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1744, Jun 181770-18091812, Feb 9
an English physician, chemist, and botanist. On completing his studies he returned to England, but on account of his health he subsequently removed to Genoa, where he obtained an extensive medical practice, and in 1774 was appointed professor of chemistry in the university. Previous to this the study of chemistry in the university of Genoa had been much neglected, but soon after his appointment the lectures were thronged with pupils. He also made a special study of botany, and gathered an extensive collection of rare plants. He was the author of a considerable number of treatises on medical subjects.
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William Batt1744, Jun 181770
 
18091812, Feb 9

David Hume1711, Apr 261736
 
17711776, Aug 25
 a Scottish philosopher, historian, economist, and essayist, who is best known today for his highl...
Tobias Smollett1721, Mar 191748
 
17711771, Sep 17
 a Scottish poet and author. He was best known for his picaresque novels, such as The Adventures o...
Walter Galeunknown1750
 
1771unknown
 the first schoolmaster of the Mayfield Charity School in Mayfield, East Sussex, now the Mayfield ...
Thomas Nugent1700 ca1749
 
17721772, Apr 27
 an erudite Irish historian and travel writer. Today he is known most of all for his travelogue of...
Juniusunknown1769
 
1772unknown
 the pseudonym of a writer who contributed a series of letters to the Public Advertiser, from 21 J...
James Ferguson [3]1710, Apr 251720
 
17731776, Nov 17
  a Scottish astronomer, instrument and globe maker. It is, as the inventor and improver of astron...
Jean-Jacques Rousseau1712, Jun 281739
 
17761778, Jul 2
 a philosopher, writer, and composer of the 18th century. His political philosophy influenced the ...
Voltaire1694, Nov 211713
 
17781778, May 30
 a French Enlightenment writer, historian, and philosopher famous for his wit, his attacks on the ...
Robert Rogers1731, Nov 71746
 
17791795, May 18
 an American colonial frontiersman. Rogers served in the British army during both the French and I...
Thomas Edwards [4]17291751
 
17791785
 an Anglican clergyman and divine. In 1759 Edwards published The Doctrine of Irresistible Grace pr...
George Andrewsunknown1770
 
1779unknown
 a barrister-at-law. Andrews published reports of cases argued in the court of King's Bench during...
M.D.T. Bienvilleunknown1770
 
1779unknown
 an obscure French doctor, he wrote the first full-length study abount nymphomania, entitled Nymph...
Sophia Briscoeunknown1770
 
1779unknown
 an 18th-century English novelist. Little is known of her life. Briscoe was the author of the epis...
Hemmou Talbunknown1760
 
1780unknown
 a Moroccan poet from the 18th century writing in Berber (Tashelhit). His nickname was bab n umarg...
Jose Francisco de Isla1703, Apr 241722
 
17811781, Nov 2
 a Spanish Jesuit, celebrated as a preacher and a humorist and satirist of the stamp of Miguel de ...
Samuel Johnson1709, Sep 181744
 
17811784, Dec 13
 an English writer who made lasting contributions to English literature as a poet, essayist, moral...
John Witherspoon1723, Feb 51745
 
17811794, Nov 15
  a Scots Presbyterian minister and a signatory of the United States Declaration of Independence a...
Cesar-Francois Cassini de Thury1714, Jun 171735
 
17841784, Sep 4
 a French astronomer and cartographer. His chief works are: La méridienne de l’Observatoire Roy...
Benjamin Calau17241743
 
17851785
 a German portrait painter, who used an encaustic technique. He painted some portraits for Johann ...
Patience Wright17251770
 
17851786, Mar 23
 the first recognized American-born sculptor. She chiefly created wax figures of people. She loved...
Rudjer Boscovich1711, May 181740
 
17861787, Feb 13
 a Ragusan physicist, astronomer, mathematician, philosopher, diplomat, poet, theologian, Jesuit p...
Jupiter Hammon1711, Oct 171760
 
17861806 ca
 a black poet who in 1761 became the first African-American writer to be published in the present-...
Maurycy Beniowski1746, Sep 201762
 
17861786, May 23
 a Hungarian nobleman of Polish and Hungarian ancestry. He was an explorer, writer, the self-decla...
Benjamin Franklin1705, Jan 61718
 
17891790, Apr 17
 one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. A renowned polymath, Franklin was a leading aut...
Adam Smith1723, Jun 51748
 
17891790, Jul 17
 a Scottish economist, philosopher, and author. He was a moral philosopher, a pioneer of political...
Ethan Allen1737, Jan 101757
 
17891789, Feb 12
 a farmer, businessman, land speculator, philosopher, writer, lay theologian, and American Revolut...
Isaac Alexanderunknown1770
 
1789unknown
 a German author. He lived in South Germany in the second half of the 18th century, and wrote on p...
John Ledyard1751, Nov1770
 
