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bornactivedied
1491, Jun 281509-15471547, Jan 28
King of England from 1509 until his death and Supreme Head of the Church of England from 1536 to 1547. He was the first English King of Ireland, and continued the nominal claim by English monarchs to the Kingdom of France. Henry was the second monarch of the Tudor dynasty, succeeding his father, Henry VII. Henry was an intellectual. The first English king with a modern humanist education, he read and wrote English, French and Latin, and was thoroughly at home in his well-stocked library. He personally annotated many books and wrote and published one of his own. To promote the public support for the reformation of the church, Henry had numerous pamphlets and lectures prepared.
 Timeline (46)
02/18/1503-Henry Tudor creates Prince of Wales (later Henry VIII) 
04/21/1509- Henry VIII becomes King of England
06/11/1509-King Henry VIII marries wife #1, Catherine of Aragon
06/24/1509- Henry VIII crowned King of England
08/16/1513-Battle of Guinegate: Maximilian I and Henry VIII beat France
09/23/1513-King Henry VIII and Emperor Maximilian I conquer Tournai
10/09/1514-King Louis XII of France marries Mary Tudor, sister of Henry VIII
07/10/1520-King Charles V and King Henry VIII signs treaty of Calais 
10/15/1520-King Henry VIII of England orders bowling lanes to be built at Whitehall 
10/11/1521-Pope Leo X titles King Henry VIII of England "Defender of the Faith"
06/18/1529-The legatine court at Blackfriars, London, begin to consider the legality of the marriage of Henry VIII and Catharina of Aragon
03/07/1530-King Henry VIII's divorce request is denied by the Pope -- Henry then declares that he, not the Pope, is supreme head of England's church 
01/05/1531-Pope Clement VII forbids English king Henry VIII to re-marry 
02/11/1531- Henry VIII recognized as supreme head of Church in England 
06/23/1532- Henry VIII and Francis I of France signs secret treaty against emperor Charles V
11/15/1532-Pope Clement VII tells Henry VIII to end relationship with Anne Boleyn 
01/25/1533-England's King Henry VIII marries Anne Boleyn
03/30/1533- Henry VIII divorces his first wife, Catherine of Aragon 
05/23/1533- Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon's marriage declared null and void
05/28/1533-England's archbishop voids King Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn's marriage 
07/11/1533-Pope Clement VII excommunicates England's King Henry VIII
10/30/1534-English Parliament passes the First Act of Supremacy, making King Henry VIII head of the English church - a role formerly held by the Pope 
11/03/1534-English parliament accepts Act of Supremacy: Henry VIII church leader 
01/15/1535- Henry VIII declares himself head of English Church 
08/31/1535-Pope Paul III excommunicates English King Henry VIII
04/14/1536-English king Henry VIII expropriates minor monasteries 
05/02/1536- Henry VIII accuses Anne Boleyn and her brother George Boleyn of adultery, incest and treason
05/06/1536-King Henry VIII, orders bible be placed in every church [or 1539 or 1541 -ed] 
05/30/1536-English king Henry VIII marries Jane Seymour
12/17/1538-Pope Paul III excommunicates England's King Henry VIII 
10/04/1539-English King Henry VIII and Anne of Cleves sign a marriage treaty
01/06/1540-King Henry VIII of England marries his fourth wife, Anne of Cleves
03/23/1540-Waltham Abbey surrenders to King Henry VIII of England; the last religious community to be closed during the Dissolution of the Monasteries.
06/24/1540- Anne of Cleves, fourth wife of Henry VIII, ordered to leave court
07/09/1540-England's King Henry VIII annuls his six-month marriage to Anne of Cleves
07/28/1540-English King Henry VIII marries Catherine Howard, his fifth wife 
06/18/1541-Irish parliament selects Henry VIII as king of Ireland
02/11/1543- Charles V and Henry VIII sign anti-French covenant 
07/12/1543-England's King Henry VIII weds Catherine Parr (6th and last wife)
05/17/1544-Scottish earl Matthew Stewart, 4th Earl of Lennox, signs secret treaty with Henry VIII 
09/18/1544-English King Henry VIII's troops occupy Boulogne 
09/30/1544-King Henry VIII draws his armies out of France 
07/19/1545-King Henry VIII's flagship Mary Rose sinks at Portsmouth -- 73 die 
01/13/1547-Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey, sentenced to death by Henry VIII
01/28/1547-9-year-old Edward VI succeeds Henry VIII as king of England 
02/20/1547-King Edward VI of England is enthroned following death of Henry VIII 
 Notes (1)
Supreme Governors:
Church of England

