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Governance
bornactivedied
1795, Nov 21845-18491849, Jun 15
the 11th President of the United States (1845–1849). Polk was born in Mecklenburg County, North Carolina. He later lived in and represented Tennessee. A Democrat, Polk served as the 17th Speaker of the House of Representatives (1835–1839) and Governor of Tennessee (1839–1841). Polk was the surprise (dark horse) candidate for president in 1844, defeating Henry Clay of the rival Whig Party by promising to annex Texas. Polk was a leader of Jacksonian Democracy during the Second Party System.
 Timeline (7)
11/02/1792-Future US president James K. Polk is born
12/04/1844-James K. Polk elected 11th president of US 
03/04/1845-James K. Polk inaugrated at 11th president
02/14/1848-James K. Polk becomes first President photographed in office by Mathew Brady 
12/05/1848-President James K. Polk triggers Gold Rush of '49, confirms California gold discovery
12/29/1848-Gas lights first installed at White House (James K. Polk's administration) 
03/04/1849-U.S. has no president, James K. Polk's term ended on a Sunday, Zachary Taylor can't be sworn-in, Senator David Atchison's (President pro tem) term ended on March 3rd 
 Notes (2)
Politics:
  • Party: Democrat
  • Vice President: George Dallas
US Presidents:

George Washington (1789-1797): the first President of the United States (1789–97), the Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, ...
John Adams [2] (1797-1801): an American lawyer, author, statesman, and diplomat. He served as the second President of the United States (1797–1801), the first Vice Pr...
Thomas Jefferson (1801-1809): an American Founding Father, the principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776), and the third President of the United States (1...
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 Mentions (1)
James Buchanan
...Jackson. He was named Secretary of State under President James K. Polk, and is to date the last former Secretary of...
 Quotes (14) • View in Quotations
Although... the Chief Magistrate must almost of necessity be chosen by a party and stand pledged to its principles and measures, yet in his official action he should not be the President of a party only, but of the whole people of the United States.
Foreign powers do not seem to appreciate the true character of our government.
I am heartily rejoiced that my term is so near its close. I will soon cease to be a servant and will become a sovereign.
It becomes us in humility to make our devout acknowledgments to the Supreme Ruler of the Universe for the inestimable civil and religious blessings with which we are favored.
Minorities have a right to appeal to the Constitution as a shield against such oppression.
No president who performs his duties faithfully and conscientiously can have any leisure.
One great object of the Constitution was to restrain majorities from oppressing minorities or encroaching upon their just rights.
Peace, plenty, and contentment reign throughout our borders, and our beloved country presents a sublime moral spectacle to the world.
The passion for office among members of Congress is very great, if not absolutely disreputable, and greatly embarrasses the operations of the Government. They create offices by their own votes and then seek to fill them themselves.
The world has nothing to fear from military ambition in our Government.
There is more selfishness and less principle among members of Congress than I had any conception of, before I became President of the U.S.
Under the benignant providence of Almighty God the representatives of the States and of the people are again brought together to deliberate for the public good.
Well may the boldest fear and the wisest tremble when incurring responsibilities on which may depend our country's peace and prosperity, and in some degree the hopes and happiness of the whole human family.
With me it is exceptionally true that the Presidency is no bed of roses.
 Contemporaries
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James K. Polk1795, Nov 21845
 
18491849, Jun 15

Emperor Ninko 1800, Mar 161817
 
18461846, Feb 21
 the 120th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. Ninko's reign spann...
Godert van der Capellen1778, Dec 151808
 
18481848, Apr 10
 a Dutch statesman from Utrecht. He was made Prefect of Friesland in 1808 and soon thereafter Mini...
Christian VIII1786, Sep 181813
 
18481848, Jan 20
 the King of Denmark from 1839 to 1848 and, as Christian Frederick, King of Norway in 1814. In May...
Ferdinand I of Austria1793, Apr 191835
 
18481875, Jun 29
  Emperor of Austria, President of the German Confederation, King of Hungary, Croatia, and Bohemia...
Albert Gallatin1761, Jan 291788
 
18491849, Aug 12
 a Swiss-American politician, diplomat, ethnologist and linguist. He was an important leader of th...
John C. Fremont1813, Jan 211840
 
18491890, Jul 13
 an American military officer, explorer, and politician who became the first candidate of the anti...
Richard M. Johnson1780, Oct 171802
 
