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Before the advent of photography, if you wanted a picture of something or someone, you had to draw it yourself -- or hire someone to do it for you. Artists (at least the good ones) could make a good living painting portraits, cityscapes, scenes of commoners, or still lifes; and also preserving for us the particulars of their lives, the styles of their clothes and houses and the details of their world. Here are some whose works have lived beyond their lifetimes.
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Jean-Baptiste Madou

borndied
1796, Feb 31877, Mar 31
a Belgian painter and lithographer. Between 1825 and 1827 he contributed to Les Vues pittoresques de la Belgique, to a Life of Napoleon, and to works on the costumes of the Netherlands, and later made a great reputation by his work. In about 1840 that Madou began to paint in oils, and the success of his early efforts in this medium resulted in a long series ...
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Federico de Madrazo

aka: Madrazo y Kuntz
borndied
1815, Feb 91894, Jun 10
a Spanish painter. While still attending the classes at the Royal Academy of San Fernando, he painted his first picture, The Resurrection of Christ (1829), which was purchased by Queen Christina. Not long afterwards he painted Achilles in his Tent, and subsequently presented to the Academy The Continence of Scipio, which secured him admi...
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Jose de Madrazo y Agudo

aka: José
borndied
1781, Apr 221859, May 8
a Spanish painter of the Neoclassic period. Under royal patronage from King Carlos IV, he executed a painting of the Death of Lucretia and other canvases on events from classic Greco-Roman history. King Carlos IV named him pintor de cámara (painter of the chamber), a position confirmed by King Ferdinand VII.
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Mariano Salvador Maella

borndied
1739, Aug 211819, May 10
a Spanish painter. He became painter of the chamber to the king and director general of the Academia Real de Bellas Artes de San Fernando. Along with Bayeu in 1775 he was commissioned to repaint and restore the dilapidated canvases by Juan de Borgoña in the cloister of the Cathedral of Toledo. As an engraver, he illustrated the vignettes published with the ...
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Jacob Maentel

bornactivedied
1763, Jun 151797-18401863, Apr, 28
Born in Kassel, Germany. Self-taught artist, painted local portraits. Fought under Napolean. Emigrated to Baltimore in 1815/16, then moved to York, PA. Fought (and painted portraits) in War of 1812. Married in 1819. Around 1836, in process of moving to Texas, became ill and settled in New Harmony, IN, where he lived until his death. Produced mostly 'common m...
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Nicolaes Maes

borndied
1634, Jan1693, Nov
a Dutch Golden Age painter of genre and portraits. Maes painted a few Rembrandtesque genre pictures, with life-size figures and in a deep glowing scheme of color. In his best period, from 1655 to 1665, Maes devoted himself to domestic genre on a smaller scale, retaining to a great extent the magic of colour he had learnt from Rembrandt.
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Alessandro Magnasco

aka: il Lissandrino
borndied
1667, Feb 41749, Mar 12
an Italian late-Baroque painter active mostly in Milan and Genoa. He is best known for stylized, fantastic, often phantasmagoric genre or landscape scenes.
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Joseph Willibrord Mahler

aka: Mähler
borndied
1778, Jun 101860, Jun 20
a German painter. Known for creating a series of portraits showing contemporary Viennese composers, among them, several versions of Ludwig van Beethoven.
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Cornelis Mahu

borndied
16131689, Nov 16
a Flemish artist; a versatile painted who practiced in various genres including still lifes, genre scenes and seascapes. He was not always an original painter but showed a very high level of craftsmanship in his compositions.
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Vincent Malo

borndied
1595 ca1649
a Flemish painter who after training and working in Antwerp was mainly active in Italy. He was a painter of genre scenes and of religious and mythological subjects. The Royal Collection holds three religious paintings attributed to Malo but these attributions are not firm.
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Cornelis de Man

borndied
1621, Jul 11706, Sep 1
a Dutch Golden Age painter. He became a successful painter in Delft, and painted a prestigious group portrait for the Anatomy guild there, as well as a renowned painting for the Amsterdam Noordsche Compagnie
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Jacobus Mancadan

borndied
1602 ca1680, Oct 4
a Dutch Golden Age painter mostly known for his pastoral landscapes. He is considered one of the most important Frisian landscape painters of the Dutch Golden Age. His landscapes were either idealized in the Italian manner or more naturalistic and depicting recognizable features of his native Friesland region.
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Jan Mandijn

borndied
1500 ca1560 ca
a Dutch Renaissance painter, who worked in Antwerp after 1530. Only one signed work of Mandijn survives, the Temptation of Saint Anthony (Frans Hals Museum in Haarlem).
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Bartolomeo Manfredi

borndied
15821622
an Italian painter, a leading member of the Caravaggisti (followers of Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio) of the early 17th century. Caravaggio in his brief career — he rocketed to fame in 1600, was exiled from Rome in 1606, and was dead by 1610 — had a profound effect on the younger generation of artists, particularly in Rome and Naples.
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Master of the Mansi Magdalen

