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GovernanceWriters
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1672, May 11693-17191719, Jun 17
an English essayist, poet, playwright, and politician. He was the eldest son of The Reverend Lancelot Addison. His name is usually remembered alongside that of his long-standing friend, Richard Steele, with whom he founded The Spectator magazine.
 Dictionary Citations (11) • View in Dictionary
Cachexy: A depraved condition: of a person -- body or mind -- or of a state, as MACMILLAN'S MAGAZINE of November 188...
Commode: As an adjective: convenient, suitable. Used in the 17th century. Via French from Latin com, together + modu...
Dole: This common form came into the language from three sources; it has had many meanings. (1) Old English dal, ...
Dumbbell: In 1711, Joseph Addison wrote in The Spectator that "I exercise myself an Hour every Morning upon a du...
Gale: (1) A plant, the bog-myrtle, also called sweet gale, from the twigs of which gale-beer is made. Crabbe in T...
Lace: To catch in a net or snare; to variegate, streak with color (originally, from gold and silver lace) ; hence...
Rhapsody: Originally, an epic poem; especially, a book of the ILIAD or the ODYSSEY, which could be presented aloud at...
Roger: From the name came various other uses. (1) A begging vagabond claiming to be a poor scholar from Oxford or ...
Salamander: A lizard-like animal, supposedly immune to fire. (Benvenuto Cellini, 1500-1571, recorded that when he was a...
Small beer: Inferior beer. Thomas Nashe, in FOUR LETTERS CONFUTED (1592) speaks of poetry more spiritless than small be...
Whiffler: (1) A smoker of tobacco; usually contemptuous. Used from the 17th to the 19th century; so also (2) a trifle...
 Mentions (3)
Laurence Eusden
...Laureate, Nicholas Rowe, and the recommendation of Joseph Addison. Upon his appointment, Eusden produced Birthday and...
Richard Steele
...politician, remembered as co-founder, with his friend Joseph Addison, of the magazine The Spectator. Steele's first...
Thomas Tickell
...literature, as in life, was largely due to the friendship of Joseph Addison, who procured for him (1717) an under-secretaryship...
 Quotes (20) • View in Quotations
A true critic ought to dwell rather upon excellencies than imperfections, to discover the concealed beauties of a writer, and communicate to the world such things as are worth their observation.
Admiration is a very short-lived passion that immediately decays upon growing familiar with its object, unless it be still fed with fresh discoveries, and kept alive by a new perpetual succession of miracles rising up to its view.
Arguments out of a pretty mouth are unanswerable.
Beauty soon grows familiar to the lover, fades in his eye, and palls upon the sense.
Content thyself to be obscurely good. When vice prevails, and impious men bear sway, the post of honor is a private station.
I have often wondered that learning is not thought a proper ingredient in the education of a woman of quality or fortune. Since they have the same improvable minds as the male part of their species.
In doing what we ought we deserve no praise, because it is our duty.
It would be a good appendix to the Art of Living and Dying, if any one would write the Art of Growing Old, and teach men to resign their pretensions to the pleasures and gallantries of youth, in proportion to the alteration they find in themselves by the approach of age and infirmities. The infirmities of this stage of life would be much fewer, if we did not affect those which attend the more vigorous and active part of our days; but, instead of studying to be wiser, or being contented with our present follies, the ambition of many of us is also to be the same sort of fools we formerly have been.
Man is subject to innumerable pains and sorrows by the very condition of humanity, and yet, as if nature had not sown evils enough in life, we are continually adding grief to grief, and aggravating the common calamity by our cruel treatment of one another.
Men of warm imaginations and towering thoughts are apt to overlook the goods of fortune which are near them, for something that glitters in the sight at a distance; to neglect solid and substantial happiness for what is showy and superficial; and to contemn that good which lies within their reach, for that which they are not capable of attaining. Hope calculates its schemes for a long and durable life; presses forward to imaginary points of bliss; grasps at impossibilities; and consequently very often ensnares men into beggary, ruin, and dishonour.
Men who profess a state of neutrality in times of public danger, desert the common interest of their fellow subjects; and act with independence to that constitution into which they are incorporated. The safety of the whole requires our joint endeavours. When this is at stake, the indifferent are not properly a part of the community; or rather are like dead limbs, which are an encumbrance to the body, instead of being of use to it.
One hope no sooner dies in us but another rises up in its stead. We are apt to fancy that we shall be happy and satisfied if we possess ourselves of such and such particular enjoyments; but either by reason of their emptiness, or the natural inquietude of the mind, we have no sooner gained one point, but we extend our hopes to another. We still find new inviting scenes and landscapes lying behind those which at a distance terminated our view.
Silence is sometimes more significant and sublime than the most noble and most expressive eloquence, and is on many occasions the indication of a great mind.
Sweet are the slumbers of the virtuous man.
The Fear of Death often proves Mortal.
There is no greater sign of a general decay of virtue in a nation, than a want of zeal in its inhabitants for the good of their country.
There is not so variable a thing in Nature as a lady's head-dress.
There is nothing we receive with so much reluctance as advice.
What sculpture is to a block of marble, education is to the human soul.
When I consider the question, whether there are such persons in the world as those we call witches? my mind is divided between the two opposite opinions; or rather (to speak my thoughts freely) I believe in general that there is, and has been such a thing as witchcraft; but at the same time can give no credit to any particular instance of it.
 Contemporaries
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Joseph Addison1672, May 11693
 
