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Sculptors
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1736, Feb 61755-17831783, Aug 19
a German-Austrian sculptor most famous for his "character heads", a collection of busts with faces contorted in extreme facial expressions. The Baroque period of his oeuvre ended in 1769 with a bust of the court physician Gerard van Swieten, commissioned by the Empress. In 1770-72 Messerschmidt began to work on his so-called character heads, which it has been argued (notably by Ernst Kris) were connected with certain paranoid ideas and hallucinations from which, at the beginning of the seventies, the master began to suffer. Messerschmidt found himself increasingly at odds with his milieu.
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Franz Xaver Messerschmidt1736, Feb 61755
 
17831783, Aug 19

Giuseppe Grisoni1699, Oct 241715
 
17691769
 an Italian painter and sculptor, noted for his landscapes and historical tableaux. Born in Mons, ...
Sir Henry Cheere17031720
 
17701781, Jan 15
 a renowned English sculptor and monumental mason of the eighteenth century, and older brother of ...
John Cheere17091739
 
17701787
 an English sculptor, born in London. Brother of the sculptor Sir Henry Cheere, he was originally ...
Jose Ramirez de Arellano17051740
 
17701770, Mar 27
 a Spanish Baroque architect and sculptor. He was the son of the sculptor Juan Ramírez Mejandre, ...
Jean-Baptiste Defernex17291754
 
17721783
 a French artist best known for his portrait busts, most often of women. Defernex received no offi...
Guillaume Coustou the Younger1716, Mar 191735
 
17771777, Jul 13
 a French sculptor, the son of Guillaume Coustou the Elder and nephew of Nicolas Coustou. His most...
Laurent Delvaux16961717
 
17791778, Feb 24
 a Flemish sculptor. After a successful international career that brought him to London and Rome, ...
Christophe-Gabriel Allegrain17101750
 
17791795
 a French sculptor who tempered a neoclassical style with Rococo charm and softness, under the inf...
Bartolomeo Cavaceppi1716 ca1750
 
17791799, Dec 9
 an Italian sculptor who worked in Rome. Much of his work was in restoring antique Roman sculpture...
Joseph Nollekens1737, Aug 111760
 
 
17791823, Apr 23
 a sculptor from London generally considered to be the finest British sculptor of the late 18th ce...
Jean-Baptiste Pigalle1714, Jan 261740
 
17851785, Aug 20
 a French sculptor. Pigalle was born in Paris, the seventh child of a carpenter. Although he faile...
Patience Wright17251770
 
17851786, Mar 23
 the first recognized American-born sculptor. She chiefly created wax figures of people. She loved...
Sir Robert Taylor17141740
 
17881788
 a notable English architect of the mid-late 18th century. Among his earliest projects was Asgill ...
Etienne-Maurice Falconet1716, Dec 11755
 
17891791, Jan 4
 counted among the first rank of French Rococo sculptors. Many of Falconet's religious works, comm...
Agostino Carlini1718 ca1760
 
17901790, Aug 15
 an Italian sculptor and painter, who settled in England and became one of the founding members o...
Joseph Wilton1722, Jul 161755
 
17951803, Nov 25
 an English sculptor. He was one of the founding members of the Royal Academy in 1768, and its thi...
John Bacon Sr.1740, Nov 241770
 
17991799, Aug 4
 a British sculptor who worked in the late 18th century. Bacon has been reckoned the founder of th...
Mikhail Kozlovsky1753, Nov 61774
 
18021802, Sep 30
 a Russian Neoclassical sculptor active during the Age of Enlightenment. Although his early works ...
Pierre Julien1731, Jun 201765
 
18041804, Dec 17
 a French sculptor who worked in a full range of rococo and neoclassical styles. He worked on the ...
Thomas Banks1735, Dec 291774
 
18051805, Feb 2
 an important 18th-century English sculptor. Among other works in St Paul's Cathedral are the monu...
Nicolai Abraham Abildgaard1743, Sep 111764
 
18091809, Jun 4
 a Danish neoclassical and royal history painter, sculptor, architect, and professor of painting, ...
Aleijadinho1730/381770
 
18091814, Nov 18
 noted for his works on and in various churches of Brazil. Within a very short time he had become ...
Samuel McIntire1757, Jan 161780
 
18091811, Feb 6
 an American architect and craftsman, Chestnut Street District, a legacy to one of the earliest ar...
Claude Michel1738, Dec 201755
 
18141814, Mar 29
 a French sculptor in the Rococo style, especially noted for his works in terracotta. Among Clodio...
François-Joseph Duret1729, Nov 121740
 
18191816, Aug 7
 a French sculptor. Duret was prince of the Academy of St. Luke, a member of the Académie royale ...
Joaquim Machado de Castro1731, Jun 191770
 
18221822, Nov 17
 one of Portugal's foremost sculptors, and a celebrated figure throughout Europe in the eighteenth...
Antonio Canova1757, Nov 11780
 
18221822, Oct 13
 an Italian neoclassical sculptor, famous for his marble sculptures. Often regarded as the greates...
Claude Ramey1754, Oct 291782
 
18281838, Jun 4
 a French sculptor. Between 1806 and 1810 he was engaged on the bas reliefs on the Vendôme Column...
John Flaxman1755, Jul 61767
 
18291826, Dec 7
 a British sculptor and draughtsman, and a leading figure in British and European Neoclassicism. E...
Ivan Petrovich Martos17541779
 
18291835, Apr 5
 a Russian sculptor and art teacher of Ukrainian origin who helped awaken Russian interest in Neoc...
Bertel Thorvaldsen1770 ca1781
 
18441844, Mar 24
 a Danish sculptor of international fame, who spent most of his life in Italy. In Rome, Thorvaldse...
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