Henry VIII (1536-1547): King of England from 1509 until his death and Supreme Head of the Church of England from 1536 to 1547. He was the first English King of Ire...
Edward VI (1547-1553): King of England and Ireland (and Supreme Head of the Church of England) from 28 January 1547 until his death. Edward's reign was marked by ...
Jane Grey (1553): an English noblewoman and de facto monarch of England and Ireland from 10 July until 19 July 1553. When the 15-year-old king lay dying in Ju...
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 Mentions (54)
Robert Aldrich
a Bishop of Carlisle in the reigns of Henry VIII, Edward VI and Mary. In 1534 he was appointed Canon of the tenth stall...
Bernard Andre
...and poet, who was a noted chronicler of the reign of Henry VII of England, and poet laureate. A native of Toulouse,...
Anne of Cleves
...6 January to 9 July 1540 as the fourth wife of King Henry VIII. The marriage was declared never consummated...
Thomas Ashewell
...destroyed during the Dissolution of the Monasteries by Henry VIII (and a large proportion of English-language...
Christopher Bainbridge
...favour he enjoyed at court. On 24 September 1509, King Henry VIII (whose coronation he had attended) appointed...
John Bekinsau
...Goldast's Monarchia in 1611; this work is dedicated to Henry VIII, ‘the head of the church immediately after...
Richard Benese
...the surrender of the Augustinian priory of Merton to Henry VIII on 16 April 1538. He had previously written...
Francis Bigod
...successor, he was engaged in advancing in Yorkshire Henry VIII's ecclesiastical reforms. Unlike Cromwell, however,...
Anne Boleyn
...England from 1533 to 1536 as the second wife of King Henry VIII, and Marquess of Pembroke in her own right....
George Boleyn
...Anne Boleyn. This made him the brother-in-law of King Henry VIII and the maternal uncle of Queen Elizabeth...
Henry Bourchier
...English soldier, peer and courtier at the courts of Henry VII and Henry VIII. He married Mary Say, by whom...
John Bourchier
...of the Exchequer from 14 July 1524 that of to King Henry VIII. He translated, at the King's desire, Froissart's...
Charles Brandon
...his third wife Mary Tudor he was brother-in-law to Henry VIII, King of England. His father was the standard-bearer...
Thomas Brinknell
...'commended for a good book.' Wolsey recommended Brinknell to Henry VIII as 'one of those most fit persons in...
Catherine of Aragon
...June 1509 until May 1533 as the first wife of King Henry VIII; she was previously Princess of Wales as the...
Thomas Cranmer
...Reformation and Archbishop of Canterbury during the reigns of Henry VIII, Edward VI and, for a short time,...
Thomas Cromwell [1]
...and statesman who served as chief minister to King Henry VIII of England from 1532 to 1540. Cromwell was one...
Richard Devereux
a rising political figure during the reign of Henry VIII and Edward VI when his career was cut short by his sudden...
John Dudley [1]
...King's death. The son of Edmund Dudley, a minister of Henry VII executed by Henry VIII, John Dudley became...
Richard Edwardes
...interludes. He was also rumoured to be an illegitimate son of Henry VIII.
Robert Fayrfax
...most prominent and influential of the reigns of Kings Henry VII and Henry VIII of England. His surviving works...
John Fisher
...University of Cambridge. Fisher was executed by order of Henry VIII during the English Reformation for refusing...
Richard Grafton
the King's Printer under Henry VIII and Edward VI. He was a member of the Grocers' Company and MP for Coventry elected 1562-63. he printed...
James Hamilton
     ***** no match in text
Edmund Harman
the barber-surgeon of Henry VIII of England and a member of his Privy Chamber. He served alongside Thomas Wendy and George Owen. In February...
Stephen Hawes
...known. He was still living in 1521, when it is stated in Henry VIII's household accounts that £6, 13s. 4d....
Henry VII
     ***** no match in text
Lucas Horenbout
...there as "King's Painter" and court miniaturist to King Henry VIII from 1525 until his death. He was trained...
Catherine Howard
...England from 1540 until 1541, as the fifth wife of Henry VIII. Catherine (then 16 or 17) married Henry VIII...
Sir George Howard
...politician, author and diplomat, and the brother of King Henry VIII's fifth queen, Catherine Howard. Howard...
Miles Huggarde
...Aultare", was written at the end of the reign of King Henry VIII and tackled the denigration of the Eucharist...
Pedro de la Gasca
...Emperor Charles V in discussions with the pope and King Henry VIII, a position requiring great diplomatic skill....
John Lingard
...the First Invasion by the Romans to the Accession of Henry VIII, an 8-volume work published in 1819. In 1793...
Henry Machyn
...turbulent period in England: the Reformation, initiated by Henry VIII and carried through by Edward VI, was...
Thomas Master
