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bornactivedied
1732, Feb111789-17971799, Dec 14
the first President of the United States (1789–97), the Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. He presided over the convention that drafted the current United States Constitution and during his lifetime was called the "father of his country".
 Timeline (95)
02/22/1732-George Washington is born in Virginia
08/04/1753-George Washington becomes a master mason 
05/28/1754-Lieutenant Colonel George Washington begins the Seven Years’ War, defeats French and indians at Fort Duquesne near Pittsburgh
06/04/1754-Lieutenant Colonel George Washington builds Fort Necessity
07/04/1754-George Washington surrenders Fort Necessity to France
07/24/1758-George Washington admitted to Virginia House of Burgess 
01/06/1759-George Washington marries Martha Dandridge Curtis
05/17/1769-George Washington criticizes "taxation without representation"
05/10/1775-Second Continental Congress convenes in Philadelphia, with John Hancock elected as its president, issues paper currency for first time, names George Washington, supreme commander
06/15/1775-Congress unanimously votes to appoint George Washington general and commander-in-chief of the new Continental Army.
07/03/1775-George Washington takes command of Continental Army at Cambridge, Mass
07/22/1775-George Washington takes command of U.S. troops 
10/05/1775-George Washington informs Congress of espionage
11/05/1775-George Washington condemns Guy Fawkes festivities
11/08/1775-George Washington seeks to make militias into a military
11/12/1775-General George Washington forbids recruiting officers enlisting blacks 
01/01/1776-General George Washington hoists Continental Union Flag 
03/25/1776-Continental Congress authorizes a medal for George Washington 
04/03/1776-George Washington receives honorary LL.D. degree from Harvard College
04/04/1776-George Washington begins march to New York
04/28/1776-Colonel Lachlan McIntosh writes to George Washington from Savannah about troop recruitment
05/11/1776-George Washington recommends using German-American troops to Congress
07/09/1776-Declaration of Independence is read to George Washington's troops, New York 
07/17/1776-Congress learns of war of words, when George Washington refuses to accept a dispatch from the British to open peace negotiations, because it failed to use the title "general"
08/12/1776-George Washington writes to Major General Charles Lee about fears that the British navy might blockade New York
08/26/1776-George Washington urges Hessians to desert
08/27/1776-British forces led by William Howe and his brother Richard Howe defeat George Washington in the Battle of Long Island (aka Battle of Brooklyn or the Battle of Brooklyn Heights)
09/18/1776-George Washington reports to Congress on Battle of Harlem Heights
09/30/1776-George Washington blames militia for problems
10/28/1776-George Washington's army suffers heavy casualties in the Battle of White Plains -- Washington retreats to NJ
11/21/1776-George Washington orders General Charles Lee to New Jersey
12/03/1776-George Washington arrives at the banks of the Delaware
12/08/1776-George Washington's retreating army crosses Delaware River from New Jersey 
12/11/1776-George Washington takes his troops across the Delaware River into Pennsylvania 
12/25/1776-George Washington crosses the Delaware, surprises and defeats 1,400 Hessians
12/26/1776-George Washington wins first major U.S. victory, defeating Hessians at Trenton
12/31/1776-General George Washington authorizes the recruiting and enlisting of Free Men of Color into the Continental Army. 
01/03/1777-Another victory for George Washington as his troops defeat the British at the Battle of Princeton
01/06/1777-George Washington sets up winter quarters in Morristown
03/12/1777-The Continental Congress returns to Philadelphia from Baltimore after George Washington's successes against the British in New Jersey 
10/04/1777-Battle of Germantown -- George Washington defeated by British; English General William Howe occupies Philadelphia
11/03/1777-George Washington learns of Conway cabal
12/02/1777-British General William Howe plots attack on George Washington's army for Dec 4 , Philadelphia nurse overhears plans
12/11/1777-British delay George Washington’s march to Valley Forge
12/17/1777-George Washington's army returns to Valley Forge, PA 
12/19/1777-George Washington settles his troops at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania for winter
06/19/1778-George Washington's troops finally leave Valley Forge
06/28/1778-Mary Ludwig Hayes "Molly Pitcher" aids American patriots at the Battle of Monmouth, NJ: General George Washington beats British Sir Henry Clinton
07/08/1778-George Washington headquarters at West Point for his Continental Army 
12/01/1779-George Washington establishes winter quarters at Morristown
01/04/1780-Snowstorm hits George Washington's army at Morristown, NJ 
12/04/1780-Continental dragoons commanded by George Washington's cousin corners Loyalist forces in South Carolina,
08/20/1781-George Washington begins to move his troops south to fight Charles Cornwallis 
10/17/1781-George Washington takes Yorktown, Charles Cornwallis defeated
08/07/1782-George Washington creates the Order of the Purple Heart to recognize merit in enlisted men and noncommissioned officers wounded or killed in combat
08/07/1782-George Washington creates the Badge of Military Merit (aka Honorary Badge of Distinction)
03/15/1783-George Washington calms the growing Newburgh Conspiracy against Congress
11/01/1783-George Washington's "Farewell Address" 
11/02/1783-George Washington bids farewell to his army 
11/03/1783-George Washington orders Continental Army disbanded 
12/04/1783-General George Washington bids officers farewell at Fraunce's Tavern, New York City
12/23/1783-George Washington resigns as commander in chief
05/25/1787-Constitutional Convention convenes in Philadelphia, George Washington presiding
01/07/1789-The first Electoral College is chosen; they elect George Washington as first U.S. president
02/04/1789-First electoral college unanimously chooses George Washington and John Adams as President and Vice President
04/16/1789-George Washington heads for first presidential inauguration
04/21/1789-John Adams sworn in as first U.S. Vice President (nine days before George Washington) 
04/23/1789-President-elect George Washington moves into Franklin House, New York 
04/30/1789-George Washington sworn in as first president of the United States at Federal Hall in New York City
05/07/1789-First inaugurational ball (for George Washington in New York City)
06/13/1789-Mrs. Alexander Hamilton serves ice cream for dessert to George Washington 
09/24/1789-Federal Judiciary Act passes and creates a six-person Supreme Court; President George Washington appoints John Jay the first Chief Justice
09/26/1789-George Washington appoints Thomas Jefferson as first Secretary of State
10/03/1789-George Washington proclaims first national Thanksgiving Day
10/15/1789-First presidental tour - George Washington in New England 
11/13/1789-George Washington returns to Washington at the end of his first presidential tour
01/08/1790-President George Washington delivers first first State of the Union Address
03/21/1790-Thomas Jefferson reports to President George Washington in New York as Secretary of State 
03/04/1791-President George Washington calls the U.S. Senate into its first special session 
04/05/1792-First Presidential veto is issued by George Washington
10/13/1792-George Washington lays cornerstone of Executive Mansion (White House)
12/05/1792-George Washington re-elected U.S. president
02/25/1793-First cabinet meeting at George Washington's home 
03/04/1793-George Washington's second inauguration, shortest speech (135 words) of any president
04/22/1793-President George Washington attends opening of Rickett's, first circus in U.S. 
09/18/1793-President George Washington lays cornerstone of Capitol building
08/26/1794-George Washington writes to Henry Lee III
08/18/1795-George Washington signs Jay Treaty with Britain
09/17/1796-George Washington prepares final draft of farewell address
09/19/1796-George Washington's farewell address as president published
12/14/1799-George Washington dies of a throat infection at age 67
12/18/1799-George Washington's body interred at Mount Vernon 
12/26/1799-George Washington is eulogized by Col Henry Lee III as "first in war, first in peace and first in hearts of his countrymen"
08/23/1814-Dolley Madison saves portrait of George Washington from British troops
02/12/1850-Original George Washington's Farewell Address manuscript sells for $2,300 
 Notes (2)
Politics:
  • Party: None (1st term), Federalist (2nd term)
  • Vice President: John Adams
US Presidents:

