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1620, Feb 161640-16881688, Apr 29
Elector of Brandenburg and Duke of Prussia, thus ruler of Brandenburg-Prussia, from 1640 until his death in 1688. A member of the House of Hohenzollern, he is popularly known as "the Great Elector" (der Große Kurfürst) because of his military and political achievements. He was a staunch pillar of the Calvinist faith, associated with the rising commercial class. He saw the importance of trade and promoted it vigorously. His shrewd domestic reforms gave Prussia a strong position in the post-Westphalian political order of north-central Europe, setting Prussia up for elevation from duchy to kingdom, achieved under his son and successor.
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12/07/1646-Countess Louise Henriette of Nassau marries monarch Frederick William on her 19th birthday
 Contemporaries
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Frederick William1620, Feb 161640
 
16881688, Apr 29

Franz von Mercy1595 ca1606
 
16451645, Aug 3
 a German general in the Thirty Years' War. From 1606 to 1630 he was engaged in the imperial servi...
John Meldrumunknown1609
 
16451645
 a soldier of Scottish origin who spent 36 years in the service of the Stuart kings of Scotland an...
Sultan Agung of Mataram15931613
 
16451645
 A skilled soldier, he conquered neighbouring states and expanded and consolidated his kingdom to ...
Ottavio Piccolomini1599, Nov 111618
 
16481656, Aug 11
 an Italian nobleman whose military career included service as a Spanish general and then as a fie...
Myles Standish1584 ca1603
 
16561656, Oct 3
 an English military officer hired by the Pilgrims as military adviser for Plymouth Colony. He acc...
Bohdan Khmelnytsky1595 ca1617
 
16571657, Aug 6
 a Ukrainian Hetman of the Zaporozhian Host of the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland in the Polish–...
Oliver Cromwell1599, Apr 251628
 
16581658, Sep 3
 an English military and political leader and later Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England,...
Stepan Razin16301660
 
 
16711671, Jun 16
 a Cossack leader who led a major uprising against the nobility and tsarist bureaucracy in souther...
Brother Francesco Maria Carafaunknown1669
 
 
1672unknown
 an Italian nobleman, 5th Duke of Nocera, a Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece and was vicer...
Raimondo Montecuccoli1609, Feb 211628
 
16781680, Oct 16
 an Italian military commander who also served as general for the Habsburg Monarchy, and was also ...
Metacomet1639 ca1660
 
 
16791676
 Wampanoag; The second son of Massasoit, Metacomet (or King Philip) led an open rebellion against ...
Kara Mustafa Pasha1634/351660
 
 
16831683, Dec 25
 an Ottoman military leader and grand vizier who was a central character in the Ottoman Empire's l...
John Watkins [1]unknown1680
 
16891689
 An English soldier stationed at Fort Loyal, Falmouth, Maine. Deserted and sailed with the pirate ...
Colonel Cuthbert Potter1637 ca1653
 
16901691
 Born in England and died in Barbados. He practiced law in Lancaster County, Virginia, as early as...
William Phips1651, Feb 21673
 
16951695, Feb 18
 a shepherd boy born in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, a shipwright, ship's captain, treasure hunte...
Roger L'Estrange1616, Dec 171639
 
17021704, Dec 11
 an English pamphleteer, author and staunch defender of Royalist claims. L'Estrange was involved i...
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