served as Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople during the period 1769-1773 for the Church of Constantinople. He was born in Crete, where he was father superior. He served as chief of the Church of St. George in Istanbul. Later he was elected bishop of Ierissos and Mount Athos, and in 1767 metropolitan bishop of Thessaloniki. He was elected Patriarch on 11 April 1769, at a time when Christians were persecuted after the withdrawal of the Russian forces following the Orlov Revolt. Many Christians had helped the Russians, following the exhortations of the former Patriarch Seraphim II and other clerics.
 Gallery (1)

 Notes (1)
Ecumenical Patriarchs of Constantinople:
Eastern Orthodox Catholic Church

Maximus IV (1491-1497): an Orthodox Christian monk and bishop. He was Ecumenical Patriarch for the Church of Constantinople from 1491 to 1497. He was previously the...
Nephon II (1497-1498): the Ecumenical Patriarch of the Church of Constantinople three times: from 1486 to 1488, from 1497 to 1498 and for a short time in 1502. He...
Joachim I (1498-1502): the Ecumenical Patriarch of the Church of Constantinople from 1498 to 1502 and for a short time in 1504. As Patriarch, Joachim was quite po...
Theodosius IIunknown1769

Jean-Antoine Nollet1700, Nov 191728
17701770, Apr 25
 a French clergyman and physicist. He joined the Royal Society of London in 1734 and later became ...
George Whitefield1714, Dec 161732
17701770, Sep 30
 an English Anglican cleric who was one of the founders of Methodism and the evangelical movement....
 Metropolitan of Ethiopia (1747-1770)* Ethiopian Church
Arseniy Iunknown1757
 Metropolitan of Kiev (1757-1770)* Ukrainian Orthodox Church
Gavriil Iunknown1762
 Metropolitan of St. Petersburg (1762-1770)* Russian Orthodox Church
 Metropolitan of Turnovo (1764-1770)* Bulgarian Orthodox Church
Ephraim IIunknown1766
 Patriarch (1766-1770)* Patriarchate of Jerusalem
Grigorios IIunknown1767
 Metropolitan of Durrës and Gora (1767-1772)* Orthodox Church of Albania
Jovan Djordjevicunknown1769
 Metropolitan of Karlovci (1769-1773)* Serbian Orthodox Church
Mustafa III1717, Jan 18/281757
17741774, Jan 21
  the Sultan and Caliph of the Ottoman Empire from 1757 to 1774. He was a son of Sultan Ahmed III ...
Samuel I Chatzeres 17001760
17741775, May 10
 the Ecumenical Patriarch for the Church of Constantinople during the periods 1763-1768 and 1773-1...
Pope Clement XIV1705, Oct 311769
17741774, Sep 22
  Pope for the Roman Catholic Church from 19 May 1769 to his death in 1774. At the time of his ele...
Magnus Beronius1692, Oct 181764
17751775, May 18
  He was Archbishop of Uppsala in the Lutheran Swedish Church from 1764 to his death in 1775. He s...
Anthimos IIunknown1767
 Metropolitan of Skopje (1767-1775)* Orthodox Church of Macedonia
Sophronios Vunknown1770
 Patriarch (1770-1775)* Patriarchate of Jerusalem
Samuil of Krutitsyunknown1771
 Metropolitan of Moscow (1771-1775)* Russian Orthodox Church
Eliyya XII Dinkhaunknown1722
 Patriarch (1722-1778)*Assyrian Church of the East
Joaquin Minguezunknown1770
 chaplain in the cathedral of El Burgo de Osma (Soria). Hid a 'time capsule'letter in a statue of ...
Lobsang Palden Yeshe17381738
 the sixth Panchen Lama of the Gelug (Yellow Hat sect) Buddhism of Tashilhunpo Monastery in Tibet ...
