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The world doesn't need architects to make buildings. The world needs architects to make architecture.

Expanding on the medieval mantra of let's make really ornate stuff, Early Modern architects created some truly impressive structures using pre-modern construction tools before settling down with simpler and more practical designs; here are some of the more note-worthy.
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Cross-listed in Artists

Thomas Sandby

bornactivedied
17211740s-1780s1798, Jun 25
an English draughtsman, watercolour artist, architect and teacher. In 1743 he was appointed private secretary to the Duke of Cumberland, who later appointed him Deputy Ranger of Windsor Great Park, where he was responsible for considerable landscaping work.
Links (1)


Antonio da Sangallo the Elder

bornactivedied
1453 ca1470s-15341534, Dec 27
an Italian Renaissance architect who specialized in the design of fortifications. As a military engineer he was as skilful as Giuliano, and carried out important works of walling and building fortresses at Arezzo, Montefiascone, Florence and Rome. His finest existing work as an architect is the church of San Biagio at Montepulciano, in plan a Greek cross wit...
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Links (1)


Antonio da Sangallo the Younger

aka: Antonio Cordiani
bornactivedied
1485, Apr 121510s-15461546, Aug 3
an Italian architect active during the Renaissance. He lived and worked in Rome during the greater part of his life, and was much employed by several of the popes. He designed the brick and travertine church of Santa Maria di Loreto. The lower order is square in plan, the next octagonal; and the whole is surmounted by a fine dome and lofty lantern. The lante...
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Michele Sanmicheli

aka: Sanmmicheli, Sanmichele or Sammichele
bornactivedied
14841510s-15591559
a Venetian architect and urban planner of Mannerist-style, among the greatest of his era. A tireless worker, he was in charge of designing buildings and religious buildings of great value.
Links (1)


Jan Blazej Santini-Aichel

aka: Jan Blažej
bornactivedied
1677, Feb 31700-17231723, Dec 7
a Bohemian-Czech architect of Italian descent, whose major works represent the unique Baroque Gothic style - the special combination of the Baroque and Gothic styles.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Vincenzo Scamozzi

bornactivedied
1548, Sep 21568-16141616, Aug 7
an Italian architect and a writer on architecture, active mainly in Vicenza and Republic of Venice area in the second half of the 16th century. He was perhaps the most important figure there between Andrea Palladio, whose unfinished projects he inherited at Palladio's death in 1580, and Baldassarre Longhena, Scamozzi's only pupil.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Artists

Karl Friedrich Schinkel

bornactivedied
1781, Mar 131805-1830s1841, Oct 9
a Prussian architect, city planner, and painter who also designed furniture and stage sets. Schinkel was one of the most prominent architects of Germany and designed both neoclassical and neogothic buildings.
Links (1)


George Gilbert Scott

bornactivedied
1811, Jul 311830s-18761878, Mar 27
an English Gothic revival architect, chiefly associated with the design, building and renovation of churches and cathedrals, although he started his career as a leading designer of workhouses. He was one of the most prolific architects which Great Britain has produced, over 800 buildings being designed or altered by him.
Links (1)


Michael Searles

bornactivedied
17501780s-18131813
famous as an English commercial architect of large houses, particularly in London. His most notable achievement is perhaps The Paragon in Blackheath, a 14-house perfect crescent occupying a semicircular plot in the corner of the Heath.
Links (1)


Gottfried Semper

bornactivedied
1803, Nov 291834-18761879, May 15
a German architect, art critic, and professor of architecture, who designed and built the Semper Opera House in Dresden between 1838 and 1841. In 1849 he took part in the May Uprising in Dresden and was put on the government's wanted list. Semper fled first to Zürich and later to London. Later he returned to Germany after the 1862 amnesty granted to the rev...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Samuel Sharp

borndied
17091778
an English surgeon and author. As a surgeon at Guy's Hospital, from 1733 to 1757, was internationally famous. His A Treatise on the Operations of Surgery (1st ed., 1739), was the first British study focuses exclusively on operative technique. He had been in the habit of delivering the lectures in Covent Garden on winter afternoons to a society of navy surgeo...
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Links (1)