17191719, Jun 17

Queen Mary II1662, Apr 301689
 
16941694, Dec 28
 joint Sovereign of England, Scotland, and Ireland and Supreme Governor of the Church of England w...
William Phips1651, Feb 21673
 
16951695, Feb 18
 a shepherd boy born in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, a shipwright, ship's captain, treasure hunte...
Ahmed II1643, Feb 251691
 
16951695, Feb 6
 the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and Caliph (Sunni Islam) of the Ottoman Caliphate from 1691 to 1...
Sir James Houblon1629, Jul1654
 
16981700, Oct
 an influential merchant and Member of Parliament for the City of London. He held appointments in ...
Thomas Neale16411664
 
16981699
 an English project-manager and politician who was also the first person to hold a position equiva...
Christian V1646, Apr 151670
 
16991699, Aug 25
 king of Denmark and Norway from 1670 until his death in 1699. Well-regarded by the common people,...
Tamanend1628 ca1680
 
16991701 ca
 a chief of one of the clans that made up the Lenni-Lenape nation in the Delaware Valley at the ti...
John Salomonszunknown1690
 
1699unknown
 elected chief of Sint Eustatius in the Caribbean Netherlands on May 31, 1696...
Roger L'Estrange1616, Dec 171639
 
17021704, Dec 11
 an English pamphleteer, author and staunch defender of Royalist claims. L'Estrange was involved i...
King William III1650, Nov 41689
 
17021702, Mar 8
 sovereign Prince of Orange from birth, Stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Gelderland, and ...
Amangkurat IIunknown1677
 
1703unknown
 the Susuhunan of Mataram from 1677 to 1703. Prior to taking the throne, he was the crown prince a...
Mustafa II1664, Feb 61695
 
 
17031703, Dec 28/30
 the Sultan and Caliph of the Ottoman Empire from 1695 to 1703. In June 1695, Mustafa II left Edir...
Willem van Outhoorn1635, May 41659
 
17041720, Nov 27
  Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies from 1691 to 1704. He was born and died in the Dutch E...
Amangkurat IIIunknown1703
 
 
1704unknown
 a short-lived ruler of Sultan in Java. His father Amangkurat II of Mataram had been killed, and h...
Charles Montagu1661, Apr 161683
 
17061715, May 19
 an English poet and statesman. In 1685, Montagu's verses on the death of King Charles II made suc...
Edward Hyde [2]1661, Nov 281685
 
17081723, Mar 31
 Governor of New York and New Jersey between 1701 and 1708, and is reputed to have had a predelict...
Emperor Higashiyama 1675, Oct 211687
 
