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Before the advent of photography, if you wanted a picture of something or someone, you had to draw it yourself -- or hire someone to do it for you. Artists (at least the good ones) could make a good living painting portraits, cityscapes, scenes of commoners, or still lifes; and also preserving for us the particulars of their lives, the styles of their clothes and houses and the details of their world. Here are some whose works have lived beyond their lifetimes.
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Johann Joachim Faber

borndied
17781846
a landscape painter who was born in Hamburg. He worked originally at historical subjects, and painted the altar-piece, Suffer Little Children to come unto Me, for St. Catharine's Church at Hamburg. On his journey to Italy in company with J. A. Koch and Reinhardt, he was induced to adopt landscape painting, in which line he is best known. The Berlin Gallery c...
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Cross-listed in Military

Christian Wilhelm von Faber du Faur

borndied
1780, Aug 181857, Feb 6
a painter and an officer in the army of the Kingdom of Württemberg. He first devoted himself to painting, but subsequently became a soldier, and as a lieutenant in the 25th Division (the Württemberg unit) of the III Corps of Napoleon's Grande Armée, served in the French invasion of Russia, which he sketched as it progressed. His sketches were exhibited in...
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Barent Fabritius

aka: Bernard, Fabricius
borndied
1624, Nov1673, Oct
a Dutch painter. Fabritius was born at Middenbeemster, North Holland, the son of Pieter Carelsz. Fabritius. He studied with his brothers Johannes and Carel Fabritius, and probably with Rembrandt as well. He was a painter of biblical subjects (The three angels befo...
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Carel Fabritius

borndied
1622, Feb1654, Oct 12
a Dutch painter. He was a pupil of Rembrandt and worked in his studio in Amsterdam. Fabritius, who was a member of the Delft School, developed his own artistic style and experimented with perspective and lighting. Among his works are A View of Delft (1652), The Go...
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Carl Ferdinand Fabritius

borndied
16371673, Jan 21
a painter in the Bishopric of Paderborn, von Fürstenberg commissioned Fabritius to paint 63 landscape paintings of the towns and villages in his diocese from 1664 to 1667. The paintings were commissioned for display at the prince-bishop's residence Neuhaus near Paderborn. Carl Ferdinand Fabritius was born in Warsaw but lived in Vienna from 1659 to his death...
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Pieter Faes

borndied
1750, Jul 141814, Dec 22
a Flemish painter of still lifes and flower pieces. He was born in the village of Meer (now part of Hoogstraten, in the Belgian province of Antwerp). He studied at the Academy of Antwerp. At the Academy he became acquainted with Georges Frédéric Ziesel and Jan Frans Eliaerts who specialised in flower pieces like him.
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Joachim Martin Falbe

borndied
1709, Jun 111782, Mar 22
a German portrait painter. Born at Berlin in 1709, Falbe was instructed by Harper and A. Pesne. Several etchings after Rembrandt, or in the style of that master, which are attributed to him, and some of which are signed with Falbe's monogram, are in existence. In ...
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Juan Conchillos Falco

borndied
16411711
a Spanish painter. Two of his most important works were those executed for the church of San Salvador in Valencia; others are the "Immaculate Conception", painted for the Franciscans in the same city, the frescoes in the church of San Juan, and the two altar-pieces of the Cistercian monastery of Valdigna.
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Carel van Falens

borndied
16831733
a Flemish painter, specialising in hunting and hawking scenes. Falens was born in Antwerp. He lived most of his life in France, where he was made a member of the Académie royale in 1726. Many of his compositions base their harmony, pictorial details, vivid and vibrant colours, and texture on the great Flemish master Philips Wouwerman. Works by Van Falens ca...
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Willem de Famars Testas

borndied
18341896
a 19th-century Dutch painter. According to the RKD he learned to paint from Jacobus Everhardus Josephus van den Berg and studied at the Akademie van beeldende kunsten in the Hague during the years 1853-1854. He travelled to Egypt in 1858-1860 and was in Brussels 1872-1885. He became a member of the artist society Schilder- en teekengenootschap Kunstliefde in...
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Paulus Constantijn la Fargue

aka: Constantine Paul Lafargue
borndied
17291782
a Dutch painter, etcher and draftsman. La Fargue was born into an artistic family. He iinitially made room wallpaper. He worked on behalf of the Hague art dealer Gerard Huet. Later he specialized in drawing and painting cityscapes and landscapes, primarily landscapes in The Hague and Rotterdam until 1770. After this year he painted places in and around Delft...
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Giovanni Fattori

borndied
18251908
an Italian artist, one of the leaders of the group known as the Macchiaioli. He was initially a painter of historical themes and military subjects. In his middle years, inspired by the Barbizon school, he became one of the leading Italian plein-airists, painting landscapes, rural scenes, and scenes of military life. After 1884, he devoted much energy to etch...
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Joseph Fay

borndied
1813, Aug 101875, Jul 27
a German painter. He attended from 1833 to 1841 the Academy at Düsseldorf, and afterwards studied at Munich, and at Paris under Paul Delaroche. He first painted historical subjects, and had a happy talent in representing scenes from the life and manners of the old Germans. Not meeting with sufficient encouragement, he changed his style for genre painting, f...
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Christian Gottlob Fechhelm

