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1821, Aug 241843-18871892, Jun 29
a French naval officer who became director of the Paris Observatory and launched the ill-fated Carte du Ciel project in 1887. Born in Madrid, Spain, Mouchez embarked on a career in the French Navy as an ensign in 1843. This was a period of relative international maritime peace and much of the navy's activities were dedicated to exploration and discovery. Mouchez was initially occupied on hydrographic studies along the coasts of Korea, China and South America, penetrating 320 km up the Paraguay River and exploring the Abrolhos Islands. He improved the practice of surveying at sea, adapting terrestrial instruments for naval use, and was especially concerned with the problems of determining longitude.
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Ernest Mouchez1821, Aug 241843
 
18871892, Jun 29

Otto von Kotzebue1787, Dec 301815
 
18461846, Feb 15
 a Baltic German navigator in Russian service. Kotzebue set out on July 30, 1815 to find a passage...
Edmund Kennedy1818, Sep 51845
 
 
18481848, Dec
 an explorer in Australia in the mid nineteenth century. He was the Assistant-Surveyor of New Sout...
Peter Skene Ogden1790, Feb 121810
 
18491854, Sep 27
 a fur trader and a Canadian explorer of what is now British Columbia and the American West. Betwe...
James Clark Ross1800, Apr 151818
 
18491862, Apr 3
 a British naval officer and explorer remembered today for his exploration of the Arctic (in the H...
John C. Fremont1813, Jan 211840
 
18491890, Jul 13
 an American military officer, explorer, and politician who became the first candidate of the anti...
Johann Karl Ehrenfried Kegel1784, Oct 31840
 
18491863, Jun 25
 a German agronomist and explorer of the Kamchatka Peninsula. In 1841 he was sent by the Russian g...
Ludwig Leichhardt1813, Oct 231840
 
18491848 ca
 a Prussian explorer and naturalist, most famous for his exploration of northern and central Austr...
Charles Sturt1795, Apr 281828
 
18511869, Jun 16
 a British explorer of Australia, and part of the European exploration of Australia. He led severa...
Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen1778, Sep 91796
 
18521852, Jan 13
 a Baltic-German officer in the Imperial Russian Navy, cartographer and explorer, ultimately rose ...
John Lloyd Stephens1805, Nov 281834
 
18521852, Oct 13
 an American explorer, writer, and diplomat. He initially entered law practice in New York. After ...
Joseph Rene Bellot1826, Mar 181845
 
 
18531853, Aug 18
  a French Arctic explorer. In 1851 he joined the Arctic expedition under the command of Captain W...
N.C. Middlebrooksunknown1850
 
 
1859unknown
 of the sealing ship Gambia, from Honolulu, he was the first European to sight the Midway Islands ...
Robert O'Hara Burke1821, May 61841
 
18611861, Jun 28 ca
 an Irish soldier and police officer, who achieved fame as an Australian explorer. He was the lead...
John McDouall Stuart1815, Sep 71838
 
18621866, Jun 5
 a Scottish explorer and one of the most accomplished of all Australia's inland explorers. Stuart ...
Ferdinand von Wrangel1796, Dec 291817
 
18641870, May 25
 a Baltic German explorer and seaman in Russian service, Honorable Member of the Saint Petersburg ...
John Rae1813, Sep 301833
 
18641893, Jul 22
 a Scottish doctor who explored parts of Northern Canada, found the final portion of the Northwest...
Heinrich Barth1821, Feb 161844
 
 
18641865, Nov 25
 a German explorer of Africa and scholar, thought to be one of the greatest European explorers of ...
John Hanning Speke1827, May 41844
 
 
18641864, Sep 15
 an officer in the British Indian Army who made three exploratory expeditions to Africa and who is...
Charles John Andersson1827, Mar 41850
 
 
18671867, Jul 9
 a Swedish explorer, hunter and trader as well as an amateur naturalist and ornithologist. He is m...
Jim Bridger1804, Mar 171822
 
18681881, Jul 17
 was among the foremost mountain men, trappers, scouts and guides who explored and trapped the Wes...
Jean-Frederic Waldeck1766, Mar 16?1790
 
18691875, Apr 30
 a French antiquarian, cartographer, artist and explorer. Waldeck is remembered primarily for the...
Charles Wilkes1798, Apr 31830
 
18691877, Feb 8
 an American naval officer and explorer. He led the United States Exploring Expedition, 1838-1842 ...
Lafayette Bunnell1824, Mar 131849
 
 
18691903, Jul 21
 an American physician, author, and explorer. He is most well known for his involvement with the M...
Sir Edward Sabine1788, Oct 141818
 
18711883, Jun 26
 an Irish astronomer, geophysicist, ornithologist,explorer, soldier and the 30th President of the ...
Charles Darwin1809, Feb 121827
 
18721882, Apr 19
 an English naturalist and geologist, best known for his contributions to the science of evolution...
David Livingstone1813, Mar 191840
 
18731873, May 1
 a Scottish Congregationalist pioneer medical missionary with the London Missionary Society and an...
Henry Walter Bates1825, Feb 81843
 
18891892, Feb 16
 an English naturalist and explorer who gave the first scientific account of mimicry in animals. H...
Richard Burton1821, Mar 191842
 
18901890, Oct 20
 a British explorer, geographer, translator, writer, soldier, orientalist, cartographer, ethnologi...
Samuel Baker1821, Jun 81846
 
18911893, Dec 30
 a British explorer, officer, naturalist, big game hunter, engineer, writer and abolitionist. He a...
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