bornactivedied
1490 ca1500s-15301530
an Early Netherlandish painter. He was active in Antwerp and is possibly the same person as Willem Meulenbroec, an artist registered in 1501 as a pupil of Quentin Matsys.
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Andrea Mantegna

borndied
1431 ca1506, Sep 13
an Italian painter, a student of Roman archeology, and son-in-law of Jacopo Bellini. Like other artists of the time, Mantegna experimented with perspective, e.g., by lowering the horizon in order to create a sense of greater monumentality. His flinty, metallic landscapes and somewhat stony figures give evidence of a fundamentally sculptural approach to paint...
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Carlo Maratta

aka: Maratti
borndied
1625, May 131713, Dec 15
an Italian painter, active mostly in Rome, and known principally for his classicizing paintings executed in a Late Baroque Classical manner. Although he is part of the classical tradition stemming from Raphael, he was not exempt from the influence of Baroque painting and particularly in his use of colour.
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Esteban March

borndied
1595 ca1660
a Spanish painter of the Baroque period. He was born and died in Valencia He was the son of Miguel March. He was a disciple of the painter Pedro Orrente, and painted in the style of Jusepe Ribera. He is best known as a "battle painter" . He is described as having an eccentric and erratic personality, if not lunatic. He collected weapons of all sorts in his ...
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Cross-listed in Governance

John Mare Jr.

bornactivedied
17391765-17991802/03
an American painter, businessman, and public figure. Not much is known of Mare's training, although his portraits share some of the characteristics found in the work of colonial New York painter Thomas McIlworth. His earliest surviving portrait, of fewer than a dozen known, is of Henry Livingston, dating to 1760; a painting of Henry's brother Robert, similar...
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William Marlow

borndied
17401813, Jan 14
an English landscape and marine painter and etcher. Marlow painted in both oils and watercolours; his subjects were generally British country scenes, but he painted some pictures from his Italian sketches, and etched some of the latter, as well as some views on the Thames. His views of the bridges at Westminster and Blackfriars in London were engraved.
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Therese Maron

borndied
17251806, Oct 10
a German painter active in Rome. Therese was born in Dresden, the elder sister of painter Anton Raphael Mengs. She moved with her family to Rome, and there married an Austrian portrait painter and pupil of her brother, Anton von Maron. She painted a number of enamels, pastels, and miniatures, including a self-portrait and a portrait of her younger sister Jul...
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Esteban Marquez de Velasco

aka: Márquez de Velasco
borndied
16521696
a Spanish Baroque painter. Márquez de Velasco was born in Puebla de Guzmán (Huelva). He moved at an early age to Seville with his uncle Fernando Marquez, currently an unknown painter, with whom he worked until 1672. His works show a strong dependence on the known art of Bartolomé Esteban Murillo, who was very popular at the time. He most likely worked in ...
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Fernando Marquez Joya

aka: Márquez Joya
borndied
unknown1672
a Spanish late-Baroque painter. His dates of birth and death or not known. Not much is known of his life. He is known to have studied under Pedro Nuñez de Villavicencio. He primarily painted religious-themed works for regional churches on commission. His style reflected an influence of Bartolomé Esteban Murillo.
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Jacob Marrel

borndied
16141681, Nov 11
a German still life painter active in Utrecht during the Dutch Golden Age. Attracted by the high prices for flower still life paintings, Marrel studied from 1632-1650 with Jan Davidszoon de Heem in Utrecht, before returning to Frankfurt. In 1665 Marrel returned to Germany, attending the wedding of his step-daughter in Nuremberg and in Frankfurt establishing ...
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Otto Marseus van Schrieck

borndied
16191678
a painter in the Dutch Golden Age. He is best known for his paintings of forest flora and fauna. Many of his paintings are dark studies of plants, often with lizards at the base and insects on the leaves and branches.
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John Martin [3]

borndied
1789, Jul 191854, Feb 17
an English Romantic painter, engraver and illustrator. After working with oils and watercolors, Martin began to experiment with mezzotint technology, and as a result was commissioned to produce 24 engravings for a new edition of Paradise Lost—perhaps the definitive illustrations of Milton’s masterpiece, of which copies now fetch many hundreds of pounds.
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Ambrosio Martinez Bustos

aka: Martínez Bustos
borndied
16141672
a Spanish Baroque painter active in Granada. Born in and resident of Granada, Martínez Bustos was from a wealthy family, and was trained in the studio of Miguel Jerónimo de Cieza. He was initially influenced by Flemish painting through known prints, as seen in his Inmaculada at the Museo de Bellas Artes de Granada. His specialty was the major theme of the ...
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Vicente Juan Masip

aka: Joan de Joanes, Juan de Juanes
borndied
15101579
a Spanish painter of the Renaissance period. He was one of the main members, and was considered the premier painter of the Valencian school of painters. He never painted a profane subject, and emulated Luis de Vargas and Fra Angelico, in never painting unless he had received holy communion. Painting for him was a solemn exercise, an oratory process, full of ...
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Cross-listed in ComposersWritersLegalPerformers