borndied
17321816
a portrait and historical painter, born in Dresden. He studied under Mengs, Manjocky, and Hutin, first portrait painting, and then miniature. In the Seven Years' War Maria Theresa commissioned him to paint the portraits of the generals engaged in that campaign for the Military School at Vienna. Fechhelm died at Dresden
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Eduard Clemens Fechner

borndied
1799, Aug 211861, Feb 7
a German portrait painter and an etcher. He worked some time for the Duke of Leuchtenberg, and visited Paris in 1826. He excelled in painting portraits of ladies and children; he also executed eleven etchings in a spirited manner.
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Heinrich Christoph Fehling

borndied
16531725
a German painter, born at Sangerhausen, in Thuringia, was instructed by Bottschildt, to whom he was related. After having lived several years in Italy, he was appointed court-painter to the Elector John George IV, and became director of the Academy and inspector of the Art Galleries at Dresden, where he died. In the Dresden Gallery is a portrait by him of Co...
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Robert Feke

borndied
1705/07 ca1750
an American portrait painter born in Oyster Bay, Long Island, New York. According to art historian Richard Saunders, "Feke’s impact on the development of Colonial painting was substantial, and his pictures set a new standard by which the work of the next generation of aspiring Colonial artists was judged." In total, about 60 paintings by Feke survive, twel...
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Ferdinand Fellner

borndied
17991859
a designer and painter, was born at Frankfurt. After receiving a high-class education he went to Munich to study art, and remained there from 1825 to 1831, but later on he established himself at Stuttgart and published a number of illustrations. As a painter his works are less meritorious. He died at Stuttgart.
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Roger Fenton [2]

borndied
1819, Mar 281869, Aug 8
a pioneering British photographer, one of the first war photographers. Fenton visited the Great Exhibition in Hyde Park in London in 1851 and was impressed by the photography on display there. He then visited Paris to learn the waxed paper calotype process, most likely from Gustave Le Gray who had modified the methods employed by William Henry Fox Talbot, it...
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Cross-listed in AstronomersWritersInventors

James Ferguson [3]

bornactivedied
1710, Apr 251720-17731776, Nov 17
a Scottish astronomer, instrument and globe maker. It is, as the inventor and improver of astronomical and other scientific apparatus, that he claims a place among the most remarkable men of science of his country. In 1734 he went to Edinburgh, where he began to make portraits in miniature, by which means, while engaged in his scientific studies, he support...
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Francisco Fernandez

aka: Fernández
borndied
16061646
born at Madrid in 1606, and brought up in the school of Vincenzo Carducho, was one of the most ingenious artists of his time, and his talent gained great reputation for him at an early age. He was employed by Philip IV in the palaces at Madrid, and in the convent of La Victoria are pictures by him of the Death of St. Francis of Paola, and St. Joachim and St....
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Juan Fernandez el Labrador

aka: Juan Fernández, El Labrador
bornactivedied
unknown1629-1636unknown
a Spanish Baroque painter active between 1629 and 1636, specializing in still life painting. Fernández was an enigmatic painter, who lived away from the court and turned to painting flowers and fruits, especially grapes as inventories collecting paintings of the time, a task with which he reached international reputation.
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Cross-listed in Sculptors

Gaudenzio Ferrari

bornactivedied
1471 ca1510s-15421546, Jan 11
a Northern Italian painter and sculptor of the Renaissance, one of the leading representatives of the Lombard school. His initial pictorial style may be considered as derived mainly from the old Milanese school, which had imbibed the classic influence of Leonardo and pupils such as Bramantino. However, the provincial impetus was also strong, as is demonstrat...
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Giulio Ferrario

borndied
17671847
Printer and publisher in Milan (1813-1840), founding member of the "Società tipografica de 'Classici Italiani" (Milan, 1802-1814). - Director of the Biblioteca Nazionale Braidense, Milan. - Historian and illustrator. - Specialist in the history of costume


Domenico Fetti

borndied
1589 ca1623
an Italian Baroque painter active mainly in Rome, Mantua and Venice. In the 1620s–30s, he helped to implement the first influences of Roman Baroque style. He adapted some of the rich coloration of Venice but adapted it to Caravaggio-influenced realism and monum...
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Johann Michael Feuchtmayer the Elder

borndied
1666, Apr1713, Oct 15
a German painter and copper engraver. J. M. Feuchtmayer is most famous for the 1706 high altar paintings in the Catholic Parish Church of St. Idda in Bauen, Switzerland. With his brother Franz Joseph, he was also responsible for the choir stalls in the Benedictine monastery church in Einsiedeln, Switzerland. He died in Konstanz.
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Anselm Feuerbach

borndied
1829, Sep 121880, Jan 4
J. M. Feuchtmayer is most famous for the 1706 high altar paintings in the Catholic Parish Church of St. Idda in Bauen, Switzerland. With his brother Franz Joseph, he was also responsible for the choir stalls in the Benedictine monastery church in Einsiedeln, Switzerland. He died in Konstanz.
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Jacques-Eugene Feyen

aka: Jacques-Eugène
borndied
18151908
a French painter. He had a notable career at the Paris Salon from 1841 to 1882. He spent several months every year painting views of Cancale, the oyster-picking Cancalaises and the bay of Mont Saint-Michel, and his paintings still enjoy a steady fame.
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Johann Christian Fiedler

