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Before the advent of photography, if you wanted a picture of something or someone, you had to draw it yourself -- or hire someone to do it for you. Artists (at least the good ones) could make a good living painting portraits, cityscapes, scenes of commoners, or still lifes; and also preserving for us the particulars of their lives, the styles of their clothes and houses and the details of their world. Here are some whose works have lived beyond their lifetimes.
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Jacobus Cornelis Gaal

borndied
17961866
a Dutch painter and etcher. Gaal was born in East Souburg to a family of painters and etchers. A pupil of his own father, Gaal's focus were portraits and manufacturing miniatures including one of his father, Pieter. Some of his paintings were displayed in exhibitions in Middelburg 1822, Amsterdam 1852, and The Hague 1853. He painted portraits of King William...
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Barent Gael

borndied
1630 ca1698
a Dutch Golden Age landscape painter. He painted Italianate landscapes and was prominent in the Haarlem Guild of St. Luke by 1642. His latest known dated painting is from 1679, but his paintings are rarely dated.
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Eduard Gaertner

borndied
unknownunknown
a German painter who specialized in depictions of urban architecture. In 1821, he accepted a position as a decorative painter in the studios of Carl Wilhelm Gropius, the Royal Court Theater painter, where he remained until 1825. During this time, he became increasingly attracted to architectural painting. Upon his return to Berlin, he became a free-lance pai...
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Thomas Gainsborough

borndied
17271788
an English portrait and landscape painter, draughtsman, and printmaker. He surpassed his rival Sir Joshua Reynolds to become the dominant British portraitist of the second half of the 18th century. He painted quickly, and the works of his maturity are characterised by a light palette and easy strokes. He preferred landscapes to portraits, and is credited (wi...
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Fede Galizia

borndied
15781630
an Italian Renaissance painter, a pioneer of the still life genre. Fede Galizia painted portraits, miniatures and altarpieces, but the most important part of her oeuvre, for which she earned her place in art history, are her still lifes. Most of these works featured fruit centerpieces in simple, frontal arrangements. They were often composed of a basket or b...
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Cornelis Galle

borndied
15761650
a Flemish artist, orn at Antwerp in 1576, and was taught engraving by his father. He followed the example of his brother Theodoor in visiting Rome, where he resided for several years and acquired a correctness of design and a freedom of execution in which he greatly surpassed both his father and his brother. After engraving several plates at Rome, he return...
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Hieronymus Galle

borndied
16251679
a Flemish painter, who specialized in still lifes of fruit and flowers and hunting pieces. He collaborated with his fellow painters on garland paintings. He was known mainly for his flower and fruit still lifes. He also painted hunting pieces and garland paintings. He is further known for vanitas paintings. About 15 signed and dated paintings executed betwee...
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Gansevoort Limner

bornactivedied
unknown1730-1745unknown
The designation "Gansevoort Limner" was given to the unkown painter of a stylistically coherent group of portraits depicting members of the Gansevoort family. Mary Black has identified The Gansevoort Limner as Pieter Vanderlyn, which some scholars accept. No signed portraits by Vanderlyn exist, however, and over the years controversy has continued over Vande...
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Juan Garcia de Miranda

aka: Juan García
borndied
16771749
a Spanish painter of the baroque period, a disciple of Juan Delgado and the uncle of Pedro Rodriguez de Miranda. He was appointed Painter to the King. Juan García de Miranda was born of Asturian parents at Madrid, and studied painting under Juan Delgado, producing chiefly devotional pictures, particularly Immaculate Conceptions, for private patrons. Born wi...
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Nicolas Garcia de Miranda

aka: García de Miranda
borndied
16981738
a Spanish artist. The brother and disciple of Juan García de Miranda, he mostly painted landscapes with religious figures. There is very little additional information about the details of his life.


Franz Gareis

borndied
unknownunknown
a painter born in Marienthal who studied at Dresden under Casanova. Afterwards, he went to Rome, where his picture of Orpheus in the Lower World gained him a considerable reputation. Unfortunately he died in Rome at the early age of twenty-seven.
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Jan Antoon Garemijn

borndied
17121799
a Flemish painter and engraver, was born at Bruges, and studied under Louis Boons and Matthias de Visch. He painted numerous altar-pieces for the churches at Bruges and Courtrai; and others for private persons at Brussels and Ghent. His pictures are highly esteemed by his countrymen for their warmth of colouring. He painted several pictures in imitation of R...
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Cross-listed in PiratesNavalWriters