Stephen C. Massett

aka: Jeemes Pipes of Pipesville
bornactivedied
unknown1840s-1860sunknown
San Francisco's first entertainer, Stephen C. Massett, was the true Bohemian type. He was an artist, with an equal capacity for work and diversion, whose ruling principle was, "If your pocket is light make your heart light to match it; if your coat is torn, laugh while you you patch it." Massett was a "red-faced little Englishman" with a wealth of copper-col...
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Cornelis Massijs

aka: Massys, Matsijs, Matsys, Messijs, Messys, Metsijs, Metsys
borndied
15081580
a Flemish Renaissance painter, draughtsman and engraver, mainly known for his landscapes and, to a lesser extent, genre scenes and portraits. He is regarded as an important figure in the transition from the fantastic landscapes of Joachim Patinir to the 'pure landscapes' of later Netherlandish landscape painting.
Links (1)


Quinten Massijs the Younger

aka: Quinten, Metsys, Massys
borndied
15431589
a Flemish Renaissance painter, one of several of his countrymen active as artists of the Tudor court in the reign of Elizabeth I of England. He was the son of Flemish painter Jan Massys, Matsys, or Metsys and the grandson and namesake of Quentin Massys or Metsys.
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Master of 1518

bornactivedied
unknown1518unknown
The Master of 1518 is a Flemish painter belonging to the stylistic school of Antwerp Mannerism. A group of unsigned paintings is attributed to this artist on stylistic grounds, and his name is derived from the date inscribed on the painted wings of a carved wooden altarpiece of the Life of the Virgin in St. Mary's Church in Lübeck German. Although this arti...
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Jacob Matham

borndied
1571, Oct 151631, Jan 20
a famous engraver and pen-draftsman. Born in Haarlem. He was the stepson and pupil of painter and draftsman Hendrik Goltzius, and brother-in-law to engraver Simon van Poelenburgh, having married his sister, Marijtgen. He made several engravings after the paintings of Peter Paul Rubens from 1611-1615, and also a series after the work of Pieter Aertsen. In 161...
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Jan Matsys

aka: Massijs, Massys, Matsijs, Messijs, Messys, Metsijs, Metsys
borndied
1510 ca1575, Oct 8
It is possible to distinguish three periods in the work of Jan Massys. During the first period before his exile of 1544, he collaborated with and worked in the style of his father. From the second period, which coincides with his banishment from Antwerp from 1544 to 1555, only 9 works can be traced. After his return to Antwerp Jan reached the height of his a...
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Quentin Matsys

aka: Quinten Massijs
borndied
14661530
a painter in the Flemish tradition and a founder of the Antwerp school. He was born at Leuven, where legend states he was trained as an ironsmith before becoming a painter. Matsys was active in Antwerp for over 20 years, creating numerous works with religious roots and satirical tendencies.
Links (1)


T.H. Matteson

bornactivedied
1813, May 91841-18501884, Feb 2
T.H. is for Tompkins Harrison, his first and middle names. Born in Peterboro, NY. In 1841 he moved to New York City and studied at the National Academy of Design. Moved to Sherburne, NY, established himself as a portrait painter, and lived there for the rest of his life. Known for historical, patriotic, and religious themes.
Timeline (1)Links (2)Gallery (1)


Abraham Matthijs

borndied
15811649
a Flemish Baroque painter. According to Houbraken he was from Antwerp and was a good landscape painter. Houbraken did not know more about him or his date of birth or death. According to the RKD, his Death of Maria from 1633 still survives in the Onze-Lieve-Vrouwekathedraal. He is mentioned in Cornelis de Bie's book of painters. In his testament he is called ...
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Peter Rushton Maverick

borndied
1755, Apr 11811, Dec 12
American silversmith and engraver. After training as a silversmith, he responded to the growing demand for copperplate-engraving by launching his own business in Newark in the 1770s, advertising in the New York and New Jersey newspapers as an engraver of tea sets and as a copperplate printer. Engraving bookplates, broadsides and occasional portraits provided...
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Luigi Mayer

borndied
17551803
an Italian-German artist and one of the earliest and most important late 18th-century European painters of the Ottoman Empire. He was a close friend of Sir Robert Ainslie, 1st Baronet, a British ambassador to Turkey between 1776 and 1792, and the bulk of his paintings and drawings during this period were commissioned by Ainslie. He travelled extensively thro...
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Nikolay Maykov

borndied
1794, Aug 281873, Aug 23
a self-taught Russian portrait, history and religious painter in the Academic style. For over ten years, he worked on an iconostasis at Saint Isaac's Cathedral. He also created works at smaller churches throughout the region, as well as in chapels at the Winter Palace and the Yelagin Palace. He also did murals at private residences; notably at a mansion bel...
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Juan Bautista Mayno

borndied
15781649
a Spanish painter of the Baroque period. From 1600 to 1608, he lived in Italy. He was said to be a pupil of el Greco, though others claim he trained in or followed the styles of Carracci and Guido Reni, and his painting style were quite different over time in Spain. In March, 1611 he moved to Toledo and in 1612 he painted the altarpiece of the Cuatro Pascuas...
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Juan Bautista Martinez del Mazo