borndied
1697, Oct 311765, Sep 5
a portrait painter born in Pirna. He studied in Paris under Rigaud and Largillière. As court-painter at Darmstadt, he executed the portraits of a number of distinguished personages. Among his productions in the Gallery of that town are The Burial of Christ, The Seasons, some portraits, among which is the artist himself, and some fruit and fish pieces. He di...
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Robert Field

borndied
17691819
a painter who was born in London, England, and died in Kingston, Jamaica. He was one of America’s leading miniaturists. Along with being the most important painter in Nova Scotia at the beginning of the 19th century, at this time, Field was probably the most professionally trained painter to settle in Canada. Daphne Foskett in A Dictionary of British Minia...
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Copley Fielding

borndied
1787, Nov 221855, Mar 3
an English painter born in Sowerby, near Halifax and famous for his watercolour landscapes. At an early age Fielding became a pupil of John Varley. In 1810 he became an associate exhibitor in the Old Water-colour Society, in 1813 a full member and in 1831 President of that body (later known as the Royal Society of Watercolours), until his death. In 1824 he w...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Newton Smith Fielding

borndied
17991856, Jan 12
an English painter and lithographer. He exhibited at the Society of Painters in Water-colours, showing some landscapes in 1815, and cattle pieces in 1818. He is best known for his paintings and engravings of animals. In 1836 he published in London a set of Subjects after Nature, and in Paris he published sets of lithographs of animals, and illustrations to v...
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Thales Fielding

borndied
17931837
an English watercolour painter. He was an associate exhibitor of the Royal Society of Painters in Water-colours, and for some years teacher of drawing at the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich. He seems to have first exhibited at the British Institution in 1816, sending ‘A View of Saddleback, Cumberland,’ but there is some difficulty at first in distingui...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Theodore Henry Adolphus Fielding

borndied
17811851, Jul 11
an English painter, engraver, and author. Like his brothers Copley and Thales he painted in watercolours, and in 1799 sent to the Royal Academy A View of the North Tyne, near Billingham, Northumberland. In 1814 he sent to the British Institution A Sleeping Bacchus. He continued to exhibit at both exhibitions, but it is sometimes difficult to distinguish his...
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Louis Finson

aka: Ludovicus Finsonius
borndied
1580 ca1617
a Flemish painter. Finson, who enjoyed much success during his lifetime, primarily painted on religious themes; he produced a number of altarpieces. He also was an art dealer; he notably owned two paintings by Caravaggio, one of them being the Madonna of the Rosar...
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Rosso Fiorentino

aka: Giovanni Battista di Jacopo
borndied
14941540
an Italian Mannerist painter, in oil and fresco, belonging to the Florentine school. Rosso's reputation, along those of other stylized late Renaissance Florentines, was long out of favour in comparison to other more naturalistic and graceful contemporaries, but has revived considerably in recent decades. That his masterpiece is in a small city, away from the...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Johann Dominicus Fiorillo

borndied
1748, Oct 131821, Sep 10
a German painter and historian of art. In 1781 he removed to Göttingen, occupied himself as a drawingmaster, and was named in 1784 keeper of the collection of prints at the university library. He was appointed professor extraordinary in the philosophical faculty in 1799, and ordinary professor at Göttingen University in 1813. During this period he had made...
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Johann Thomas Fischer

borndied
16031685
a German painter from Nuremberg, proficient with watercolors. There is very little information available concerning the details of his life. His specialty was producing very beautiful flowers, by then theprevailing fashion, and engravings. He died, aged 82 years old, in 1685.


Joseph Anton Fischer

borndied
18141859
a German painter born at Oberstorf, Algäu. He was at first a cow-herd, but being assisted by Ch. Schraudolf, he studied at the Academy at Munich under Schlotthauer, and visited Italy in 1832 and 1843. During this time he executed cartoons under H. Hess for the glass-paintings of the Auerkirche, representing The Flight into Egypt, Death of the Virgin, Burial...
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Paul Fischer

aka: John George Paul Fischer
borndied
17861875
a German painter. He painted miniature portraits of Queen Charlotte and the junior members of the royal family, and was employed by the Prince Regent to paint a series of military costumes. In 1817 he began to exhibit at the Royal Academy, and continued to do so up to 1852, occasionally contributing also to the Suffolk Street Exhibitions. His works were chie...
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Alvan Fisher

borndied
1792, Aug 91863, Feb 13
one of the United States's pioneers in landscape painting and genre works. Fisher traveled throughout the northeastern United States searching out sites of landscape beauty such as the views of Springfield, Hartford, and Providence and the spectacular scenery of the White Mountains of New Hampshire. He sketched outdoors and began to compose pastoral scenes i...
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Walter Hood Fitch

borndied
1817, Feb 281892
a botanical illustrator, born in Glasgow, Scotland, who executed some 10,000 drawings for various publications. His work in colour lithograph, including 2700 illustrations for Curtis's Botanical Magazine, produced up to 200 plates per year.
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Ferdinand Wolfgang Flachenecker

borndied
17921847
a German painter. Extremely little is know about his life. Ferdinand Wolfgang Flachenecker was born in Southern Germany in 1792. He worked as a painter and lithographer. He studied at the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts in Copenhagen. Later he settled in Munich.
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George Whiting Flagg

bornactivedied
1816, Jun 261830s-1890s1898, Jan 5
an American painter of historical scenes and genre pictures. He was the brother of the artist Jared Bradley Flagg. Both Flagg brothers studied painting under their uncle, Washington Allston. Later in life, George Flagg studied theology and entered the ministry, but eventually he would returned to painting, mainly portraiture, during his declining years. Pain...
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Cross-listed in Clergy

