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Composers
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1770, Dec1778-18261827, Mar 26
a German composer and pianist. A crucial figure in the transition between the Classical and Romantic eras in Western art music, he remains one of the most famous and influential of all composers. His best-known compositions include 9 symphonies, 5 concertos for piano, 1 violin concerto, 32 piano sonatas, and 16 string quartets. He also composed other chamber music, choral works (including the celebrated Missa solemnis), and songs.
 Timeline (16)
12/16/1770-Ludwig van Beethoven is born in Bonn, Germany
12/12/1792-In Vienna, Ludwig van Beethoven (22) receives first lesson in music composition from Joseph Haydn 
03/29/1795-Ludwig van Beethoven (24) debuts as pianist in Vienna
04/02/1800-First performance of Ludwig van Beethoven's first Symphony in C
04/05/1803-First performance of Ludwig van Beethoven's Second Symphony in D
04/07/1805-Premiere of Ludwig van Beethoven's Symphony No. 3 (aka Eroica), conducted by himself
11/20/1805-Ludwig van Beethoven's Fidelio premieres in Vienna
03/05/1807-First performance of Ludwig van Beethoven's 4th Symphony in B at a private concert in the home of Prince Franz Joseph von Lobkowitz
12/22/1808-Ludwig van Beethoven's Fifth Symphony given world premiere in Vienna
12/08/1813-Ludwig van Beethoven's 7th Symphony in A premieres
02/27/1814-Ludwig van Beethoven's 8th Symphony in F, premieres in Vienna
10/05/1823-Carl Maria von Weber visits Ludwig van Beethoven 
04/07/1824-First performance of Ludwig van Beethoven's Missa Solemnis in St. Petersburg
05/07/1824-Ludwig van Beethoven's 9th (Chorale) Symphony, premieres in Vienna
03/21/1826-Ludwig van Beethoven's Quartet #13 in B flat major (Op 130) premieres in Vienna 
03/29/1827-Approximately 20,000 people attend Ludwig van Beethoven's burial in Vienna
 Mentions (22)
Selmar Bagge
...works, songs and piano pieces in the tradition of Ludwig van Beethoven and Robert Schumann. His textbook of music became...
Carl Michael Bellman
...to this day. He has been compared to Shakespeare, Ludwig van Beethoven, Mozart, and Hogarth, but his gift, using elegantly...
Marie Bigot
...librarian of Count Razumovsky, she became friendly with Ludwig van Beethoven, who admired her playing.
Giuseppe Cervellini
...the Viennese classicism of Mozart, Joseph Haydn, and Ludwig van Beethoven. He was the organist at the Cathedral of Cividale...
Luigi Cherubini
...significant compositions are operas and sacred music. Ludwig van Beethoven regarded Cherubini as the greatest of his contemporaries....
Anton Diabelli
...familiar today as the composer of the waltz on which Ludwig van Beethoven wrote his set of thirty-three Diabelli Variations....
Franz Grillparzer
...known for his dramas. He also wrote the oration for Ludwig van Beethoven's funeral. In 1807–1809, Grillparzer wrote a long...
Richard Hol
...Utrecht. His conservative music showed the influence of Ludwig van Beethoven, Felix Mendelssohn, and Robert Schumann and...
Antonin Kraft
...He was a close friend of Joseph Haydn, Mozart, and Ludwig van Beethoven. As a composer, he wrote cello sonatas (six for cello...
George Alexander Macfarren
...1856. His theoretical works include an analysis of Ludwig van Beethoven's Missa Solemnis (described as Beethoven's "Grand...
Joseph Willibrord Mahler
...Viennese composers, among them, several versions of Ludwig van Beethoven.
Simon Mayr
...musical life, organizing concerts and introducing Ludwig van Beethoven's music there.
Christian Gottlob Neefe
...guidance he wrote his first comic operas. He helped Ludwig van Beethoven produce some of his first works.
Johann Peter Pixis
...on a waltz by Anton Diabelli, which also included Ludwig van Beethoven's Diabelli Variations.
Cipriani Potter
...periodicals about music, one of them about his visit to Ludwig van Beethoven.
Jean-Henri Ravina
...variations and fantasies. He also made a transcription of Ludwig van Beethoven's symphonies for piano four-hands.
Anton Reicha
...German style. A contemporary and lifelong friend of Ludwig van Beethoven, he is now best remembered for his substantial early...
Ferdinand Ries
...composer. Ries was a friend, pupil and secretary of Ludwig van Beethoven. He composed eight symphonies, a violin concerto,...
Philipp Jakob Riotte
...Vaterländischer Künstlerverein, an anthology that also included Ludwig van Beethoven's Diabelli Variations. His compositions...
Charles Eugene Sauzay
...of the string quartets of Joseph Haydn, Mozart and Ludwig van Beethoven, which was published in 1861
Giovanni Battista Viotti
...twenty-nine violin concertos, which were an influence on Ludwig van Beethoven.
Friedrich Witt
...major known as the Jena Symphony, once attributed to Ludwig van Beethoven.
 Contemporaries
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Ludwig van Beethoven1770, Dec1778
 