17091710, Jan 16
 Higashiyama's reign spanned the years from 1687 through 1709 of what are generally considered to ...
HRE Joseph I1678, Jul 261705
 
 
17111711, Apr 17
  Holy Roman Emperor from 1705 until his death in 1711. He was the eldest son of Emperor Leopold I...
William Penn [2]1644, Oct 141681
 
17121718, Jul 30
  the son of Sir William Penn, and was an English real estate entrepreneur, philosopher, early Qua...
Queen Anne1665, Feb 61702
 
 
17141714, Aug 1
 the Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland and Supreme Governor of the Church of England from 170...
King Louis XIV1638, Sep 51643
 
17151715, Sep 1
 a monarch of the House of Bourbon who ruled as King of France from 1643 until his death in 1715. ...
Charles XII1682, Jun 171697
 
 
17181718, Nov 30
 the King of Sweden from 1697 to 1718. He belonged to the House of Palatinate-Zweibrücken, a bran...
Charles Booneunknown1715
 
1722unknown
 a British governor of the Bombay Presidency during the period of the Honourable East India Compan...
Richard Steele1672, Mar1697
 
17241729, Sep 1
  an Irish writer and politician, remembered as co-founder, with his friend Joseph Addison, of the...
Peter the Great1672, May 301682
 
17251725, Jan 28
 ruled the Tsardom of Russia and later the Russian Empire from 7 May (O.S. 27 April) 1682 until hi...
Moulay Ismail ibn Sharif16341672
 
17271727, Mar 22
 the second ruler of the Moroccan Alaouite dynasty. He is also known in his native country as the ...
King George I1660, May 281714
 
17271727, Jun 11
 King of Great Britain and Ireland, Supreme Governor of the Church of England from 1 August 1714 u...
Victor Amadeus II1666, May 141675
 
17301732, Oct 31
 Duke of Savoy from 1675 to 1730. Victor Amadeus II undertook sweeping administrative reforms with...
Frederick IV1671, Oct 111699
 
17301730, Oct 12
 the king of Denmark and Norway from 1699 until his death. Frederick was the son of King Christian...
Ahmed III1673, Dec 30/311703
 
17301736, Jul 1
 the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and Caliph (Sunni Islam) of the Ottoman Caliphate from 1703 to 1...
Woodes Rogers1679 ca1705
 
17321732, Jul 15
 an English sea captain, privateer, and, later, the first Royal Governor of the Bahamas. He is kno...
Emperor Nakamikado 1702, Jan 141709
 
17351737, May 10
  the 114th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. Nakamikado's reign...
William Cosby16901710
 
17361736
 an Irish soldier who served as the British royal governor of New York from 1732 to 1736. During h...
HRE Charles VI1685, Oct 11711
 
17401740, Oct 20
 he succeeded his elder brother, Joseph I, as Holy Roman Emperor, King of Bohemia (as Charles II),...
Melchior de Polignac1661, Oct 111683
 
17421742, Nov 20
 a French diplomat, Cardinal and neo-Latin poet. During the last years of Louis XIV, Abbé de Pol...
Robert Walpole1676, Aug 261715
 
17421745, Mar 18
 is generally regarded as the de facto first Prime Minister of Great Britain. Although the exact d...
Edward Vernon1684, Nov 121700
 
17461757, Oct 30
 a British naval officer. He had a long and distinguished career, rising to the rank of admiral af...
William IV of Orange1711, Sep 11711
 
17511751, Oct 22
 the first hereditary Stadtholder of all the United Provinces. He was born six weeks after the dea...
Spencer Phips1685, Jun 61713
 
17571757, Apr 4
 a British politician in the Province of Massachusetts Bay. Born Spencer Bennett, he was adopted b...
Louis XV1710, Feb 151715
 
17741774, May 10
 a monarch of the House of Bourbon who ruled as King of France and Navarre from 1 September 1715 u...
Benjamin Franklin1705, Jan 61718
 
17891790, Apr 17
 one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. A renowned polymath, Franklin was a leading aut...
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