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If you had the ability and years of training to take a block of wood or stone and turn it into a sublime piece of art, you too could have been employed by the church, the royal court or by a monied patron. Talented sculptors were usually in high demand and one could count on regular and continuing employment if one had the skill and techniques required. Here are many who did.
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Cross-listed in ArtistsArchitects

Alonzo Cano

bornactivedied
1601, Mar 191629-16561667, Sep 3
a Spanish painter, architect and sculptor. He was made first royal architect, painter to Philip IV, and instructor to the prince, Balthasar Charles, Prince of Asturias. He was notorious for his ungovernable temper; and it is said that once he risked his life by c...
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Antonio Canova

bornactivedied
1757, Nov 11780-18221822, Oct 13
an Italian neoclassical sculptor, famous for his marble sculptures. Often regarded as the greatest of the neoclassical artists, his artwork was inspired by the Baroque and the classical revival, but avoided the melodramatics of the former, and the cold artificiality of the latter.
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John Edward Carew

bornactivedied
1785 ca1809-18581868, Dec 1
a notable Irish sculptor during the 19th century. His most prominent work is the Death of Nelson - one of the four bronze panels on the pedestal of Nelson's Column in Trafalgar Square. Carew exhibited at the Royal Academy between 1812 until 1848 when his eyesight began to fail. He was buried in Kensal Green Cemetery.
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Cross-listed in Artists

Agostino Carlini

bornactivedied
1718 ca1760-17901790, Aug 15
an Italian sculptor and painter, who settled in England and became one of the founding members of the Royal Academy in 1768. He worked, with fellow Italian sculptor Giuseppe Ceracchi at Somerset House, and on statues at Custom House in Dublin. He is particularly noted for various church monuments
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Cross-listed in Artists

Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux

bornactivedied
1827, May 111854-18731875, Oct 12
a French sculptor and painter during the Second Empire under Napoleon III. Carpeaux entered the École des Beaux-Arts in 1844 and won the Prix de Rome in 1854, and moving to Rome to find inspiration, he there studied the works of Michelangelo, Donatello and Verrocchio. Staying in Rome from 1854 to 1861, he obtained a taste for movement and spontaneity, which...
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Pierre Cartellier

bornactivedied
1757, Dec 21801-1820s1831, Jun 12
a French sculptor. At a time in European history when ancient works were the measure by which all statuary was judged, in 1801 Cartellier obtained wide recognition after exhibiting a plaster version of his statue of Modesty that was based on the free-standing statue of the Capitoline Venus in Rome. Cartellier was made a member of Institut de France, of the L...
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Cross-listed in ArtistsWriters

Antonio del Castillo y Saavedra

borndied
1616, Jul 101668, Feb 2
a Spanish Baroque painter, sculptor, and poet. He trained in painting under his father Agustín del Castillo, and after his death by a little-known religious painter named Ignacio Aedo Calderón from 1631 to 1634. Later he was taught in Seville by Francisco de Zurbarán and by his uncle Juan del Castillo, who was also teacher of Cano, Murillo and De Moya. In...
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Bartolomeo Cavaceppi

bornactivedied
1716 ca1750s-1770s1799, Dec 9
an Italian sculptor who worked in Rome. Much of his work was in restoring antique Roman sculptures, making casts, copies, and fakes of antiques, fields in which he was pre-eminent and which brought him into contact with all the virtuosi.
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Cross-listed in ArtistsWriters

Benvenuto Cellini

bornactivedied
1500, Nov 31519-1560s1571, Feb 13
an Italian goldsmith, sculptor, draftsman, soldier, musician, and artist who also wrote a famous autobiography and poetry. He was one of the most important artists of Mannerism. Besides his works in gold and silver, Cellini executed sculptures of a grander scale.
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Sir Francis Legatt Chantrey

bornactivedied
1781, Apr 71802-1830s1841, Nov 25
an English sculptor. He became the leading portrait sculptor in Regency era Britain, producing busts and statues of many notable figures of the time. His first recorded marble bust was one of the Rev. James Wilkinson (1805–6), for Sheffield parish church. His first imaginative sculpture, a head of Satan was shown at the Royal Academy in 1808.
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Antoine-Denis Chaudet

bornactivedied
1763, Mar 31784-18101810, Apr 18
a French sculptor who worked in a neoclassical style. He married his pupil, the painter Jeanne-Elisabeth Chaudet. He created several bas-reliefs and other statuary, some completed after his death.
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Sir Henry Cheere

bornactivedied
17031720s-17701781, Jan 15
a renowned English sculptor and monumental mason of the eighteenth century, and older brother of John Cheere, also a notable sculptor. In 1743, Cheere was appointed "Carver" to Westminster Abbey, an appointment which led to his creation of at least nine monuments in the Abbey. In 1750, he was appointed a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries. He was knighted ...
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John Cheere

bornactivedied
17091739-17701787
an English sculptor, born in London. Brother of the sculptor Sir Henry Cheere, he was originally apprenticed as a haberdasher from 1725 to 1732. Among his works were a gilt equestrian statue of William III in St James's Square, London, made in 1739, and a gilded lead statue of George II for Saint Helier, Jersey, in 1751. His most lasting legacy, however, is ...
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Joseph Chinard

