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Astronomers
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1765, Sep 291796-18341834, Aug 31
a German astronomer notable for having discovered the asteroid 3 Juno. In addition to Juno, he discovered three comets, and published three papers. The crater Harding on the Moon is named after him, and so is the asteroid 2003 Harding.
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Karl Ludwig Harding1765, Sep 291796
 
18341834, Aug 31

Benjamin Banneker1731, Nov 91753
 
17971806, Oct 9
 a free African American almanac author, surveyor, naturalist and farmer. His knowledge of astrono...
Asada Goryu 1734, Mar 101767
 
17991799, Jun 25
 a Japanese astronomer who helped to introduce modern astronomical instruments and methods into Ja...
Jean-Dominique Cassini1748 Jun 301768
 
18101845, Oct 18
 a French astronomer, he succeeded his father as director of the observatory. He published in 177...
Eise Eisinga1744, Feb 211761
 
18111828, Aug 27
 a Frisian amateur astronomer who built the Eise Eisinga Planetarium in his house in Franeker, Fri...
Iwahashi Zenbei17561790
 
18111811
 a Japanese scientist and optician. Zenbei researched some imported optical instruments, then in 1...
Honore Flaugergues1755, May 161809
 
 
18131830, Nov 20/1835, Nov 26
 a French astronomer. He discovered the "Great Comet of 1811" (C/1811 F1), and independently co-di...
William Herschel1738, Nov 151774
 
18201822, Aug 25
 a German-born British astronomer, composer, and brother of Caroline Herschel. His interest in ast...
Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre1749, Sep 191788
 
18221822, Aug 19
 a French mathematician and astronomer. He was also director of the Paris Observatory, and author ...
Johann Elert Bode1747, Jan 191766
 
18251826, Nov 23
 a German astronomer known for his reformulation and popularization of the Titius–Bode law. Bode...
Joseph von Fraunhofer1787, Mar 61801
 
 
18261826, Jun 7
 a German optician, known for discovering the dark absorption lines known as Fraunhofer lines in t...
Heinrich Wilhelm Matthaus Olbers1758, Oct 111779
 
18271840, Mar 2
 a German physician and astronomer. Olbers discovered and named the asteroid Pallas. Five years l...
Franz Xaver von Zach1754, Jun 41780
 
18271832, Sep 2
 a Hungarian astronomer born in Pest, Hungary. Zach published Tables of the Sun (Gotha, 1792; new ...
Fearon Fallows1788, Jul 41816
 
 
18301831, Jul 25
 an English astronomer to King George IV. Between 1821 and 1829 he worked to site, plan and develo...
Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel1784, Jul 221804
 
18421846, Mar 17
 a German astronomer, mathematician, physicist and geodesist. He was the first astronomer who dete...
Alexis Bouvard1767, Jun 271793
 
18431843, Jun 7
 a French astronomer. He is particularly noted for his careful observations of the irregularities ...
Francis Baily1774, Apr 281799
 
18431844, Aug 30
 an English astronomer. He is most famous for his observations of 'Baily's beads' during an eclips...
Thomas Henderson1798, Dec 281832
 
18441844, Nov 23
 a Scottish astronomer and mathematician noted for being the first person to measure the distance ...
Caroline Herschel1750 Mar 161772
 
18461848, Jan 9
 a German British astronomer and the sister of astronomer Sir William Herschel with whom she worke...
Karl Ludwig Hencke1793, Apr 81807
 
18471866, Sep 21
 a German amateur astronomer. He discovered two asteroids from his private observatory at #9, Kiet...
James Dunlop1793, Oct 311810
 
18471848, Sep 22
 a Scottish astronomer, noted for his work in Australia. He served as astronomer's assistant at a ...
Wilhelm Freiherr von Biela1782, Mar 191802
 
18491856, Feb 18
 a German-Austrian military officer and amateur astronomer. In the field of astronomy, he speciali...
Wilhelm Beer1797, Jan 41830
 
18491850, Mar 27
 a banker and astronomer from Berlin, Prussia, and the half-brother of Giacomo Meyerbeer. In 1830,...
William Cranch Bond1789, Sep 91806
 
18501859, Jan 29
 an American astronomer, and the first director of Harvard College Observatory. When he built his ...
Francois Arago1786, Feb 261804
 
18521853, Oct 2
 a French mathematician, physicist, astronomer, freemason, supporter of the carbonari and politici...
Carl Friedrich Gauss1777, Apr 301798
 
18541855, Feb 23
 a German mathematician who contributed significantly to many fields, including number theory, alg...
August Ferdinand Mobius1790, Nov 171816
 
18581868, Sep 26
 a German mathematician and theoretical astronomer. He is best known for his discovery of the Möb...
Christopher Hansteen1784, Sep 261806
 
18611873, Apr 11
 a Norwegian geophysicist, astronomer and physicist, best known for his mapping of Earth's magneti...
Hermann Goldschmidt1802, Jun 171820
 
18621866, Apr 26
 a German-French astronomer and painter who spent much of his life in France. He started out as a ...
Johann Franz Encke1791, Sep 231816
 
18631865, Aug 26
 a German astronomer. Among his activities, he worked on the calculation of the periods of comets ...
Friedrich Wilhelm Argelander1799, Mar 221823
 
18631875, Feb 17
 a German astronomer. He is known for his determinations of stellar brightnesses, positions, and d...
John Herschel1792, Mar 71816
 
18671871, May 11
 an English polymath, mathematician, astronomer, chemist, inventor, experimental photographer, and...
James Challis1803, Dec 121825
 
18701882, Dec 3
 an English clergyman, physicist and astronomer. Plumian Professor and director of the Cambridge O...
Sir Edward Sabine1788, Oct 141818
 
18711883, Jun 26
 an Irish astronomer, geophysicist, ornithologist, explorer, soldier and the 30th President of the...
Peter Andreas Hansen1795, Dec 81820
 
18741874, Mar 28
 a danish astronomer. In 1838 he published a revision of the lunar theory, entitled Fundamenta nov...
George B. Airy1801, Jul 271822
 
18811892, Jan 21
 an English mathematician and astronomer, Astronomer Royal from 1835 to 1881. His many achievement...
Thomas William Webb1807, Dec 141829
 
18851885, May 19
 a British astronomer. Through his career T. W. Webb served as a clergyman at various places inclu...
Alvan Clark1804, Mar 81830
 
18871887, Aug 19
 an American astronomer and telescope maker. He was a portrait painter and engraver (c.1830s-1850s...
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