...Herbert of Cherbury, in his writing of the Life of Henry VIII. He was educated at Cirencester Grammar School...
Sir Thomas More
...noted Renaissance humanist. He was also a councillor to Henry VIII, and Lord High Chancellor of England from...
William Mundy
...performed and recorded. Coming of age during the reign of Henry VIII, Mundy's career spanned much of England's...
George Owen
     ***** no match in text
John Palsgrave
a priest of Henry VIII of England's court. He is known as a tutor in the royal household, and as a textbook author. He composed L'esclarcissement...
Catherine Parr
...Ireland (1543–47) as the last of the six wives of King Henry VIII, and the final queen consort of the House...
Henry Percy
...forced to give up before she became involved with King Henry VIII. Henry was sent, when quite young, to be...
Sir Thomas Percy [1]
...Pilgrimage of Grace, a Roman Catholic uprising against King Henry VIII. He was convicted of treason and hanged,...
Edward Seymour
...Queen Jane Seymour (d.1537), the third wife of King Henry VIII. When Edward's sister Jane Seymour married King...
Jane Seymour
...England from 1536 to 1537 as the third wife of King Henry VIII. She succeeded Anne Boleyn as queen consort...
Thomas Seymour
...English queen Jane Seymour who was the third wife of King Henry VIII and mother of King Edward VI. He was also...
John Skelton
an English poet. He had been a tutor to King Henry VIII of England and died at Westminster. Skelton is said to have...
Thomas Spert
...reached the rank of vice admiral in service to King Henry VIII of England. He was sailing master of the flagships...
Richard Stanihurst
...Ireland, and a History of Ireland during the reign of Henry VIII, which were severely criticized in Barnabe...
Mary Tudor
...the English throne. The younger surviving daughter of Henry VII of England and Elizabeth of York, Mary became...
Robert Wakefield
...English linguist and scholar. He wrote in favour of Henry VIII's divorce, after being persuaded by Richard...
William Warham
...until his death. In 1509, he married and then crowned Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon.
Robert Wauchope [1]
...suspected of heresy by the Holy See, and was deposed by Henry VIII during the Protestant Reformation. The King...
Thomas Wendy
the royal physician to Henry VIII of England, a Member of Parliament and a member of the King's Privy Chamber. Wendy attended the king...
Thomas Wolsey
...figure and a cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. When Henry VIII became King of England in 1509, Wolsey...
 Quotes (13) • View in Quotations
Alas, how can the poor souls live in concord when you preachers sow amongst them in your sermons debate and discord? They look to you for light and you bring them darkness. Amend these crimes, I exhort you, and set forth God's word truly, both by true preaching and giving a good example, or else, I, whom God has appointed his vicar and high minister here, will see these divisions extinct, and these enormities corrected...
All is lost! Monks, Monks, Monks! So, now all is gone - Empire, Body, and Soul!.
All is lost. Monks, monks, monks!
Hops are a wicked and pernicious weed.
I beseech you now with all my heart definitely to let me know your whole mind as to the love between us...
I see and hear daily that you of the Clergy preach one against another, teach one contrary to another, inveigh one against another without charity or discretion. Some be too stiff in their old mumpsimus, others be too busy and curious in their new sumpsimus. Thus all men almost be in variety and discord.
My heart is set. All goodly sport For my comfort Who shall me let?
Pastime with good company I love and shall, until I die. Grudge who list, but none deny! So God be pleased, thus live will I.
Two beheadings out of six wives is too many.
We be informed by our judges that we at no time stand so highly in our estate royal as in the time of Parliament, wherein we as head and you as members are conjoined and knit together into one body politic, so as whatsoever offence or injury (during that time) is offered to the meanest member of the House is to be judged as done against our person and the whole Court of Parliament.
Well beloved subjects, wee thought that the clergie of our realme had been our subjectes wholy, but now we have well perceived that they bee but halfe our subjectes, yea, and scarce our subjectes: for all the prelates at their consecration make an othe to the pope, clene contrary to the the that they make to us, so that they seme to be his subjectes, and not ours.
You have sent me a Flanders mare.
[W]hoever leads an auspicious life here and governs the commonwealth rightly, as my most noble father did, who promoted all piety and banished all ignorance, has a most certain way to heaven.
 Contemporaries
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Nationality
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46
King Henry VIII1491, Jun 281509
 