Ambroise Louis Garneray

borndied
1783, Feb 191857, Sep 11
a French corsair, painter and writer. He served under Robert Surcouf and Jean-Marie Dutertre, and was held prisoner by the British for eight years. At thirteen, he joined the Navy as a seaman, encouraged by his cousin, Beaulieu-Leloup, commander of the frigate F...
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Auguste-Simeon Garneray

aka: Auguste-Siméon
borndied
17851824
a French troubadour style painter. The second of three sons of the painter Jean-François Garneray, Auguste-Siméon studied under Jean-Baptiste Isabey and himself taught queen Hortense and later the duchesse de Berry. He also designed costumes for the Paris Opera. He produced the watercolours commissioned by empress Marie Louise for a Histoire de Mlle de La ...
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Hippolyte Jean-Baptiste Garneray

borndied
17871858
a French painter. There is very little information available about the details of his life. He was the third son of the painter Jean-François Garneray. He was active in history painting, marine painting, engraving, landscape art and watercolour, whose works include Un perron époque more
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Jean-Francois Garneray

aka: Jean-François
borndied
17551837, Jun 11
a French painter. He was a student of Jacques-Louis David. There is very little information about the details of his life. He had three children (all sons), each of whom also became a painter. He was born in Paris and died in Auteuil.
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Friedrich Gartner

aka: Gärtner
borndied
18241905
a German architectural painter. He was born in Munich, the son of the architect Friedrich von Gärtner, with whom he went to Athens in 1840. After his return, he studied at the Academy and under Simonsen, of Copenhagen, then in Paris (1846) under Claudius Jacquand; visited Spain and Morocco in 1848, lived again in Paris, in 1851-57, and settled in Munich, wh...
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Anna Rosina de Gasc

borndied
unknownunknown
a German portrait painter. In 1757, she was appointed as court painter by Frederick Augustus of Anhalt-Zerbst. During her ten-year stay at the court, she painted a gallery of forty ladies. Later, she moved to the ducal court in Brunswick, where she received a generous grant from Duchess Philippine Charlotte of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel.
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Friedrich Gauermann

borndied
1807, Sep 101862, Jul 7
The son of the landscape painter Jacob Gauermann (1773–1843), he was born at Miesenbach near Gutenstein in Lower Austria. He was an early representative of the Veristic style devoted to nature in all its diversity. Under his father's direction he began studies in landscape, and he also diligently copied the works of the chief masters in animal painting whi...
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Jakob Gauermann

borndied
17731843
a German landscape and genre painter and engraver, was born at Oeffingen, near Stuttgart, in 1773. He at first worked as a stonemason at Hohenheim, but his strong inclination for drawing brought him to the knowledge of Duke Charles I of Württemberg, who enabled him to receive an education in art. After this he travelled for six years in Switzerland, but in ...
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Giovanni Battista Gaulli

aka: Baciccio, Baciccia
borndied
16391709
an Italian artist working in the High Baroque and early Rococo periods. He is best known for his grand illusionistic vault frescos in the Church of the Gesù in Rome, Italy. His work was influenced by Gian Lorenzo Bernini. . He was a celebrated artist of the Roman High Baroque. Worship of the Holy Name of Jesus (1674-1679) is his most noted work
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Richard Gaywood

bornactivedied
unknown1650-1680unknown
an English engraver. He was a pupil of Wenceslaus Hollar, and worked in his style. A friend of Francis Barlow, he engraved many of his designs. Gaywood was prolific, the bulk of his work consisting of portraits and frontispieces to books, for which he was widely employed by publishers. Much of his work was for Peter Stent. Gaywood is noted for his etchings o...
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Ernst Gebauer

aka: Paul Ernst
bornactivedied
1782, May 231797-18651865, Jul 7
a German painter. Very little information is available about his life. He was born in Lietzen and died in Berlin. He mainly produced portraits, done in oils. His works from the War of Liberation against Napoleon's rule are particularly well known.
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Martinus Josephus Geeraerts

aka: Marten Jozef
borndied
17071791
a Flemish historical painter, born at Antwerp, was intended for the law, and studied in the Jesuits' College. Preferring art, however, he became a pupil of Abraham Godijn, and was made free of the Guild of St. Luke in 1731. In 1741 he became one of the six directors of the Academy of Antwerp, who filled that office gratuitously. He died at Antwerp in 1791. H...
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Josef Anton Gegenbauer

borndied
1800, Mar 61876, Jan 31
an accomplished German historical and portrait painter. He studied first at the Royal Academy in Munich under Robert von Langer, remaining in that city from 1815 to 1823. Among his productions there were two idyllic works, a "Saint Sebastian" and a "Madonna and Child", altar-piece for his native town. In 1823 the painter went to Rome, where he remained until...
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Jozef Geirnaert

borndied
17911859
a 19th-century painter from Belgium. There is very little information about the details of his life. He was born in Eeklo and died in Ghent. According to the RKD he was the pupil of Joseph Paelinck and Willem Jacob Herreyns. He is known for portraits and historical allegories, and became the teacher of Edouard Auguste Wallays and Jacques Louis Godineau.
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Georg Geldorp

