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Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit

borndied
1686, May 241736, Sep 16
a physicist, engineer, and glass blower who is best known for inventing the mercury-in-glass thermometer (1714), and for developing a temperature scale now named after him. Daniel Gabriel began training as a merchant in Amsterdam after his parents died on 14 August 1701 from eating poisonous mushrooms. However, Fahrenheit's interest in natural science led hi...
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Cross-listed in Scientists

Michael Faraday

borndied
1791, Sep 221867, Aug 25
an English scientist who contributed to the study of electromagnetism and electrochemistry. His main discoveries include the principles underlying electromagnetic induction, diamagnetism and electrolysis. Faraday was an excellent experimentalist who conveyed his ideas in clear and simple language; his mathematical abilities, however, did not extend as far as...
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Johann Maria Farina

borndied
1685, Dec 81766, Nov 25
an Italian-born perfumier from Germany who created the first Eau de Cologne. Farina settled in Cologne, Germany in the year 1709 where he founded Farina gegenüber, the world’s oldest perfume factory still in existence. His subtle fragrance Eau de Cologne became rapidly famous worldwide and in the 18th century was an indispensable accessory at all royal co...
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Cross-listed in Scientists

Moses G. Farmer

borndied
1820, Feb 91893, May 25
an electrical engineer and inventor. Farmer was a member to the AIEE, later known as the IEEE. In 1847, Farmer constructed and exhibited in public what he called “an electro-magnetic locomotive, and with forty-eight pint cup cells of Grove nitric acid battery drew a little car carrying two passengers on a track a foot and a half wide". Farmer later fabrica...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Charles Fenerty

borndied
1821, Jan1892, Jun 10
a Canadian inventor who invented the wood pulp process for papermaking, which was first adapted into the production of newsprint. Fenerty was also a poet (writing over 32 known poems). He also did extensive travelling throughout Australia between the years 1858 to 1865 (living in the heart of the Australian gold rushes).
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Cross-listed in ArtistsAstronomersWriters

James Ferguson [3]

bornactivedied
1710, Apr 251720-17731776, Nov 17
a Scottish astronomer, instrument and globe maker. It is, as the inventor and improver of astronomical and other scientific apparatus, that he claims a place among the most remarkable men of science of his country. In 1734 he went to Edinburgh, where he began to make portraits in miniature, by which means, while engaged in his scientific studies, he support...
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Cross-listed in ScientistsCommerce

John Fitch

borndied
1743, Jan 211798, Jul 2
an American inventor, clockmaker, entrepreneur and engineer. He was most famous for operating the first steamboat service in the United States. The first successful trial run of his steamboat Perseverance was made on the Delaware River on August 22, 1787, in the presence of delegates from the Constitutional Convention. It was propelled by a bank of oars on e...
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Sandford Fleming

borndied
1827, Jan 71915, Jul 22
a Canadian engineer and inventor. Born and raised in Scotland, he emigrated to colonial Canada at the age of 18. He proposed worldwide standard time zones, designed Canada's first postage stamp, left a huge body of surveying and map making, engineered much of the Intercolonial Railway and the Canadian Pacific Railway, and was a founding member of the Royal S...
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Jean Bernard Leon Foucault

aka: Léon
borndied
1819, Sep 181868, Feb 11
a French physicist best known for his demonstration of the Foucault pendulum, a device demonstrating the effect of the Earth's rotation. He also made an early measurement of the speed of light, discovered eddy currents, and is credited with naming the gyroscope (although he did not invent it). In 1850, he did an experiment using the Fizeau–Foucault apparat...
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Benoît Fourneyron

borndied
1802, Oct 311867, Jul 31
a French engineer, born in Saint-Étienne, Loire. Fourneyron made significant contributions to the development of water turbines. Using the proposal of a former teacher (Claude Burdin) as a guide, Fourneyron built in 1827, at age of 25, his first prototype for a new type of waterwheel, called a "turbine". (The term turbine is derived from the Latin word for...
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John Fowler [2]

borndied
1826, Jul 111864, Dec 4
an English agricultural engineer who was a pioneer in the use of steam engines for ploughing and digging drainage channels. His inventions significantly reduced the cost of ploughing farmland, and also enabled the drainage of previously uncultivated land in many parts of the world. In his early career, Fowler had worked with steam engines and the logical pro...
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Cross-listed in GovernanceWritersScientists

Benjamin Franklin

borndied
1705, Jan 61790, Apr 17
one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. A renowned polymath, Franklin was a leading author, printer, political theorist, politician, freemason, postmaster, scientist, inventor, civic activist, statesman, and diplomat. As a scientist, he was a major figure in the American Enlightenment and the history of physics for his discoveries and theories rega...
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Augustin-Jean Fresnel

borndied
1788, May 101827, Jul 14
a French engineer and physicist who contributed significantly to the establishment of the theory of wave optics. Fresnel studied the behaviour of light both theoretically and experimentally. He is perhaps best known as the inventor of the Fresnel lens, first adopted in lighthouses while he was a French commissioner of lighthouses, and found in many applicati...
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Robert Fulton

borndied
1765, Nov 141815, Feb 24
an American engineer and inventor who is widely credited with developing a commercially successful steamboat called The North River Steamboat of Claremont. That steamboat went with passengers from New York City to Albany and back again, a round trip of 300 miles, in 62 hours in 1807. In 1800, he was commissioned by Napoleon Bonaparte to design the "Nautilus"...
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Ivan Fyodorov

borndied
1510 ca1583, Dec 16
one of the fathers of Eastern Slavonic printing (along with Schweipolt Fiol and Francysk Skaryna), he was the first known Russian printer in Muscovy and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, he was also a skilled cannon maker and the inventor of a multibarreled mortar. Neither his place nor his date of birth are known. It is assumed that he was born circa 1510...
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