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Astronomers
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1812, Jun 91835-18971910, Jul 10
a German astronomer from Radis, Germany, at the Berlin Observatory who was the first person to view the planet Neptune and know what he was looking at.
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09/23/1846-German astronomer Johann Gottfried Galle and Heinrich d'Arrest confirm the existence of Neptune, the eighth planet
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Johann Gottfried Galle1812, Jun 91835
 
18971910, Jul 10

Thomas John Hussey1792, Apr 41835
 
18381854 ca
 an English clergyman and astronomer. In his clerical capacity he published several sermons, but h...
Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel1784, Jul 221804
 
18421846, Mar 17
 a German astronomer, mathematician, physicist and geodesist. He was the first astronomer who dete...
Alexis Bouvard1767, Jun 271793
 
18431843, Jun 7
 a French astronomer. He is particularly noted for his careful observations of the irregularities ...
Francis Baily1774, Apr 281799
 
18431844, Aug 30
 an English astronomer. He is most famous for his observations of 'Baily's beads' during an eclips...
Thomas Henderson1798, Dec 281832
 
18441844, Nov 23
 a Scottish astronomer and mathematician noted for being the first person to measure the distance ...
Caroline Herschel1750 Mar 161772
 
18461848, Jan 9
 a German British astronomer and the sister of astronomer Sir William Herschel with whom she worke...
Karl Ludwig Hencke1793, Apr 81807
 
18471866, Sep 21
 a German amateur astronomer. He discovered two asteroids from his private observatory at #9, Kiet...
James Dunlop1793, Oct 311810
 
18471848, Sep 22
 a Scottish astronomer, noted for his work in Australia. He served as astronomer's assistant at a ...
Wilhelm Freiherr von Biela1782, Mar 191802
 
18491856, Feb 18
 a German-Austrian military officer and amateur astronomer. In the field of astronomy, he speciali...
Wilhelm Beer1797, Jan 41830
 
18491850, Mar 27
 a banker and astronomer from Berlin, Prussia, and the half-brother of Giacomo Meyerbeer. In 1830,...
William Cranch Bond1789, Sep 91806
 
18501859, Jan 29
 an American astronomer, and the first director of Harvard College Observatory. When he built his ...
Francois Arago1786, Feb 261804
 
18521853, Oct 2
 a French mathematician, physicist, astronomer, freemason, supporter of the carbonari and politici...
Carl Friedrich Gauss1777, Apr 301798
 
18541855, Feb 23
 a German mathematician who contributed significantly to many fields, including number theory, alg...
August Ferdinand Mobius1790, Nov 171816
 
18581868, Sep 26
 a German mathematician and theoretical astronomer. He is best known for his discovery of the Möb...
A. Laurentunknown1850
 
 
1859unknown
 a French amateur astronomer who discovered the asteroid 51 Nemausa in 1858, for which he was a re...
James Ferguson [4]1797, Aug 311847
 
 
18601867, Sep 26
 an American astronomer and engineer (he helped build the Erie canal) born in Scotland who made th...
Jean Chacornac1823, Jun 211853
 
 
18601873, Sep 23
 a French astronomer, born in Lyon, died in St Jean en Royans. Working in Marseille and Paris, he ...
Christopher Hansteen1784, Sep 261806
 
18611873, Apr 11
 a Norwegian geophysicist, astronomer and physicist, best known for his mapping of Earth's magneti...
Hermann Goldschmidt1802, Jun 171820
 
18621866, Apr 26
 a German-French astronomer and painter who spent much of his life in France. He started out as a ...
Johann Franz Encke1791, Sep 231816
 
18631865, Aug 26
 a German astronomer. Among his activities, he worked on the calculation of the periods of comets ...
Friedrich Wilhelm Argelander1799, Mar 221823
 
18631875, Feb 17
 a German astronomer. He is known for his determinations of stellar brightnesses, positions, and d...
Heinrich d'Arrest1822, Aug 131846
 
