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PhysiciansScientists
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1749, May 171770-18231823, Jan 26
an English physician and scientist who was the pioneer of smallpox vaccine, the world's first vaccine. The terms "vaccine" and "vaccination" are derived from Variolae vaccinae (smallpox of the cow), the term devised by Jenner to denote cowpox. He used it in 1798 in the long title of his Inquiry into the...Variolae vaccinae...known...[as]...the Cow Pox, in which he described the protective effect of cowpox against smallpox.
 Timeline (2)
05/14/1796-First smallpox inoculation administered, by Edward Jenner
01/21/1799-Edward Jenner's smallpox vaccination is introduced 
 Dictionary Citations (1) • View in Dictionary
Vaccimulgence: Milking of cows. Samuel Taylor Coleridge (BIOGRAPHIA LITERARIA, 1817) looked for a good servant, scientific...
 Contemporaries
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Edward Jenner1749, May 171770
 
18231823, Jan 26

Joseph Warren1741, Jun 111759
 
17751775, Jun 17
 an American physician who played a leading role in American Patriot organizations in Boston in th...
Giuseppe Asclepi17061760
 
17791776
 an Italian astronomer and physician. He was a Jesuit and director of the observatory at the Colle...
M.D.T. Bienvilleunknown1770
 
1779unknown
 an obscure French doctor, he wrote the first full-length study abount nymphomania, entitled Nymph...
Thomas Bond1712, May 21737
 
17841784, Mar 26
 an American physician and surgeon. In 1751 he co-founded the Pennsylvania Hospital, the first med...
Matthew Thornton1713, Mar 171740
 
17861803, Jun 24
 a signer of the United States Declaration of Independence as a representative of New Hampshire. I...
Thomas Walker1715, Jan 251740
 
17891794, Nov 9
 a distinguished physician and explorer from Virginia; in the mid-18th century, he was part of an ...
Lyman Hall1724, Apr 121749
 
17901790, Oct 19
  physician, clergyman, and statesman, was a signer of the United States Declaration of Independen...
Josiah Bartlett1729, Nov 211750
 
17901795, May 19
 an American physician and statesman, delegate to the Continental Congress for New Hampshire, and ...
John Andreeunknown1780
 
 
1799unknown
 an English surgeon. Andree published several books, chiefly on surgical subjects. Through not bei...
George Balfourunknown1790
 
 
1799unknown
 naval surgeon in the U.S. navy
George Bass1771, Jan 301789
 
 
1803unknown
 a British naval surgeon and explorer of Australia. At the age of 18 he was accepted in London as ...
Friedrich Schiller1759, Nov 101781
 
 
18041805, May 9
 a German poet, philosopher, physician, historian, and playwright. During the last seventeen years...
William Batt1744, Jun 181770
 
18091812, Feb 9
 an English physician, chemist, and botanist. On completing his studies he returned to England, bu...
Andrew Grantunknown1800
 
 
1809unknown
 a physician and writer. There is very little information available concerning the details of his ...
Benjamin Rush1745, Dec 241769
 
18121813, Apr 19
 a Founding Father of the United States. Rush was a civic leader in Philadelphia, where he was a p...
Samuel Bard1742, Apr 11765
 
18131821, May 24
 an American physician who founded the first medical school in New York City and the second medica...
David Ramsay1749, Apr 21773
 
 
18151815, May 8
 an American physician, public official, and historian from Charleston, South Carolina. He was one...
Benjamin Smith Barton1766, Feb 101789
 
 
18151815, Dec 19
 an American botanist, naturalist, and physician. Barton corresponded with naturalists throughout ...
Jesse Bennett1769, Jul 101791
 
 
18151842, Jul 13
 the first American physician to perform a successful Caesarean section, which he performed on his...
Nathan Drake1766, Jan 151780
 
 
18171836
 an English essayist and physician. Drake was apprenticed to a doctor in York in 1780, and in 1786...
John Jeffries1745, Feb 51760
 
18191819, Sep 16
 a Boston physician, scientist, and a military surgeon with the British Army in Nova Scotia and Ne...
Benjamin Waterhouse1754, Mar 41782
 
 
18211846, Oct 2
 a physician, co-founder and professor of Harvard Medical School. He is most well known for being ...
Heinrich Wilhelm Matthaus Olbers1758, Oct 111779
 
18271840, Mar 2
 a German physician and astronomer. Olbers discovered and named the asteroid Pallas. Five years l...
William Thornton1759, May 201789
 
18281828, Mar 28
 a British-American physician, inventor, painter and architect who designed the United States Capi...
John Collins Warren1778, Aug 11801
 
18561856, May 4
 an American surgeon. In 1846 he gave permission to William T.G. Morton to provide ether anesthesi...
Pierre Adolphe Piorry1794, Dec 311816
 
18591879, May 29
 a French physician born in Poitiers. He invented pleximetry (a method for the investigation of in...
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