George Washington (1789-1797): the first President of the United States (1789–97), the Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, ...
John Adams [2] (1797-1801): an American lawyer, author, statesman, and diplomat. He served as the second President of the United States (1797–1801), the first Vice Pr...
Thomas Jefferson (1801-1809): an American Founding Father, the principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776), and the third President of the United States (1...
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 Dictionary Citations (1) • View in Dictionary
Halieutics: The art or craft of fishing, or a treatise thereon. Halieutic, relating to fishing. Greek halieutikos; hali...
 Mentions (45)
William Birch
...enamels of many people including copies of portraits of George Washington, by Gilbert Stuart. He was the father of Thomas...
Jonathan Boucher
...the American Revolution (1797), dedicated to General George Washington, and consisting of thirteen discourses delivered...
Elias Boudinot
...American Revolutionary War. He was appointed by President George Washington as Director of the United States Mint, serving...
Joseph Brant
...significant Anglo-American people of the age, including both George Washington and King George III.
John Brooks
...Battles of Lexington and Concord. He served under George Washington in the New York and New Jersey campaign of 1776, although...
Thomas Conway
...a brigadier general on May 13, and sent him on to George Washington.
William Crawford
...and surveyor who worked as a western land agent for George Washington. Crawford fought in the French and Indian War and...
Thomas Gage [2]
...War, where he served alongside his future opponent George Washington in the 1755 Battle of the Monongahela. After the...
Horatio Gates [1]
...Conway Cabal, which attempted to discredit and replace George Washington; the battle at Saratoga; and his actions during...
Nathanael Greene
...possible; he emerged from the war with a reputation as George Washington's most gifted and dependable officer. Many places...
Horatio Greenough
...government commissions The Rescue (1837–50) and George Washington (1840). Older brother of Richard Saltonstall Greenough....
Alexander Hamilton
...was the main author of the economic policies of the George Washington administration. He took the lead in the funding...
Joice Heth
...claim that she was the 161-year-old nursing "mammy" of George Washington. Little is known of Heth's early years. In 1835...
Oliver Holden
...1801) and The Massachusetts Compiler (1795). When George Washington visited Boston in 1789, Holden wrote the lyrics and...
Samuel Hopkins
...U.S. patent statute just signed into law by President George Washington on April 10, 1790. Hopkins had petitioned for...
Washington Irving
...Gent.. His historical works include biographies of George Washington, Oliver Goldsmith and Muhammad, and several histories...
Thomas Jefferson
...Secretary of State, (1790–1793), serving under President George Washington. At the formation of the First Party System...
Henry Knox
...Revolutionary War broke out in 1775, he befriended General George Washington, and quickly rose to become the chief artillery...
Pierre Charles L'Enfant
...name from Pierre to Peter. L'Enfant served on General George Washington's staff at Valley Forge. While there, the Marquis...
Ebenezer Learned
...Regiment. By the end of the Siege of Boston, General George Washington had given Learned command of the important Dorchester...
General Charles Lee
...Continental Army were thwarted by the appointment of George Washington to that post.
Ezra Lee
...Saybrook, Connecticut, native David Bushnell. When General George Washington authorized an attack on British Admiral Richard...
Benjamin Lincoln
...of the war at the 1780 Siege of Charleston, and, as George Washington's second in command, he formally accepted the British...
Hugh Mercer
...general in the Continental Army and a close friend to George Washington. Mercer died as a result of his wounds received...
George M. Miller
...Philadelphia by 1798. He carved a profile protrait of George Washington in gypsum that year, and he may be the George...
Gilbert du Motier
...the American Revolutionary War. A close friend of George Washington, Alexander Hamilton, and Thomas Jefferson, Lafayette...
John Nixon [2]
...Nixon was promoted colonel and later served under George Washington at the Battle of Princeton. In 1776, he became a member...
John Page
...great deal of correspondence. He then served under George Washington in an expedition during the French and Indian War....
Rembrandt Peale
...especially acclaimed for his likenesses of presidents George Washington and Thomas Jefferson. Peale's style was influenced...
Timothy Pickering
...in that office from 1795 to 1800 under Presidents George Washington and John Adams. Biographer Gerald Clarfield says he...
Charles Peale Polk
...that he produced fifty-seven reproductions of his George Washington portrait. He was commissioned to do thirty five paintings...
Josiah Quincy I
...American Patriot and supporter. He wrote to General George Washington about British troop movements and was a friend of...
Betsy Ross
...According to family tradition, upon a visit from General George Washington, commander-in-chief of the Continental Army,...
George Ross Jr.
...her famous married name: Betsy Ross. In 1952, he, George Washington, and Robert Morris appeared on a 3-cent stamp commemorating...
Edward Savage
...came into prominence in 1790 through his portrait of George Washington, intended as a gift to Harvard University. In 1791...
Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben
...until the American Civil War. He served as General George Washington's chief of staff in the final years of the war.
Gilbert Charles Stuart
...portraitists. His best known work, the unfinished portrait of George Washington that is sometimes referred to as The Athenaeum,...
Jonathan Trumbull
...cause. Trumbull was a friend and advisor of General George Washington throughout the revolutionary period, dedicating...
Thomas Truxtun
...commanders appointed to the new US Navy by President George Washington. During his naval career he commanded a number...
Martha Washington
the wife of George Washington, the first President of the United States. Although the title was not coined until after her death, Martha Washington served as...
George Weedon
...Virginia militia. Weedon served as a Lieutenant under George Washington in the French and Indian War, mainly assigned...
James Wilson [2]
...was one of the six original justices appointed by George Washington to the Supreme Court of the United States.
William Winstanley [2]
...the early 1790s until around 1801. On 6 April 1793 George Washington paid Winstanley “for two painting of Views on the...
Oliver Wolcott
...Connecticut Militia in the Revolutionary War serving under George Washington.
Hopley Yeaton
...1791) under the Constitution of the United States by George Washington into the Revenue Marine, (later known as the Revenue...
 Quotes (153) • View in Quotations
'Tis folly in one Nation to look for disinterested favors from another; that it must pay with a portion of its Independence for whatever it may accept under that character; that by such acceptance, it may place itself in the condition of having given equivalents for nominal favours and yet of being reproached with ingratitude for not giving more. There can be no greater error than to expect, or calculate upon real favours from Nation to Nation. `Tis an illusion which experience must cure, which a just pride ought to discard.
'Tis our true policy to steer clear of permanent Alliances, with any portion of the foreign world.
