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Cross-listed in Legal

Jacques Clement

aka: Clément
borndied
15671589, Aug 1
a French conspirator and the killer of king Henry III. He was born at Serbonnes, in today's Yonne département, in Burgundy, and became a Dominican lay brother. During the French Wars of Religion, Clément became fanatically religious and an ardent partisan of th...
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Timeline (1)Links (1)


James

bornactivedied
unknown1679-16881700
a 3-time Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople (1679-1682, 1685-1686, 1687-1688). He was previously bishop of Larissa.
Links (1)Notes (1)


Cross-listed in GovernanceWriters

King James I

aka: James VI of Scotland
bornactivedied
1566, Jun 191603-16251625, Mar 27
King of Scotland as James VI from 24 July 1567 and King of England and Ireland (and Supreme Head of the Church of England) from 1603 until his death. He achieved most of his aims in Scotland but faced great difficulties in England, including the Gunpowder Plot in 1605 and repeated conflicts with the English Parliament. Under James, the "Golden Age" of Eliza...
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Timeline (14)Links (1)Notes (1)


Cross-listed in Governance

King James II

aka: James VII of Scotland
bornactivedied
1633, Oct 141685-16881701, Sep 6
King of England and Ireland as James II and King of Scotland as James VII, and Supreme Governor of the Church of England from 6 February 1685 until he was deposed in the Glorious Revolution of 1688. He was the last Roman Catholic monarch to reign over the Kingdoms of England, Scotland and Ireland. James is best known for his struggles with the English Parlia...
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Timeline (26)Links (1)Notes (1)


Jamphel Gyatso

bornactivedied
17581762-18041804
the 8th Dalai Lama (Yellow Hat sect of Buddhism) of Tibet. When Jamphel Gyatso was conceived, the village was given a major harvest with each stalk of barley bearing three, four and five years, which had never been seen before throughout Tibet. He was escorted to Lhasa and enthroned as the leader of the Tibetan people in the Potala Palace in 7th month of the...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Malik Muhammad Jayasi

borndied
unknown1542
an Indian Sufi poet and pir. He wrote in the Awadhi language, and in the Persian Nasta'liq script. His most notable work is the epic poem Padmavat (1540). Much of the information about Jayasi comes from legends, and his date and place of birth are a matter of debate. As the nisba "Jayasi" suggests, he was associated with Jayas, an important Sufi centr...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in WritersInventorsScientists

Anyos Jedlik

aka: Ányos
bornactivedied
1800, Jan 111817-18731895, Dec 13
a Hungarian inventor, engineer, physicist, and Benedictine priest. He was also a member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, and author of several books. He is considered by Hungarians and Slovaks to be the unsung father of the dynamo and electric motor. Jedlik's best known invention is the principle of dynamo self-excitation. In 1827, Jedlik started experi...
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Links (11)


Jeremias I

bornactivedied
unknown1513-15461546, Jan 13
Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople two times, from 1522 to 1524 and from 1525 to 1546 for the Church of Constantinople. Jeremias was a native of Zitsa in Epirus, and was raised without instruction. He became Archbishop of Sofia on or before 1513. On the 31 December 1522 he became Patriarch of Constantinople.
Links (1)Notes (1)


Jeremias II Tranos

bornactivedied
unknown1572-1595unknown
Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople (1572-1579, 1580-1584, 1587-1595)*Church of Constantinople
Links (1)Notes (1)


Jeremias III

bornactivedied
unknown1716-1733unknown
Ecumenical Patriarch (1716-1726, 1732-1733), restored* Church of Constantinople
Links (1)Notes (1)


Jeremias IV

bornactivedied
unknown1809-1813unknown
Ecumenical Patriarch (1809–1813)* Church of Constantinople
Links (1)Notes (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Thomas Jervis

borndied
17481833
an English unitarian minister. Jervis published nineteen separate sermons and addresses (1784–1820). He wrote many biographies for The Gentleman's Magazine and Monthly Repository, and several hymns for the collections of Kippis and others. One of his hymns written in 1795, ‘Sweet is the friendly voice,’ is in Martineau's collections.
Links (1)