Shimoun XV Maqdassiunknown1740
 Patriarch (1740-1780)*Assyrian Church of the East
Syedna Hebatullah al-Moayyad Fiddinunknown1756
 Islam; Dai al-Mutlaq Leader (1756-1780)* Dawoodi Bohra
Mayir Ishakiunknown1762
 a Jewish scholar of the 18th century and Chief Rabbi (1762-1780) in Constantinople for the Ottoma...
 Catholicose of All Armenian (1763-1780)*
Meshullam Solomonunknown1765
 (1765–1780), Appointed in opposition* British Empire
Silvestre Velez de Escalente1750 ca1767
17801780, Apr
 One of the leaders of the Dominguez-Escalante Expedition, a journey under a commission from the S...
Ignatius George IVunknown1768
 Patriarch of Antioch and All the East (1768-1780)* Syrian Orthodox Church
Sophronius IIunknown1771
17801780, Oct 19
 the Ecumenical Patriarch for the Church of Constantinople during the period 1775–80 and, as Sop...
Jose Francisco de Isla1703, Apr 241722
17811781, Nov 2
 a Spanish Jesuit, celebrated as a preacher and a humorist and satirist of the stamp of Miguel de ...
John Witherspoon1723, Feb 51745
17811794, Nov 15
  a Scots Presbyterian minister and a signatory of the United States Declaration of Independence a...
Mojsije II Putnik17281757
 0 (1781-1790)* Serbian Orthodox Church
 Metropolitan of Athens (1764, 1774-1781)* Orthodox Church of Greece
Sava IIunknown1766
 Metropolitan (vladika) (1766-1781)* Montenegrin Orthodox Church
Gabriel of Kiev17081736
17831783, Aug 8
 the ruling bishop of a number of dioceses of the Church of Russia. Successively, he served as Bis...
Chrysanthos [1]unknown1767
 Archbishop of Nea Justiniana and All Cypru (1767-1783)* Orthodox Church of Cyprus
Frederick Cornwallis1713, Mar 51768
17831783, Mar 19
 the Archbishop of Canterbury from 1768 unitl 1783 for the Church of England, and the twin brother...
Gavriil Iunknown1770
 Metropolitan of Kiev (1770-1783)* Ukrainian Orthodox Church
Konstantios [1]unknown1772
 Metropolitan of Durrës and Gora (1772-1783)* Orthodox Church of Albania
Jeremija Papazogluunknown1766
 Metropolitan of Belgrade (1766-1784)* Serbian Orthodox Church
Yeprem Iunknown1771
 Catholicose of Cilicia (1771-1784)* Armenian Apostolic Church
Gabriel IVunknown1760
17851785, Jun 29
  Ecumenical Patriarch for the Church of Constantinople during the period 1780-1785. He was born i...
Carl Fredrik Mennander1712, Jul 191757
17861786, May 22
 the Bishop of Turku, Finland, from 1757–1775 and then Archbishop of Uppsala in the Lutheran Fin...
Hovhannes X Hasan-Jalaleanunknown1763
 Catholicose of Aluank' (1763-1786)*
Grigorios IIunknown1760
 Metropolitan of Hungaro-Walachia (1760-1787)* Romanian Orthodox Church
Anton I1720 , Oct 171744
17881788, Mar 1
 the Catholicos–Patriarch of Iberia for the Orthodox Church of Georgia in the period 1744–1755...
Maximilian Hell1720, May 151756
17891792, Apr 14
  a Hungarian astronomer and an ordained Jesuit priest from the Kingdom of Hungary. Hell became th...
Procopius I17341759
 the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople for the Church of Constantinople during the period 178...
Kyprianos Iunknown1760
 Pope and Patriarch of Alexandria for the Greek Orthodox Church (1766-1783). A virtuous man of the...
John Wesley1703, Jun 171726
17901791, Mar 2
 an Anglican cleric and theologian who, with his brother Charles and fellow cleric George Whitefie...
Lyman Hall1724, Apr 121749
17901790, Oct 19
  physician, clergyman, and statesman, was a signer of the United States Declaration of Independen...