aka: Juan Bautista Martínez
borndied
16121667, Feb 10
a Spanish Baroque portrait and landscape painter, the most distinguished of the followers of Velázquez, whose style he imitated more closely than did any other artist. A fine painter himself, Mazo was a master of landscape, as proven by his most celebrated work View of Saragossa.
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Jervis McEntee

borndied
1828, Jul 141891, Jan 27
an American painter of the Hudson River School. He is a somewhat lesser-known figure of the 19th-century American art world, but was the close friend and traveling companion of several of the important Hudson River School artists. Aside from his paintings, McEntee's journals are an enduring legacy, documenting the life of a New York painter during and after ...
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Livio Mehus

aka: Lieven
borndied
16301691, Aug 7
a Flemish painter and engraver of the Baroque period, who was mainly active in Florence. he is known for his allegorical and mythological scenes, landscapes and religious works. Born in Oudenaarde in Flanders. After training in Milan with an obscure battle-painter, he traveled at the age of 15 years to Rome, where he found a powerful patron in Prince Matthia...
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Hendrik Meijer

aka: de Meijer
borndied
17441793
an 18th-century painter from the Northern Netherlands. Meijer was born in Amsterdam, though Abraham Jacob van der Aa gave his date of birth as 1737. According to the RKD he was first a member of the Stadstekenacademie in Amsterdam until 1768. He moved to Haarlem and started a wallpaper factory there in 1764-1769. He became a director of the Stadstekenacademi...
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Cross-listed in Sculptors

Jean-Louis-Ernest Meissonier

borndied
1815, Feb 211891, Jan 31
a French Classicist painter and sculptor famous for his depictions of Napoleon, his armies and military themes. He documented sieges and manoeuvres and was the teacher of Édouard Detaille. Meissonier enjoyed great success in his lifetime, and was acclaimed both for his mastery of fine detail and assiduous craftsmanship. The English art critic John Ruskin ex...
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Luis Egidio Melendez

aka: Meléndez
borndied
17161780
a Spanish painter. Though he received little acclaim during his lifetime and died in poverty, Meléndez is recognized as the greatest Spanish still-life painter of the 18th century. His mastery of composition and light, and remarkable ability to convey the volume and texture of individual objects enabled him to transform the most mundane of kitchen fare into...
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Anna Maria Mengs

aka: Ana Carmona
borndied
17511792
a German artist. Born in Dresden, she was the daughter of the painter Raphael Mengs. In 1777, she married the Spanish engraver Manuel Salvador Carmona. Her works include portraits in pastel and miniature; that of her husband is in the Academy of San Fernando, to which Mengs was admitted as a member of merit on August 29, 1790. She died in Madrid in 1792.
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Anton Raphael Mengs

borndied
1728, Mar 221779, Jun 29
a German Bohemian painter, active in Rome, Madrid and Saxony, who became one of the precursors to Neoclassical painting. In 1749 he was appointed first painter to Frederick Augustus, elector of Saxony, but this did not prevent him from continuing to spend much of his time in Rome. There he married Margarita Guazzi, who had sat for him as a model in 1748. He ...
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Cross-listed in Scientists

Maria Sibylla Merian

borndied
1647, Apr 21717, Jan 13
a German-born naturalist and scientific illustrator, a descendant of the Frankfurt branch of the Swiss Merian family, founders of one of Europe's largest publishing houses in the 17th century. Merian received her artistic training from her stepfather, Jacob Marrel, a student of the still life painter Georg Flegel. She remained in Frankfurt until 1670, reloca...
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Jan Mertens the Younger

borndied
unknown1527 ca
a South Netherlandish painter, at the end of the period of Early Netherlandish painting. He was born and died in Antwerp. His father was the sculptor Jan Mertens the Elder, whose family is thought to have originated in Tournai. Mertens the Younger was apprenticed to the painter Jan Gossaert in 1505, and he became a master of the Antwerp painters' guild in 15...
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Charles Meryon

aka: Méryon
borndied
1821, Nov 231868, Feb 13
a French artist, who worked almost entirely in etching, as he suffered from colour-blindness. Although now little-known in the English-speaking world, he is generally recognised as the most significant etcher of 19th century France. He also suffered from mental illness, dying in an asylum. His most famous work is a series of views of Paris.
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Gabriel Metsu

aka: Gabriël
borndied
16291667, Oct
a Dutch painter of history paintings, still lifes, portraits, and genre works. He was "a highly eclectic artist, who did not adhere to a consistent style, technique, or one type of subject for long periods." Metsu was taught by Gerard Dou, though prior to about 1653 his influence is not apparent. Around 1653-4, Metsu began placing his figures in domestic int...
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Quentin Metsys the Younger

aka: Quinten, Massys
borndied
1543 ca1589
a Flemish Renaissance painter, one of several of his countrymen active as artists of the Tudor court in the reign of Elizabeth I of England. He was the son of Flemish painter Jan Massys, Matsys, or Metsys and the grandson and namesake of Quentin Massys or Metsys. The younger Quentin was born in Antwerp, where he joined the Guild of St. Luke in 1574; by c. 15...
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Pieter Meulener