 
18641875, Jun 14
 a German astronomer, born in Berlin, involved in the search for Neptune, discovered a comet, and ...
William Rutter Dawes1799, Mar 191849
 
 
18641868, Feb 15
 an English astronomer who made extensive measurements of double stars as well as observations of ...
John Herschel1792, Mar 71816
 
18671871, May 11
 an English polymath, mathematician, astronomer, chemist, inventor, experimental photographer, and...
James Challis1803, Dec 121825
 
18701882, Dec 3
 an English clergyman, physicist and astronomer. Plumian Professor and director of the Cambridge O...
Theodor Brorsen1819, Jul 291844
 
 
18701895, Mar 31
 a Danish astronomer. He is best known for his discovery of five comets, including the lost period...
Sir Edward Sabine1788, Oct 141818
 
18711883, Jun 26
 an Irish astronomer, geophysicist, ornithologist, explorer, soldier and the 30th President of the...
Charles-Eugene Delaunay1816, Apr 91855
 
 
18721872, Aug 5
 a French astronomer and mathematician. His lunar motion studies were important in advancing both ...
Anders Jonas Angstrom1814, Aug 131839
 
 
18731874, Jun 21
 a Swedish physicist and one of the founders of the science of spectroscopy. Intrigued by terrestr...
Richard Christopher Carrington1826, May 261848
 
 
18731875, Nov 27
 an English amateur astronomer whose 1859 astronomical observations demonstrated the existence of ...
Giovanni Battista Donati1826, Dec 161852
 
 
18731873, Sep 20
 an Italian astronomer on the staff of the Observatory of Florence (later its director) and pione...
Peter Andreas Hansen1795, Dec 81820
 
18741874, Mar 28
 a danish astronomer. In 1838 he published a revision of the lunar theory, entitled Fundamenta nov...
Wilhelm Tempel1821, Dec 41850
 
 
18801889, Mar 16
 a German astronomer who worked in Marseille until the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War in 1870...
George B. Airy1801, Jul 271822
 
18811892, Jan 21
 an English mathematician and astronomer, Astronomer Royal from 1835 to 1881. His many achievement...
Thomas William Webb1807, Dec 141829
 
18851885, May 19
 a British astronomer. Through his career T. W. Webb served as a clergyman at various places inclu...
Benjamin Apthorp Gould1824, Sep 271844
 
 
18851896, Nov 26
 a pioneering American astronomer. He is noted for creating the Astronomical Journal, discovering ...
Alvan Clark1804, Mar 81830
 
18871887, Aug 19
 an American astronomer and telescope maker. He was a portrait painter and engraver (c.1830s-1850s...
Ernest Mouchez1821, Aug 241843
 
 
18871892, Jun 29
 a French naval officer who became director of the Paris Observatory and launched the ill-fated Ca...
John Couch Adams1819, Jun 51835
 
18881892, Jan 21
 a British mathematician and astronomer. His most famous achievement was predicting the existence ...
Maria Mitchell1818, Aug 11835
 
18881889, Jun 28
 an American astronomer who, in 1847, by using a telescope, discovered a comet which as a result b...
Annibale de Gasparis1819, Nov 91849
 
 
18891892, Mar 21
 an Italian astronomer who discovered nine asteroids. He won the Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomi...
Daniel Kirkwood1814, Sep 271839
 
 
18951895, Jun 11
 an American astronomer. Kirkwood was born in Harford County, Maryland to John and Agnes (née Hop...
John Russell Hind1823, May 121840
 
 
18951895, Dec 23
 an English astronomer. Hind is notable for being one of the early discoverers of asteroids. He al...
Herve Faye1814, Oct 11834
 
18971902, Jul 4
 a French astronomer, who studied comets, discovering several. His work covered the entire field o...
Andrew Graham1815, Apr 81848
 
19031907, Nov 5
 an Irish astronomer/computer. He discovered the asteroid 9 Metis in 1848 whilst employed at Markr...
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