18261827, Mar 26

Antonin Kammel1730, Apr 211750
 
17791784/5, Oct 5
 a composer and violinist. Kammel was born at Belec, now in the Czech Republic. He was part of the...
Marie Emmanuelle Bayon Louis17461760
 
17791825, Mar 29
 a French composer, pianist, and salonnière. Very little is known for certain about her life. The...
Vincenta Da Ponteunknown1770
 
1780s 9unknown
 an Italian composer, singer and instrumentalist. As a composer, Da Ponte is known only from an un...
Vincenta Da Ponteunknown1770
 
1780s 9unknown
 an Italian composer, singer and instrumentalist. She was a member of the coro, or music school, o...
James Nares1715, Apr 191734
 
17811783, Feb 10
 an English composer of mostly sacred vocal works, though he also composed for the harpsichord and...
Johann Philipp Kirnberger1721, Apr 241741
 
17831783, Jul 27
 a musician, composer (primarily of fugues), and music theorist. Kirnberger played a significant r...
Michel Yost17541770
 
17861786, Jul 5
 a famous French clarinetist and cofounder of the French clarinet school. He was a brilliant instr...
Christian Gottlob Neefe17481760
 
17891798
 a German opera composer and conductor. He studied law at Leipzig University, but subsequently ret...
Maddalena Laura Sirmen1745, Dec 91766
 
17891818, May 18
 an Italian composer, violinist, and later unsuccessful singer. In 1771, she debuted her "Concerto...
Franz Christoph Neubauer1760, May1780
 
 
17891795, Oct 11
 a German composer and violinist, Bohemian origin. Neubauer's life is preserved only in fragments,...
Francis Hopkinson1737, Sep 211761
 
17911791, May 9
 designed the first official American flag. He was an author, a composer, and one of the signers o...
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart1756, Jan 271761
 
17911791, Dec 5
 a prolific and influential composer of the Classical era, born in Salzburg. Mozart showed prodigi...
Carl Michael Bellman1740, Feb 41768
 
17911795, Feb 11
 a Swedish songwriter, composer, musician, poet and entertainer. He is a central figure in the Swe...
Carlo Zuccari1704, Nov 101720
 
17921792, May 3
 an Italian composer and violinist of the late Baroque and early classical; he worked mainly in Mi...
Claude Balbastre1724, Dec 81750
 
17921799, May 9
 a French composer, organist, harpsichordist and fortepianist. He was one of the most famous music...
Benjamin Cooke1734, Nov 281743
 
17931793, Sep 14
 an English composer, organist and teacher. He was the organist at Westminster Abbey, master of th...
William Billings1746, Oct 71770
 
17941800, Sep 26
  regarded as the first American choral composer. He possibly received musical instruction from Jo...
Polly Young17491755
 
17951799
 an English soprano, composer and keyboard player. Following her marriage, Young mostly appeared i...
Justin Morgan1747, Feb 281771
 
17981798, Mar 22
 a U.S. horse breeder and composer. Morgan was a composer, best known for his hymns and fuguing tu...
Mme Delavalunknown1790
 
 
17991802
 an English harpist, pianist and composer. She was born into the Delaval family of Seaton Delaval,...
Yevstigney Fomin1761, Aug 51785
 
 
18001800, Apr 16
 a Russian opera composer of the 18th century. He composed about 30 operas. The most successful fo...
Agata della Pietaunknown1800
 
 
1800unknown
 an Italian composer, singer, and teacher of music. Only two motet settings by della Pietà, a Nov...
Katerina Maierunknown1800
 
 
1800unknown
  a Russian composer, the daughter of violinist and composer Luigi Schiatti, and played in the cou...
Carlos Baguer1768, Mar1786
 
