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1633, Oct 141685-16881701, Sep 6
King of England and Ireland as James II and King of Scotland as James VII, and Supreme Governor of the Church of England from 6 February 1685 until he was deposed in the Glorious Revolution of 1688. He was the last Roman Catholic monarch to reign over the Kingdoms of England, Scotland and Ireland. James is best known for his struggles with the English Parliament and his attempts to create religious liberty for English Roman Catholics and Protestant nonconformists, against the wishes of the Anglican establishment.
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 Timeline (26)
11/05/1605-King James II learns of the Gunpowder Plot (Catholics try to blow up English Parliament)
12/26/1606-King Lear performed at King James II's Court
10/01/1661-Yachting begins in England with the first yacht race between King Charles II of England and his brother James II (Charles wins).
06/12/1673- Charles II of England's brother duke James II resigns as Lord High Admiral 
10/23/1679-Supposed Meal Tub Plot against James II of England 
08/24/1682-Duke James II gives Delaware to William Penn
06/11/1685-James Scott, Duke of Monmouth, rebels against Catholic king James II 
07/06/1685-Battle of Sedgemoor: King James II beats James Scott, Duke of Monmouth
04/04/1687-English king James II issues his Declaration of Indulgence, to be read in churches
07/02/1687-King James II disbands English parliament
10/27/1688-King James II fires premier Robert Spencer
11/26/1688-King James II escapes back to London 
12/09/1688-King James II's wife and son flee England for France 
12/10/1688-King James II flees London 
12/11/1688-King James II captured attempting to flee to France
12/15/1688-Lord Delamere sides with King James II 
12/19/1688-King James II's wife and son flee to France 
12/23/1688-English king James II allowed to flee to France
12/25/1688-English king James II lands in Ambleteuse, France 
12/25/1688-Lord Delamere sides with King James II 
03/12/1689-Former English King James II lands in Ireland 
05/20/1690-England passes Act of Grace, forgiving followers of James II
07/01/1690-Army of England's Protestant King William III defeats Roman Catholic King James II in Battle of Boyne in Ireland
07/1/1690-Battle of the Boyne -- William III of Orange beats Irish Jacobite forces under King James II
07/12/1691-Battle of Aughrim (Aghrim) England, William III beats James II
03/08/1702- James II's daughter, Anne Stuart, becomes Queen of England upon the death of King William III
 Notes (1)
Supreme Governors:
Church of England

Henry VIII (1536-1547): King of England from 1509 until his death and Supreme Head of the Church of England from 1536 to 1547. He was the first English King of Ire...
Edward VI (1547-1553): King of England and Ireland (and Supreme Head of the Church of England) from 28 January 1547 until his death. Edward's reign was marked by ...
Jane Grey (1553): an English noblewoman and de facto monarch of England and Ireland from 10 July until 19 July 1553. When the 15-year-old king lay dying in Ju...
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 Mentions (2)
John Blow
...in 1669. In 1685 he was named a private musician to James II. His only stage composition, Venus and Adonis...
Samuel Pepys
...Admiralty under both King Charles II of England and King James II.
 Contemporaries
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King James II1633, Oct 141685
 
16881701, Sep 6

Mehmed IV1642, Jan 21648
 
16871693, Jan 6
 the Sultan and Caliph of the Ottoman Empire from 1648 to 1687. Taking the throne at age six, his ...
Parthenios I [1]unknown1678
 
16881688, Jun 30
 Pope and Patriarch of Alexandria for the Greek Orthodox Church (1678-1688). He served as Metropol...
Jamesunknown1679
 
16881700
 a 3-time Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople (1679-1682, 1685-1686, 1687-1688). He was previou...
Pope Innocent XI1611, May 161650
 
16891689, Aug 12
 Pope for the Roman Catholic Church from 21 September 1676 to his death in 1689. He is known as th...
David Pardo [2]unknown1680
 
1689unknown
 a 17th-century rabbi. He was born in Amsterdam. His father was Rabbi Joseph Pardo, hazzan in Lond...
William Sancroft1617, Jan 301663
 
16901693, Nov 24
 the 79th Archbishop of Canterbury (1678-1690) of the Church of England, and was one of the Seven ...
Suleiman II1642, Apr 151687
 
16911691, Jun 22/23
 the Sultan and Caliph (Sunni Islam) of the Ottoman Empire/Caliphate from 1687 to 1691. Immediatel...
Isaac Aboab da Fonseca1605, Feb 11623
 
16931693, Apr 4
 a rabbi, scholar, kabbalist and writer. In 1656, he was one of several elders within the Portugue...
John Tillotson1630, Oct1661
 
16941694, Nov 22
 the Anglican Archbishop of Canterbury from 1691 to 1694 for the Church of England. He devoted him...
Athanasios IIIunknown1686
 