aka: George, Jorge
borndied
1580/951665, Nov 4
a Flemish painter who was mainly active in England where he was known for his portraits and history paintings. He was also active as an art dealer and impresario. His work was generally less accomplished and his portraits more stiffly articulated than that of similar painters such as Daniel Mijtens. However, the surfaces of his paintings are decorative and t...
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Gortzius Geldorp

borndied
15531618
a Flemish Renaissance artist who was active in Germany where he distinguished himself through his portrait paintings. Geldorp was mainly a painter of individual and group portraits. Van Mander also mentions some history paintings such as a Diana, a Susanna, an Evangelist, the History of Esther and Ahasverus and two busts of Christ und Mary. There are 70 know...
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Melchior Geldorp

borndied
1609 ca1637 ca
worked in Cologne and was probably the son or nephew of Gortzius Geldorp.
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Claude Gelee

aka: Gelée, Claude Lorrain
borndied
16001682, Nov 23
a French painter, draughtsman and engraver of the Baroque era. He spent most of his life in Italy, and is admired for his achievements in landscape painting. As seen in his painting The Embarkation of the Queen of Sheba, Claude was innovative in including the sun itself as a source of light in his paintings. In Rome, it was not until the mid-17th century tha...
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Bonaventura Genelli

borndied
1798, Sep 281868, Nov 13
a German painter. Buonaventura Genelli first took lessons from his father and then became a student of the Berlin academy. After serving his time in the guards he went with a stipend to Rome, where he lived ten years, a friend and assistant to Joseph Anton Koch, a colleague of the sculptor Ernst Hähnel, Reinhart, Overbeck and Führich, all of whom made a na...
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Abraham Genoels

aka: Genouil
borndied
16401723
a Flemish Baroque painter, draughtsman and engraver now mainly known for his landscape drawings and etchings. He had an international career that saw him work in Paris, Rome and Antwerp. In his lifetime, the paintings of Genoels were very highly regarded but his reputation dwindled after the eighteenth century. This may be the reason why so few of his major ...
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Artemisia Gentileschi

borndied
1593, Jul 81656 ca
an Italian Baroque painter, today considered one of the most accomplished painters in the generation following that of Caravaggio. In an era when women painters were not easily accepted by the artistic community or patrons, she was the first woman to become a memb...
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Orazio Gentileschi

borndied
15631639
an Italian painter. Born in Tuscany, he began his career in Rome, painting in a Mannerist style, much of his work consisting of painting the figures within the decorative schemes of other artists. After 1600, he came under the influence of the more naturalistic style of more
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Eduard Gerhardt

borndied
18131888
a German painter and lithographer. He began his career as a lithographer, and then studied architecture at Cologne and under Semper at Dresden. In 1837 or 1838 he took up painting at Munich. A series of views of Cologne Cathedral attracted the attention of Frederick William IV of Prussia, whose assistance enabled Gerhardt to continue his studies in 1848 in I...
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Theodore Gericault

aka: Théodore Géricault
borndied
1791, Sep 261824, Jan 26
an influential French painter and lithographer, known for The Raft of the Medusa and other paintings. Although he died young, he was one of the pioneers of the Romantic movement. Géricault's first major work, The Charging Chasseur, exhibited at the Paris Salon of 1812, revealed the influence of the style of Rubens and an interest in the depiction of contemp...
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Cross-listed in Sculptors

Jean-Leon Gerome

aka: Jean-Léon Gérôme
borndied
1824, May 111904, Jan 10
a French painter and sculptor in the style now known as Academicism. The range of his oeuvre included historical painting, Greek mythology, Orientalism, portraits, and other subjects, bringing the Academic painting tradition to an artistic climax. He is considered one of the most important painters from this academic period, and in addition to being a painte...
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Cross-listed in WritersPerformers

Ludwig Geyer

borndied
1779, Jan 211821, Sep 30
a German actor, playwright, and painter. Geyer grew up in Artern and attended gymnasium in Eisleben. He started studying jurisprudence at the University of Leipzig but had to quit in 1799 when his father died after an accident. Geyer turned his hobby to his profession and earned the living expenses for his family by selling small portrait paintings. In 1801 ...
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Marcus Gheeraerts the Elder

borndied
1520 ca1590 ca
a Flemish printmaker and painter associated with the English court of the mid-16th century and mainly remembered as the illustrator of the 1567 edition of Aesop's Fables. Gheeraerts is most noteworthy as a printmaker. He was a keen innovator and experimented with etching at a time when woodcut and engraving were dominant techniques. Less is known about Gheer...
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Marcus Gheeraerts the Younger

aka: Gerards, Geerards
borndied
1561/62 ca1636, Jan 19
a Flemish artist working at the Tudor court, described as "the most important artist of quality to work in England in large-scale between Eworth and Van Dyck" He was brought to England as a child by his father Marcus Gheeraerts the Elder, also a painter. He became a fashionable portraitist in the last decade of the reign of Elizabeth I under the patronage of...
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Ridolfo Ghirlandaio