A people... who are possessed of the spirit of commerce, who see and who will pursue their advantages may achieve almost anything.
A primary object should be the education of our youth in the science of government. In a republic, what species of knowledge can be equally important? And what duty more pressing... than ... communicating it to those who are to be the future guardians of the liberties of the country?
A slender acquaintance with the world must convince every man that actions, not words, are the true criterion of the attachment of friends.
Against the insidious wiles of foreign influence, (I conjure you to believe me fellow citizens) the jealousy of a free people ought to be constantly awake; since history and experience prove that foreign influence is one of the most baneful foes of Republican Government.
All see, and most admire, the glare which hovers round the external trappings of elevated office. To me there is nothing in it, beyond the lustre which may be reflected from its connection with a power of promoting human felicity.
And you will, by the dignity of your Conduct, afford occasion for Posterity to say, when speaking of the glorious example you have exhibited to Mankind, had this day been wanting, the World had never seen the last stage of perfection to which human nature is capable of attaining.
Arbitrary power is most easily established on the ruins of liberty abused to licentiousness.
Associate with men of good quality if you esteem your own reputation; for it is better to be alone than in bad company.
Associate yourself with men of good quality if you esteem your own reputation. It is better be alone than in bad company.
Bad seed is a robbery of the worst kind: for your pocket-book not only suffers by it, but your preparations are lost and a season passes away unimproved.
Be courteous to all, but intimate with few, and let those few be well tried before you give them your confidence.
But if we are to be told by a foreign Power ... what we shall do, and what we shall not do, we have Independence yet to seek, and have contended hitherto for very little.
But let there be no change by usurpation; for though this, in one instance, may be the instrument of good, it is the customary weapon by which free governments are destroyed.
Can it be, that Providence has not connected the permanent felicity of a Nation with its virtue? The experiment, at least, is recommended by every sentiment which ennobles human Nature.
Can you then consent to be the only sufferers by this revolution, and retiring from the field, grow old in poverty, wretchedness and contempt? Can you consent to wade through the vile mire of dependency, and owe the miserable remnant of that life to charity, which has hitherto been spent in honor? If you can go and carry with you the jest of tories and scorn of whigs' the ridicule, and what is worse, the pity of the world. Go, starve, and be forgotten!
Citizens by birth or choice of a common country, that country has a right to concentrate your affections. The name of American, which belongs to you, in your national capacity, must always exalt the just pride of Patriotism, more than any appellation derived from local discriminations.
Democratical States must always feel before they can see: it is this that makes their Governments slow, but the people will be right at last.
Discipline is the soul of an army. It makes small numbers formidable; procures success to the weak, and esteem to all.
Every post is honorable in which a man can serve his country.
Experience teaches us that it is much easier to prevent an enemy from posting themselves than it is to dislodge them after they have got possession.
Few men have virtue to withstand the highest bidder.
Firearms are second only to the Constitution in importance; they are the peoples' liberty's teeth.
For myself the delay [in assuming the office of the President] may be compared with a reprieve; for in confidence I assure you, with the world it would obtain little credit that my movements to the chair of Government will be accompanied by feelings not unlike those of a culprit who is going to the place of his execution: so unwilling am I, in the evening of a life nearly consumed in public cares, to quit a peaceful abode for an Ocean of difficulties, without that competency of political skill, abilities and inclination which is necessary to manage the helm.
Friendship is a plant of slow growth and must undergo and withstand the shocks of adversity before it is entitled to the appellation.
Gentlemen, you will permit me to put on my spectacles, for, I have grown not only gray, but almost blind in the service of my country.
Government is not reason; it is not eloquent; it is force. Like fire, it is a dangerous servant and a fearful master.
Guard against the impostures of pretended patriotism.
Happiness and moral duty are inseparably connected.
Happy, thrice happy shall they be pronounced hereafter, who have contributed any thing, who have performed the meanest office in erecting this stupendous fabrick of Freedom and Empire on the broad basis of Independency; who have assisted in protecting the rights of humane nature and establishing an Asylum for the poor and oppressed of all nations and religions.
Harmony, liberal intercourse with all Nations, are recommended by policy, humanity and interest. But even our Commercial policy should hold an equal and impartial hand: neither seeking nor granting exclusive favours or preferences; consulting the natural course of things; diffusing and diversifying by gentle means the streams of Commerce, but forcing nothing; establishing with Powers so disposed; in order to give trade a stable course.
Having now finished the work assigned me, I retire from the great theatre of Action; and bidding an Affectionate farewell to this August body under whose orders I have so long acted, I here offer my commission, and take my leave of all the employments of public life.
I am principled against this kind of traffic in the human species...and to disperse the families I have an aversion.
I can only say that there is not a man living who wishes more sincerely than I do to see a plan adopted for the abolition of slavery.
I can truly say I had rather be at Mount Vernon with a friend or two about me, than to be attended at the Seat of Government by the Officers of State and the Representatives of every Power in Europe.
I give my signature to many Bills with which my Judgment is at variance.... From the Nature of the Constitution, I must approve all parts of a Bill, or reject it in total. To do the latter can only be Justified upon the clear and obvious grounds of propriety; and I never had such confidence in my own faculty of judging as to be over tenacious of the opinions I may have imbibed in doubtful cases.
I had always hoped that this land might become a safe and agreeable asylum to the virtuous and persecuted part of mankind, to whatever nation they might belong.
I have always considered marriage as the most interesting event of one`s life, the foundation of happiness or misery.
I have no other view than to promote the public good, and am unambitious of honors not founded in the approbation of my Country.
I have often expressed my sentiments, that every man, conducting himself as a good citizen, and being accountable to God alone for his religious opinions, ought to be protected in worshipping the Deity according to the dictates of his own conscience.
I hope that I shall always possess firmness and virtue enough to maintain what I consider to be the most enviable of all titles, the character of an honest man
I hope, some day or another, we shall become a storehouse and granary for the world.