17891789, Jan 10
 an American explorer and adventurer. In June 1776, Ledyard joined Captain James Cook's third and ...
Mohammed al-Haikunknown1780
 
 
1789unknown
 a Moroccan poet, musician and author of a songbook (el-kunash) comprising eleven nubas, that had ...
Abraham Brookunknown1780
 
 
1789unknown
 an English bookseller in Norwich, now remembered as an experimental physicist, working with elect...
Aaron ben Isaac of Rechnitzunknown1780
 
 
1789unknown
 the author of a midrashic commentary on the Bible, the first portion of which (Genesis) was publi...
James Bruce1730, Dec 141762
 
17901794, Apr 27
 a Scottish traveller and travel writer who spent more than a dozen years in North Africa and Ethi...
Phebe Gibbesunknown1764
 
17901805
 an 18th-century English novelist and early feminist. She authored twenty-two books between 1764 a...
Robert Burns1759, Jan 251775
 
 
17901796, Jul 21
 a Scottish poet and lyricist. He is widely regarded as the national poet of Scotland and is celeb...
Francis Hopkinson1737, Sep 211761
 
17911791, May 9
 designed the first official American flag. He was an author, a composer, and one of the signers o...
Carl Michael Bellman1740, Feb 41768
 
17911795, Feb 11
 a Swedish songwriter, composer, musician, poet and entertainer. He is a central figure in the Swe...
George Whatleyunknown1772
 
 
1791unknown
 a contemporary, friend and correspondent of Benjamin Franklin. He was also Vice-President (1772-1...
Jackson Johonnetunknown1793
 
 
1793unknown
 the pseudonymous author of a spurious Indian captivity narrative that enjoyed much popularity in ...
Henry Emlyn17291781
 
 
17951815, Dec 10
 an English architect. Emlyn published A Proposition for a new Order in Architecture, with rules f...
Sir William Chambers1723, Feb 231740
 
17961796, Mar 10
 a Scottish-Swedish architect, based in London. Among his best-known works are Somerset House, Lon...
Horace Walpole1717, Sep 241737
 
17971797, Mar 2
 an English art historian, man of letters, antiquarian and Whig politician. He had Strawberry Hill...
Giacomo Casanova1725, Apr 21742
 
17971798, Jun 4
 an Italian adventurer and author from the Republic of Venice. His autobiography, Histoire de ma v...
Benjamin Banneker1731, Nov 91753
 
17971806, Oct 9
 a free African American almanac author, surveyor, naturalist and farmer. His knowledge of astrono...
Martha Mearsunknown1797
 
 
1797unknown
 an eighteenth-century midwife and author. Mears was a midwife, mother, and author in London, Engl...
Margaretta Faugeres1771, Oct 111790
 
 
17981801, Jan 9
 She was an American playwright, poet and political activist. She was committed to establishing he...
Ashley Bowen1728, Jan 81741
 
17991813
 the first American sailor to write an autobiography. Although Bowen's career as a sailor was not ...
John Andreeunknown1780
 
 
1799unknown
 an English surgeon. Andree published several books, chiefly on surgical subjects. Through not bei...
Mercy Harbisonunknown1790
 
 
1799unknown
 a young American woman living in the decades immediately following the Revolutionary War, who was...
John Adams [2]1735, Oct 301797
 
 
18011826, Jul 4
 an American lawyer, author, statesman, and diplomat. He served as the second President of the Uni...
Eliza Bromleyunknown1784
 
 
1803unknown
 an English novelist and translator. Nothing is really known about the details of her life. Mrs B...
Thomas Paine [2]1736, Jan 291761
 
18041809, Jun 8
 an English-American political activist, philosopher, political theorist and revolutionary. One of...
Jean-Nicolas Demeunier1751, Mar 151789
 
 
18081814, Feb 2
 a French author and politician. It was as a member of the Constitutional Committee that Démeunie...
Jorgen Jorgensen1780, Mar 291807
 
 
18081841, Jan 20
 a Danish adventurer during the Age of Revolution. During the Action of 2 March 1808 his ship was ...
Xosefa Xovellanos1745, Jun 41740
 
18091807
 the younger sister of Asturian politician illustrated Gaspar Melchor de Xovellanos and prominent ...
Joseph Quesnel1746, Nov 151766
 
18091809, Jul 2/3
 a French Canadian composer, poet, and playwright. Among his works were two operas, Colas et Colin...
Antal Amade de Varkonyunknown1790
 
1809unknown
 a Hungarian Count and Prefect of Zagreb in Croatia, who established the first public theatre in t...
William Felton [2]unknown1790
 
1809unknown
 a London coachmaker from 36 Leather Lane in Holborn, and 254 Oxford Street near Grosvenor Square,...
Elizabeth Bath1776, Feb 171800
 