aka: Peter Meulenaer
borndied
1602, Feb1654, Nov 27
one of the leading Flemish painters of battle scenes in the mid-17th century. He also painted landscapes with genre scenes. His battle scenes depict cavalry skirmishes, attacks on military convoys and on travellers, depicting those subjects from the Flemish side in the Eighty Years' War and the Thirty Years' War. His preferred theme was cavalry engagements a...
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Joannes Meyssens

aka: Jan, Jean
borndied
16121670
a Flemish Baroque painter, engraver, and printer. He was born in Brussels, but moved to Antwerp at an early age, where he became master of the Guild of St. Luke in 1640. He had a successful business collaborating with contemporary painters and engravers, and is most notable today for his book of prints. This book, with the engraved portraits of many famous m...
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Cross-listed in SculptorsWritersArchitects

Michelangelo

aka: Michelangelo Buonarroti, Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni
bornactivedied
1475, Mar 61490-15641564, Feb 18
an Italian sculptor, painter, architect, poet, and engineer of the High Renaissance who exerted an unparalleled influence on the development of Western art. Author of The Creation of Adam (c. 1511)
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Jan Miel

borndied
15991664
a Flemish painter and engraver who was active in Italy. He initially formed part of the circle of Dutch and Flemish genre painters in Rome who are referred to as the 'Bamboccianti' and were known for their scenes depicting the lower classes in Rome. He later developed away from the Bamboccianti style and painted history subjects in a classicising style. He c...
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Frans van Mieris the Elder

bornactivedied
1635, Apr 161650s1681, Mar 12
a Dutch Golden Age genre and portrait painter. The subjects which he treated best are those in which he illustrated the habits or actions of the wealthier classes; but he sometimes succeeded in homely incidents and in portrait, and not infrequently he ventured on allegory. He repeatedly painted the satin skirt which Ter Borch brought into fashion, and he oft...
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Frans van Mieris the Younger

borndied
1689, Nov 241763, Oct 22
a Dutch painter. He was born in Leiden, the son of Willem van Mieris, and also followed the traditions of his grandfather, Frans's studio. Willem bequeathed his painting-room to his son Frans. Neither Willem nor Frans the younger equalled Frans the elder in artistic reputation. Frans died in Leiden.
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Jan van Mieris

borndied
1660, Jun 171690, Mar 17
a Dutch painter. He was born in Leiden, the eldest son of Frans van Mieris the Elder, and learned the art of painting from his father and from Gerard de Lairesse. In his youth, various sicknesses impeded him in the progress of his studies. Around 1686-7, he travelled to Germany and Florence, where the fame of his father's merit procured him a most honourabl...
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Willem van Mieris

borndied
1662, Jun 31747, Jan 26
an 18th-century painter from the Northern Netherlands. He was born in Leiden as the son of Frans van Mieris sr. and brother of Jan van Mieris. He was a member of the Leiden Guild of St. Luke and a founding member of the Leidse Tekenacademie which opened in 1694. His pupils were Catharina Backer, Abraham Alensoon, and Hieronymous van de Mij. He retired in 173...
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Nicolas Mignard

borndied
16061668
a French painter. He spent most of his active life in Avignon and was the older brother of Pierre Mignard, and the father of Pierre II Mignard.Nicolas Mignard was born in Troyes. There, he studied painting with a local master. After traveling to Fontainebleau, Mignard came to Avignon in 1632. He then traveled to Rome with Cardinal Archbishop of Lyon. Mignard...
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Pierre Mignard

aka: Le Romain
borndied
1612, Nov 71695, May 30
a French painter. He was born at Troyes, and came of a family of artists. In 1630 he left the studio of Simon Vouet for Italy, where he spent twenty-two years, and made a reputation which brought him a summons to Paris. Having found favor with the king, Louis XIV...
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Cross-listed in Architects

Pierre II Mignard

borndied
1640, Feb 201725
a French architect and painter. He was the son of painter Nicolas Mignard.Pierre II Mignard was born and died in Avignon. In 1671, he became one of the first eight members of the Académie royale d'architecture created by Louis XIV.
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Abraham Mignon

aka: Minjon
borndied
1640, Jun 211679, Mar 27
a Dutch golden age painter, specialized in flower bouquets. Mignon devoted himself almost exclusively to painting stilleben of flowers, fruit, birds and other still-life, though at times he also attempted portraiture. His flower pieces are marked by careful finish and delicate handling. His favourite scheme was to introduce red or white roses in the centre o...
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Aert Mijtens

borndied
1541 ca1602
a Flemish Renaissance painter. Mijtens was active in Brussels, Rome, Naples (where he was successful and worked for the court of the Viceroy), L'Aquila, and The Hague. He was a teacher of Barend van Someren during his Rome residency. Van Someren married Mijtens' daughter and returned with her to Flanders. Aert Mijtens painted altarpieces, historical and myth...
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Daniel Mijtens