I now make it my earnest prayer, that God would have you, and the State over which you preside, in his holy protection, that he would incline the hearts of the Citizens to cultivate a spirit of subordination and obedience to Government, to entertain a brotherly affection and love for one another, for their fellow Citizens of the United States at large, and particularly for their brethren who have served in the Field, and finally, that he would most graciously be pleased to dispose us all, to do Justice, to love mercy, and to demean ourselves with that Charity, humility and pacific temper of mind, which were the Characteristicks of the Divine Author of our blessed Religion, and without an humble imitation of whose example in these things, we can never hope to be a happy Nation.
I rejoice in a belief that intellectual light will spring up in the dark corners of the earth; that freedom of enquiry will produce liberality of conduct; that mankind will reverse the absurd position that the many were, made for the few; and that they will not continue slaves in one part of the globe, when they can become freemen in another.
I walk on untrodden ground. There is scarcely any part of my conduct which may not hereafter be drawn into precedent.
I was summoned by my country, whose voice I can never hear but with veneration and love.
I wish from my soul that the legislature of this State could see a policy of a gradual Abolition of Slavery.
If I could conceive that the general government might ever be so administered as to render the liberty of conscience insecure, I beg you will be persuaded, that no one would be more zealous than myself to establish effectual barriers against the horrors of spiritual tyranny, and every species of religious persecution.
If in the opinion of the People, the distribution or modification of the Constitutional powers be in any particular wrong, let it be corrected by an amendment in the way which the Constitution designates.
If the freedom of speech is taken away then dumb and silent we may be led, like sheep to the slaughter.
If we desire to avoid insult, we must be able to repel it; if we desire to secure peace, one of the most powerful instruments of our rising prosperity, it must be known, that we are at all times ready for War.
In our progress toward political happiness my station is new; and if I may use the expression, I walk on untrodden ground. There is scarcely any part of my conduct which may not hereafter be drawn into precedent.
In proportion as the structure of a government gives force to public opinion, it is essential that public opinion should be enlightened.
Interwoven as is the love of liberty with every ligament of your hearts, no recommendation of mine is necessary to fortify or confirm the attachment.
It appears to me that little more than common sense and common honesty in the transactions of the community at large would b necessary to make us a great and a happy nation. For if the general government lately adopted shall be arranged and administered in such a manner as to acquire the full confidence of the American people, I sincerely believe they will have greater advantages, from their natural, moral, and political circumstances, for public felicity than any other people ever possessed
It appears to me, then, little short of a miracle, that the Delegates from so many different States ... should unite in forming a system of national Government, so little liable to well founded objections.
It is an old adage that honesty is the best policy. This applies to public as well as private life, to states as well as individuals.
It is better to be alone than in bad company.
It is better to offer no excuse than a bad one.
It is far better to be alone, than to be in bad company.
It is impossible to govern the world without God and the Bible. Of all the dispositions and habits that lead to political prosperity, our religion and morality are the indispensable supporters. Let us with caution indulge the supposition that morality can be maintained without religion. Reason and experience both forbid us to expect that our national morality can prevail in exclusion of religious principle.
It is not everyone who asketh that deserveth charity; all however, are worth of the inquiry or the deserving may suffer
It is now no more that toleration is spoken of as if it were the indulgence of one class of people that another enjoyed the exercise of their inherent natural rights, for happily, the Government of the United States, which gives to bigotry no sanction, to persecution no assistance, requires only that they who live under its protection should demean themselves as good citizens in giving it on all occasions their effectual support.
It is on great occasions only, and after time has been given for cool and deliberate reflection, that the real voice of the people can be known
It is yet to be decided whether the Revolution must ultimately be considered as a blessing or a curse: a blessing or a curse, not to the present age alone, for with our fate will the destiny of unborn millions be involved.
It may be laid down as a primary position, and the basis of our system, that every Citizen who enjoys the protection of a Free Government, owes not only a proportion of his property, but even of his personal services to the defense of it.
It should be the highest ambition of every American to extend his views beyond himself, and to bear in mind that his conduct will not only affect himself, his country, and his immediate posterity; but that its influence may be co-extensive with the world, and stamp political happiness or misery on ages yet unborn.
It will be found an unjust and unwise jealousy to deprive a man of his natural liberty upon the supposition he may abuse it.
It will be worthy of a free, enlightened, and, at no distant period, a great Nation, to give to mankind the magnanimous and too novel example of a People always guided by an exalted justice and benevolence.
It will not be doubted, that with reference either to individual, or National Welfare, Agriculture is of primary importance. In proportion as Nations advance in population, and other circumstances of maturity, this truth becomes more apparent; and renders the cultivation of the Soil more and more, an object of public patronage.
Jealousy, and local policy mix too much in all our public councils for the good government of the Union. In a words, the confederation appears to me to be little more than a shadow without the substance....
Knowledge is, in every country, the surest basis of public happiness.
Labor to keep alive in your breast that little spark of celestial fire, called conscience.
Laws made by common consent must not be trampled on by individuals.
Lenience will operate with greater force, in some instances than rigor. It is therefore my first wish to have all of my conduct distinguished by it.
Let me now take a more comprehensive view, and warn you in the most solemn manner against the baneful effects of the Spirit of Party generally.... A fire not to be quenched, it demands a uniform vigilance to prevent its bursting into a flame, lest, instead of warming, it should consume.
Let us raise a standard to which the wise and honest can repair; the rest is in the hands of God.
Let us with caution indulge the supposition that morality can be maintained without religion. Reason and experience both forbid us to expect that national morality can prevail in exclusion of religious principle.
Let your Discourse with Men of Business be Short and Comprehensive.
Let your heart feel for the afflictions and distress of everyone, and let your hand give in proportion to your purse.
Liberty, when it begins to take root, is a plant of rapid growth.
Mankind, when left to themselves, are unfit for their own government.
