard

borndied
1505 ca1566, Aug
a Renaissance painter, architect and theorist for the Prince-Bishopric of Liège. During his career he worked for Jan Gossaert in Middelburg and trained Frans Floris. Lombard was born in Liège, where in 1532 he became court painter and architect. A few paintings and many drawings have been preserved. In 1537 he was sent to Rome by Erard de la Marck, prince-...
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Pietro Longhi

borndied
1701/02, Nov 51785, May 8
a Venetian painter of contemporary genre scenes of life. Among his early paintings are some altarpieces and religious themes. His first major documented work was an altarpiece for the church of San Pellegrino in 1732. In 1734, he completed frescoes in the walls and ceiling of the hall in Ca' Sagredo, representing the Death of the giants. In the late 1730s, h...
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Vicente Lopez y Portana

aka: López y Portaña
bornactivedied
1772, Sep 191794-18501850, Jul 22
a Spanish painter, considered one of the best portrait painters of his time. Vicente López was a prolific painter executing many religious, allegorical, historic and mythological scenes, but he specialized in portraits. During his long career he painted nearly every notable person in Spain during the first half of the 1800s. icente López was a Neo-classici...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Benson John Lossing

borndied
1813, Feb 121891, Jun 3
a prolific and popular American historian, known best for his illustrated books on the American Revolution and American Civil War and features in Harper's Magazine. He was a charter trustee of Vassar College. He edited and illustrated J.S. Rothchild's weekly Family Magazine from 1839 to1841 and launched his literary career with the publication of his Outline...
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Johann Carl Loth

aka: Johann Karl, Karel, Carlotto, Carlo Lotti
borndied
16321698, Oct 6
a German Baroque painter, born in Munich but active most of his life in Venice. He was commissioned to paint for the emperor Leopold I in Vienna. He worked together with Pietro Liberi in Venice, where he was during the years 1663-1698. He attracted well-to-do artists who made trips especially to visit his studio, such as Cornelis de Bruijn and Jan van Bunnik...
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Lorenzo Lotto

borndied
1480 ca1556/57
an Italian painter, draughtsman and illustrator, traditionally placed in the Venetian school, though much of his career was spent in other North Italian cities. He painted mainly altarpieces, religious subjects and portraits. While he was active during the High Renaissance, his nervous and eccentric posings and distortions represent a transitional stage to t...
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Philip James de Loutherbourg

aka: Philippe-Jacques, Philipp Jakob
borndied
1740, Oct 311812, Mar 11
a Franco-British painter who became known for his large naval works, his elaborate set designs for London theatres, and his invention of a mechanical theatre called the "Eidophusikon". He also had an interest in faith-healing and the occult and was a companion of Cagliostro. Intended for the Lutheran ministry, he was educated at the University of Strasbourg.
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Master of the Lubeck Bible

aka: Lübeck Bible
bornactivedied
unknown1485-1520 caunknown
a Flemish manuscript illuminator and printmaker. He is named for a series of woodcuts designed for a Bible printed at Lübeck, Germany in 1494. He has long been known as a contributor to several early printed books; only recently, however, has their style been associated to certain illuminated manuscripts. Relatively few illuminations have been ascribed to t...
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Krzysztof Lubieniecki

borndied
16591729
a Polish Baroque painter and engraver active in Amsterdam during the Dutch Golden Age. Brother of Teodor Lubieniecki. In 1944 a Lubieniecki painting "Portrait of a young man" was looted from the National Museum of Warsaw by the Nazis during the Warsaw Uprising; it was "liberated" by an american serviceman but was turned over to Polish authorities in 2015
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Teodor Lubieniecki

borndied
1654 ca1718
a Polish baroque painter and engraver. Teodor and his brother Krzysztof Lubieniecki hailed from Arian family. They learned to paint from Juriaan Stur in Hamburg. In 1667 they travelled to Amsterdam, where Krzysztof apprenticed with Adriaen Backer, and Teodor with Gerard de Lairesse. Teodor enjoyed success in Amsterdam and was visited and admired by Cosimo II...
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Bernardino Luini

borndied
1481 ca1532, Jun
a North Italian painter from Leonardo's circle. Both Luini and Giovanni Antonio Boltraffio were said to have worked with Leonardo directly; he was described to have taken "as much from Leonardo as his native roots enabled him to comprehend". Consequently, many of his works were attributed to Leonardo. He was known especially for his graceful female figures w...
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Isaack Luttichuys

borndied
1616, Feb1673, Mar 6
a Dutch Golden Age painter. Luttichuys was born in London. According to the RKD He was the brother of the painter Simon Luttichuys, and had moved to Amsterdam by 1643, where he became engaged in 1643 to Elisabeth Adolfs Winck. She may have died, however, since in 1648 his son Isaack was baptised and the mother was Sara Grabey. A daughter Katryna was baptised...
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Simon Luttichuys

borndied
16101661
a Dutch Golden Age still life painter. Luttichuys was born in London. According to the RKD he was probably the same person as Simon Littlehouse who painted a portrait of the bishop Thomas Morton of St. John's College, Cambridge in 1637/1638. His name in Dutch sounds like Littlehouse. He was the brother of the painter Isaack Luttichuys and had moved to Amster...
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Carstian Luyckx

aka: Monogrammist KL
borndied
16231675 ca
a Flemish painter and draughtsman who specialized in still lifes in various subgenres including flower still lifes, fruit still lifes, fish still lifes, pronkstillevens (sumptuous still lifes), vanitas still lifes, hunting pieces and garland paintings. He also painted animals and a few genre scenes. After starting his career in Antwerp he is believed to have...
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Jose Luzan

aka: José Luzán, José Luzán y Martínez
borndied
17101785
a Spanish Baroque painter. He was named reviewer of paintings by the Spanish Inquisition, and in 1741 was appointed by Philip V of Spain as supernumerary painter of the Royal House. The study of the rich collections of the palace allowed him to considerably refine his style. Next to the gloomy tone of his early works, he then acquired a taste for warm colori...
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Corneille de Lyon

borndied
1505 ca1575, Nov
a Dutch painter of portraits who was active in Lyon, France from 1533 until his death. In France and the Netherlands he is also still known as Corneille de La Haye (Dutch: Cornelis van Den Haag) after his birthplace, The Hague. Although he is well documented as the leading painter in this distinctively French style, very few identifiable work can be firmly t...
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