Kyrillos Iunknown1759
 Archbishop of Sinai (1759-1790)* Orthodox Church of Mount Sinai
David Tevele Schiffunknown1765
17911791, Dec 17
 the chief rabbi of Great Britain and the rabbi of the Great Synagogue of London from 1765 until h...
Daniil Iunknown1767
 Patriarch (1767-1791)* Patriarchate of Antioch
 Metropolitan of Turnovo (1770-1791)* Bulgarian Orthodox Church
Samuel Provoost17421766
17951815, Sep 6
  an American Clergyman. He was the first Bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of New York, as well as ...
Pope John XVIIIunknown1769
17961796, Jun 7
 the 107th Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of St. Mark for the Coptic Orthodox Church fr...
Gerasimus IIIunknown1762
  the Ecumenical Patriarch for the Church of Constantinople from 1794 to 1797. He descended from C...
Gualterus Michael van Nieuwhuyzenunknown1767
 Archbishop of Utrecht (1767-1797)*Old Catholicism: Church of Utrecht
Pope Pius VI1717, Dec 251755
17991799, Aug 29
  the Pope for the Roman Catholic Church from 15 February 1775 to his death in 1799. Pius VI conde...
Francisco Dominguez1740 ca1757
18001804 ca
 One of the leaders of the Dominguez-Escalante Expedition, a journey under a commission from the S...
Frederick Muhlenberg1750, Jan 11770
18011801, Jun 4
 an American minister and politician who was the first Speaker of the United States House of Repre...
Jakob Gadolin1719, Oct 241753
18021802, Sep 26
 a Finnish Lutheran bishop, professor of physics and theology, politician and statesman. In 1736, ...
Kattumangattu Abraham Marunknown1772
 Metropolitan (1772-1802)* Malabar Independent Syrian Church
 Leader (Acarya) (1760–1803)* Svetambara Jainism; Buddhism
Gavriil IIunknown1770
 Metropolitan of St. Petersburg (1770-1799); Metropolitan of Kiev (1799-1803)* Ukrainian Orthodox ...
 Metropolitan of Ethiopia (1770-1803)* Ethiopian Church
Jamphel Gyatso17581762
 the 8th Dalai Lama (Yellow Hat sect of Buddhism) of Tibet. When Jamphel Gyatso was conceived, the...
John Moore1730, Apr 261771
18051805, Jan 18
 the Archbishop of Canterbury from 1783 to 1805 in the Church of England. Having taken holy orders...
Gideon Hawley1727, Nov 51752
18071807, Oct 3
 a missionary to the Iroquois Indians in Massachusetts and on the Susquehanna River in New York. H...
Peter Muhlenberg1746, Oct 11768
18071807, Oct 1
 an American clergyman, Continental Army soldier during the American Revolutionary War, and politi...
Jacob Bailey1731, Apr 161755
18081808, Jul 26
 an author and clergyman of the Church of England, active in New England and Nova Scotia. Bailey w...
Jane Wardleyunknown1747
 also known as Mother Jane Wardley is the founder of the United Society of Believers in Christ's S...
William Williams [3]1731, Apr 231771
18111811, Aug 2
 a merchant, and a delegate for Connecticut to the Continental Congress in 1776, and a signatory o...
 Metropolitan of Moscow (1768-1771); Metropolitan of St. Petersburg (1799–1818)* Russian Orthodo...
King George III1738, Jun 41760
18201820, Jan 29
 King of Great Britain and Ireland from 25 October 1760 until the union of the two countries on 1 ...
Pope Pius VII1742, Aug 141756
18231823, Aug 20
 the Pope for the Roman Catholic Church from 14 March 1800 to his death in 1823. Chiaramonti was a...
James Varick1750, Jan 101766
18271827, Jul 22
 the first Bishop of the African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church. The important events in Varick's...
 Archbishop of Ohrid (1763-1764); Metropolitan of Skopje (1823–1828)* Orthodox Church of Macedon...
William White [2]1748, Apr 41770
18361836, Jul 17
 the first and fourth Presiding Bishop of the Episcopal Church of the United States (1789; 1795–...
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