bornactivedied
1756, Feb 121784-18081813, Jun 20
a French sculptor who worked in a Neoclassical style that was infused with naturalism and sentiment. Much of his public sculpture in Lyon was lost during the Revolution. His intimate terracotta or marble family allegories adapted conventions of funeral monuments to present realistic allegories of family affection.
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Caius Gabriel Cibber

bornactivedied
16301667-16811700
a Danish sculptor, who enjoyed great success in England, and was the father of the actor, author and poet laureate Colley Cibber. He was appointed "carver to the king's closet" by William III. Many of his works were, or are, on public display in London, including his statue of Charles II (1681), which still stands (rather worn away) in Soho Square.
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Baron Peter Clodt von Jurgensburg

aka: Jürgensburg, Peter Klodt
bornactivedied
18051840s-1860s1867
a favourite sculptor of Nicholas I of Russia. He attended the classes at the Imperial Academy of Arts, where his mastery in depicting horses eventually won him the rank of academician and a praise of the tsar. Klodt's most famous group of horse sculptures, the Horse Tamers, was installed at the Anichkov Bridge in 1851. He was also responsible for the bronze ...
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Cross-listed in Artists

Antonio Vela Cobo

bornactivedied
16291654-16751675
a Spanish Baroque painter, sculptor and gilder. Cobo was the son of the painter and gilder Cristóbal Vela. He primarily produced religious-themed works on commission for various churches and convents in and around Córdoba, Andalusia. After his father's death in 1654, Cobo took over his father's workshop and continued working until his death in 1675.
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Michel Colombe

bornactivedied
1430 ca1494-15081513 ca
a French sculptor whose work bridged the late Gothic and Renaissance styles. His most important surviving works were for the magnificent tomb of Francis II, Duke of Brittany, in Nantes Cathedral (1502–07), and for the mausoleum of Philibert II of Savoy, at Notre-Dame de Brou, his masterwork.
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Cross-listed in Artists

Jean Cousin the Elder

borndied
15001590 ca
a French painter, sculptor, etcher, engraver, and geometrician. In Paris Cousin continued his career as a glass-painter, and created his best-known work, the windows of the Sainte-Chapelle in Vincennes. He subsequently devoted himself to painting in oil, and has been claimed as the first Frenchman to use that new medium. Pictures attributed to him, all of mu...
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Guillaume Coustou the Elder

bornactivedied
1677, Nov 291704-17451746, Feb 22
a French sculptor and academician and the younger brother of French sculptor Nicolas Coustou. Like his brother, he was employed by Louis XIV and Louis XV. His finest works are the famous group of the "Horse Tamers" (Chevaux de Marly), which reinvent the theme of the colossal Roman marbles of the Horse Tamers in the Piazza Quirinale, Rome.
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Guillaume Coustou the Younger

bornactivedied
1716, Mar 191735-17771777, Jul 13
a French sculptor, the son of Guillaume Coustou the Elder and nephew of Nicolas Coustou. His most prominent and ambitious official commission was the Monument to the Dauphin for the cathedral of Sens. The elaborate iconography of its somewhat overcharged design was worked up by the artist and connoisseur Charles-Nicolas Cochin.
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Nicolas Coustou

bornactivedied
1658, Jan 91681-17331733, May 1
a French sculptor and academic. He was remarkable for his facility. Influenced by Michelangelo and Algardi, he tried to combine the best characteristics of each. A number of his works were destroyed during the French Revolution.
Links (1)


Antoine Coysevox

bornactivedied
1640, Sep 291657-17101720, Oct 10
a French sculptor. In his portrait sculptures, the likenesses were said to have been remarkably successful; he produced portrait busts of most of the celebrated men of his age, including Louis XIV and Louis XV at Versailles. He carved about a dozen funeral monuments, including those to Colbert (at Saint-Eustache), to Cardinal Mazarin (in the Louvre), and to ...
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Links (6)


Cross-listed in Artists

Lorenzo di Credi

bornactivedied
1459 ca1493-1530s1537, Jan 12
an Italian Renaissance painter and sculptor. He first influenced Leonardo da Vinci and then was greatly influenced by him. For Pistoia Cathedral he completed the painting of the Madonna Enthroned between John the Baptist and St. Donatus which had been partially painted by his master, Verrocchio, but was left unfinished when Verrocchio went to Venice.
Links (1)


Cornelius Cure

bornactivedied
unknown1590s-16071607
an English-born sculptor of Dutch parentage, being the son of the sculptor, William Cure I. He was a popular sculptor of church monuments, such as those to Sirs Philip and Thomas Hoby, Thomas' widow, Elizabeth, Lady Russell, at Bisham in Berkshire, and Sir William Cordell at Long Melford in Suffolk.
Links (1)


William Cure I

bornactivedied
unknown1600s1607
Sculptor, father of the sculptor Cornelius Cure

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