May the father of all mercies scatter light, and not darkness, upon our paths, and make us in all our several vocations useful here, and in His own due time and way everlastingly happy.
More permanent and genuine happiness is to be found in the sequestered walks of connubial life than in the giddy rounds of promiscuous pleasure.
My anxious recollections, my sympathetic feeling, and my best wishes are irresistibly excited whensoever, in any country, I see an oppressed nation unfurl the banners of freedom.
My ardent desire is, and my aim has been... to comply strictly with all our engagements foreign and domestic; but to keep the U States free from political connections with every other Country. To see that they may be independent of all, and under the influence of none. In a word, I want an American character, that the powers of Europe may be convinced we act for ourselves and not for others; this, in my judgment, is the only way to be respected abroad and happy at home.
My first wish is to see this plague of mankind, war, banished from the earth.
My mother was the most beautiful woman I ever saw. All I am I owe to my mother. I attribute all my success in life to the moral, intellectual and physical education I received from her.
My observation is that whenever one person is found adequate to the discharge of a duty... it is worse executed by two persons, and scarcely done at all if three or more are employed therein.
My policy has been, and will continue to be, while I have the honor to remain in the administration of the government, to be upon friendly terms with, but independent of, all the nations of the earth. To share in the broils of none. To fulfill our own engagements. To supply the wants, and be carriers for them all: Being thoroughly convinced that it is our policy and interest to do so.
Next Monday the Convention in Virginia will assemble; we have still good hopes of its adoption here: though by no great plurality of votes. South Carolina has probably decided favourably before this time. The plot thickens fast. A few short weeks will determine the political fate of America for the present generation, and probably produce no small influence on the happiness of society through a long succession of ages to come.
No compact among men... can be pronounced everlasting and inviolable, and if I may so express myself, that no Wall of words, that no mound of parchment can be so formed as to stand against the sweeping torrent of boundless ambition on the one side, aided by the sapping current of corrupted morals on the other.
No country upon earth ever had it more in its power to attain these blessings than United America. Wondrously strange, then, and much to be regretted indeed would it be, were we to neglect the means and to depart from the road which Providence has pointed us to so plainly; I cannot believe it will ever come to pass.
No morn ever dawned more favorable than ours did; and no day was every more clouded than the present! Wisdom, and good examples are necessary at this time to rescue the political machine from the impending storm.
No pecuniary consideration is more urgent, than the regular redemption and discharge of the public debt: on none can delay be more injurious, or an economy of time more valuable.
No people can be bound to acknowledge and adore the invisible hand, which conducts the Affairs of men more than the People of the United States. Every step, by which they have advanced to the character of an independent nation, seems to have been distinguished by some token of providential agency.
No taxes can be devised which are not more or less inconvenient and unpleasant.
Nothing can be more hurtful to the service, than the neglect of discipline; for that discipline, more than numbers, gives one army the superiority over another.
Observe good faith and justice toward all nations. Cultivate peace and harmony with all.
Of all the dispositions and habits which lead to political prosperity, religion and morality are indispensable supports. In vain would that man claim the tribute of patriotism, who should labor to subvert these great pillars of human happiness, these firmest props of the duties of men and citizens... Let it simply be asked, where is the security for property, for reputation, for live, in the sense of religious obligations desert and oaths which are the instruments of investigation in courts of Justice? And let us with caution indulge the supposition that morality can be maintained without religion. Whatever may be conceded to the influence of refined education ... reason and experience both forbid us to expect that national morality can prevail in exclusion of religious principle.
Oh, eternal and everlasting God, direct my thoughts, words and work. Wash away my sins in the immaculate blood of the lamb and purge my heart by the Holy Spirit. Daily, frame me more and more in the likeness of thy son, Jesus Christ, that living in thy fear, and dying in thy favor, I may in thy appointed time obtain the resurrection of the justified unto eternal life. Bless, O Lord, the whole race of mankind and let the world be filled with the knowledge of thy son, Jesus Christ.
Our cause is noble; it is the cause of mankind!
Over grown military establishments are under any form of government inauspicious to liberty, and are to be regarded as particularly hostile to republican liberty.
Promote then as an object of primary importance, Institutions for the general diffusion of knowledge. In proportion as the structure of a government gives force to public opinion, it is essential that public opinion should be enlightened.
Some day, following the example of the United States of America, there will be a United States of Europe.
Speak seldom, but to important subjects, except such as particularly relate to your constituents, and, in the former case, make yourself perfectly master of the subject.
The administration of justice is the firmest pillar of government.
The Army (considering the irritable state it is in, its suffering and composition) is a dangerous instrument to play with.
The basis of our political system is the right of the people to make and to alter their constitutions of government.
The best and only safe road to honor, glory, and true dignity is justice.
The best means of forming a manly, virtuous, and happy people will be found in the right education of youth. Without this foundation, every other means, in my opinion, must fail.
The blessed Religion revealed in the word of God will remain an eternal and awful monument to prove that the best Institution may be abused by human depravity; and that they may even, in some instances be made subservient to the vilest purposes. Should, hereafter, those incited by the lust of power and prompted by the Supineness or venality of their Constituents, overleap the known barriers of this Constitution and violate the unalienable rights of humanity: it will only serve to shew, that no compact among men (however provident in its construction and sacred in its ratification) can be pronounced everlasting an inviolable, and if I may so express myself, that no Wall of words, that no mound of parchm[en]t can be so formed as to stand against the sweeping torrent of boundless ambition on the side, aided by the sapping current of corrupted morals on the other.
The bosom of America is open to receive not only the Opulent and respectable Stranger, but the oppressed and persecuted of all Nations and Religions; whom we shall welcome to a participation of all our rights and privileges, if by decency and propriety of conduct they appear to merit the enjoyment.