borndied
1483, Feb 141561, Jun 6
an Italian Renaissance painter active mainly in Florence. Ridolfo Ghirlandaio was the son of the Italian Renaissance painter Domenico Ghirlandaio. His works between the dates 1504 and 1508 show a marked influence from Fra Bartolomeo and Raphael, with whom he was friends. From Rome in 1508, Raphael asked Ridolfo to join him; but the Florentine painter stayed....
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Corrado Giaquinto

borndied
17031765
an Italian Rococo painter. In 1723, he moved to Rome to work in the studio of Sebastiano Conca. He painted in San Lorenzo in Damaso, San Giovanni Calibita, and the ceiling at Santa Croce in Gerusalemme. In March 1727, with Giuseppe Rossi as an assistant, Giaquinto opened an independent studio near the Ponte Sisto, in the parish of Saint Giovanni of the Malva...
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Sanford Robinson Gifford

borndied
1823, Jul 101880, Aug 29
an American landscape painter and one of the leading members of the Hudson River School. Gifford's landscapes are known for their emphasis on light and soft atmospheric effects, and he is regarded as a practitioner of Luminism, an offshoot style of the Hudson River School. Like most Hudson River School artists, Gifford traveled extensively to find scenic lan...
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Franciscus Gijsbrechts

borndied
16491677+
a Flemish Baroque painter. According to the RKD he was the son of Cornelis Norbertus Gijsbrechts and Anna Moons. He worked in Copenhagen in 1672 and is possibly the same person as Franciscus Gijsbrecht active in 1674 in Leiden. The last known record of him is that he became master in the Antwerp Guild of St. Luke in 1673. He is known for vanitas and tromp l'...
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Cross-listed in Educators

John Conrad Gilbert

borndied
17341812
As a schoolmaster, John Conrad Gilbert also wrote wills, made Fraktur and read sermons. He was born in Hoffenheim, Germany, to Johann Georg Gilbert and Anna Elisabeth Gruber. The family immigrated in 1750 and settled in Douglas Township, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania. Conrad Gilbert married Anna Elisabetha Steltz in 1757 and they raised 13 children. He was...
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Jan Pauwel Gillemans the Elder

borndied
16181675
a Flemish Baroque painter. According to the RKD he was a member of the Antwerp Guild of St. Luke from 1648 until 1675 and is known for flower and fruit still lifes in the manner of Jan Davidsz de Heem. He became the teacher of his son Jan Pauwel Gillemans the Younger and Jan Frans van Son.
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Jan Pauwel Gillemans the Younger

borndied
16511704
a Flemish Baroque painter. According to the Rijksbureau voor Kunsthistorische Documentatie (RKD), he was the son and pupil of Jan Pauwel Gillemans the Elder and is known for flower and fruit still lifes. In 1665-1666, he was the pupil of Joris van Son and in 1673-1674 he became master in the Antwerp Guild of St. Luke. In 1675, he received a fine in Middelbur...
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Jacob Gillig

aka: Jakob, Gellig
borndied
1636 ca1701, Jul 24
a Dutch Golden Age painter of still lifes, usually of fish. Although he produced several portraits, it is for painting fish that he is best known. Gillig was born and died in Utrecht. He apparently did not begin painting until his twenties, never registered as a master with the Utrecht Guild of Painters, and worked a merchant and then as a prison warden.
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Sawrey Gilpin

borndied
1733, Oct 301807, Mar 8
an English animal painter, illustrator, and etcher who specialised in paintings of horses and dogs. He was made a Royal Academician. Many of his pictures of horses, dogs, and sporting scenes were engraved, notably The Death of the Fox (Royal Academy, 1788), engraved by John Scott (1774–1827); and Heron-Hawking (Society of Artists, 1780), engraved by Thomas...
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Luca Giordano

borndied
1634, Oct 181705, Jan 12
an Italian late Baroque painter and printmaker in etching. Fluent and decorative, he worked successfully in Naples and Rome, Florence and Venice, before spending a decade in Spain. He acquired the nickname Luca fa presto, which translates into "Luca paints quickly." His speed, in design as well as handiwork, and his versatility, which enabled him to imitate ...
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Giorgione

aka: Giorgio Barbarelli da Castelfranco
borndied
1477/78 ca1510
an Italian painter of the Venetian school in the High Renaissance from Venice, whose career was cut off by his death at a little over 30. Giorgione is known for the elusive poetic quality of his work, though only about six surviving paintings are acknowledged for certain to be his work. The resulting uncertainty about the identity and meaning of his art has ...
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Palma Giovane

borndied
1548/501628, Oct 14
an Italian Mannerist painter from Venice. After Tintoretto's death (1594), Palma became Venice's dominant artist perpetuating his style. Outside Venice, he received numerous commissions in the area of Bergamo, then part of the Venetian Domini di Terraferma, and in Central Europe, most prominently from the connoisseur emperor Rudolph II in Prague. Adding natu...
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Jean Girardet

