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bornactivedied
1510 ca1537-15571557, Apr 9
a clergyman who became the de facto founder of literary Finnish and a prominent proponent of the Protestant Reformation in Sweden including at the time Swedish territory Finland. He is often called the "father of literary Finnish". Agricola was consecrated as the bishop of Turku (Åbo) in 1554, without papal approval, and continued until 1157 (for the Lutheran Finish Church).
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Mikael Agricola1510 ca1537
 
15571557, Apr 9

John Stone [1]unknown1530
 
15391539, Dec
 an English Augustinian friar who was executed, probably in December 1539; he was canonized in 197...
John Palsgrave1485 ca1513
 
15451554
 a priest of Henry VIII of England's court. He is known as a tutor in the royal household, and as ...
Jeremias Iunknown1513
 
15461546, Jan 13
 Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople two times, from 1522 to 1524 and from 1525 to 1546 for the...
David Beaton1494 ca1519
 
15461546, May 29
 Archbishop of St Andrews and the last Scottish Cardinal prior to the Reformation.
Joannicius Iunknown1546
 
 
1546unknown
 Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople (1546)*Church of Constantinople
King Henry VIII1491, Jun 281509
 
15471547, Jan 28
  King of England from 1509 until his death and Supreme Head of the Church of England from 1536 to...
Pope Paul III1468, Feb 291491
 
15491549, Nov 10
  the Pope for the Roman Catholic Church from 13 October 1534 to his death in 1549. He came to the...
William Lamb [1]1493 ca1537
 
15501550
 a Scottish cleric, lawyer, and author. William Lamb wrote Ane Resonyng of ane Scottis and Inglis ...
Robert Wauchope [1]1500 ca1539
 
 
15511551
 the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Armagh from 1539 to 1551. Wauchope worked as a theologian in Rom...
Edward VI1537, Oct 121547
 
 
15531553, Jul 6
  King of England and Ireland (and Supreme Head of the Church of England) from 28 January 1547 unt...
Lady Jane Grey1536/371553
 
 
15531554, Feb 12
 an English noblewoman and de facto monarch of England and Ireland from 10 July until 19 July 1553...
Ignatius of Loyola1491, Oct 231508
 
15551556, Jul 31
 a Spanish priest and theologian, who founded the religious order called the Society of Jesus (Jes...
Stephen Gardiner1483 ca1531
 
15551555, Nov 12
 English bishop and politician during the English Reformation period who served as Lord Chancellor...
Pope Marcellus II1501, May 61535
 
15551555, May 1
 Pope of the Roman Catholic Church from 9 April 1555 until his death 22 days later on 1 May 1555. ...
Nicholas Ridley1500 ca1538
 
 
15551555, Oct 16
 an English Bishop of London. Ridley was burned at the stake, as one of the Oxford Martyrs, during...
Dionysius IIunknown1546
 
 
1555unknown
 Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople (1546-1555)*Church of Constantinople
Pope Julius III1487, Sep 101550
 
 
15551555, Mar 23
 Pope for the Roman Catholic Church from 7 February 1550 to his death in 1555. Distinguished as an...
Reginald Pole1500, Mar 121518
 
15581558, Nov 17
 an English cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church and the last Roman Catholic Archbishop of Canter...
Queen Mary I1516, Feb 181553
 
15581558, Nov 17
 the Queen of England and Ireland from July 1553 until her death. Her executions of Protestants le...
Pope Paul IV1476, Jun 281505
 
15591559, Aug 18
 the Pope for the Roman Catholic Church from 23 May 1555 to his death in 1559. While serving as pa...
John Angelunknown1550
 
1559unknown
 a chaplain to King Philip and Queen Mary I, is said to have been a 'person of singular zeal and l...
Alessandro Piccolomini [1]unknown1528
 
1563unknown
 a Roman Catholic prelate who served as Bishop of Pienza (1535-1563) and Bishop of Montalcino (152...
Pope Pius IV1499, Mar 311546
 
15651565, Dec 9
 the Pope for the Roman Catholic Church from 25 December 1559 to his death in 1565. He is known fo...
Joasaph IIunknown1556
 
1565unknown
 Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople (1555-1565)*Church of Constantinople
Suleiman I1494, Nov 61520
 
15661566, Sep 7
  the tenth and longest-reigning Sultan and Caliph (Sunni Islam) of the Ottoman Empire/Caliphate, ...
Joachim I Pany1448 ca1480
 
15671567
 served as Patriarch for the Greek Orthodox Church of Alexandria between 1486 and 1567. A virtuou...
Pedro de la Gasca1485, Jun1542
 
15671567, Nov 13
 a Spanish bishop, diplomat and the second (acting) viceroy of Peru, from April 10, 1547 to Januar...
Sunan Gunungjati14481479
 
15681568, Sep 19
  one of the Wali Songo, or nine saints of Islam revered in Indonesia. He founded the Sultanate of...
Arthur ap Huwunknown1555
 
1570unknown
 a clergyman, patron of Welsh poets, and a translator of religious literature into Welsh. He was a...
Pope Pius V1504, Jan 171528
 
15721572, May 1
  the Pope for the Roman Catholic Church from 8 January 1566 to his death in 1572. He is venerated...
John Knox1513 ca1546
 
15721572, Nov 24
 a Scottish clergyman, theologian, and writer who was a leader of the Protestant Reformation and i...
Donald Monrounknown1526
 
1574unknown
 a Scottish clergyman, who wrote an early and historically valuable description of the Hebrides an...
Metrophanes III15201546
 
15801580, Aug 9
 the Ecumenical Patriarch for the Church of Constantinople two times, from 1565 to 1572 and from 1...
Pope Urban VII1521, Aug 41553
 
15901590, Sep 27
 Pope (Roman Catholic Church) from 15 to 27 September 1590. His twelve-day papacy was the shortest...
Pope Innocent IX1519, Jul 201544
 
15911591, Dec 30
  Pope for the Roman Catholic Church from 29 October to 30 December 1591. Prior to his short papac...
King Philip II1527, May 211540
 
15981598, Sep 13
  King of Spain (1556–98), King of Portugal (1581–98, as Philip I, Filipe I), King of Naples a...
Nicolas de Thou15281547
 
15981598, Nov 5
 an eminent French cleric, Bishop of Chartres, and in politics a figure instrumental in the corona...