Jared Bradley Flagg

borndied
1820, Jun 161899, Sep 25
an American painter from New Haven, Connecticut. He was the younger brother of artists George Whiting Flagg and Henry Collins Flagg III. His father, Henry Collins Flagg, was a one time mayor of New Haven. The Flagg brothers all studied painting under their famous uncle, Washington Allston, and received some recognition of their own. When he was only sixteen ...
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Albert Flamm

borndied
18231906
a German landscape painter. Albert Flamm was born at Cologne. He was a pupil of Andreas Achenbach at the Kunstakademie Düsseldorf, where he settled after traveling in Italy. He is associated with the Düsseldorf school of painting. His pictures, the subjects of which were chosen almost exclusively from Italian scenery, command attention by their truthfulnes...
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Juan de Flandes

borndied
14651519
an Early Netherlandish painter who was active in Spain from 1496 to 1519; his actual name is unknown, although an inscription Juan Astrat on the back of one work suggests a name such as 'Jan van der Staat. ' Jan Sallaert, who became a master in Ghent in 1480, has also been suggested.
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Georg Flegel

borndied
15661638, Mar 23
a German painter, best known for his still life works. Flegel was born in Olmütz (Olomouc), Moravia. Around 1580 he moved to Vienna, where he became an assistant to Lucas van Valckenborch I, a painter and draughtsman. Flegel and his employer later moved to Frankfurt, which at the time was an important art-dealing city. As an assistant, he inserted items suc...
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Francois Fleischbein

aka: François
borndied
18041868
a German painter who lived and worked in New Orleans. He studied painting in Paris with Anne-Louis Girodet. In 1833, he and his wife, Marie Louis Tetu, immigrated to cosmopolitan New Orleans, thus joining the community of international painters seeking fame in Louisiana. His paintings show a French academic style as well as a sweetness and charm common to 19...
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Bertholet Flemalle

aka: Flemalle, Flemal, Flamael
borndied
16141675
a Liège Baroque painter. The son of a glass painter, he was instructed in his art by Henri Trippet and Gerard Douffet successively. He visited Rome in 1638, and was invited by the Duke of Tuscany to Florence and employed in decorating one of his galleries. Thence he moved to Paris where he carried out some elaborate decorative work at Versailles and painted...
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Govert Flinck

aka: Govaert
borndied
1615, Jan 251660, Feb 2
a Dutch painter of the Dutch Golden Age. The earliest of Flinck's authentic pieces is a portrait of a lady, dated 1636, in the gallery of Brunswick. His first subject picture is the Blessing of Jacob (1638), in the Rijksmuseum Amsterdam. Both are thoroughly Rembrandtesque in effect as well as in vigour of touch and warmth of flesh tints.
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Frans Floris

borndied
15171570, Oct 1
a Flemish painter mainly known for his history paintings and portraits. He was a leading figure in the movement in Northern Renaissance painting referred to as Romanism. The Romanists had typically travelled to Italy to study the works of leading Italian High Renaissance artists such as more
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Gisbert Fluggen

aka: Flüggen
borndied
1811, Feb 91859, Sep 3
a German painter. He was born at Cologne. Having learned the rudiments of painting there, he attended the Academy at Düsseldorf in 1833, but soon afterwards went to Munich, where he became known for his genre paintings, mostly depicting scenes from upper-class life. He has been called a German counterpart of William Hogarth and David Wilkie. He was elected...
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Daniel Fohr

borndied
18011862
a German painter. Very little is known about the details of his life. He was born at Heidelberg, first studied science, which he afterwards abandoned for the art of painting. After studying some time by himself, he went to Munich in 1829, and then to the Tyrol. He was court painter to the Grand-Duke of Baden, and died at Baden-Baden.
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Karl Philipp Fohr

borndied
17951818
a German artist and a brother of Daniel Fohr. Little is known about the details of his life. He was born at Heidelberg, and studied at Munich, chiefly by himself from nature and the great masters. His paintings, which are to be met with at Karlsruhe, Darmstadt, and Frankfurt, display genius and grandeur of style. In the Städel Institute at Frankfurt are vie...
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Philipp Foltz

borndied
1805, May 111877, Aug 5
a German historical painter, born at Bingen. He was the pupil of his father, Ludwig Foltz, and studied at Munich under Cornelius, whom he assisted with the frescoes in the Glyptothek. Afterward he decorated the Schiller Salon in the new Royal palace. He became professor (1870) and later director of the Academy of Munich.
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Lavinia Fontana

borndied
1552, Aug 241614, Aug 11
an Italian painter. She is regarded as the first woman artist, working within the same sphere as her male counterparts, outside a court or convent. She was the first woman artist to paint female nudes, and was the main breadwinner of a family of 13. Lavinia Fontana was born in Bologna, the daughter of the painter Prospero Fontana, who was a prominent painter...
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Prospero Fontana

