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1770, Apr 301784-18431857, Feb 10
a British-Canadian fur trader, surveyor, and map-maker, known to some native peoples as "Koo-Koo-Sint" or "the Stargazer." Over his career he mapped over 3.9 million square kilometres of North America and for this has been described as the "greatest land geographer who ever lived." Explored Western Canada and the Pacific Northwest
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David Thompson1770, Apr 301784
 
18431857, Feb 10

Maurycy Beniowski1746, Sep 201762
 
17861786, May 23
 a Hungarian nobleman of Polish and Hungarian ancestry. He was an explorer, writer, the self-decla...
Juan Bautista de Anza1736, Jul 6/71752
 
17881788, Dec 19
 a New-Spanish explorer of Basque descent, and Governor of New Mexico for the Spanish Empire. In 1...
Thomas Walker1715, Jan 251740
 
17891794, Nov 9
 a distinguished physician and explorer from Virginia; in the mid-18th century, he was part of an ...
John Ledyard1751, Nov1770
 
17891789, Jan 10
 an American explorer and adventurer. In June 1776, Ledyard joined Captain James Cook's third and ...
James Bruce1730, Dec 141762
 
17901794, Apr 27
 a Scottish traveller and travel writer who spent more than a dozen years in North Africa and Ethi...
George Vancouver1757, Jun 221772
 
17951798, May 10
 an English officer of the Royal Navy, who explored and charted North America's northwestern Pacif...
Juan Francisco de la Bodega y Quadra1744, May 221770
 
17991794, Mar 26
 a Spanish naval officer born in Lima, Peru. Assigned to the Pacific coast Spanish Naval Departmen...
John Fearn [1]1768, Aug 241790
 
 
1799unknown
 an English whaling ship captain, notable as the first European to discover the Pacific island of ...
Francisco Dominguez1740 ca1757
 
18001804 ca
 One of the leaders of the Dominguez-Escalante Expedition, a journey under a commission from the S...
Nicolas Baudin1754, Feb 171769
 
18031803, Sep 16
 a French explorer, cartographer, naturalist and hydrographer. At the age of 15 he joined the merc...
Juan Carrascounknown1784
 
1803unknown
 a Spanish naval officer, explorer, and navigator. He is remembered mainly for his work in the Pac...
George Bass1771, Jan 301789
 
 
1803unknown
 a British naval surgeon and explorer of Australia. At the age of 18 he was accepted in London as ...
Adam Johann von Krusenstern1770, Nov 191793
 
 
18061846, Aug 24
 a Baltic German admiral and explorer, who led the first Russian circumnavigation of the globe. Af...
Francisco de Eliza17591773
 
18091825, Feb 19
 a Spanish naval officer, navigator, and explorer. He is remembered mainly for his work in the Pac...
Meriwether Lewis1774, Aug 181800
 
 
18091809, Oct 11
 an American explorer, soldier, politician, and public administrator, best known for his role as t...
Louis Antoine de Bougainville1729, Nov 121753
 
18111811, Aug 31
 a French admiral and explorer. A contemporary of the British explorer James Cook, he took part in...
Zebulon Pike1779, Jan 51799
 
 
18131813, Apr 27
 an American brigadier general and explorer for whom Pikes Peak in Colorado is named. As a United ...
Daniel Boone1734, Oct 221755
 
18161820, Sep 26
 an American pioneer, explorer, woodsman, and frontiersman, whose frontier exploits made him one o...
Jose de Bustamante y Guerra1759, Apr 11770
 
18171825, Mar 10
  a Spanish naval officer, explorer, and politician. With Alessandro Malaspina, they proposed to t...
Johann Ludwig Burckhardt1784, Nov 241809
 
 
18171817, Oct 15
 a Swiss traveller, geographer, and orientalist. He wrote his letters in French and signed Louis. ...
John Young1742 ca1780
 
18191835, Dec 17
 a British subject who became an important military advisor to Kamehameha I during the formation o...
Joseph Banks1743, Feb 131766
 
18201820, Jun 19
 a British naturalist, botanist and patron of the natural sciences. Banks made his name on the 176...
William Smith17901811
 
 
18201847
 the English captain born in Blyth, Northumberland, who discovered the South Shetland Islands, an ...
Alexander Gordon Laing1793, Dec 271810
 
 
18261826, Sep 26
 a Scottish explorer and the first European to reach Timbuktu via the north/south route. Explored ...
Hugh Clapperton1788, May 181801
 
 
18271827, Apr 13
 a Scottish naval officer and explorer of West and Central Africa. Born in Annan, Dumfriesshire, w...
John Oxley17841802
 
 
18281828, May 25
 an explorer and surveyor of Australia in the early period of British colonisation. He served as S...
Manuel Quimper17571770
 
18291844, Apr
 a Spanish Peruvian explorer, cartographer, naval officer, and colonial official. He participated ...
William Clark [2]1770, Aug 11789
 