The Citizens of America, placed in the most enviable condition, as the sole Lords and Proprietors of a vast Tract of Continent, comprehending all the various soils and climates of the World, and abounding with all the necessaries and conveniencies of life
The citizens of the United States of America have the right to applaud themselves for having given to mankind examples of an enlarged and liberal policy worthy of imitation. All possess alike liberty of conscience and immunities of citizenship. It is now no more that toleration is spoken of as if it were by the indulgence of one class of citizens that another enjoyed the exercise of their inherent natural rights, for happily the Government of the United States, which gives to bigotry no sanction, to persecution no assistance, requires only that they who live under its protection should demean themselves as good citizens in giving it on all occasions their effectual support.
The consciousness of having discharged that duty which we owe to our country is superior to all other considerations.
The Constitution is the guide which I never will abandon.
The constitution vests the power of declaring war in Congress; therefore no offensive expedition of importance can be undertaken until after they shall have deliberated upon the subject and authorized such a measure.
The establishment of Civil and Religious Liberty was the Motive which induced me to the Field -- the object is attained and it now remains to be my earnest wish & prayer, that the Citizens of the United States could make a wise and virtuous use of the blessings placed before them.
The executive branch of this government never has, nor will suffer, while I preside, any improper conduct of its officers to escape with impunity.
The foolish and wicked practice of profane cursing and swearing is a vice so mean and low that every person of sense and character detests and despises it.
The foundations of our national policy will be laid in the pure and immutable principles of private morality, and the preeminence of free government be exemplified by all the attributes which can win the affections of its citizens, and command the respect of the world.
The hour is fast approaching, on which the Honor and Success of this army, and the safety of our bleeding Country depend. Remember officers and Soldiers, that you are Freemen, fighting for the blessings of Liberty -- that slavery will be your portion, and that of your posterity, if you do not acquit yourselves like men.
The liberty enjoyed by the people of these states of worshiping Almighty God agreeably to their conscience, is not only among the choicest of their blessings, but also of their rights.
The marvel of all history is the patience with which men and women submit to burdens unnecessarily laid upon them by their governments.
The name of American, which belongs to you, in your national capacity, must always exalt the just pride of Patriotism, more than any appellation derived from local discriminations.
The nation which indulges towards another an habitual hatred, or an habitual fondness, is in some degree a slave. It is a slave to its animosity or to its affection, either of which is sufficient to lead it astray from its duty and its interest.
The preservation of the sacred fire of liberty, and the destiny of the republican model of government, are justly considered deeply, perhaps as finally, staked on the experiment entrusted to the hands of the American people.
The propitious smiles of Heaven can never be expected on a nation that disregards the eternal rules of order and right, which Heaven itself has ordained.
The scheme, my dear Marqs. which you propose as a precedent, to encourage the emancipation of the black people of this Country from that state of Bondage in wch. they are held, is a striking evidence of the benevolence of your Heart. I shall be happy to join you in so laudable a work.
The spirit of encroachment tends to consolidate the powers of all the departments in one, and thus to create whatever the form of government, a real despotism. A just estimate of that love of power, and proneness to abuse it, which predominates in the human heart is sufficient to satisfy us of the truth of this position.
The time is near at hand which must determine whether Americans are to be free men or slaves.
The value of liberty was thus enhanced in our estimation by the difficulty of its attainment, and the worth of characters appreciated by the trial of adversity.
The very atmosphere of firearms anywhere and everywhere restrains evil interference - they deserve a place of honor with all that's good.
There can be no greater error than to expect, or calculate, upon real favors from nation to nation. It is an illusion which experience must cure, which a just pride ought to discard.
There exists in the economy and course of nature, an indissoluble union between virtue and happiness; between duty and advantage; between the genuine maxims of an honest and magnanimous policy, and the solid rewards of public prosperity and felicity; since we ought to be no less persuaded that the propitious smiles of Heaven can never be expected on a nation that disregards the eternal rules of order and right, which Heaven itself has ordained.
There is a rank due to the United States, among nations, which will be withheld, if not absolutely lost, by the reputation of weakness. If we desire to avoid insult, we must be able to repel it; if we desire to secure peace, one of the most powerful instruments of our rising prosperity, it must be known that we are at all times ready for war.
There is but one straight course, and that is to seek truth and pursue it steadily.
There is nothing which can better deserve our patronage than the promotion of science and literature. Knowledge is in every country the surest basis of public happiness.
These are qualities to rare and to precious not to merit one’s particular esteem
Tis substantially true, that virtue or morality is a necessary spring of popular government. The rule indeed extends with more or less force to every species of free Government.
To be prepared for war is one of the most effective means of preserving peace.
To form a new Government, requires infinite care, and unbounded attention; for if the foundation is badly laid the superstructure must be bad.
True friendship is a plant of slow growth, and must undergo and withstand the shocks of adversity, before it is entitled to the appellation.
Truth will ultimately prevail where there are pains taken to bring it to light.
War - An act of violence whose object is to constrain the enemy, to accomplish our will.
We are either a United people, or we are not. If the former, let us, in all maters of general concern act as a nation, which have national objects to promote, and a national character to support. If we are not, let us no longer act a farce by pretending to it.
We must take human nature as we find it, perfection falls not to the share of mortals.
We should never despair, our Situation before has been unpromising and has changed for the better, so I trust, it will again. If new difficulties arise, we must only put forth new Exertions and proportion our Efforts to the exigency of the times.
We should not look back unless it is to derive useful lessons from past errors, and for the purpose of profiting by dearly bought experience.
When we assumed the Soldier, we did not lay aside the Citizen; and we shall most sincerely rejoice with you in the happy hour when the establishment of American Liberty, upon the most firm and solid foundations shall enable us to return to our Private Stations in the bosom of a free, peacefully and happy Country.
Worry is the interest paid by those who borrow trouble.
 Contemporaries
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George Washington1732, Feb111789
 