borndied
15121597
an Italian painter of the late Renaissance. Fontana was born in Bologna, and became a pupil of Innocenzo da Imola. He afterwards worked for Perin del Vaga in the Palazzo Doria in Genoa. Towards 1550, it is reported that Michelangelo introduced him to Pope Julius...
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Pieter Fontijn

borndied
1773, Jan 51839, Sep 10
a Dutch painter and drawer. He was born in Dordrecht and died in Dordrecht. Very little is known about the details of his life. Fontijn painted primarily portraits and miniatures. His drawings were popular with collectors. Some of his works can be found at the Dordrechts Museum. He was a member of the Confrerie Pictura.
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Jacob Foppens van Es

aka: Fopsen van Es
borndied
1596 ca1666
a Flemish Baroque painter who was known for his still lifes mainly of food and occasionally flower paintings. He collaborated with other artists on garland paintings. He painted still lifes and in particular still lifes of food. They typically depict fruit, fish, lobster, oysters, mussels, cheese, ham, bread, olives, lemons and oranges together with objects ...
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Jan Baptist van Fornenburgh

borndied
15851650
a Dutch Golden Age flower painter. He was born in Antwerp and died in The Hague. According to the RKD he signed his works with a monogram "IBVF" or sometimes just "IB". He worked in Amsterdam and Vianen, as well as the Hague, where he became a member of the Confrerie Pictura in 1629. He was a follower of Balthasar van der Ast and Jacob de Gheyn II.
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Cross-listed in Writers

Ernst Joachim Forster

aka: Förster
borndied
1800, Apr 81885, Apr 29
a German painter and an art critic, author of a number of elaborate and important works bearing on the history of art in Germany and Italy. He was born in Saaleplatte, and initially studied theology and philosophy, but soon devoted himself to art, entering the studio of Peter von Cornelius at Munich. He was employed in painting the frescoes in the Aula at t...
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Charles de la Fosse

aka: Lafosse
borndied
1636, Jun 161716, Dec 13
a French painter, born in Paris. He was one of the most noted and least servile pupils of Le Brun, under whose direction he shared in the chief of the great decorative works undertaken in the reign of Louis XIV. Leaving France in 1662, he spent two years in Rome ...
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Jacques Fouquier

borndied
1586 ca1659
a Flemish Baroque landscape painter. In 1616-1619 he worked in Heidelberg, and in 1620 he traveled to Italy, where he visited Rome and Venice, where he greatly improved his style by studying the works of Titian, whose fine landscapes were the particular objects of his admiration. In 1621 he went to Paris, where he worked as a court painter for more
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Henri Jean-Baptiste Victoire Fradelle

borndied
1778, Jun 151865, Mar 14
a Franco-English Victorian painter and portraitist, specializing in literary, historical, and religious subjects. For more than a hundred years, he was confused with his son, Henry Joseph Fradelle (1805–1872), who was trained as an artist but had several professions, including infirmary supervisor. It was only in the first decade of the 21st century that t...
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Jean-Honore Fragonard

aka: Jean-Honoré
borndied
1732, Apr 41806, Aug 22
a French painter and printmaker whose late Rococo manner was distinguished by remarkable facility, exuberance, and hedonism. One of the most prolific artists active in the last decades of the Ancien Régime, Fragonard produced more than 550 paintings (not counting drawings and etchings), of which only five are dated. Among his most popular works are genre pa...
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Peter Franchoys

aka: Peter, Pieter, Francois
borndied
16061654
a Flemish Baroque painter, who is mainly known for his portraits and religious paintings. His portraits are stylistically related to his brother’s portraits who represented his sitters with a form of calculated informality. This style was influenced by Anthony van Dyck as well as by French models of portrait painting. The French influence is seen in the mo...
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Lucas Franchoys the Elder

borndied
15741643
a Flemish painter of history paintings and portraits. He taught both of his sons, Lucas Franchoys the Younger and Peter Franchoys, the art of painting. In the years 1602-1604 he was court painter in Paris and Madrid. In Paris, he worked for Henri, Prince of Condé for whom he painted many portraits. In 1610 he painted a Pietà for the Saint Bavo Cathedral in...
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Lucas Franchoys the Younger

aka: Franchois, François, Louis Franchoys
borndied
1616, Jun 281681, Apr 3
a Flemish Baroque painter from Mechelen, who painted numerous altarpieces and portraits in a style reminiscent of Anthony van Dyck. He first learned to paint from his father Lucas Franchoys the Elder in his native Mechelen. Just like his older brother Peter before him, he likely continued his training in Antwerp, then the centre of Flemish painting. The earl...
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Franciabigio

aka: Francesco di Cristofano, Marcantonio Franciabigio, Francia Bigio
borndied
14821525
an Italian painter of the Florentine Renaissance. He was born in Florence, and initially worked under Albertinelli until about 1506. In 1505 he befriended Andrea del Sarto; and by the next year, the two painters set up common shop in the Piazza del Grano. He was proficient in fresco and Vasari claimed that he surpassed all his contemporaries in this method. ...
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Franz Friedrich Franck

borndied
16271687
a German painter. Next to nothing is known about the details of his life. He was born at Augsburg in 1627, was instructed by his father, Hans Ulrich Franck. He died at Augsburg in 1687. At least five pieces have survived that are known to have been painted by him.
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Hans Ulrich Franck

