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Governance
bornactivedied
1758, Apr 281817-18251831, Jul 4
the fifth President of the United States (1817–1825). Monroe was the last president who was a Founding Father of the United States and the last president from the Virginian dynasty and the Republican Generation. Born in Westmoreland County, Virginia, Monroe was of the planter class and fought in the American Revolutionary War. He was wounded in the Battle of Trenton with a musket ball to his shoulder. After studying law under Thomas Jefferson from 1780 to 1783, he served as a delegate in the Continental Congress. As an anti-federalist delegate to the Virginia convention that considered ratification of the United States Constitution, Monroe opposed ratification, claiming it gave too much power to the central government. He took an active part in the new government, and in 1790 he was elected to the Senate of the first United States Congress, where he joined the Jeffersonians. He gained experience as an executive as the Governor of Virginia and rose to national prominence as a diplomat in France, when he helped negotiate the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. During the War of 1812, Monroe held the critical roles of Secretary of State and the Secretary of War under President James Madison.
 Timeline (14)
04/28/1758-Future US President James Monroe is born
02/16/1786-James Monroe marries Elizabeth Monroe, nee Kortright
01/11/1803-James Monroe and Robert R. Livingston sail for Paris to buy New Orleans, but end up buying Louisiana 
12/04/1816-James Monroe (VA), elected 5th president, defeating Federalist William R. King 
04/28/1818-James Monroe proclaims naval disarmament on Great Lakes and Lake Champlain 
02/22/1819-As part of the Adams-Onis Treaty that occurred during James Monroe's presidency, Spain cedes Florida and all colonies east of the Mississippi to the United States for five million dollars
03/06/1820-James Monroe signs the Missouri Compromise
03/08/1820-James Monroe's daughter Maria marries her cousin in the White House
11/07/1820-James Monroe elected 5th U.S. president 
12/06/1820-U.S. president James Monroe re-elected 
03/05/1821-James Monroe is first President inaugurated on March 5th, (because the 4th was a Sunday)
01/27/1823-President James Monroe appoints first U.S. ambassadors to South America 
12/02/1823-President James Monroe declares his "Monroe Doctrine"
07/04/1831-James Monroe dies at age 73
 Notes (2)
Politics:
  • Party: Democratic-Republican
  • Vice President: Daniel Tompkins
US Presidents:

George Washington (1789-1797): the first President of the United States (1789–97), the Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, ...
John Adams [2] (1797-1801): an American lawyer, author, statesman, and diplomat. He served as the second President of the United States (1797–1801), the first Vice Pr...
Thomas Jefferson (1801-1809): an American Founding Father, the principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776), and the third President of the United States (1...
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 Mentions (1)
Elizabeth Monroe
...the United States from 1817 to 1825, as the wife of James Monroe, fifth President. Due to the fragile condition of...
 Quotes (22) • View in Quotations
A little flattery will support a man through great fatigue.
At no period of our political existence had we so much cause to felicitate ourselves at the prosperous and happy condition of our country.
By the last returns to the Department of War the militia force of the several States may be estimated at 800,000 men - infantry, artillery, and cavalry.
By these purchases the Indian title, with moderate reservations, has been extinguished to the whole of the land within the limits of the State of Ohio, and to a part of that in the Michigan Territory and of the State of Indiana.
From several of the Indian tribes inhabiting the country bordering on Lake Erie purchases have been made of lands on conditions very favorable to the United States, and, as it is presumed, not less so to the tribes themselves.
How prone all human institutions have been to decay; how subject the best-formed and most wisely organized governments have been to lose their check and totally dissolve; how difficult it has been for mankind, in all ages and countries, to preserve their dearest rights and best privileges, impelled as it were by an irresistible fate of despotism.
I have great satisfaction in stating that our relations with France, Russia, and other powers continue on the most friendly basis.
If we look to the history of other nations, ancient or modern, we find no example of a growth so rapid, so gigantic, of a people so prosperous and happy.
In the wars of the European powers in matters relating to themselves we have never taken any part, not does it comport with our policy so to do. It is only when our rights are invaded or seriously menaced that we resent injuries or make preparation for our defence.
It is only when the people become ignorant and corrupt, when they degenerate into a populace, that they are incapable of exercising their sovereignty.
National honor is the national property of the highest value.
Never did a government commence under auspices so favorable, nor ever was success so complete.
Our country may be likened to a new house. We lack many things, but we possess the most precious of all - liberty!
Our relations with the other powers of Europe have experienced no essential change since the last session.
Preparation for war is a constant stimulus to suspicion and ill will.
The best form of government is that which is most likely to prevent the greatest sum of evil.
The civil war which has so long prevailed between Spain and the Provinces in South America still continues, without any prospect of its speedy termination.
The great increase of our population throughout the Union will alone produce an important effect, and in no quarter will it be so sensibly felt as in those in contemplation.
The payments which have been made into the Treasury show the very productive state of the public revenue.
The public lands are a public stock, which ought to be disposed of to the best advantage for the nation.
The right of self defense never ceases. It is among the most sacred, and alike necessary to nations and to individuals, and whether the attack be made by Spain herself or by those who abuse her power, its obligation is not the less strong.
To impose taxes when the public exigencies require them is an obligation of the most sacred character, especially with a free people.
 Contemporaries
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James Monroe1758, Apr 281817
 
18251831, Jul 4

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