17971799, Dec 14

Mohammed III1710 ca1748
 
17901790, Apr 9
 Sultan of Morocco from 1757 to 1790 under the Alaouite dynasty. He was the governor of Marrakech ...
Lyman Hall1724, Apr 121749
 
17901790, Oct 19
  physician, clergyman, and statesman, was a signer of the United States Declaration of Independen...
Josiah Bartlett1729, Nov 211750
 
17901795, May 19
 an American physician and statesman, delegate to the Continental Congress for New Hampshire, and ...
HRE Joseph II1741, Mar 131765
 
17901790, Feb 20
  Holy Roman Emperor from 1765 to 1790 and ruler of the Habsburg lands from 1780 to 1790. He was t...
David Brearley1745, Jun 111776
 
17901790, Aug 16
 a delegate to the U.S. Constitutional Convention and signed the U.S. Constitution on behalf of Ne...
Benjamin Harrison V1726, Apr 51745
 
17911791, Apr 24
 an American politician, planter, and merchant, a revolutionary leader and a Founding Father of th...
James De Lancey [2]17321758
 
17911800
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Francis Hopkinson1737, Sep 211761
 
17911791, May 9
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William Paca1740, Oct 311761
 
17911799, Oct 13
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Pomare I1753 ca1788
 
17911803, Sep 3
 the unifier and first king of Tahiti and founder of the Pomare dynasty and the Kingdom of Tahiti ...
John Burgoyne1722, Feb 241743
 
17921792, Aug 4
 a British army officer, politician and dramatist. He first saw action during the Seven Years' War...
Hamengkubuwono Iunknown1755
 
17921792
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Richard Henry Lee1732, Jan 201757
 
17921794, Jun 19
 an American statesman from Virginia best known for the motion in the Second Continental Congress ...
James Wilson [2]1742, Sep 141766
 
17921798, Aug 21
 one of the Founding Fathers of the United States and a signatory of the United States Declaration...
Nguyen Hue17531788
 
17921792, Sep 16
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HRE Leopold II1747, May 51790
 
 
17921792, Mar 1
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John Hancock1736, Jan 121754
 
17931793, Oct 8
 an American merchant, statesman, and prominent Patriot of the American Revolution. He served as p...
Roger Sherman1721, Apr 191754
 
17931793, Jul 23
 an early American lawyer and statesman, as well as a Founding Father of the United States. He ser...
Israel Jacobs1726, Jun 91770
 
17931796, Dec 10
 a colonial Pennsylvania Legislator and United States Representative from Pennsylvania. In 1790, J...
King Louis XVI1754, Aug 231774
 
17931793, Jan 21
  King of France from 1774 until his deposition in 1792, although his formal title after 1791 was ...
Carter Braxton1736, Sep 101760
 
17941797, Oct 10
 a signer of the United States Declaration of Independence, as well as a merchant, planter, and Vi...
Abraham Clark1726, Feb 151775
 
17941794, Sep 15
 an American politician and Revolutionary War figure. He was delegate for New Jersey to the Contin...
Artemas Ward1727, Nov 261751
 
17951800, Oct 28
 an American major general in the American Revolutionary War and a Congressman from Massachusetts....
John Rutledge1739, Sep 171760
 
17951800, Jul 23
 the second Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. A lawyer and a judge, Rutledg...
Samuel Huntington1731, Jul 51754
 
17961796, Jan 5
 a jurist, statesman, and Patriot in the American Revolution from Connecticut. As a delegate to th...
George Clymer1739, Mar 161765
 
17961813, Jan 23
 an American politician and Founding Father of the United States. He was one of the first Patriots...
Anthony Wayne1745, Jan 11775
 
17961796, Dec 15
 a United States Army officer, statesman, and member of the United States House of Representatives...
Horace Walpole1717, Sep 241737
 
17971797, Mar 2
 an English art historian, man of letters, antiquarian and Whig politician. He had Strawberry Hill...
Oliver Wolcott1726, Nov 201747
 
17971797, Dec 1
 a signer of the United States Declaration of Independence and also the Articles of Confederation ...
Martha Washington1731, Jun 21789
 
17971802, May 22
 the wife of George Washington, the first President of the United States. Although the title was n...
Samuel Adams1734, Jan 201750
 
17981806, May 8
 an American statesman, political philosopher, and one of the Founding Fathers of the United State...
Robert Morris Jr.1734, Jan 201750
 
17981806, May 8
 a Founding Father of the United States, was a Liverpool-born American merchant who financed the A...
George Read1733, Sep 181753
 
17981798, Sep 21
 an American lawyer and politician from New Castle in New Castle County, Delaware. He was a signer...
Thomas Heyward Jr.1746, Jul 281775
 
17981809, Mar 6
 a signer of the United States Declaration of Independence and of the Articles of Confederation as...
Patrick Henry1736, May 291760
 
17991799, Jun 6
 an American attorney, planter and politician who became known as an orator during the movement fo...
John Mare Jr.17391765
 
17991802/03
 an American painter, businessman, and public figure. Not much is known of Mare's training, althou...
Tipu Sultan1750, Nov 101766
 
17991799, May 4
  a ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore. He was the eldest son of Sultan Hyder Ali of Mysore. Tipu intr...
Red Jacket1750 ca1770
 
17991830
 a Native American Seneca orator and chief of the Wolf clan. He negotiated on behalf of his nation...
Daniel Morgan1736, Jul 61775
 
17991802, Jul 6
 an American pioneer, soldier, and United States Representative from Virginia. One of the most gif...
Fisher Ames1758, Apr 91774
 