18501850, Nov 19
 the ninth Vice President of the United States, serving in the administration of Martin Van Buren ...
Petar II Petrovic-Njegos1813, Nov 11830
 
18511851, Oct 19
 a Prince-Bishop (vladika) of Montenegro, poet and philosopher whose works are widely considered s...
Carl Fredrik af Wingard1781, Sep 261839
 
18511851, Sep 19
 a Swedish politician and Lutheran clergyman, and Archbishop of Uppsala for the Lutheran Swedish C...
Henry Clay1777, Apr 121797
 
18521852, Jun 29
 an American lawyer and planter, statesman, and skilled orator who represented Kentucky in both th...
Daniel Webster1782, Jan 181805
 
18521852, Oct 24
 an American politician who twice served in the United States House of Representatives, representi...
Kamehameha III1814, Mar 171825
 
18541854, Dec 15
 the third king of the Kingdom of Hawaii from 1825 to 1854. Under his reign Hawaii evolved from an...
Hamengkubuwono V18201823
 
18551855
  the fifth sultan of Yogyakarta, reigning from December 19, 1823 - August 17, 1826, and then from...
Czar Nicholas I1796, Jun 251825
 
18551855, Feb 18
 the Emperor of Russia from 1825 until 1855. He was also the King of Poland and Grand Duke of Finl...
Karl Nesselrode1780, Dec 141816
 
18561862, Mar 23
 a Baltic German diplomat. His mother was Jewish by origin and Protestant by faith. For forty year...
Mangas Coloradas1793 ca1820
 
18591863
 an Apache tribal chief and a member of the Mimbreño (Tchihende) division of the Central Apaches,...
Thomas Babington Macaulay1800, Oct 251825
 
18591859, Dec 28
 a British historian and Whig politician. He wrote extensively as an essayist and reviewer; his bo...
King Oscar I of Sweden1799, Jul 41844
 
18591859, Jul 8
  King of Sweden and Norway from 1844 to his death. When, in August 1810, his father Jean-Baptiste...
Lewis Cass1782, Oct 91806
 
18601866, Jun 17
 an American military officer, politician, and statesman. He represented Michigan in the United St...
John McLean1785, Mar 111807
 
18611861, Apr 4
 an American jurist and politician who served in the United States Congress, as U.S. Postmaster Ge...
Sam Houston1793, Mar 21812
 
18611863, Jul 26
 an American politician and soldier, best known for his role in bringing Texas into the United Sta...
George M. Dallas1792, Jul 101813
 
18611864, Dec 31
 an American politician and diplomat who served as Mayor of Philadelphia, U.S. Senator from Pennsy...
Abdulmecid I1823, Apr 23/251839
 
18611861, Jun 25
 the 31st Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1839 to 1861. Also Caliph (Islam) of the Ottoman Calip...
George Abernethy1807, Oct 71839
 
18611877, Mar 2
 an American politician, pioneer, notable entrepreneur, and first governor of Oregon under the pro...
Theron Metcalf1784, Oct 161807
 
18651875, Nov 12
  an American attorney and politician from Massachusetts. He was a New England jurist and served a...
Emperor Komei 1831, Jul 221846
 
18671867, Jan 30
 the 121st emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. Komei's reign spann...
Billy Bowlegs1810 ca1830
 
18691859
 a leader of the Seminoles in Florida during the Second and Third Seminole Wars against the United...
John P. Kennedy1795, Oct 251819
 
18701870, Aug 18
 an American novelist and Whig politician who served as United States Secretary of the Navy from J...
John W. Geary1819, Dec 301841
 
18731873, Feb 8
 an American lawyer, politician, Freemason, and a Union general in the American Civil War. He was ...
John C. Breckinridge1821, Jan 161841
 
18751875, May 17
 a lawyer, politician, and soldier from the U.S. state of Kentucky. He represented the state in bo...
Isaac Goodnow1814, Jan 171838
 
18761894, Mar 20
 an abolitionist and co-founder of Kansas State University and Manhattan, Kansas. Goodnow was also...
Lone Horn1790 ca1810
 
18791877
 Born in present-day South Dakota, was chief of the Minneconjou Lakota. He participated in the sig...
Benjamin Disraeli1804, Dec 211826
 
18801881, Apr 19
 a British politician and writer, who twice served as Prime Minister. He played a central role in ...
Queen Victoria1819, May 241837
 
19011901, Jan 22
 Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (and Supreme Governor of the Church of E...
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