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bornactivedied
15161536-1570s1595 ca
a Spanish Conquistador. In 1536 he began his military career. In 1548 he was in Granada and in 1550 he embarked to the Indies with his brother Alonso de Zurita. In 1553 went on to the kingdom of Peru. At the beginning of 1557, by order of the Viceroy Hurtado de Mendoza he was sent with an expedition of 700 soldiers under the command of his son García Hurtado de Mendoza, to Chile. From there by order of the new Governor Mendoza, he was sent with a command of 70 men with the position of Lieutenant Governor and Greater Justice for the province of Tucuman, Juries and Diaguitas. He crossed the Andes Mountains and arrived at Santiago del Estero in May 1558.
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Foundings:
  • 1559 - Catamarca, Argentina: originally named Londres, situated in the Valle de Quinmivil
 Contemporaries
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Juan Perez de Zurita15161536
 
15791595 ca

Diego de Almagro1475 ca1510
 
15381538, Jul 8
 a Spanish conquistador and a companion and later rival of Francisco Pizarro. He participated in t...
Gaspar de Lemosunknown1500
 
1539unknown
 a Portuguese explorer and captain of the supply ship of Pedro Álvares Cabral's fleet that discov...
Hernan Ponce de Leonunknown1510
 
1539unknown
 a Spanish conquistador who participated in the discovery of Panama, Costa Rica, and Nicaragua in ...
Francisco Alvares14651515
 
15391536~1541
 a Portuguese missionary and explorer. In 1515 he traveled to Ethiopia as part of the Portuguese e...
Pedro de Alvarado1485 ca1510
 
15411541, Jul 4
 a Spanish conquistador and governor of Guatemala. He participated in the conquest of Cuba, in Jua...
Francisco de Orellana1490/15111540
 
 
15421546, Nov
 a Spanish explorer and conquistador. He completed the first known navigation of the entire length...
Jacques Cartier1491, Dec 311534
 
15431557, Sep 1
 a French explorer of Breton origin who claimed what is now Canada for France. Jacques Cartier was...
Ruy López de Villalobos1500 ca1520
 
15441544, Apr 4
 a Spanish explorer who sailed the Pacific from Mexico to establish a permanent foothold for Spain...
Martim Afonso de Sousa1500 ca1530
 
15451571, Jul 21
 a Portuguese fidalgo, explorer and colonial administrator. Born in Vila Viçosa, he was commander...
Bartholomeus Welser VI1512, Oct 261540
 
 
15461546, May
 the son of Bartholomeus V. Welser (the elder), he journeyed to Venezuela to join an expedition by...
Hernan Cortes14851504
 
15471547, Dec 2
 a Spanish Conquistador who led an expedition that caused the fall of the Aztec Empire and brought...
Inigo Ortiz de Retes1505 ca1538
 
 
1548unknown
 a 16th-century Spanish maritime explorer, who navigated the northern coastline of the Pacific–M...
Francisco Xerez14951514
 
15491565 ca
 a Spanish explorer-turned-historian, the personal secretary of conquistador Francisco Pizarro. He...
Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca1490 ca1520
 
15491557 ca
 a Spanish explorer of the New World, and one of four survivors of the 1527 Narváez expedition. D...
James Alday15161540
 
 
15491576 ca
 a 16th-century English navigator, explorer and privateer. He participated in raids against the Sp...
Lourenço Marquesunknown1540
 
 
1549unknown
 a 16th-century Portuguese trader and explorer. Marques explored the area that is now Maputo Bay i...
Sebastian de Belalcazar1479/80/951507
 
15511551
 a Spanish conquistador. He entered Nicaragua with Francisco Hernández de Córdoba in 1524 during...
Fernao Pires de Andradeunknown1510
 
15521552
 a Portuguese merchant, pharmacist, and official diplomat under the explorer and Portuguese Malacc...
Francis Xavier1506, Apr 71534
 
15521552, Dec 3
 a Navarrese Roman Catholic missionary, born in Javier (Xavier in Navarro-Aragonese), Kingdom of N...
Piri Reis1467 ca1481
 
15531553
 an Ottoman admiral, geographer, and cartographer. Piri began engaging in government-supported pri...
Pedro de Valdivia1497, Apr 171520
 
15531553, Dec 25
 a Spanish conquistador and the first royal governor of Chile. After serving with the Spanish army...
Pedro Mascarenhas14701512
 
15551555, Jun 16
 a Portuguese explorer and colonial administrator. He was the first European to discover the islan...
Hans Staden1525 ca1547
 
 
15551579 ca
 a German soldier and explorer who voyaged to South America in the middle of the sixteenth century...
Domingo Martinez de Irala1509 ca1530
 
15561556 ca
 a Spanish Basque conquistador. He headed for the Americas in 1535 enrolled in the expedition of P...
Sebastian Cabot1474 ca1494
 
15571557, Dec
 an Italian explorer, likely born in the Venetian Republic. He was the son of Italian explorer Joh...
Hernando de Alarconunknown1540
 
 
1559unknown
 a Spanish navigator of the 16th century, noted for having led an early expedition to the Baja Cal...
Lope de Aguirre1510 ca1530
 
15611561, Oct 27
 a Basque Spanish conquistador in South America. Nicknamed El Loco ('the Madman'), he styled himse...
Miguel Lopez de Legazpi1502 ca1528
 
15651572, Aug 20
 a Basque Spanish navigator and governor who established the first Spanish settlement in the East ...
Pedro Menendez de Aviles1519, Feb 151565
 
 
15651574, Sep 17
 a Spanish admiral and explorer from the region of Asturias, Spain, who is remembered for planning...
Andres de Urdaneta1498, Nov 301520
 
15691568, Jun 3
 a Basque circumnavigator, explorer and Augustinian friar. As a navigator he achieved the "second"...
Gonzalo Jimenez de Quesado1506/091535
 
15731579, Feb 16
 a Spanish explorer and conquistador in Colombia. He explored the northern part of South America. ...
Diogo Rodrigues1495 ca1507
 
15771577, Apr 21
 a Portuguese explorer of the Indian Ocean who sailed as an ordinary helmsman under the command of...
Thomas Doughty [1]15451577
 
 
15781578, Jul 2
 an English nobleman, soldier, scholar and personal secretary of Christopher Hatton. His associati...
Anthony Jenkinson15291550
 
15791610/1611
 one of the first Britons to explore Muscovy and present day Russia. Jenkinson was a traveller and...
Guillaume Le Testu1509 ca1560
 
15791573
 a French privateer, explorer and navigator. He was one of the foremost cartographers of his time ...
Paulo Dias de Novais1510 ca1575
 
15891589
 a Portuguese colonizer of Africa in the 16th century and the first Captain-Governor of Portuguese...
Sir Francis Drake1540 ca1563
 
15961596, Jan 27/28
 an English sea captain, privateer, navigator, slaver, and politician of the Elizabethan era. Drak...
Matteo Ricci1552, Oct 61577
 
16101610, May 11
 an Italian Jesuit priest and one of the founding figures of the Jesuit China missions. His 1602 m...
Sir Walter Raleigh1554 ca1569
 
16181618, Oct 29
 an English landed gentleman, writer, poet, soldier, politician, courtier, spy, and explorer. He i...
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