borndied
16031675
a German historical painter and etcher, was born at Kaufbeuren, in Swabia, in 1603. Very little is known for certain about his life. He resided chiefly at Augsburg, where he died in 1675. His son Franz Friedrich Franck was an artist as well. Among other engravings the following are by him: Twenty-five plates of scenes in Military Life. 1656; The Meeting of D...
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Ambrosius Francken I

borndied
15441618
a Flemish painter known for his religious works and historical allegories painted in a late Mannerist style. He was a prominent member of the Francken family of artists, which played a very important role in the Flemish art scene from the late 16th to middle 17th century. Ambrosius Francken I is known for religious works and historical allegories. He made la...
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Ambrosius Francken II

aka: the Younger
borndied
15811632
a dutch artist. He is also called the younger, to distinguish him from his uncle of the same name, was born at Antwerp in the latter part of the 16th century. He studied under his father, Frans Francken the elder, whose style he imitated. In 1624 he was registered as a master in the Guild of St. Luke at Antwerp, and he is said to have painted some time in Le...
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Constantijn Francken

borndied
16611717
a Flemish Baroque painter and a member of the Francken family of artists. He was the son of Hieronymous Francken III who died before he could teach him to paint. It is unknown who his teacher was, but he declared that he had been in Paris for 15 years when he joined the Antwerp Guild of St. Luke in 1694. In 1696 he became deacon of the guild and took on Kare...
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Frans Francken III

borndied
16071667
a Flemish Baroque painter and the best known member of the fourth generation of the Francken family of artists. Frans Francken III is known for genre works and portraits, and painted staffage in the works of Pieter Neeffs I and, more frequently, his son Pieter Neeffs II. While his figures generally follow his father's style, they are painted with less accura...
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Frans Francken the Elder

borndied
15421616
a Flemish painter who was one of the principal painters in Antwerp during the Counter-Reformation. He is mainly known for his large altarpieces and allegorical paintings. He was a member of the Francken dynasty of painters that played an important role in the Antwerp art scene in the 17th century. His earliest paintings were in the style of Frans Floris but ...
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Frans Francken the Younger

borndied
15811642, May 6
a Flemish painter and the best-known member of the large Francken family of artists. He played an important role in the development of Flemish art in the first half of the 17th century through his innovations in genre painting and introduction of new subject matter. Frans Francken the Younger was a versatile artist who practised in many genres and introduced...
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Hieronymus Francken I

aka: the Elder
borndied
1540 ca1610
a Flemish painter of the Antwerp school and an important member of the Francken family of artists. In addition to religious works, that were idealistic and fully in line with 16th-century taste, he also painted groups of dancers at the court. In these latter works he anticipates the development of this genre in the 17th century, especially in the work of his...
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Hieronymus Francken II

aka: the Younger
borndied
15781623
a Flemish painter and one of the most prominent members of the large Francken family of artists. Along with his brother Frans Francken II he played an important role in the development of new genres in Flemish art in the early 17th century. Hieronymus Francken the Younger was a versatile artist who practised in many genres. Hieronymus painted art galleries a...
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Hieronymus Francken III

borndied
16111671
a Flemish Baroque painter and a well known member of the Francken family of artists. Very little is known for certain about the details of his life. He was the son of Frans Francken II and Elisabeth Placquet and painted in the family tradition of religious works and historical allegories. He was the father of Constantijn Francken but he died before he could ...
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Innocenzo di Pietro Francucci da Imola

aka: Innocenzo da Imola
borndied
unknown1550 ca
an Italian painter and draftsman. The son of a goldsmith named Pietro, he was born in Imola sometime around 1490. After presumably studying with his father in Imola, by 1506 he had moved to nearby Bologna to study painting. According to Carlo Cesare Malvasia he entered the studio of Francesco Francia in 1508 (although the reliability of this claim has been q...
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Michael Sigismund Frank

borndied
1770, Jun 11847, Jan 16
a Catholic artist and rediscoverer of the lost art of glass-painting. Frank was born in Nuremberg. His father was a dealer in provisions, living in comfortable circumstances, who destined his son to become his successor in business. But these plans were thwarted by Sigismund's fondness for art. The mother, without her husband's knowledge, had him instructed ...
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Master of Frankfurt

bornactivedied
unknown1460-1533 caunknown
a Flemish Renaissance painter active in Antwerp between about 1480 and 1520. Although he probably never visited Frankfurt am Main, his name derives from two paintings commissioned from patrons in that city, the Holy Kinship (c. 1503) in the Frankfurt Historical Museum and a Crucifixion in the Städel museum. He is one of many anonymous artists identifiable b...
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Jacques Franquart

aka: Francquart, Franckaert, Francquaert, Jacques Franquart, Francuart
borndied
1582/831651, Jan
a Flemish painter, court architect, and an outstanding copper plate engraver. In 1620 he designed the Temple des Augustins which stood on Place de Broukere in Brussels from its completion in 1642 to its demolition in 1893. The facade of the building now forms part of the Church of the Holy Trinity on Parvis de la Trinite in Brussels. Franquart was also famou...
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Oliver S. Frazer