borndied
17091778
a French painter of portrait miniatures. Girardet was born in Lunéville, and initially tried a number of fields including as a seminarian, a law student, and a cavalry officer. He settled on art after enrolling in Nancy-Université, under the direction of Claude Charles (1661-1747). He completed his studies in 1738. He became a talented portraitist, and be...
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Anne-Louis Girodet de Roussy-Trioson

borndied
1767, Jan 51824, Dec 9
a French painter and pupil of Jacques-Louis David, who was part of the beginning of the Romantic movement by adding elements of eroticism through his paintings. Girodet is remembered for his precise and clear style and for his paintings of members of the Napoleonic family.
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Marie-Suzanne Giroust

aka: Madame Roslin
borndied
1734, Mar 91772, Aug 31
a French painter, miniaturist and pastellist. She was a member of the Académie de peinture et de sculpture. She was married to the Swedish painter Alexander Roslin. Giroust was active as an artist from the 1750s. She fell in love with the Swedish artist Alexander Roslin when she met him in the Wien studio in 1752. She wished to marry him, but was prevented ...
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Thomas Girtin

borndied
1775, Feb 181802, Nov 9
an English painter and etcher. A friend and rival of J. M. W. Turner, Girtin played a key role in establishing watercolour as a reputable art form. While a youth, Girtin became friends with J. M. W. Turner and the teenagers were employed to colour prints with watercolours. Girtin exhibited at the Royal Academy from 1794. His architectural and topographical s...
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Johannes Glauber

borndied
16461726 ca
a Dutch Golden Age painter. After the death of his father, he travelled with his brother Johannes Gottlieb Glauber and the two brothers Van Doren by boat to Paris, where he stayed a year painting for Mr. Picart, an art dealer on the Pont Neuf who was a flower painter from the Low Countries. Then he travelled to Lyon, where he stayed for two years painting fo...
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Charles Gleyre

borndied
1806, May 21874, May 5
a Swiss artist, resident in France from an early age. He took over the studio of Paul Delaroche in 1843 and taught a number of younger artists who became prominent. He began his formal artistic education in Lyon under Bonnefond, before moving to Paris, where he enrolled at the École des Beaux-Art under Hersent. He also attended the Academie Suisse and studi...
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Abraham Godijn

aka: Goddijn, Goddyn
borndied
1655/561724+
a Flemish painter who, after a stay in Italy, worked for a time as a court painter in Prague where he produced magnificent Baroque frescos. He later returned to Antwerp. Details about his life are scarce. Abraham Godijn was probably born in 1655 or 1656 in Antwerp where he studied under the prominent history painter Hendrik Herregouts. He became in 1681 a me...
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Cross-listed in Astronomers

Hermann Goldschmidt

bornactivedied
1802, Jun 171820-18621866, Apr 26
a German-French astronomer and painter who spent much of his life in France. He started out as a painter, but after attending a lecture by the famous French astronomer Urbain Le Verrier turned to astronomy. In 1820, Goldschmidt discovered shadow bands in total solar eclipses.
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Hendrick Goltzius

borndied
1558, Jan/Feb1617, Jan 1
a German-born Dutch printmaker, draftsman, and painter. He was the leading Dutch engraver of the early Baroque period, or Northern Mannerism, noted for his sophisticated technique and the "exuberance" of his compositions. According to A. Hyatt Mayor, Goltzius "was the last professional engraver who drew with the authority of a good painter and the last who i...
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Vicente Salvador Gomez

aka: Gómez
borndied
1637 ca1678
a Spanish Baroque painter. Gómez was born in Valencia into a family of artists. He was the son of the painter Pedro Salvador, and he would start in the practice of painting with his brother Luciano, who would also become a painter of some renown imitating Flemish painting. In Valencia he starred as an "Academic Major" in the academy established in the conve...
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Andre Goncalves [2]

aka: André Gonçalves
borndied
16851754
a Portuguese painter. He was one of the first artists in his country to adopt French and Italian styles of painting, as opposed to the prevailing Spanish styles. Many of his works were destroyed or severely damaged in the Lisbon earthquake of 1755.
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Bartolome Gonzalez y Serrano

aka: Bartolomé González y Serrano
borndied
15641627
a Spanish Baroque painter, specializing in painting portraits, which is shown as a continuation of Renaissance court portraits type practiced by Alonso Sánchez Coello and especially by Juan Pantoja de la Cruz. González was born in Valladolid, and studied under Patricio Caxés and Juan Pantoja de la Cruz. He moved to Madrid, where he is documented from 1607...
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Elizabeth Goodridge

borndied
17981882
an American painter who specialized in miniatures. She was the younger sister of Sarah Goodridge, also an American miniaturist. Goodridge was born in Templeton, Massachusetts, the seventh child and fourth daughter of Ebenezer Goodridge and his wife Beulah Childs. Eliza's earliest miniatures date from the late 1820s and are similar in style to her sister's wo...
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Sarah Goodridge