18091844, Oct 3
 the author of a collection of sixty-six poems published by subscription in 1806 in Bristol. She w...
Jeremiah Learnoult Garrettunknown1800
 
1809unknown
 an English dissenting minister. At the age of fourteen or fifteen he had a vision of an "ancient ...
Andrew Grantunknown1800
 
1809unknown
 a physician and writer. There is very little information available concerning the details of his ...
Jean-Dominique Cassini1748 Jun 301768
 
18101845, Oct 18
 a French astronomer, he succeeded his father as director of the observatory. He published in 177...
Charles Brockden Brown1771, Jan 171793
 
18101810, Feb 22
 an American novelist, historian, and editor of the Early National period, is generally regarded b...
Louis Antoine de Bougainville1729, Nov 121753
 
18111811, Aug 31
 a French admiral and explorer. A contemporary of the British explorer James Cook, he took part in...
Paul Revere1734, Dec 211756
 
18111818, May 10
 an American silversmith, engraver, early industrialist, and a Patriot in the American Revolution....
Shneur Zalman of Liadi1745, Sep 41780
 
18121812, Dec 15
 an Orthodox Rabbi, and the founder and first (Lubavitcher) Rebbe of Chabad (1780–1812), a branc...
Benjamin Smith Barton1766, Feb 101789
 
18151815, Dec 19
 an American botanist, naturalist, and physician. Barton corresponded with naturalists throughout ...
Xu Song17811802
 
18161848
 a Chinese official exiled to Central Asia during the period of the military governorship of Xinji...
Nathan Drake1766, Jan 151780
 
18171836
 an English essayist and physician. Drake was apprenticed to a doctor in York in 1780, and in 1786...
Jane Austen1775, Dec 161787
 
18171817, Jul 18
 an English novelist whose works of romantic fiction, set among the landed gentry, earned her a pl...
Anne Seymour Damer1749, Nov 81784
 
18181828, May 28
 an English sculptor and novelist. During the period 1784–1818, Damer exhibited 32 works as an h...
Jacob Axelsson Lindblom1746, Jul 271779
 
18191819, Feb 15
 a Swedish scholar who eventually became archbishop of Uppsala for the Lutheran Swedish Church, a ...
Mary Ann Hanwayunknown1790
 
1819unknown
 an eighteenth century travel writer and novelist. She has been proposed as the anonymous author o...
Caroline Burneyunknown1800
 
1819unknown
 the probably pseudonymous author of two early 19th-century three-volume novels published in Londo...
Joaquim Machado de Castro1731, Jun 191770
 
18221822, Nov 17
 one of Portugal's foremost sculptors, and a celebrated figure throughout Europe in the eighteenth...
Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre1749, Sep 191788
 
18221822, Aug 19
 a French mathematician and astronomer. He was also director of the Paris Observatory, and author ...
Frodsham Hodson1770, Jun 71791
 
18221822, Jan 18
 an English churchman and academic, the Principal of Brasenose College, Oxford from 1809. He edite...
Thomas Jefferson1743, Apr 21767
 
18241826, Jul 4
 an American Founding Father, the principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776), and ...
George Gordon Byron1788, Jan 221805
 
18241824, Apr 19
 an English poet and a leading figure in the Romantic movement. Among Byron's best-known works are...
William Hull1753, Jun 241775
 
18251825, Nov 29
 an American soldier and politician. He fought in the American Revolution and was appointed as Gov...
Franz Xaver von Zach1754, Jun 41780
 
18271832, Sep 2
 a Hungarian astronomer born in Pest, Hungary. Zach published Tables of the Sun (Gotha, 1792; new ...
William Maclure1763, Oct 271782
 
18271840, Mar 23
 an Americanized Scottish geologist, cartographer and philanthropist. He is known as the 'father o...
Luigi Romanelli1751, Jul 211785
 
18281839, Mar 1
 an Italian opera librettist. Romanelli was born in Rome. He wrote tens of librettos, most of them...
Sir Humphry Davy1778, Dec 171795
 
18291829, May 29
 a Cornish chemist and inventor, who is best remembered today for his discoveries of several alkal...
William Dimond1750 ca1800
 
18301837 ca
 a playwright, the eldest surviving son of William Wyatt Dimond (c. 1750-1812), actor and theatric...
Richard Allen [2]1760, Feb 141777
 
18311831, Mar 26
 a minister, educator, writer, and one of America's most active and influential black leaders. In ...
Marianne Ehrenstrom1773, Dec 91790
 
18311867, Jan 4
 a Swedish writer, singer, painter, pianist, culture personality, memorialist, principal and lady-...
John Watkins [2]unknown1792
 
