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1513 ca1546-15721572, Nov 24
a Scottish clergyman, theologian, and writer who was a leader of the Protestant Reformation and is considered the founder of the Presbyterian denomination in Scotland. He is believed to have been educated at the University of St Andrews and worked as a notary-priest. Influenced by early church reformers such as George Wishart, he joined the movement to reform the Scottish church. He was caught up in the ecclesiastical and political events that involved the murder of Cardinal Beaton in 1546 and the intervention of the regent of Scotland Mary of Guise. He was taken prisoner by French forces the following year and exiled to England on his release in 1549.
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05/10/1559-Scottish Protestants under John Knox uprise against queen-mother Mary 
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John Knox1513 ca1546
 
15721572, Nov 24

King Henry VIII1491, Jun 281509
 
15471547, Jan 28
  King of England from 1509 until his death and Supreme Head of the Church of England from 1536 to...
Pope Paul III1468, Feb 291491
 
15491549, Nov 10
  the Pope for the Roman Catholic Church from 13 October 1534 to his death in 1549. He came to the...
William Lamb [1]1493 ca1537
 
15501550
 a Scottish cleric, lawyer, and author. William Lamb wrote Ane Resonyng of ane Scottis and Inglis ...
Robert Wauchope [1]1500 ca1539
 
15511551
 the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Armagh from 1539 to 1551. Wauchope worked as a theologian in Rom...
Edward VI1537, Oct 121547
 
 
15531553, Jul 6
  King of England and Ireland (and Supreme Head of the Church of England) from 28 January 1547 unt...
Lady Jane Grey1536/371553
 
 
15531554, Feb 12
 an English noblewoman and de facto monarch of England and Ireland from 10 July until 19 July 1553...
Ignatius of Loyola1491, Oct 231508
 
15551556, Jul 31
 a Spanish priest and theologian, who founded the religious order called the Society of Jesus (Jes...
Stephen Gardiner1483 ca1531
 
15551555, Nov 12
 English bishop and politician during the English Reformation period who served as Lord Chancellor...
Pope Marcellus II1501, May 61535
 
15551555, May 1
 Pope of the Roman Catholic Church from 9 April 1555 until his death 22 days later on 1 May 1555. ...
Nicholas Ridley1500 ca1538
 
15551555, Oct 16
 an English Bishop of London. Ridley was burned at the stake, as one of the Oxford Martyrs, during...
Dionysius IIunknown1546
 
1555unknown
 Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople (1546-1555)*Church of Constantinople
Pope Julius III1487, Sep 101550
 
 
15551555, Mar 23
 Pope for the Roman Catholic Church from 7 February 1550 to his death in 1555. Distinguished as an...
Mikael Agricola1510 ca1537
 
15571557, Apr 9
 a clergyman who became the de facto founder of literary Finnish and a prominent proponent of the ...
Reginald Pole1500, Mar 121518
 
15581558, Nov 17
 an English cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church and the last Roman Catholic Archbishop of Canter...
Queen Mary I1516, Feb 181553
 
 
15581558, Nov 17
 the Queen of England and Ireland from July 1553 until her death. Her executions of Protestants le...
Pope Paul IV1476, Jun 281505
 
15591559, Aug 18
 the Pope for the Roman Catholic Church from 23 May 1555 to his death in 1559. While serving as pa...
John Angelunknown1550
 
 
1559unknown
 a chaplain to King Philip and Queen Mary I, is said to have been a 'person of singular zeal and l...
Alessandro Piccolomini [1]unknown1528
 
1563unknown
 a Roman Catholic prelate who served as Bishop of Pienza (1535-1563) and Bishop of Montalcino (152...
Robert of Berghesunknown1557
 
 
15631564
 87th Prince-bishop of Liège (1557–1563). He was forced to resign the see on 30 March 1563, due...
Petrus Follingiusunknown1558
 
 
15631565
 a Finnish Lutheran bishop. He was the Bishop of Turku for the Lutheran Finish Church from 1558 to...
Pope Pius IV1499, Mar 311546
 