aka: Daniël, Daniel Mytens the Elder
borndied
1590 ca1647/48
a Dutch portrait painter who spent the central years of his career working in England. By 1618, he had moved to London, where his initial patron was the leading art collector Thomas Howard, 21st Earl of Arundel. Mijtens painted the Earl and his Countess, and was soon commissioned to paint King James I and his son Charles, Prince of Wales. In 1625 he became p...
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Sir John Everett Millais

aka: 1st Baronet
borndied
1829, Jun 81896, Aug 13
an English painter and illustrator who was one of the founders of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood. A child prodigy, at the age of eleven Millais became the youngest student to enter the Royal Academy Schools. The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood was founded at his family home in London, at 83 Gower Street (now number 7). Millais became the most famous exponent of t...
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Francisque Millet

aka: Jean-François Milée, Millet I
borndied
16421679
a Flemish-French landscape painter of the Baroque era. Millet was the son of an ivory worker from Dijon, who had been tempted to move to Brabant as a result of the patronage of Louis II de Bourbon, Prince de Condé. Since he found a market for ivory work in Antwerp, he stayed there and when later his son showed a talent for drawing, he apprenticed him to Lau...
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Jean-Francois Millet

aka: Jean-François
borndied
1814, Oct 41875, Jan 20
a French painter and one of the founders of the Barbizon school in rural France. Millet is noted for his scenes of peasant farmers; he can be categorized as part of the Realism art movement. After his first painting, a portrait, was accepted at the Salon of 1840, Millet returned to Cherbourg to begin a career as a portrait painter. In 1847 his first Salon su...
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Nicolaes Moeyaert

borndied
15921655
an authoritative Catholic Dutch painter. He followed Rembrandt in his use of red chalk. Moeyaert painted many biblical and mythological scenes, and also designed Amsterdam's triumphal arch for the arrival of Maria de Medici. On 1 September 1638, he stood on the Spaarndammerdijk to watch the procession. Moeyaert was for many years' commissioner of the Theatr...
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Antonio Mohedano

borndied
15611625
a Spanish painter of the Renaissance period. He trained with Pablo de Céspedes, after his return to Córdoba in 1577. He started by painting " sargas" and the leathern hangings for rooms, which were then in general use. Having seen the frescoes of Julio and Alessandro, at Granada, and those of the Perolas, at El Viso, his admiration led him to copy many fig...
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Cross-listed in Sculptors

Antonin Moine

bornactivedied
1796, Jun 301830s-18491849, Mar 18
a French romantic sculptor in the first half of the 19th century. He began his career as a landscape painter, before becoming a sculptor. He obtained some success exhibiting at the Salon in the early 1830s. From 1835 to 1840, Antonin Moine worked on the creation of sculptures commissioned for the Fontaine des Mers and the Fontana dei Quattro Fiumi. Antonin M...
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Woutherus Mol

borndied
1785, Mar 211857, Aug 30
a 19th-century painter and drawer from the Netherlands. Once Mol chose to make a living out of painting, he was tutored by the Haarlem painter Hermanus van Brussel. In 1802 he became a member of the Haarlem drawing society "Tekengenootschap Kunstmin en Vlijt". After he got excited about the Paris Art Museum where many master pieces resided, he obtained permi...
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Jan Miense Molenaer

bornactivedied
16101629-1640s1668, Sep
a Dutch Golden Age genre painter whose style was a precursor to Jan Steen's work during Dutch Golden Age painting. He shared a studio with his wife, Judith Leyster, also a genre painter, as well as a portraitist and painter of still-life. Both Molenaer and Leyster may have been pupils of the successful Dutch painter, Frans Hals. Molenaer also cleverly depict...
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Nicolaes Molenaer

borndied
16301676
a Dutch Golden Age painter. Molenaer was born and died in Haarlem. According to the RKD he was the brother of the painters Bartholomeus and Jan Miense Molenaer. He became a member of the Haarlem Guild of St. Luke in 1651 and paid dues yearly until 1676. He was a landscape painter influenced by Jacob van Ruisdael.
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Anton Moller

aka: Möller
borndied
15631611, Jan
a German painter and draughtsman.He primarily painted allegorical, historical and biblical scenes and portraits. He also produced a number of woodcuts. He created ceiling, wall and panel paintings for town halls, churches and museums, as well as portraits for private clients, including engravings, woodcuts, pen and ink drawings.
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Peter Monamy

borndied
16811749
an English marine painter. On 3 September 1696, Peter Monamy, aged 15, was bound as an apprentice for seven years by indenture to William Clark, a former (1687) Master of the Worshipful Company of Painter-Stainers, one of London’s ancient guilds of craftsmen. Monamy served his apprenticeship on London Bridge, and that he exhibited his works in the window o...
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Carel de Moor

borndied
1655, Feb 251738, Feb 16
a Dutch Golden Age etcher and painter. He was a pupil of Gerard Dou. Carel de Moor was born in Leiden. According to Houbraken, his father was an art dealer who wanted him to study languages and only allowed him to study art when his talent for drawing surfaced at a young age. Houbraken met him in person at the atelier of Godfried Schalcken when he was comple...
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Jan Mooy

