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If you had the ability and years of training to take a block of wood or stone and turn it into a sublime piece of art, you too could have been employed by the church, the royal court or by a monied patron. Talented sculptors were usually in high demand and one could count on regular and continuing employment if one had the skill and techniques required. Here are many who did.
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Cross-listed in Writers

Joaquim Machado de Castro

bornactivedied
1731, Jun 191770s-18221822, Nov 17
one of Portugal's foremost sculptors, and a celebrated figure throughout Europe in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. He wrote extensively on his works and the theory behind them.
Links (1)


Benedetto da Maiano

bornactivedied
14421471-14981498, May 24
A well-known Florentine sculptor and architect of the Renaissance. It is believed he went to Naples in 1490, and there finished the works begun by Rossellino in the Sant'Anna church. He also executed various sculptures in Naples, among them an Annunciation at the church of Monte Oliveto. As an architect, he created the tomb of Filippo Strozzi, with its round...
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Ivan Petrovich Martos

bornactivedied
17541779-1820s1835, Apr 5
a Russian sculptor and art teacher of Ukrainian origin who helped awaken Russian interest in Neoclassical sculpture. Enjoying the patronage of the Russian royalty, Martos held a professorship at the Imperial Academy of Arts since 1779 and became its dean in 1814. His main claim to fame is the Monument to Minin and Pozharsky on Red Square, conceived in 1804 b...
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Cross-listed in Architects

Samuel McIntire

bornactivedied
1757, Jan 161780-1800s1811, Feb 6
an American architect and craftsman, Chestnut Street District, a legacy to one of the earliest architects in the United States, Samuel McIntire is a primary example of Federal style architecture. He was a skilled artisan, especially in furniture, and his skill extended to sculpting.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Artists

Jean-Louis-Ernest Meissonier

borndied
1815, Feb 211891, Jan 31
a French Classicist painter and sculptor famous for his depictions of Napoleon, his armies and military themes. He documented sieges and manoeuvres and was the teacher of Édouard Detaille. Meissonier enjoyed great success in his lifetime, and was acclaimed both for his mastery of fine detail and assiduous craftsmanship. The English art critic John Ruskin ex...
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Conrad Meit

aka: Conrat
borndied
1480s1550/51
a German-born Late Gothic and Renaissance sculptor, who spent most of his career in the Low Countries. The royal tombs that were his largest works still had elaborate Late Gothic architectural frameworks by others, but Meit's figures were Renaissance in conception and style. Meit's work, with its delicately worked plasticity and pronounced corporality, broug...
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Juan Ramírez Mejandre

bornactivedied
1680, Mar 231710s-17391739, Jul 15
a Spanish Baroque sculptor, the father of the sculptors Manuel Ramirez de Arellano and José Ramírez de Arellano, and the painter Juan Ramírez de Arellano.
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Julius Theodore Melchers

borndied
18291908
a German born American sculptor and teacher who immigrated to the United States leaving Prussia after 1848 and resided in Detroit, Michigan after 1855 . During the Gilded Age, he became a "sculptor of great renown in the Detroit area." The Julius T. Melchers House (1897) by Donaldson and Meier is located at 723 Seyburn, in the Indian Village Historic Distric...
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Pedro de Mena

bornactivedied
1628, Aug1650s-16881688, Oct 13
a Spanish sculptor. In technical skill and the expression of religious motive his statues are unsurpassed in the sculpture of Spain. His feeling for the nude was remarkable. Like his immediate predecessors he excelled in the portrayal of contemplative figures and scenes; Mena's drawing of Santiago leaping upon his charger is good, and the carving admirable, ...
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Juan de Mesa

bornactivedied
1583, Jun1606-16271627
a Spanish Baroque sculptor. He was the creator of several of the effigies that are used in the procession during the Holy Week in Seville. His early death, coupled with the large gaps in his biography, has led to speculation that he suffered from a chronic disease such as tuberculosis. Like his master, Montañés, de Mesa's works were realistic rather than i...
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Franz Xaver Messerschmidt

bornactivedied
1736, Feb 61755-17831783, Aug 19
a German-Austrian sculptor most famous for his "character heads", a collection of busts with faces contorted in extreme facial expressions. The Baroque period of his oeuvre ended in 1769 with a bust of the court physician Gerard van Swieten, commissioned by the Empress. In 1770-72 Messerschmidt began to work on his so-called character heads, which it has bee...
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Links (1)


Claude Michel

aka: Clodion
bornactivedied
1738, Dec 201755-18141814, Mar 29
a French sculptor in the Rococo style, especially noted for his works in terracotta. Among Clodion's works are a statue of Montesquieu, a Dying Cleopatra, and a chimneypiece at present in the Victoria and Albert Museum, (London). One of his last groups represented Homer as a beggar being driven away by fishermen (1810). Clodion died in Paris, on the eve of t...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in ArtistsWritersArchitects

Michelangelo

aka: Michelangelo Buonarroti, Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni
bornactivedied
1475, Mar 61490-15641564, Feb 18
an Italian sculptor, painter, architect, poet, and engineer of the High Renaissance who exerted an unparalleled influence on the development of Western art. Author of The Creation of Adam (c. 1511)
Timeline (2)Links (19)


George M. Miller

aka: Muller, Müller
bornactivedied
unknown1798-18191819
a stone-cutter, potter, and sculptor who often "modeled" in wax. Among biographical sources there is disagreement about whether his birthplace was Scotland or Germany, and about the original spelling of his last name: Muller, Müller, or Miler. Nothing is known about his family, education, or date of birth. Miller had come to America and settled in Philadelp...
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Links (1)


Clark Mills

bornactivedied
1810, Dec 131830s-18831883, Jan 12
an American sculptor, best known for four versions of an equestrian statue of Andrew Jackson, located in Washington, D.C., Nashville, Tennessee, Jacksonville, Florida and New Orleans, Louisiana.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Artists

Antonin Moine

bornactivedied
1796, Jun 301830s-18491849, Mar 18
a French romantic sculptor in the first half of the 19th century. He began his career as a landscape painter, before becoming a sculptor. He obtained some success exhibiting at the Salon in the early 1830s. From 1835 to 1840, Antonin Moine worked on the creation of sculptures commissioned for the Fontaine des Mers and the Fontana dei Quattro Fiumi. Antonin M...
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Links (1)


Juan Martinez Montanes

aka: Montañés, el Dios de la Madera (the God of Wood)
bornactivedied
1568, Mar 161597-16491649, Jun 18
a Spanish sculptor, born in Alcalá la Real, in the province of Jaén. He was one of the most important figures of the Sevillian school of sculpture. His masterpiece, the great altar of St Jerome at San Isidoro del Campo, Santiponce, near Seville, was contracted in 1609 and completed in 1613. Montañés executed most of his sculpture in wood, which was gesso...
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Links (1)


John Mossman

bornactivedied
18171840s-18811890
one of a number of English sculptors who dominated the production and teaching of sculpture in Glasgow for 50 years after his arrival with his father and brothers from his native London in 1828. His father William Mossman was also a sculptor. Together with his brother George Mossman they ran the successful firm of J & G Mossman which dominated Glasgow sculpt...
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Links (1)


William Mossman

bornactivedied
1793, Aug 181823-18511851, Jun 23
a Scottish sculptor operational in the early 19th century, and father to three sculptor sons (John, George, William II). In 1833 he began his own company "William Mossman", renamed to "J G & W Mossman" in 1854, when he embraced his sons into the firm as partners. From 1857 the firm was known as J & G Mossman Ltd. During the boom of cemetery development in Gl...
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