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Cross-listed in GovernanceWritersScientistsCommerceLegal

Zachariah Allen

borndied
1795, Sep 151882, Mar 17
an American textile manufacturer, scientist, lawyer, writer, inventor and civil leader from Providence, Rhode Island. He was educated at Phillips Exeter Academy and at Brown University where he graduated in 1813. Allen became a textile manufacturer and in 1822 constructed a woolen mill in which he incorporated innovative fire-safety features and his own mech...
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Cross-listed in AstronomersScientists

Giovanni Battista Amici

borndied
1786, Mar 251863, Apr 10
an Italian astronomer, microscopist, and botanist. Amici was born in Modena, in present-day Italy. After studying at Bologna, he became professor of mathematics at Modena, and in 1831 was appointed inspector-general of studies in the Duchy of Modena. A few years later he was chosen director of the observatory at Florence, where he also lectured at the museum...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Nicolas Appert

borndied
1749, Nov 171841, Jun 1
the French inventor of airtight food preservation. Appert, known as the "father of canning", was a confectioner. In 1795 the French military offered a cash prize of 12,000 francs for a new method to preserve food. After some 14 or 15 years of experiment, Appert submitted his invention and won the prize in January 1810 on condition that he make the method pu...
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Cross-listed in Scientists

Amie Argand

aka: Aimé
borndied
1750, Jul 51803, Oct 14
a Swiss physicist and chemist. He invented the Argand lamp, a great improvement on the traditional oil lamp. In 1780, he started to invent improvements on the conventional oil lamp. The basic idea was to have a cylindrical wick which air could flow through and around, increasing the intensity of the light produced. In 1783, Argand met Montgolfier brothers Ja...
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William George Armstrong

aka: 1st Baron Armstrong
borndied
1810, Nov 261900, Dec 27
an English industrialist who founded the Armstrong Whitworth manufacturing concern on Tyneside. He was also an eminent scientist, inventor and philanthropist. In collaboration with the architect Richard Norman Shaw, he built Cragside in Northumberland, the first house in the world to be lit by hydroelectricity. He is regarded as the inventor of modern artill...
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Cross-listed in WritersPhysicians

Neil Arnott

borndied
1788, May 151874, Mar
a Scottish physician. He was the author of several works on physical science or its applications, the most important being his Elements of Physics (1827), which went through six editions in his lifetime. From his earliest youth, Arnott had an intense love of natural philosophy, and to this added an inventiveness which served him in good stead in his profess...
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Joseph Aspdin

borndied
1788, Dec1855, Mar 20
an English cement manufacturer who obtained the patent for Portland cement on 21 October 1824. Aspdin called the product Portland cement because set mortar made from it resembled “the best Portland stone". Portland stone was the most prestigious building stone in use in England at the time. The patent clearly does not describe the product recognised as Por...
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Cross-listed in MilitaryPerformers

Philip Astley

bornactivedied
1742, Jan 81759-18141814, Jan 27
an English equestrian, circus owner, and inventor, regarded as being the "father of the modern circus". The circus industry, as a presenter of an integrated entertainment experience that includes music, domesticated animals, acrobats, and clowns, traces its heritage to Astley's Amphitheatre, a riding school that Astley founded in London following the success...
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