borndied
17761847
a Dutch painter. He was born in Callantsoog and died in Den Helder. He painted primarily marine art and watercolors. One of his works can be found at the Peabody Essex Museum.There is very little addional information about the details of his life.
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Antonis Mor

aka: Antoon, Anthonius, Anthonis Mor van Dashorst, Antonio Moro, Mor van Dashorst, Anthony More
borndied
1517 ca1577
a Netherlandish portrait painter, much in demand by the courts of Europe. Mor was born in Utrecht, Netherlands, by some estimation between 1516 and 1520. Little is known about his early life, except that his artistic education commenced under Jan van Scorel. Hi...
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Luis de Morales

aka: El Divino
borndied
15121586, May 9
a Spanish painter born in Badajoz, Extremadura. Most of his work was of religious subjects, including many representations of the Madonna and Child and the Passion. Influenced, especially in his early work, by Raphael Sanzio and the Lombard school (fr) school of Leonardo, he was called by his contemporaries "The Divine Morales", because of his skill and the ...
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Gustave Moreau

bornactivedied
1826, Apr 61852-18951898, Apr 18
a French Symbolist painter whose main emphasis was the illustration of biblical and mythological figures. As a painter, Moreau appealed to the imaginations of some Symbolist writers and artists. His first painting was a Pietà which is now located in the cathedral at Angoulême. He showed A Scene from the Song of Songs and The Death of Darius in the Salon of...
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Jean-Michel Moreau

aka: Moreau le Jeune
borndied
1741 Mar 261814, Nov 30
a French draughtsman, illustrator and engraver. In his prolific career his best-known works are those twenty-four illustrations that record fashionable dress and interiors of the last years of the Ancien Régime, his contributions to the Monument du costume physique et morale, twelve as a Suite d'estampes pour servir à l'histoire dews mœurs des François a...
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Johannes Moreelse

aka: Johan
borndied
1603 ca1634, Oct
a Dutch baroque painter Moreelse was born in Utrecht, Holland. His father, Paulus Moreelse, was at that time a famous portrait painter. Little is known about his life. Johan Moreelse studied in Utrecht, in the studio of his father, and then in Rome (1627), where he was appointed into a papal knight order.
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Cross-listed in Architects

Paulus Moreelse

borndied
15711638, Mar 6
a Dutch painter, mainly of portraits. Moreelse was a well known portrait painter who received commissions from right across the Dutch Republic. His earliest work dates to 1606. Other than portraits, he also painted a few history paintings in the Mannerist style and in the 1620s produced pastoral scenes of herders and shepherds. Moreelse was also active as an...
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Jan Evert Morel the Elder

borndied
17691808
a Dutch still life painter, flower painter, and etcher.


Jean Baptiste Morel

borndied
16621732
a Flemish still life painter who specialized in flower pieces and garlands. He was successful as a painter in Antwerp but moved to Brussels after 1695 to respond to the significant demand for his work there. He became a member of the Brussels Guild of Saint Luke in 1699. He obtained commissions from the governor of the Southern Netherlands whose palaces in B...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Sylvanus Morgan

borndied
16201693, Mar 27
an English arms-painter and author. In 1642, he wrote 'A Treatise of Honor and Honorable Men,' which remained in manuscript (see Brydges's Censura Literaria, viii. 236). In 1648, he printed a poem entitled 'London, King Charles his Augusta, or City Royal of the Founders;' and in 1652 'Horologiographia Optica, Dialling universal and particular.' In 1661, he p...
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George Morland

borndied
1763, Jun 261804, Oct 29
an English painter of animals and rustic scenes. Morland began to draw at the age of three years, and at the age of ten (1773) his name appears as an honorary exhibitor at the Royal Academy. His talents were carefully cultivated by his father, who has been accused of stimulating them unduly with a view to his own profit, shutting the child up in a garret to ...
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Giovanni Battista Moroni

aka: Giambattista
borndied
1522 ca1579, Feb 5
a North Italian painter of the Late Renaissance period. Best known for his elegantly realistic portraits of the local nobility and clergy, he is considered one of the great portrait painters of sixteenth century Italy. His output of religious paintings, destined for a less sophisticated audience in the local sub-Alpine valleys, was smaller and less successfu...
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Thomas Morris [2]

bornactivedied
1750 ca1780-18001816
engraver


Master of the Morrison Triptych

bornactivedied
unknown1500-1510unknown
the name given to an unknown Early Netherlandish painter active in Antwerp around 1500-1510. He is named for the Morrison Triptych, now in Toledo, Ohio, which is described below. The same master is attributed an Adoration of the Magi with donor portrait, in the Philadelphia Museum of Art, c. 1504, probably the side-wing of another triptych. It is dateable by...
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Cross-listed in Inventors