1694unknown
 1st time; Patriarch (1686-1694)* Patriarchate of Antioch -*Church of Constantinople
Charles Albanel16161649
 
16961696, Jun 11
 a French missionary explorer in Canada, and a Jesuit priest. In 1649, he arrived in Canada at Tad...
Dionysius IV Muselimesunknown1662
 
16961696, Sep 23
  Ecumenical Patriarch of the Church of Constantinople for five times, in 1671–73, 1676–79, 16...
Pope Innocent XII1615, Mar 131652
 
17001700, Sep 27
 Pope for the Roman Catholic Church from 12 July 1691 to his death in 1700. He took a hard stance ...
Eliyya X Yohannan Maroginunknown1660
 
1700unknown
 Patriarch (1660-1700)* Assyrian Church of the East
Olaus Swebilius1624, Jan 11681
 
17001700, Jun 29
 Archbishop of Uppsala (1681-1700)* Lutheran Swedish Church
Adrian I1627, Oct 21686
 
17001700, Oct 16
 he last pre-revolutionary Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia from 1690 to 1700 for the Church of ...
Jacques-Benigne Bossuet1627, Sep 271643
 
17011704, Apr 12
 a French bishop and theologian, renowned for his sermons and other addresses. He has been conside...
Eremia IIunknown1676
 
1701unknown
 Catholicose of Aluank' (1676-1701)* Oriental Orthodoxy
Philipp Spener1635, Jan 131653
 
17021705, Feb 5
 a German Christian theologian known as the "Father of Pietism." Highly influenced by Johann Arndt...
Ioannikios Iunknown1671
 
1702unknown
 Archbishop of Sinai (1671-1702)* Orthodox Church of Mount Sinai
Estephan El Douaihy1630, Aug 21670
 
17041704, May 3
 He was the 57th Patriarch of the Maronite Church from 1670 to 1704. He is considered one of the m...
Arsenije III Carnojevic16331674
 
17061706, Oct 27
 the Archbishop of Pec and Patriarch of Serbs from 1674 to 1691 and Metropolitan of Sentandreja fr...
Dositheos IIunknown1669
 
1707unknown
 Patriarch (1669-1707)* Patriarchate of Jerusalem -*Church of Constantinople
Theodosios [1]unknown1679
 
1708unknown
 Metropolitan of Hungaro-Walachia (1679-1708)* Romanian Orthodox Church
Ignatius George IIunknown1687
 
1708unknown
 Patriarch of Antioch and All the East (1687-1708)* Syrian Orthodox Church
Samuel Parris16531673
 
17111720, Feb 27
 the Puritan minister in Salem, Massachusetts during the Salem witch trials. He was also the fathe...
Duchod Labrangpa Jamgon Kungaunknown1685
 
1711unknown
 1685-1711, Sakya sect, Throne holder; Buddhism
Haquin Spegel1645, Jun 141670
 
17141714, Apr 17
 a religious author and hymn writer who held several bishop's seats for the Lutheran Swedish Churc...
Hayim Kamhiunknown1677
 
1715unknown
 Chief Rabbi (1677-1715)* Ottoman Empire
Pope John XVIunknown1676
 
17181718, Jun 15
 Abba Youannis XVI), 103rd Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of St. Mark for the Coptic Or...
Samuel Schotten16441685
 
17191719, Jul 5
  He became Rabbi of the Grand Duchy of Hesse-Darmstadt in 1685. Shmuel Schotten HaCohen was born ...
Ignatius Isaac Azar16471675
 
17221724, Jul 18
 the Patriarch of Antioch, and head of the Syriac Orthodox Church from 1709 until his resignation ...
Zanabazar Ondur gegeen Luvsadambiyjaltsanunknown1635
 
1723unknown
 1635-1723, Tibetan Buddhism, Mongolia; Buddhism
Cotton Mather1663, Feb 121685
 
17261728, Feb 13
 a socially and politically influential New England Puritan minister, prolific author, and pamphle...
Lobsang Yeshe16631671
 
17371737
 the fifth Panchen Lama of the Buddhist Gelug (Yellow Hat sect) of Tibet from 1663-1737. He was bo...
Melchior de Polignac1661, Oct 111683
 
17421742, Nov 20
 a French diplomat, Cardinal and neo-Latin poet. During the last years of Louis XIV, Abbé de Pol...
Andre-Hercule de Fleury1653, Jun 22/261679
 
17431743, Jan 29
 a French cardinal who served as the chief minister of Louis XV. He was sent to Paris as a child t...
Lancelot Blackburne1658, Dec 101680
 
17431743, Mar 23
 an English clergyman, who became Archbishop of York, and – in popular belief – a pirate. He w...
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