 
18011808, Feb 29
 a Spanish classical era composer and organist. Perhaps Baguer's most important works are his nine...
Joseph Haydn1732, Mar 311739
 
18031809, May 31
 a prominent and prolific Austrian composer of the Classical period. He was instrumental in the de...
Andre Ernest Modeste Gretry17411759
 
18031813
 a composer from the Prince-Bishopric of Liège (present-day Belgium), who worked from 1767 onward...
Johann Christoph Kellner1736, Aug 151762
 
18031803
 a German organist and composer, the son of Johann Peter Kellner. He wrote a treatise on music the...
Joseph Abaco1710, Mar 271729
 
18051805, Aug 31
 an Italian violoncellist and composer. He wrote nearly 40 cello sonatas, the Capricci for Violonc...
Madame Ravissaunknown1778
 
18071807
 an Italian singer and composer. She was from Turin, but apparently lived in Paris from 1778 until...
Alexander Reinagle17561786
 
 
18071809
 an English-born American composer, organist, and theater musician. His earliest compositions, fro...
Joseph Quesnel1746, Nov 151766
 
18091809, Jul 2/3
 a French Canadian composer, poet, and playwright. Among his works were two operas, Colas et Colin...
Ekaterina Likoshinunknown1800
 
 
18101810
 a Russian pianist and composer who published short works for keyboard in St. Petersburg through p...
Friedrich Heinrich Himmel17651794
 
 
18131814
 a German composer, was born at Treuenbrietzen in Brandenburg, Prussia, and originally studied the...
Jean-Baptiste Davaux1742, Jul 191760
 
18161822, Feb 2
 a French violinist and composer. He started playing the violin and the mandolin. In 1767 Davaux w...
Wilhelm Friedrich Ernst Bach1759, May 241780
 
 
18191845, Dec 25
  the only grandson of Johann Sebastian Bach to gain fame as a composer. He was music director to ...
William Herschel1738, Nov 151774
 
18201822, Aug 25
 a German-born British astronomer, composer, and brother of Caroline Herschel. His interest in ast...
Wenzel Muller1767, Sep 261786
 
18301835, Aug 3
 an Austrian composer and conductor. He was a popular and prolific composer producing more than 25...
Ludwig Abeille1761, Feb 201782
 
18321838, Mar 2
 a German pianist and composer. He wrote several folk songs, concerts, and two operas, Amor und Ps...
Vincenzo Bellini1801, Nov 31807
 
18351835, Sep 23
 an Italian opera composer. His most celebrated works are the operas La sonnambula and Norma. On a...
Niccolo Paganini17821800
 
18361840
 an Italian violinist, violist, guitarist, and composer. He was the most celebrated violin virtuos...
Thomas Attwood [1]1765, Nov 231787
 
18381838, Mar 24
 an English composer and organist. His compositions, which show the influence of his teacher Wolfg...
Karol Kurpinski1785, Mar 61797
 
18401857, Sep 18
 a Polish composer, conductor and pedagogue. Kurpinski was one of the most revered composers befor...
Erik Gustaf Geijer1783, Jan 121803
 
18461847, Apr 23
 a Swedish writer, historian, poet, philosopher, and composer. His writings served to promote Swed...
Isaac Nathan1791 ca1813
 
18471864, Jan 15
 an Anglo-Australian composer, musicologist, journalist and self-publicist, who ended an eventful ...
Felix Mendelssohn1809, Feb 31818
 
18471847, Nov 4
 a German composer, pianist, organist and conductor of the early Romantic period. He was recognise...
Frederic Chopin1810, Mar 11817
 
18481849, Oct 17
 a Polish composer and virtuoso pianist of the Romantic era, who wrote primarily for the solo pian...
Giacomo Meyerbeer1791, Sep 51811
 
18611864, May 2
 a German opera composer of Jewish birth who has been described as perhaps the most successful sta...
Gioachino Rossini17921804
 
18641868
 an Italian composer who wrote 39 operas as well as sacred music, chamber music, songs, and some i...
Saverio Mercadante1795, Sep1817
 
18701870, Dec 17
 an Italian composer, particularly of operas. While Mercadante may not have retained the internati...
Franz Liszt1811, Oct 221820
 
18851886, Jul 31
 a prolific 19th-century Hungarian composer, virtuoso pianist, conductor, music teacher, arranger,...
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