18001808, Jul 4
 a Representative in the United States Congress from the 1st Congressional District of Massachuset...
Edward Rutledge1749, Nov 231774
 
18001800, Jan 23
 an American politician, and youngest signer of the United States Declaration of Independence. He ...
Frederick Muhlenberg1750, Jan 11770
 
18011801, Jun 4
 an American minister and politician who was the first Speaker of the United States House of Repre...
John Wattsunknown1788
 
18021802
 one of the leaders of the Chickamauga Cherokee (or "Lower Cherokee") during the Cherokee-American...
Robert Treat Paine1731, Mar 111757
 
18041814, May 11
 a Massachusetts lawyer and politician, best known as a signer of the Declaration of Independence ...
Alexander Hamilton1755/57, Jan 111770
 
18041804, Jul 12
 an American statesman and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. He was an influential...
George Walton17491774
 
18041804, Feb 2
 signed the United States Declaration of Independence as a representative of Georgia and also serv...
George Wythe17261746
 
18061806, Jun 8
 the first American law professor, a noted classics scholar, and a Virginia judge. The first of th...
Selim III1761, Dec 241789
 
18071808, Jul 28
 the reform-minded Sultan and Islam Caliph of the Ottoman Empire from 1789 to 1807. The Janissarie...
John Page1743, Apr 281763
 
18081808, Oct 11
 a figure in early United States history. He served in the U.S. Congress and as the 13th Governor ...
Christian VII1749, Jan 291766
 
18081808, Mar 13
 a monarch of the House of Oldenburg who was King of Denmark-Norway and Duke of Schleswig and Hols...
Aaron Burr1756, Feb 61775
 
18081836, Sep 14
 an American politician. He was the third Vice President of the United States (1801–1805), servi...
Jean-Nicolas Demeunier1751, Mar 151789
 
18081814, Feb 2
 a French author and politician. It was as a member of the Constitutional Committee that Démeunie...
Joseph Brant1743 ca1750
 
18091807
 a Mohawk military and political leader, based in present-day New York, who was closely associated...
Blue Jacket1743 ca 1770
 
18091810 ca
 a war chief of the Shawnee people, known for his militant defense of Shawnee lands in the Ohio Co...
Buckongahelas1720 ca1770
 
18091805
 a regionally and nationally renowned Lenape chief, councilor and warrior. He was active from the ...
Samuel Chase1741, Apr 171761
 
18111811, Jun 19
 an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court and earlier was a signatory to the United...
William Williams [3]1731, Apr 231771
 
18111811, Aug 2
 a merchant, and a delegate for Connecticut to the Continental Congress in 1776, and a signatory o...
Thomas McKean1734, Mar 191755
 
18121817, Jun 24
 an American lawyer and politician from New Castle, in New Castle County, Delaware and Philadelphi...
Benjamin Rush1745, Dec 241769
 
18121813, Apr 19
 a Founding Father of the United States. Rush was a civic leader in Philadelphia, where he was a p...
Elbridge Gerry1744, Jul 61765
 
18141814, Nov 23
 an American statesman and diplomat. As a Democratic-Republican he was selected as the fifth Vice ...
Timothy Pickering1745, Jul 171768
 
18161829, Jan 29
 a politician from Massachusetts who served in a variety of roles, most notably as the third Unite...
John Clopton1756, Feb 71776
 
18161816, Sep 11
 a United States Representative from Virginia. He served as first lieutenant and as captain in the...
Emperor Kokaku 1771, Sep 231780
 
18171840, Dec 11
 Given name, Tomohito, the 119th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of successio...
William Ellery1727, Dec 21748
 
18201820, Feb 15
 a signer of the United States Declaration of Independence as a representative of Rhode Island. In...
King George III1738, Jun 41760
 
18201820, Jan 29
 King of Great Britain and Ireland from 25 October 1760 until the union of the two countries on 1 ...
William Floyd1734, Dec 171774
 
18201821. Aug 4
 an American politician from New York, and a signer of the United States Declaration of Independen...
Joseph Bloomfield1753, Oct 181775
 
18231823, Oct 3
 the fourth Governor of New Jersey. The township of Bloomfield, New Jersey is named for him. He at...
Thomas Jefferson1743, Apr 21767
 
18241826, Jul 4
 an American Founding Father, the principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776), and ...
William Hull1753, Jun 241775
 
18251825, Nov 29
 an American soldier and politician. He fought in the American Revolution and was appointed as Gov...
Charles Carroll III1737, Sep 191772
 
18281832, Nov 14
 a wealthy Maryland planter and an early advocate of independence from the Kingdom of Great Britai...
Hamengkubuwono II1750, Mar 71792
 
18281828, Jan 3
 the second sultan of Yogyakarta 1792–1810, 1811–12 and finally 1826–28 during the Java War....
Manuel Quimper17571770
 
18291844, Apr
 a Spanish Peruvian explorer, cartographer, naval officer, and colonial official. He participated ...
William Clark [2]1770, Aug 11789
 
18291838, Sep 1
 an American explorer, soldier, Indian agent, and territorial governor. Along with Meriwether Lewi...
Petar I Petrovic-Njegos1747/481782
 
18301830, Oct 31
 the ruler of the Prince-Bishopric of Montenegro as the Metropolitan (vladika) of Cetinje, and Exa...
William Wirt1772, Nov 81792
 
18341834, Feb 18
 an American author and statesman who is credited with turning the position of United States Attor...
HRE Francis II1768, Feb 121792
 
18351835, Mar 2
 the last Holy Roman Emperor, ruling from 1792 until 6 August 1806, when he dissolved the Holy Rom...
Major Ridge1771 ca1790
 
18391839
 a Cherokee leader, a member of the tribal council, and a lawmaker. As a warrior, he fought in the...
Noah Webster1758, Oct 161781
 
18431843, May 28
 an American lexicographer, textbook pioneer, English-language spelling reformer, political writer...
Artemas Ward Jr.1762, Jan 91783
 
18441847, Oct 7
 like his father, Artemas Ward, he was a United States Representative from Massachusetts. He serve...
Albert Gallatin1761, Jan 291788
 
18491849, Aug 12
 a Swiss-American politician, diplomat, ethnologist and linguist. He was an important leader of th...
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