1831unknown
 an English miscellaneous writer, known as a biographer. He is most famous for being the author of...
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel1770, Aug 271793
 
18311831, Nov 14
 a German philosopher and an important figure of German Idealism. He achieved wide renown in his d...
Sir Walter Scott1771, Aug 151796
 
18311832, Sep 21
  a Scottish historical novelist, playwright and poet with many contemporary readers in Europe, Au...
Jean-Francois Champollion1790, Dec 231806
 
18311832, Mar 4
 a French scholar, philologist and orientalist, known primarily as the decipherer of the Egyptian ...
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe1749, Aug 281770
 
18321832, Mar 22
 a German writer and statesman. His body of work includes epic and lyric poetry written in a varie...
Emily Clarkunknown1798
 
1833unknown
 an English novelist of the 18th century. There is very little information available about the det...
Charles Lamb1775, Feb 101798
 
18331834, Dec 27
 an English writer and essayist, best known for his Essays of Elia and for the children's book Tal...
Samuel Taylor Coleridge1772, Oct 211792
 
18341834, Jul 25
 an English poet, literary critic and philosopher who, with his friend William Wordsworth, was a f...
William Wirt1772, Nov 81792
 
18341834, Feb 18
 an American author and statesman who is credited with turning the position of United States Attor...
James Hogg17701797
 
18351835, Nov 21
 a Scottish poet, novelist and essayist who wrote in both Scots and English. As a young man he wor...
Thomas Edwards [5]17751805
 
18351845, Oct 20
 a British legal writer. Edwards studied at Trinity Hall, Cambridge, where he proceeded LL.B. in 1...
Christian Heinrich Nebbien17781783
 
18391841
  a German-born landscaping architect, mainly active in Austria. He also wrote a book on the metho...
Solomon Southwick1773, Dec 251792
 
18391839, Nov 18
 a New York newspaper publisher and political figure who was a principal organizer of the Anti-Mas...
Marta Helena Reenstierna1753, Sep 161793
 
18391841, Jan 12
 a Swedish diary writer. Her diaries were written in the period 1793–1839, and are kept at the a...
Joel Root17701802
 
18401847
 the author of a journal of his voyage around the world (1802–1806) while working as supercargo ...
Francis Scott Key1779, Aug 11805
 
18401843, Jan 11
 an American lawyer, author, and amateur poet from Frederick, Maryland and later Georgetown, D.C.,...
Asher Benjamin1773, Jun 151794
 
18411845, Jul 26
 an American architect and author whose work transitioned between Federal style architecture and t...
Washington Allston1779, Nov 51801
 
18411843, Jul 9
 an American painter and poet, born in Waccamaw Parish, South Carolina. Allston pioneered America'...
Noah Webster1758, Oct 161781
 
18431843, May 28
 an American lexicographer, textbook pioneer, English-language spelling reformer, political writer...
Thomas S. Hinde1785, Apr 191801
 
18451846, Feb 9
 an American newspaper editor, opponent of slavery, author, historian, real estate investor, Metho...
Joseph Story1779, Sep 181801
 
18451845, Sep 10
 an American lawyer and jurist who served on the Supreme Court of the United States from 1811 to 1...
Thomas Moore1779, May 281795
 
18461852, Feb 25
 an Irish poet, singer, songwriter, and entertainer, now best remembered for the lyrics of "The Mi...
Erik Gustaf Geijer1783, Jan 121803
 
18461847, Apr 23
 a Swedish writer, historian, poet, philosopher, and composer. His writings served to promote Swed...
Wilhelm Freiherr von Biela1782, Mar 191802
 
18491856, Feb 18
 a German-Austrian military officer and amateur astronomer. In the field of astronomy, he speciali...
Leo von Klenze1784, Feb 291808
 
18491864, Jan 26
 a German neoclassicist architect, painter and writer. Court architect of Bavarian King Ludwig I, ...
Edward Boys17491796
 
18511866
 an English sea captain. In 1803, Boys, when in charge of a prize, was made prisoner by the French...
Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen1778, Sep 91796
 
18521852, Jan 13
 a Baltic-German officer in the Imperial Russian Navy, cartographer and explorer, ultimately rose ...
Francois Arago1786, Feb 261804
 
18521853, Oct 2
 a French mathematician, physicist, astronomer, freemason, supporter of the carbonari and politici...
Rebecca Hammond Lard1772, Mar 71786
 
18591855, Sep 28
 called by some critics "the first poet in Indiana". Her poetry reflects on the lives of the early...
Lewis Cass1782, Oct 91806
 
18601866, Jun 17
 an American military officer, politician, and statesman. He represented Michigan in the United St...
Antoine-Henri Jomini1779, Mar 61798
 
18691869, Mar 24
 a Swiss officer who served as a general in the French and later in the Russian service, and one o...
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