 
18291838, Sep 1
 an American explorer, soldier, Indian agent, and territorial governor. Along with Meriwether Lewi...
James Weddell1787, Aug 241800
 
 
18291834, Sep 9
 a British sailor, navigator and seal hunter who in February 1823 sailed to latitude of 74°15'S (...
Grigori Ivanovitch Langsdorff1774, Apr 81803
 
 
18301852, Jun 9
 a German-Russian naturalist and explorer. He was a member and correspondent of the Russian Imperi...
Jose Maria Narvaez17681780
 
18311840, Aug 4
 a Spanish naval officer, explorer, and navigator notable for his work in the Gulf Islands and Low...
Cayetano Valdes y Flores17671782
 
18331835
 a commander of the Spanish Navy, explorer, and captain general who served in the French Revolutio...
Richard Lemon Lander1804, Feb 81820
 
 
18341834, Feb 6
 a Cornish explorer of western Africa. Explored the Niger and Benue Rivers. While journeying upstr...
Sir George Back1796, Nov 61808
 
 
18391878, Jun 23
 a British naval officer, explorer of the Canadian Arctic, naturalist and artist. As a boy, he wen...
George Everest1790, Jul 41806
 
18431866, Dec 1
 a Welsh surveyor and geographer, and the Surveyor General of India from 1830 through 1843. Everes...
Joseph Nicollet1786, Jul 241830
 
18431843, Sep 11
 a French geographer, astronomer, and mathematician known for mapping the Upper Mississippi River ...
Pawel Strzelecki1797, Jun 241834
 
18431873, Oct 6
 a Polish explorer and geologist who in 1845 also became a British subject. Strzelecki left Poland...
Otto von Kotzebue1787, Dec 301815
 
18461846, Feb 15
 a Baltic German navigator in Russian service. Kotzebue set out on July 30, 1815 to find a passage...
Peter Skene Ogden1790, Feb 121810
 
18491854, Sep 27
 a fur trader and a Canadian explorer of what is now British Columbia and the American West. Betwe...
James Clark Ross1800, Apr 151818
 
18491862, Apr 3
 a British naval officer and explorer remembered today for his exploration of the Arctic (in the H...
John C. Fremont1813, Jan 211840
 
18491890, Jul 13
 an American military officer, explorer, and politician who became the first candidate of the anti...
Johann Karl Ehrenfried Kegel1784, Oct 31840
 
18491863, Jun 25
 a German agronomist and explorer of the Kamchatka Peninsula. In 1841 he was sent by the Russian g...
Ludwig Leichhardt1813, Oct 231840
 
18491848 ca
 a Prussian explorer and naturalist, most famous for his exploration of northern and central Austr...
Charles Sturt1795, Apr 281828
 
18511869, Jun 16
 a British explorer of Australia, and part of the European exploration of Australia. He led severa...
Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen1778, Sep 91796
 
18521852, Jan 13
 a Baltic-German officer in the Imperial Russian Navy, cartographer and explorer, ultimately rose ...
John Lloyd Stephens1805, Nov 281834
 
18521852, Oct 13
 an American explorer, writer, and diplomat. He initially entered law practice in New York. After ...
Robert O'Hara Burke1821, May 61841
 
18611861, Jun 28 ca
 an Irish soldier and police officer, who achieved fame as an Australian explorer. He was the lead...
John McDouall Stuart1815, Sep 71838
 
18621866, Jun 5
 a Scottish explorer and one of the most accomplished of all Australia's inland explorers. Stuart ...
Ferdinand von Wrangel1796, Dec 291817
 
18641870, May 25
 a Baltic German explorer and seaman in Russian service, Honorable Member of the Saint Petersburg ...
John Rae1813, Sep 301833
 
18641893, Jul 22
 a Scottish doctor who explored parts of Northern Canada, found the final portion of the Northwest...
Jim Bridger1804, Mar 171822
 
18681881, Jul 17
 was among the foremost mountain men, trappers, scouts and guides who explored and trapped the Wes...
Jean-Frederic Waldeck1766, Mar 16?1790
 
18691875, Apr 30
 a French antiquarian, cartographer, artist and explorer. Waldeck is remembered primarily for the...
Charles Wilkes1798, Apr 31830
 
18691877, Feb 8
 an American naval officer and explorer. He led the United States Exploring Expedition, 1838-1842 ...
Sir Edward Sabine1788, Oct 141818
 
18711883, Jun 26
 an Irish astronomer, geophysicist, ornithologist, explorer, soldier and the 30th President of the...
Charles Darwin1809, Feb 121827
 
18721882, Apr 19
 an English naturalist and geologist, best known for his contributions to the science of evolution...
David Livingstone1813, Mar 191840
 
18731873, May 1
 a Scottish Congregationalist pioneer medical missionary with the London Missionary Society and an...
Richard Burton1821, Mar 191842
 
18901890, Oct 20
 a British explorer, geographer, translator, writer, soldier, orientalist, cartographer, ethnologi...
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