Acarya Jitmal

bornactivedied
unknown1851-1881unknown
Leader (Acarya) (1851–1881)* Svetambara Jainism


Joachim

bornactivedied
unknown1844—1868unknown
Metropolitan of Skopje (1820—1823)* Orthodox Church of Macedonia
Notes (1)


Joachim I

bornactivedied
unknown1498-15041504
the Ecumenical Patriarch of the Church of Constantinople from 1498 to 1502 and for a short time in 1504. As Patriarch, Joachim was quite popular with his flock: while he was on the road to Georgia to raise funds, the Metropolitan of Selymbria offered the Sultan one thousand gold pieces to be appointed Patriarch in Joachim's place, but the faithful collected...
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Links (1)Notes (1)


Joachim I Pany

bornactivedied
1448 ca1480s-15671567
served as Patriarch for the Greek Orthodox Church of Alexandria between 1486 and 1567. A virtuous and wise man of the church. He was elected Patriarch of Alexandria when he was 38 years old. He died aged 119.
Links (2)Notes (1)


Joanikije III Karadza

bornactivedied
unknown1739-1746unknown
Patriarch (1739-1746)* Serbian Orthodox Church


Joannicius I

bornactivedied
unknown1546unknown
Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople (1546)*Church of Constantinople
Links (1)Notes (1)


Joannicius II

bornactivedied
unknown1624-16561659/1660
Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople four times from 1646 to 1656 (1646-1648; 1651-1652; 1653-1654; 1655-1656) for the Church of Constantinople. He was appointed Metropolitan of Ganos and Chora in 1624 by Patriarch Cyril Lucaris and in 1636 he became the Metropolitan of Heraclea.
Links (1)Notes (1)


Joannicius III

aka: Ioannis Karatzas
bornactivedied
1700 ca1747-17631793
Archbishop of Pec and Patriarch of the Serbs from 1739 to 1746 and Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople from 1761 to 1763 for the Church of Constantinople. He became a deacon serving Patriarch Paisius II and later he was appointed protosyncellus.
Links (1)Notes (1)


Joasaph

bornactivedied
unknown1820—1823unknown
Metropolitan of Skopje (1820—1823)* Orthodox Church of Macedonia
Notes (1)


Joasaph II

bornactivedied
unknown1556-1565unknown
Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople (1555-1565)*Church of Constantinople
Links (1)Notes (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

John of the Cross

borndied
15421591
a major figure of the Counter-Reformation, a Spanish mystic, a Roman Catholic saint, a Carmelite friar and a priest who was born at Fontiveros, Old Castile. John of the Cross was a reformer of the Carmelite Order and is considered, along with Saint Teresa of Ávila, as a founder of the Discalced Carmelites. He is also known for his writings. Both his poetry ...
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Links (1)


Pope John XIII

bornactivedied
unknown1484-15241524
the 94th Coptic Orthodox Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of St. Mark for the Armenian Apostolic Church from 1483-1524. Little is known of him except for his long reign (over forty years), and that his patriarchate witnessed the downfall of the Mamluk Sultanate and the rise of Ottoman power in Egypt.
Links (1)


Pope John XIV

bornactivedied
unknown1571-15861586, Sep 6
the 96th Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of St. Mark for the Armenian Apostolic Church, from 1573 to 1586. He joined the Paromeos Monastery in the Nitrian Desert before becoming a Pope.
Links (1)


Pope John XV

bornactivedied
unknown1619-16291629, Sep 7
the 99th Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of St. Mark for the Coptic Orthodox Church. Originally from Mallawi, he was a monk in the Monastery of Saint Anthony before being consecrated Patriarch on September 18, 1619. Known for his great modesty and piety, John XV was devoted to ministry, prayer, and worship. He exemplified zeal in guiding the Coptic...
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Links (1)