borndied
1804/08, Feb 41864
an American artist who was active/lived in Kentucky. Oliver Frazer is known for portrait and miniature painting. In 1825 he left school to study art with Matthew Harris Jouett. After Jouett died in 1827, Frazer left Kentucky for Philadelphia, becoming ...
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Freake Limner

bornactivedied
unknown1670-1680 caunknown
Painter. Known solely as a portraitist, North America's first major artist remains anonymous. Active in Boston during the 1670s, he takes his name from a pair of portraits depicting Mr. and Mrs. John Freake (Worcester [Massachusetts] Art Museum, about 1671; reworked about 1674). Trained in England or by someone familiar with Elizabethan art forms, the artist...
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Eduard Frederich

borndied
18131864
a German artist and painter. Very little is known about the details of his life. He was born at Hanover, attended the Academy at Düsseldorf from 1836 to 1843, and studied in particular landscape and genre painting, which he, however, changed afterwards for scenes of encampments and manoeuvres. He was court painter, and died at Hanover.
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Jan George Freezen

borndied
17011775
a German portrait painter. He was born in Palts, near Heidelberg. He first studied under Jan van Nikkelen, and afterwards under Philip van Dyk, with whom he became one of the best scholars, and with whom he stayed seven years at the Hague. He was patronized by the Duke of Hesse, and was appointed as the historical and portrait painter at the court of Cassel....
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Martin Freminet

aka: Fréminet
borndied
1567, Sep 241619, Jun 18
a French painter. Fréminet was born and died in Paris. According to the RKD he was a painter and engraver who is considered a member of the Second "School of Fontainebleau". Several of his ceiling decorations at the Palace of Fontainebleau survive. He received his first instruction from his father, a tapestry designer. He soon made some progress in his care...
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Maria Elektrine von Freyberg

borndied
17971847
a German artist. She was born at Strassburg and was the daughter and pupil of Johann Stuntz, a painter of landscapes, under whose tuition she gave proof of great ability. She visited France and Italy, and stayed at Rome some time. Her paintings of historical scenes are distinguished for a tender touch, and she was not less successful in portraiture and lands...
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Juan Antonio de Frias y Escalante

aka: Juan Antonio de Frías y Escalante
borndied
16331669
a Spanish Baroque Golden Age painter. He was born in Córdoba, studied under Francisco Ricci in Madrid, and developed a career in the Spanish Court despite his early death. He was an admirer of Venetian paintings by Tintoretto and Veronese. His last paintings are in the rococo style. He is known for his religious paintings, e.g. Roman Catholic Marian art dep...
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Heinrich Jakob Fried

borndied
18021870
a German painter. He was born at Queichheim, near Landau, studied at Stuttgart and Augsburg, and from 1822 under Langer and Cornelius at the Academy of Munich. In 1834 he went to Rome, and afterwards to Naples, and from thence returned to his native country in 1837. Being patronized by Prince Karl von Wrede, he settled at Munich in 1842, and became conservat...
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Caroline Friederike Friedrich

borndied
17491815
a German artist. Very little is known about the details of her life. She was a flower painter, was born at Friedrichsstadt, and died at Dresden. She was court painter and a member of the Dresden Academy, and produced a number of admired bouquets in oil and water-colours.
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Caspar David Friedrich

borndied
1774, Sep 51840, May 7
a 19th-century German Romantic landscape painter, generally considered the most important German artist of his generation. He is best known for his mid-period allegorical landscapes which typically feature contemplative figures silhouetted against night skies, morning mists, barren trees or Gothic ruins. His primary interest as an artist was the contemplatio...
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Bernhard Fries

borndied
1820, May 161879, May 21
a German landscape painter. He is associated with the Düsseldorf school of painting. He studied at Carl Koopmann Karlsruhe, and from 1835 to 1837 at the Academy of Fine Arts, Munich, under Cornelius. He traveled in France and Austria, and stayed a couple of years (1838 - 1840 and 1843-1846) in Italy. He spent some time from 1840-1843 at the Academy in Düss...
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Ernst Fries

borndied
1801, Jun 221833, Oct 11
a German painter. Fries was born in Heidelberg. He became a pupil of Karl Kuntz at Karlsruhe, and afterwards studied at the Academy of Fine Arts, Munich, and in Italy. Examples of his work are: “A View of Tivoli,” “Sorrento and the House of Tasso,” “The Waterfall of Liris at Isola di Sora,” “The Castle of Massa,” and "A View of Heidelberg". H...
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Karl Friedrich Fries

borndied
18311871
a German painter. Not much is known about his life. He was born at Winnweiler, in the Palatinate, studied first at the Academy at Munich, and afterwards under Berdellé. He visited Vienna, and painted there under Rahl; then went to Venice, Florence, and Calabria, where he studied the old masters. He died at St. Gall, Switzerland. His style much resembles tha...
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Johann Christoph Frisch

borndied
17371815
a historical painter, was the son of the designer and engraver, Ferdinand Helfreich Frisch, and was born at Berlin. Not very much is known about his life. He was a pupil of B. Rode, but afterwards studied further at Rome. He died at Berlin while holding the posts of court painter and director of the Academy. He painted numerous ceilings in the palaces at Ber...
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Francis Frith

aka: Frances
borndied
1822, Oct 71898, Feb 25
an English photographer of the Middle East and many towns in the United Kingdom. Frith was born in Chesterfield, Derbyshire, attending Quaker schools at Ackworth and Quaker Camp Hill in Birmingham (ca. 1828–1838), before he started in the cutlery business. He suffered a nervous breakdown in 1843, recuperating over the next two years. In 1850 he started a ...
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Cross-listed in Writers