Edmund Sharpe

bornactivedied
1809, Oct 311835-18771877, May 8
an English architect, architectural historian, railway engineer, and sanitary reformer. Born in Knutsford, Cheshire, and following his graduation from Cambridge University he was awarded a travelling scholarship, enabling him to study architecture in Germany and southern France. Sharpe's main focus was on churches, and he was a pioneer in the use of terracot...
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Links (1)


Koca Mimar Sinan Agha

bornactivedied
1489/90 ca1512-15881588, Jul 17
the chief Ottoman architect (Turkish: mimar) and civil engineer for sultans Suleiman the Magnificent, Selim II, and Murad III. He was responsible for the construction of more than 300 major structures and other more modest projects, such as his Islamic primary schools (sibyan mektebs). His apprentices would later design the Sultan Ahmed Mosque in Istanbul, S...
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Links (1)


James Smith [1]

borndied
1645 ca1731
a Scottish architect, who pioneered the Palladian style in Scotland. He was described by Colen Campbell, in his Vitruvius Britannicus (1715–1725), as "the most experienced architect of that kingdom." In 1683 he was appointed, at the recommendation of the Duke of Queensberry, to the post of Surveyor and Overseer of the Royal Works, a post previously held by...
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Links (2)


John Soane

bornactivedied
1753, Sep 101780-18321837, Jan 20
an English architect who specialised in the Neo-Classical style. The son of a bricklayer, he rose to the top of his profession, becoming professor of architecture at the Royal Academy and an official architect to the Office of Works. He received a knighthood in 1831.
Links (11)


Cross-listed in Sculptors

Santino Solari

bornactivedied
15761610s-16461646, Apr 10
an Italian architect and sculptor, who worked mainly in Austria. He was born at Verna near Como. In 1612, he was appointed chief architect of Salzburg by the archbishop Markus Sittikus. His work introduced north Italian early baroque to Austria. Solari died in Salzburg.
Links (1)


Jacques-Germain Soufflot

bornactivedied
1713, Jul 221750s-17801780, Aug 29
a French architect in the international circle that introduced neoclassicism. His most famous work is the Panthéon in Paris, built from 1755 onwards, originally as a church dedicated to Saint Genevieve.
Links (1)


Vasily P. Stasov

bornactivedied
1769, Aug 41810s-1830s1848, Sep 5
a Russian architect. He extensively travelled in France and Italy, where he became professor at the St Luke Academy in Rome. On his return home, he was elected to the Imperial Academy of Arts (1811)
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Sculptors

Nicholas Stone

bornactivedied
1586/871610s-16471647, Aug 24
an English sculptor and architect. In 1619 he was appointed master-mason to James I, and in 1626 to Charles I. During his career he was the mason responsible for not only the building of Inigo Jones' Banqueting House, Whitehall, but the execution of avant-garde funerary monuments for some of the most prominent of his era. As an architect he worked in the Bar...
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Links (1)


George Edmund Street

bornactivedied
1824, Jun 201840s-18811881, Dec 18
an English architect, born at Woodford in Essex. Stylistically, Street was a leading practitioner of the Victorian Gothic revival. Though mainly an ecclesiastical architect, he is perhaps best known as the designer of the Royal Courts of Justice, in the Strand in London.
Links (10)Notes (1)


William Strickland

bornactivedied
1788, Nov1800s-18531854, Apr 6
a noted architect in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and Nashville, Tennessee. A student of Benjamin Latrobe and mentor to Thomas Ustick Walter, Strickland was one of the founders of the Greek Revival movement in the United States and an early proponent of railroads.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in ArtistsLegal

James Augustus Suydam

bornactivedied
18191850s-18651865
an architect, lawyer, and artist; as an artist was considered one of the premier Luminism painters. He is widely known as an American landscape painter and one of the leading members of the Hudson River School.
Links (1)

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