aka: Goodrich
borndied
1788, Feb 51853, Dec 28
an American painter who specialized in portrait miniatures. She was the older sister of Elizabeth Goodridge, also an American miniaturist. In 1820, she went to live with her sister Eliza in Boston and began receiving lessons and painting miniature portraits of exceptional quality. Her work continued to improve and she earned enough from commissions to suppor...
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Jan Gossaert

aka: Jan Mabuse, Jennyn van Hennegouwe
borndied
1478 ca1532, Oct 1
Gossaert shows Antwerp influence in the large altar-pieces previously located at Castle Howard and Scawby. The bright and decided contrasts of pigment in colored reliefs are like Hans Memling, and the cornered and packed drapery are like Van der Weyden, while the bold but Socratic cast of face are like the works of Quentin Matsys.
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Nikolaus Gottfried

borndied
16881749
a Bavarian court painter in the Baroque. Nikolaus Gottfried went to the teaching with his father Caspar Gottfried and worked in Untersendling on the ceiling fresco of the parish church there. He is known for an altar of the monastery church in Aldersbach and for the redesign of the high altar of the parish church of St. Peter in Munich. He came to Franconia ...
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Jakob Gotzenberger

aka: Götzenberger
borndied
1802, Nov 41866, Oct 6
a German mural painter and portraitist, a pupil of Peter Cornelius. He spent much of the later part of his career in England. In 1847 he moved to England, where he painted portraits, interiors, and a few decorative schemes, including one for Lord Ellesmere, at Bridgewater House, London, where he not only executed the paintings, but also designed the stucco a...
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Anton Goubau

aka: Goebouw
borndied
16161698
a Flemish Baroque painter known for his landscapes and genre paintings in the style of the Bamboccianti and his history paintings with mythological and religious themes. Goubau is best known as a painter of market scenes placed in a Roman or Mediterranean setting, often decorated with many small figures in the style of the Bamboccianti. The name Bamboccianti...
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Hendrick Goudt

borndied
1583 ca1648, Dec 17
a Dutch Golden Age painter, printmaker and draftsman of landscapes and religious subjects who was strongly influenced by Adam Alzheimer. Hendrick worked with Elsheimer in Rome until the latter's death in 1610. By 1611, Hendrick had returned to Utrecht, where he became a member of the newly founded Utrecht Guild of Saint Luke in that year. Upon his return in ...
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Abraham Govaerts

aka: Goevaerts, Gouvaert, Goyvaert, Goyvaerts, Godvarte, Goijvaerts
borndied
15891626, Sep 9
a Flemish painter who specialized in small cabinet-sized forest landscapes in the manner of Jan Brueghel the Elder and Gillis van Coninxloo. Govaerts was known for his landscape paintings, usually wooded landscapes with a diminutive history, mythological or biblical subject or a hunting scene. His landscapes initially followed the Mannerist style of the thre...
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George Gower

borndied
1540 ca1596
an English portrait painter who became Serjeant Painter to Queen Elizabeth I in 1581. Very little is known about his early life except that he was a grandson of Sir John Gower of Stittenham, Yorkshire. His earliest documented works are the two 1573 companion portraits of Sir Thomas Kytson and his wife Lady Kytson, now in the Tate Gallery in London. Gower was...
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Francisco Goya

borndied
1746, Mar 301828, Apr 16
a Spanish romantic painter and printmaker. He is considered the most important Spanish artist of late 18th and early 19th centuries and throughout his long career was a commentator and chronicler of his era. Immensely successful in his lifetime, Goya is often referred to as both the last of the Old Masters and the first of the moderns.
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Barend Graat

borndied
1628, Sep 211709, Nov 4
a Dutch painter of history- and altarpieces, landscapes and portraits in the Golden Age. He is also known as a printmaker and draughtsman. Though he never traveled to Italy, he became proficient in making small Italianate landscapes and genre pieces in the manner of Pieter van Laer. He signed his works B. Graat fecit. He was quite good at painting farm anima...
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Gustav Graef

borndied
1821, Dec 141895, Jan 6
a German painter, primarily of portraits and historical subjects. In 1842, he entered the University of Königsberg, where he was an enthusiastic member of the Student Corps and produced his first lithographs. In 1849, he received the contract to paint frescoes in the south dome hall of the Neues Museum; designed by Wilhelm von Kaulbach, depicting Widukind's...
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Albert Grafle

aka: Gräfle
borndied
18091889
a German historical, genre, and portrait painter. He was born at Freiburg, where he studied philosophy at the university. In 1827, he became the pupil of Peter von Cornelius and Julius Schnorr von Carolsfeld at the Munich Academy, and from 1840 studied under Franz Xaver Winterhalter in Paris, where he was awarded a gold medal in 1846. After traveling in Fran...
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Jean Ignace Isidore Gerard Grandville