Pope John XVI

bornactivedied
unknown1676-17181718, Jun 15
Abba Youannis XVI), 103rd Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of St. Mark for the Coptic Orthodox Church from 1676 until his death in 1718.
Links (1)


Pope John XVII

aka: Abba Youannis XVII
bornactivedied
unknown1727-17451745, Apr 20
the 105th Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of St. Mark for the Coptic Orthodox Church from 1727 to his death in1745. Originally from Mallawi in El-Minya in Upper Egypt, he joined the Monastery of Saint Paul the Anchorite as a monk and was named Abd el-Sayed.
Links (1)


Pope John XVIII

aka: Abba Youannis
bornactivedied
unknown1769-17961796, Jun 7
the 107th Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of St. Mark for the Coptic Orthodox Church from 1769 until his death in 1796. Pope John XVIII was born in Fayoum, Egypt. His lay name was Joseph. He became a monk in the Monastery of Saint Anthony. At the departure of Pope Mark VII, he was unanimously chosen to succeed him. He was ordained at the church of ...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in ArtistsWriters

David Joris

aka: Jan Jorisz, Joriszoon
borndied
1501 ca1556, Aug 25
an important Anabaptist leader in the Netherlands before 1540. By trade David Joris was a glass painter or tinsel painter, having learned the art in Antwerp; in 1522 he painted windows for the church at Enkhuizen, North Holland. n 1533 he accepted the ideas of the Anabaptists, and was baptized in Delft by Obbe Philips. For a time he was a theological combata...
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Timeline (1)Links (1)


Vikentije II Jovanovic

bornactivedied
16891732-17371737, Jun 6
the Serbian Orthodox Metropolitan of Karlovci for the Serbian Orthodox Church from 1732 to 1737, as Vikentije II. During his diplomatic mission in Vienna in 1734, he was given permission by Emperor Charles VI to establish a hussar regiment constituted solely of Serbs and Croats. It was officially named Illyrian-Rascian regiment and inaugurated on June 16, 17...
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Links (1)


Pope Julius II

aka: Giuliano della Rovere, The Fearsome Pope, The Warrior Pope
bornactivedied
1443, Dec 51503-15131513, Feb 21
Pope for the Roman Catholic Church from 1 November 1503 to his death in 1513. His papacy was marked by an active foreign policy, ambitious building projects, and patronage for the arts—he commissioned the destruction and rebuilding of St. Peter's Basilica, plus Mi...
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Timeline (7)Links (1)Notes (1)


Pope Julius III

aka: Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte
bornactivedied
1487, Sep 101550-15551555, Mar 23
Pope for the Roman Catholic Church from 7 February 1550 to his death in 1555. Distinguished as an effective diplomat, he was elected to the papacy as a compromise candidate after the death of Paul III. As pope he made only reluctant and short-lived attempts at reform, mostly devoting himself to a life of personal pleasure. His reputation, and that of the Cat...
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Timeline (5)Links (1)Notes (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Paulus Juusten

bornactivedied
1516/201563-15751575, Aug 22
the first bishop of Viipuri, and later, bishop of Turku for the Lutheran Finish Church from 1563 until his death in 1575. He was an esteemed teacher and a Swedish royal envoy. Juusten authored the Finnish-language catechism (1574), the tale of his Moscow travel, a Mass book (1575) and the Chronicle of Finnish bishops, Suomen piispainkronikka, Chronicon episc...
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Links (1)


William Juxon

bornactivedied
15821633-16631663, Jun 4
an English churchman, Bishop of London from 1633 to 1649 and Archbishop of Canterbury from 1660 until his death for the Church of England. As Lord High Treasurer and First Lord of the Admiralty, Juxon was the last English clergyman to hold both secular and clerical offices in the medieval tradition of clerical state service.
Links (6)Notes (1)

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