15651565, Dec 9
 the Pope for the Roman Catholic Church from 25 December 1559 to his death in 1565. He is known fo...
Joasaph IIunknown1556
 
 
1565unknown
 Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople (1555-1565)*Church of Constantinople
Suleiman I1494, Nov 61520
 
15661566, Sep 7
  the tenth and longest-reigning Sultan and Caliph (Sunni Islam) of the Ottoman Empire/Caliphate, ...
Joachim I Pany1448 ca1480
 
15671567
 served as Patriarch for the Greek Orthodox Church of Alexandria between 1486 and 1567. A virtuou...
Pedro de la Gasca1485, Jun1542
 
15671567, Nov 13
 a Spanish bishop, diplomat and the second (acting) viceroy of Peru, from April 10, 1547 to Januar...
Sunan Gunungjati14481479
 
15681568, Sep 19
  one of the Wali Songo, or nine saints of Islam revered in Indonesia. He founded the Sultanate of...
John Barthletunknown1560
 
 
1569unknown
 an English theological writer. Barthlet was a minister of the Church of England, and held strongl...
John Rollandunknown1560
 
 
1569unknown
 a Scottish poet who appears to have been a priest of the diocese of Glasgow, and to have been kno...
Arthur ap Huwunknown1555
 
 
1570unknown
 a clergyman, patron of Welsh poets, and a translator of religious literature into Welsh. He was a...
Pope Pius V1504, Jan 171528
 
15721572, May 1
  the Pope for the Roman Catholic Church from 8 January 1566 to his death in 1572. He is venerated...
Donald Monrounknown1526
 
1574unknown
 a Scottish clergyman, who wrote an early and historically valuable description of the Hebrides an...
Selim II1524, May 281566
 
15741574, Dec 12/15
  the Sultan and Caliph (Sunni Islam) of the Ottoman Empire/Caliphate from 1566 until his death in...
Matthew Parker1504, Aug 61559
 
15751575, May 17
  the Archbishop of Canterbury for the Church of England from 1559 until his death in 1575. He was...
Paulus Juusten1516/201563
 
15751575, Aug 22
 the first bishop of Viipuri, and later, bishop of Turku for the Lutheran Finish Church from 1563 ...
Metrophanes III15201546
 
15801580, Aug 9
 the Ecumenical Patriarch for the Church of Constantinople two times, from 1565 to 1572 and from 1...
Frederik Schenck van Toutenburg1503 ca1559
 
15801580, Aug 25
 the first archbishop of Utrecht (previously only a bishopric). He became the first and last Archb...
Pope John XIVunknown1571
 
15861586, Sep 6
  the 96th Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of St. Mark for the Armenian Apostolic Church...
Pope Urban VII1521, Aug 41553
 
15901590, Sep 27
 Pope (Roman Catholic Church) from 15 to 27 September 1590. His twelve-day papacy was the shortest...
Sylvester of Alexandriaunknown1560
 
1590unknown
 Silvester served as Patriarch for Greek Orthodox Church of Alexandria between 1569 and 1590. He c...
Pope Innocent IX1519, Jul 201544
 
15911591, Dec 30
  Pope for the Roman Catholic Church from 29 October to 30 December 1591. Prior to his short papac...
King Philip II1527, May 211540
 
15981598, Sep 13
  King of Spain (1556–98), King of Portugal (1581–98, as Philip I, Filipe I), King of Naples a...
Nicolas de Thou15281547
 
15981598, Nov 5
 an eminent French cleric, Bishop of Chartres, and in politics a figure instrumental in the corona...
Queen Elizabeth I1533, Sep 71558
 
16031603, Mar 24
 Queen of England and Ireland (and Supreme Governor of the Church of England ) from 17 November 15...
Sebastian de Vivanco15511570
 
16101622, Oct 26
 a Spanish priest and composer of the Renaissance. The bulk of Vivanco's surviving work was publis...
Lobsang Chökyi Gyalsten15701570
 
16621662
 the fourth Panchen Lama of the Gelug (Yellow Hat sect) school of Tibetan Buddhism from 1570-1662 ...
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