William Powell Frith

borndied
1819, Jan 191909, Nov 9
an English painter specialising in genre subjects and panoramic narrative works of life in the Victorian era. He was elected to the Royal Academy in 1853, presenting The Sleeping Model as his Diploma work. He has been described as the "greatest British painter of the social scene since Hogarth". Born in Aldfield, North Yorkshire, Frith was encouraged to tak...
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Alfonso Froilan

aka: Froilán
borndied
1674unknown
Painter


Hendrik de Fromantiou

aka: Hendrick Fromantiou
borndied
16331693+
a Dutch still life painter. Fromantiou was born in Maastricht. In his youth, he produced works for the art dealer Gerrit van Uylenburgh in Amsterdam and from 1658, he was active in The Hague. In 1670, he was appointed as conservator of the royal collection in Potsdam. In 1671, when Van Uylenburgh tried to sell 13 paintings to Frederick William, Elector of Br...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Eugene Fromentin

aka: Eugène
borndied
1820, Oct 241876, Aug 27
a French painter and writer, now better remembered for his writings. He was born in La Rochelle. After leaving school he studied for some years under Louis Cabat, the landscape painter. Fromentin was one of the earliest pictorial interpreters of Algeria, having been able, while quite young, to visit the land and people that suggested the subjects of most of ...
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Karl Ludwig Frommel

borndied
1789, Apr 291863, Feb 6
a German landscape painter and engraver, born at Birkenfeld. He studied at Karlsruhe, under F. J. Becker and Haldenwang, visited Paris, and earned a considerable reputation in Italy (1812–17). He was appointed professor at Karlsruhe where he founded the Society of Art and Industry. After a visit to London (1824) to acquaint himself with the technique of st...
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James Frothingham

borndied
17861864
an American portrait painter in Massachusetts and New York. He began as a chaise painter in his father's chaise manufactory. In the Boston area, he was a student of Gilbert Stuart. He painted a number of likenesses in Salem, including the wealthy merchant Elias Hasket Derby. Frothingham would have been a regional competitor to the younger Chester Harding (17...
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Rueland Frueauf the Younger

borndied
1470 ca1545+
a German Late-Gothic painter. Very few details are known for certain about his life. Frueauf was born in Salzburg, and later moved to Passau where he lived and worked for the rest his life. He produced primarily paintings, altarpieces, and frescoes for local churches. His father Rueland Frueauf the Elder was also a painter. Frueauf the Younger died in Passau...
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Philip Fruytiers

aka: Philip Fruijtiers, Philip Fruitiers
borndied
16101666
a Flemish Baroque painter and engraver. Details about his life are scarce.Until the 1960s, he was especially known for some miniature portraits in watercolor and gouache. Since then, several large canvases signed with the monogram PHF have been ascribed to him. These new findings have led to a renewed appreciation for his contribution to the Antwerp Baroque.
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Heinrich Fuger

aka: Füger
borndied
1751, Dec 81818, Nov 5
a German classicism portrait and historical painter. Füger was a pupil of Nicolas Guibal in Stuttgart and of Adam Friedrich Oeser in Leipzig. Afterward he traveled and spent some time in Rome and Naples, where he painted frescoes in the Palazzo Caserta. On his return to Vienna he was appointed court painter, professor and vice director of the Academy, and i...
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Joseph von Fuhrich

aka: Führich
borndied
1800, Feb 91876, Mar 13
an Austrian painter, one of the Nazarenes. He was born at Kratzau in Bohemia. Deeply impressed as a boy by rustic pictures adorning the wayside chapels of his native country, his first attempt at composition was a sketch of the Nativity for the festival of Christmas in his father's house. He lived to see the day when, becoming celebrated as a composer of scr...
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Cross-listed in Inventors

Robert Fulton

bornactivedied
1765, Nov 141793-18151815, Feb 24
an American engineer and inventor who is widely credited with developing a commercially successful steamboat called The North River Steamboat of Claremont. That steamboat went with passengers from New York City to Albany and back again, a round trip of 300 miles, in 62 hours in 1807. In 1800, he was commissioned by more
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Cross-listed in Writers

Henry Fuseli

bornactivedied
1741, Feb 71761-18201825, Apr 17
a Swiss painter, draughtsman and writer on art who spent much of his life in Britain. Many of his works, such as The Nightmare, deal with supernatural subject-matter. He painted works for John Boydell's Shakespeare Gallery, and created his own "Milton Gallery". He held the posts of Professor of Painting and Keeper at the Royal Academy. His style had a...
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Joannes Fyt

aka: Jan, Fijt
borndied
1611, Mar 151661, Sep 11
a Flemish Baroque painter, draughtsman and etcher. One of the leading animaliers of the 17th century, he was known for his refined depictions of animals and his lush hunting pieces. Fyt was a versatile still-life specialist. Although better known for his hunting, game and animal pieces he also painted beautiful still life compositions with flowers and fruit....
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