Samuel F. B. Morse

borndied
1791, Apr 271872, Apr 2
an American painter and inventor. After having established his reputation as a portrait painter, in his middle age Morse contributed to the invention of a single-wire telegraph system based on European telegraphs. He was a co-developer of the Morse code, and helped to develop the commercial use of telegraphy.
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John Hamilton Mortimer

borndied
17401779
a British figure and landscape painter and printmaker, known for romantic paintings set in Italy, works depicting conversations, and works drawn in the 1770s portraying war scenes, similar to those of Salvator Rosa. Mortimer became President of the Society of Artists in 1774, five years before his death, at age 39.
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Frans Mostaert

borndied
15281560
a Flemish Renaissance painter specializing in landscape paintings. Frans Mostaert died young. Only very few of his works survive and only one is signed. All of Frans Mostaert’s known works are landscapes. Although he did not study under Patinir, he can be regarded as a follower of Patinir in that he combined realistic and topographical aspects of the lands...
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Gillis Mostaert

borndied
15281598, Dec 28
a Flemish Renaissance painter and draughtsman active in Antwerp in the second half of the 16th century. He was a prolific artist who worked in various genres including landscape, genre and history painting and regularly collaborated with leading Antwerp artists. Very few works can be attributed with certainty to Gillis Mostaert as he signed few of his painti...
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Jan Mostaert

aka: Joannes Sinapius, Master Of Oultremont
borndied
1475 ca1555/56
a Netherlandish Renaissance painter of portraits and religious subjects, though his most famous creation was the West Indies Landscape. Mostaert's teacher Jacob van Haarlem may have actually been the anonymous Master of the Brunswick Diptych. Karel van Mander described several works in detail, including his strange landscape of the West Indies, which he cons...
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William Sidney Mount

borndied
1807, Nov 261868, Nov 19
an American painter best known for his genre paintings, although he also painted landscapes and portraits. He was a contemporary of the Hudson River School. Although he started as a history painter, Mount moved to depicting scenes from everyday life. Two of his more famous paintings are Eel Spearing at Setauket (1845, New York State Historical Association, C...
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Pieter Mulier the Elder

aka: Pieter Mulier I
borndied
1610 ca1659
a Dutch Golden Age painter. According to the RKD he married in 1635, and became a member of the Haarlem Guild of St. Luke in 1638. He is known for Italianate landscapes and seascapes in the manner of Simon de Vlieger and Jan van Goyen. He was the teacher of his son Pieter Mulier II and Frans de Hulst.
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Pieter Mulier the Younger

aka: Pieter Mulier II
borndied
16371701, Jun 29
a Dutch Golden Age painter active in Italy. Muller was born in Haarlem. He learned to paint from his father, Pieter Mulier I and travelled to Italy, working in Rome (1656–1670), Genoa (1670–1684) and northern Italy until he died in Milan. Among his pupils were Carlo Antonio Tavella and Pietro Cignaroli (active 1716 in Milan). He is known for Italianate l...
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Jan Harmensz Muller

borndied
15711628
a Flemish engraver and painter. Muller was born in Amsterdam. His father was a book printer, engraver and publisher. He learned the engraving trade while working at the family business. He traveled and lived in Italy for a time. Muller returned home, inherited his father's business, and died in 1628.
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Cross-listed in Writers

Maler Muller

aka: Friedrich , Müller
borndied
1749, Jan 131825, Apr 23
German poet, dramatist and painter from the Electoral Palatinate, is best known for his slightly sentimental prose idylls on country life. In 1774-1775, he settled in Mannheim, where he soon acquired a reputation as a poet. Before he left Mannheim he had tried his hand at literature, under the influence of the Sturm und Drang movement. In 1775, he published ...
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William Mulready

borndied
1786, Apr 11863, Jul 7
an Irish genre painter living in London. He is best known for his romanticizing depictions of rural scenes, and for creating Mulready stationery letter sheets, issued at the same time as the Penny Black postage stamp. Many of his early pictures show landscapes, before he started to build a reputation as a genre painter from 1808 on, painting mostly everyday ...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Thomas James Mulvany

borndied
17791845
an Irish painter and keeper of the Royal Hibernian Academy. Mulvany was an exhibitor with the Dublin Society of Artists, at the rooms of the Dublin Society in Hawkins Street, Dublin, in May 1809. Mulvany wrote for The Citizen on Irish artists. During the last years of his life Mulvany was employed in editing the Life of James Gandon. The book was published i...
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Bartolome Esteban Murillo

aka: Bartolomé
borndied
1617, Dec1682, Apr 3
a Spanish Baroque painter. Although he is best known for his religious works, Murillo also produced a considerable number of paintings of contemporary women and children. These lively, realist portraits of flower girls, street urchins, and beggars constitute an extensive and appealing record of the everyday life of his times. His first works were influenced ...
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Johannes Mytens

aka: Jan Mijtens
borndied
1614 ca1670, Dec 24
a Dutch Golden Age painter. Mytens became a member of The Hague Guild of Saint Luke in 1642 and helped set up the Confrerie Pictura. He painted for Dutch royalty and specialized in portraiture, genre pieces, and historical allegories. Mytens was especially skilled at rendering the clothing of affluent Dutch.
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