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1742, Jan 81759-18141814, Jan 27
an English equestrian, circus owner, and inventor, regarded as being the "father of the modern circus". The circus industry, as a presenter of an integrated entertainment experience that includes music, domesticated animals, acrobats, and clowns, traces its heritage to Astley's Amphitheatre, a riding school that Astley founded in London following the success of his invention of the circus ring in 1768.
 Timeline (1)
08/04/1777-Retired British cavalry officer Philip Astley establishes first circus
 Notes (3)
Philip Astley and the First Circuses:
A Very British Institution
Circus Talk
Roll up, roll up, for the greatest showman on earth:
How Philip Astley created the modern circus
The Independent
The First Circus:
Victoria and Albert Museum
 Contemporaries
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Philip Astley1742, Jan 81759
 
18141814, Jan 27

Israel Putnam1718, Jan 71755
 
17791790, May 29
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John Andre1750, May 21770
 
 
17801780, Oct 2
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Benedict Arnold1741, Jan 31757
 
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Thomas Gage1718/19, Mar 101741
 
17821787, Apr 2
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Jack Jouett1754, Dec 71776
 
 
17821822, Mar 1
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Charles Edward Stuart1720, Dec 311743
 
17831788, Jan 31
 the second Jacobite pretender to the thrones of England, Scotland, France and Ireland from the de...
Horatio Gates [1]1727, Jul 261745
 
17831806, Apr 10
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Samuel Nicholas17441775
 
 
17831790, Aug 27
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Caesar Rodney1728, Oct 71755
 
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Joseph Reed [2]1741, Aug 271770
 
 
17841785, Mar 5
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William Whipple Jr.1730, Jan 141751
 
17851785, Nov 28
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Nathanael Greene1742, Jul 271770
 
 
17851786, Jun 19
 a major general of the Continental Army in the American Revolutionary War, known for his successf...
Maurycy Beniowski1746, Sep 201762
 
 
17861786, May 23
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Daniel Shays1747 ca1775
 
 
17881825, Sep 29
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Ethan Allen1737, Jan 101757
 
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Thomas Nelson Jr.1738, Dec 261761
 
 
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William Pierce17531775
 
 
17891789, Dec 10
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Ezra Lee1749, Aug1776
 
 
17891821, Oct 29
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17901790, Aug 16
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James De Lancey [2]17321758
 
17911800
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Nguyen Hue17531788
 
 
17921792, Sep 16
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Artemas Ward1727, Nov 261751
 
17951800, Oct 28
 an American major general in the American Revolutionary War and a Congressman from Massachusetts....
Tulaunknown1795
 
 
17951795, Oct 3
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Anthony Wayne1745, Jan 11775
 
 
17961796, Dec 15
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Oliver Wolcott1726, Nov 201747
 
17971797, Dec 1
 a signer of the United States Declaration of Independence and also the Articles of Confederation ...
George Washington1732, Feb111789
 
 
17971799, Dec 14
 the first President of the United States (1789–97), the Commander-in-Chief of the Continental A...
Thomas Heyward Jr.1746, Jul 281775
 
 
17981809, Mar 6
 a signer of the United States Declaration of Independence and of the Articles of Confederation as...
Daniel Morgan1736, Jul 61775
 
 
17991802, Jul 6
 an American pioneer, soldier, and United States Representative from Virginia. One of the most gif...
Edward Rutledge1749, Nov 231774
 
 
18001800, Jan 23
 an American politician, and youngest signer of the United States Declaration of Independence. He ...
Samuel Mason1739, Nov 81790
 
 
18031803
 a Virginia militia captain on the American western frontier during the Revolutionary War, who sub...
John Page1743, Apr 281763
 
 
18081808, Oct 11
 a figure in early United States history. He served in the U.S. Congress and as the 13th Governor ...
George Rogers Clark1752, Nov 191774
 
 
18091818, Feb 13
 a surveyor, soldier, and militia officer from Virginia who became the highest ranking American mi...
Archduke Charles of Austria1771, Sep 51792
 
 
18091847, Apr 30
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Paul Revere1734, Dec 211756
 
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Zebulon Pike1779, Jan 51799
 
 
18131813, Apr 27
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William Howe1729, Aug 101746
 
18141814, Jul 12
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Napoleon Bonaparte1769, Aug 151799
 
18151821, May 5
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John Clopton1756, Feb 71776
 
18161816, Sep 11
 a United States Representative from Virginia. He served as first lieutenant and as captain in the...
Frederick Kemmelmeyer1752/531782
 
18161823 ca
 Frederick Kemmelmeyer advertised that he was an artist for the first time in a Baltimore newspape...
John Young1742 ca1780
 
18191835, Dec 17
 a British subject who became an important military advisor to Kamehameha I during the formation o...
Joseph Bloomfield1753, Oct 181775
 
18231823, Oct 3
 the fourth Governor of New Jersey. The township of Bloomfield, New Jersey is named for him. He at...
William Hull1753, Jun 241775
 
18251825, Nov 29
 an American soldier and politician. He fought in the American Revolution and was appointed as Gov...
William Clark [2]1770, Aug 11789
 
18291838, Sep 1
 an American explorer, soldier, Indian agent, and territorial governor. Along with Meriwether Lewi...
Davy Crockett1786, Aug 171813
 
18361836, Mar 6
 a 19th-century American folk hero, frontiersman, soldier, and politician. He is commonly referred...
Kazimierz Lux17801795
 
18461846
 an officer of the Polish Legions and a pirate in the Caribbean Sea during the early 19th century....
Wilhelm Freiherr von Biela1782, Mar 191802
 
18491856, Feb 18
 a German-Austrian military officer and amateur astronomer. In the field of astronomy, he speciali...
William Miller1782, Feb 151809
 
18491849, Dec 20
 an American Baptist preacher who is credited with beginning the mid-19th century North American r...
Alexander Sergeyevich Menshikov1787, Aug 261809
 
18561869, May 2
 a Finno-Russian nobleman, military commander and statesman. He was made adjutant general in 1817 ...
Lewis Cass1782, Oct 91806
 
18601866, Jun 17
 an American military officer, politician, and statesman. He represented Michigan in the United St...
Winfield Scott1786, Jun 131807
 
18611866, May 29
 a United States Army general and unsuccessful presidential candidate of the Whig Party in 1852. K...
Sam Houston1793, Mar 21812
 
18611863, Jul 26
 an American politician and soldier, best known for his role in bringing Texas into the United Sta...
Antoine-Henri Jomini1779, Mar 61798
 
18691869, Mar 24
 a Swiss officer who served as a general in the French and later in the Russian service, and one o...
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