aka: Jean Ignace Isidore Gérard, Jean-Jacques, J. J. Grandville
borndied
1803, Sep 131847, Mar 17
a French caricaturist. At the age of twenty-one he moved to Paris, and soon afterwards published a collection of lithographs entitled Les Tribulations de la petite proprieté. He followed this with Les Plaisirs de tout âge and La Sibylle des salons (1827); but the work which first established his fame was Les Métamorphoses du jourmore
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Benjamin Greenleaf

bornactivedied
1769, jan 131803-18181821, Jan 10
painter was once thought to be identical to Benjamin Greenleaf (1786-1805) the prominent American educator. In 1981, however, the artist was revealed to be a different individual. He painted the members of many families that were related through intermarriage, and seems to have relied on word-of-mouth, rather than newspaper or other advertising, to obtain co...
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John Greenwood

borndied
17271792
an early American portrait painter and engraver. Greenwood was born in Boston, Massachusetts in 1727. He apprenticed with Thomas Johnston, a sign painter and engraver from 1742 to 1745 where he copied various English works. Besides portraits, Greenwood painted many satirical works. He left Boston in 1752 and traveled to the Dutch colony of Surinam in northea...
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Albert Gregorius

borndied
1774, Oct 261853, Feb 25
a Flemish-Belgian portrait painter and Director of the art academy in Bruges. He soon established a reputation as a portrait painter and formed an association with other expatriate Flemish artists ("De Club van de Belgen"). After exhibiting in the Ghent Salon, he entered the Paris Salon in 1812 and would continue to display there annually until his departure...
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Jean-Baptiste Greuze

borndied
1725, Aug 211805, Mar 4
a French painter of portraits, genre scenes, and history painting. Greuze wished to be received as a historical painter, and produced a work which he intended to vindicate his right to despise his qualifications as a genre artist. This unfortunate canvas (Sévère et Caracalla) was exhibited in 1769 side by side with Greuze's portrait of "Jeaurat" and his ad...
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Jan Griffier

borndied
1652 ca1718
a Dutch Golden Age painter who was active in England, where he was admitted to the London Company of Painter-Stainers in 1677. He produced views of Rhineland landscapes as well as of the English countryside, and returned to the Netherlands for a decade after ca 1695, but was engaged for at least two decades in England where he worked for the Dutch painter Ja...
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Abel Grimmer

bornactivedied
1570 ca1586-1620s1625 ca
a Flemish late Renaissance painter, mainly of landscapes and, to a lesser extent, of architectural paintings. His works were important in the development towards more naturalism in Flemish landscape painting. He often signed and dated his panels. His earliest dated work dates from 1586 and his latest dated work reads "162", so it is dated 1620 or later. He i...
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Jacob Grimmer

borndied
15261590
a Flemish landscape painter and draughtsman. His rural scenes and landscapes of views around Antwerp marked an important development in 16th century Flemish landscape painting away from the world landscape with its fantastic panoramas and whimsically-shaped gigantic rocks towards greater simplicity and authenticity. His work influenced the next generation of...
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Cross-listed in Sculptors

Giuseppe Grisoni

aka: Grifon, Grison
bornactivedied
1699, Oct 241715-17691769
an Italian painter and sculptor, noted for his landscapes and historical tableaux. Born in Mons, he studied in Florence under Tommaso Redi, abandoning his Flemish influences for the Italian tradition. In 1715 he travelled to London with John Talman and tried to establish himself as a portrait painter. He did not achieve enough success to stay, however, and r...
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Pieter Anthonisz van Groenewegen

borndied
1590/16001658
a Dutch Golden Age landscape painter. Groenewegen, who was born in Delft, primarily painted landscapes. He traveled to Italy and between ca. 1615-1623 he lived on Via Bocca de Leone in Rome, where he became a member of the Bentvueghels with the nickname "Leeuw"(Lion). He returned to Delft where he became a member of the Guild of Saint Luke in 1626, but spent...
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Friedrich Carl Groger

aka: Gröger
borndied
1766, Oct 141838, Nov 9
a north-German portrait painter and lithographer. One of the most respected portraitists of his time in northern Germany, his works are to be found in several museums, including the Hamburger Kunsthalle, as well as in north German, Holstein and Danish private collections. From 1789 he studied at Berlin's Akademie der Künste. Gröger developed from a miniatu...
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Antoine Jean Gros

aka: Jean-Antoine
borndied
1771, Mar 161835, Jun 25
a French history and neoclassical painter. Born in Paris, Gros began to learn to draw at the age of six from his father, who was a miniature painter, and showed himself as a gifted artist. Towards the close of 1785, Gros, by his own choice, entered the studio of Jacques-Louis David, which he frequented assiduously, continuing at the same time to follow the c...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Francis Grose

