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Military
borndied
1649, Apr 91685, Jul 15
an English nobleman. In 1685 he led the unsuccessful Monmouth Rebellion, an attempt to depose his uncle, King James II and VII. After one of his officers declared Monmouth the legitimate King in the town of Taunton in Somerset, Monmouth attempted to capitalise on his position as the son of Charles II, and his Protestantism, in opposition to James, who was a Roman Catholic. The rebellion failed, and Monmouth was beheaded for treason on 15 July 1685.
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06/22/1679-Battle of Bothwell Bridge: James Scott, Duke of Monmouth, beats Scottish
12/25/1683-English Whig-leader James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth, flees to Holland 
06/11/1685-James Scott, Duke of Monmouth, rebels against Catholic king James II 
07/06/1685-Battle of Sedgemoor: King James II beats James Scott, Duke of Monmouth
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