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1525 ca1547-15551579 ca
a German soldier and explorer who voyaged to South America in the middle of the sixteenth century, where he was captured by the Tupinambá people of Brazil. He managed to survive and return safe to Europe. In his widely read account describing his travel and captivity, he claimed that the native people that held him captive practiced cannibalism.
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Hans Staden1525 ca1547
 
15551579 ca

Inigo Ortiz de Retes1505 ca1538
 
1548unknown
 a 16th-century Spanish maritime explorer, who navigated the northern coastline of the Pacific–M...
Francisco Xerez14951514
 
15491565 ca
 a Spanish explorer-turned-historian, the personal secretary of conquistador Francisco Pizarro. He...
Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca1490 ca1520
 
15491557 ca
 a Spanish explorer of the New World, and one of four survivors of the 1527 Narváez expedition. D...
James Alday15161540
 
15491576 ca
 a 16th-century English navigator, explorer and privateer. He participated in raids against the Sp...
Lourenço Marquesunknown1540
 
1549unknown
 a 16th-century Portuguese trader and explorer. Marques explored the area that is now Maputo Bay i...
Sebastian de Belalcazar1479/80/951507
 
15511551
 a Spanish conquistador. He entered Nicaragua with Francisco Hernández de Córdoba in 1524 during...
Fernao Pires de Andradeunknown1510
 
15521552
 a Portuguese merchant, pharmacist, and official diplomat under the explorer and Portuguese Malacc...
Francis Xavier1506, Apr 71534
 
15521552, Dec 3
 a Navarrese Roman Catholic missionary, born in Javier (Xavier in Navarro-Aragonese), Kingdom of N...
Piri Reis1467 ca1481
 
15531553
 an Ottoman admiral, geographer, and cartographer. Piri began engaging in government-supported pri...
Pedro de Valdivia1497, Apr 171520
 
15531553, Dec 25
 a Spanish conquistador and the first royal governor of Chile. After serving with the Spanish army...
Pedro Mascarenhas14701512
 
15551555, Jun 16
 a Portuguese explorer and colonial administrator. He was the first European to discover the islan...
Domingo Martinez de Irala1509 ca1530
 
15561556 ca
 a Spanish Basque conquistador. He headed for the Americas in 1535 enrolled in the expedition of P...
Sebastian Cabot1474 ca1494
 
15571557, Dec
 an Italian explorer, likely born in the Venetian Republic. He was the son of Italian explorer Joh...
Hernando de Alarconunknown1540
 
1559unknown
 a Spanish navigator of the 16th century, noted for having led an early expedition to the Baja Cal...
Lope de Aguirre1510 ca1530
 
15611561, Oct 27
 a Basque Spanish conquistador in South America. Nicknamed El Loco ('the Madman'), he styled himse...
Miguel Lopez de Legazpi1502 ca1528
 
15651572, Aug 20
 a Basque Spanish navigator and governor who established the first Spanish settlement in the East ...
Andres de Urdaneta1498, Nov 301520
 
15691568, Jun 3
 a Basque circumnavigator, explorer and Augustinian friar. As a navigator he achieved the "second"...
Gonzalo Jimenez de Quesado1506/091535
 
15731579, Feb 16
 a Spanish explorer and conquistador in Colombia. He explored the northern part of South America. ...
Diogo Rodrigues1495 ca1507
 
15771577, Apr 21
 a Portuguese explorer of the Indian Ocean who sailed as an ordinary helmsman under the command of...
Juan Perez de Zurita15161536
 
15791595 ca
 a Spanish Conquistador. In 1536 he began his military career. In 1548 he was in Granada and in 15...
Anthony Jenkinson15291550
 
15791610/1611
 one of the first Britons to explore Muscovy and present day Russia. Jenkinson was a traveller and...
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