borndied
1731, Jun1791, Jun 12
an English antiquary, draughtsman, and lexicographer. Grose had early on shown a keen interest in drawing, having attempted sketches of medieval buildings as far back as 1749, and having taken formal instruction at a drawing school in the mid-1750s. He was not a particularly gifted draughtsman but he mixed in the London artistic milieu and began to exhibit, ...
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Matthias Grunewald

aka: Grünewald
borndied
1470 ca1528, Aug 31
a German Renaissance painter of religious works who ignored Renaissance classicism to continue the style of late medieval Central European art into the 16th century. His first name is also given as Mathis and his surname as Gothart or Neithardt. Only ten paintings--several consisting of many panels--and thirty-five drawings survive, all religious, although m...
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Jacopo Guarana

borndied
1720, Oct 281808, Apr 18
an Italian painter of the late Baroque period, active mainly in Venice and its mainland territories. He was born in Verona. In 1750, he completed frescoes for the interior of Ca' Rezzonico, and in 1780 for the church of San Tomà. He also painted for the church of San Teonisto in Treviso and the Villa Contarini in Cinto Euganeo and helped decorate the Villa ...
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Francesco Guardi

borndied
1712, Oct 51793, Jan 1
an Italian painter of veduta, nobleman, and a member of the Venetian School. He is considered to be among the last practitioners, along with his brothers, of the classic Venetian school of painting. Francesco Guardi, together with Giambattista Pittoni, Giovan Battista Tiepolo, Giovan Battista Piazzetta, Giuseppe Maria Crespi and Canaletto forms the tradition...
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Giovanni Antonio Guardi

aka: Gianantonio
borndied
16991760, Jan 23
an Italian painter and nobleman. Guardi was one of the founders of the Venetian Academy in 1756. He may have received his artistic training in Vienna, where he is first recorded in 1719, but had established a workshop in Venice by 1730. Among his first important clients was the connoisseur and collector Johann Matthias von der Schulenburg, for whom Guardi cr...
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Guercino

aka: Giovanni Francesco Barbieri, Il Guercino
bornactivedied
1591, Feb 81607-16661666, Dec 22
an Italian Baroque painter and draftsman from the region of Emilia, and active in Rome and Bologna. The vigorous naturalism of his early manner is in contrast to the classical equilibrium of his later works. His many drawings are noted for their luminosity and lively style. He was recommended by Marchese Enzo Bentivoglio to the Bolognese Ludovisi Pope, Pope ...
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Pierre Narcisse Guerin

aka: Guérin
borndied
1774, May 131833, Jul 6
a French painter. A pupil of Jean-Baptiste Regnault, he carried off one of the three grands prix offered in 1796, in consequence of the competition not having taken place since 1793. In 1799, his painting Marcus Sextus (Louvre) was exhibited at the Salon and excited wild enthusiasm. Part of this was due to the subject - a victim of Sulla's proscription retur...
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Matthaus Gunther

aka: Matthäus Günther
borndied
unknownunknown
an important German painter and artist of the Baroque and Rococo era. Günther, who was born in Peissenberg (at that time: Tritschengreith), helped develop the rococo style of painting in Bavaria and Tyrol, working on over 40 churches. His known work includes about 70 frescoes and 25 panels. In particular, he was known for his lifelike imagery and lively col...
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Juan Simon Gutierrez

aka: Juan Simón Gutiérrez
borndied
16431718
a Spanish Baroque painter. Gutiérrez was born in Medina-Sidonia. He moved to Seville where met and studied Bartolomé Esteban Murillo, as evidenced by the influence on Gutiérrez's works. He enrolled in the Academia de Bellas Artes (Seville) between 1664 and 1667, the year he married. In 1680 he obtained the position of being responsible for the entrance ex...
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Francis Guy

borndied
17601820
an English-born American Colonial Era painter. Mostly remembered for his topographic views of Brooklyn, Guy is today highly regarded as one of America's earliest and most important landscape artists. Guy was a London silk dyer before he moved to the United States in September 1795, where he intended to continue his career. After a fire destroyed his business...
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Gualterus Gysaerts

borndied
16491677+
a Flemish still life painter who specialized in flower pieces and garlands. Gualterus Gysaerts was born in Antwerp as the nephew (or maybe the cousin) of David Teniers the Younger. He was a pupil of Philip Fruytiers. He became a master in the local Guild of Saint Luke in 1670. He mainly painted still lifes of flowers in vases and paintings with garlands in t...
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Cornelis Norbertus Gysbrechts

borndied
1630 ca1675 ca
a Flemish painter working in Belgium, Germany, Denmark and Sweden in the second half of the seventeenth century. He specialised in still life and trompe-l'œil; an artistic genre aiming to trick contemporary viewers into believing that the painted, two-dimensional illusions were real three-dimensional objects. Gysbrechts was born in Antwerp, where he became ...
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