15471547, Jan 28

Girolamo Piccolomini Sr.unknown1498
 
1510unknown
 On 14 Mar 1498, Girolamo Piccolomini was appointed during the papacy of Pope Alexander VI as both...
Pachomius Iunknown1502
 
15131513
 Ecumenical Patriarch of the Church of Constantinople from 1503 to 1513, except for a short period...
Pope Julius II1443, Dec 51503
 
15131513, Feb 21
 Pope for the Roman Catholic Church from 1 November 1503 to his death in 1513. His papacy was mark...
Al-Mustamsikunknown1497
 
15171521
 an Abbasid caliph (Islam) of the Abbasid Caliphate of Cairo, Egypt under the tutelage of the Maml...
Patrick Paniter1470 ca1500
 
15171519
 Scottish churchman and principal secretary to James V. Paniter was born around 1470 at the villag...
Al-Mutawakkil IIIunknown1508
 
15171543
 the Abbasid Caliph (Islam) from 1508 to 1516, and again in 1517 for the Abbasid Caliphate of Cair...
Ignatius Jacob [1]unknown1512
 
 
15171517
  the Patriarch of Antioch, and head of the Syriac Orthodox Church from 1512 until his death in 15...
Selim I1465/66/70, Oct 101512
 
 
15201520, Sep 22
 the Sultan and Caliph (Sunni Islam) of the Ottoman Empire/Caliphate from 1512 to 1520. His reign ...
Gavin Douglas1474 ca1496
 
15211522, Sep
 a Scottish bishop, makar and translator. Although he had an important political career, it is for...
Pope Leo X1475, Dec 111513
 
 
15211521, Dec 1
 the Pope for the Roman Catholic Church from 9 March 1513 to his death. The second son of Lorenzo ...
Theoleptus Iunknown1513
 
 
1522unknown
 the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople from 1513 to 1522, for the Church of Constantinople. W...
Pope Adrian VI1459, Mar 21490
 
15231523, Sep 14
 the 218th pope of the Roman Catholic Church from 9 January 1522 until his death. He was the last ...
Pope John XIIIunknown1484
 
15241524
 the 94th Coptic Orthodox Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of St. Mark for the Armenian A...
Philip of Burgundy14641498
 
15241524
 Admiral of the Netherlands from 1498 to 1517 and bishop of Utrecht from 1517 to 1524. In the year...
Thomas Wolsey1473, Mar1509
 
15301530, Nov 29
 an English political figure and a cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. When Henry VIII became ...
Pope Clement VII1478, May 261523
 
 
15341534, Sep 25
 Pope for the Roman Catholic Church from 19 November 1523 to his death in 1534. The Sack of Rome a...
Girolamo Piccolomini Jr.unknown1510
 
 
15351535
 On 9 Dec 1510, Girolamo Piccolomini was appointed during the papacy of Pope Julius II as both Bis...
Olav Engelbrektsson1480 ca1533
 
 
15371538, Feb 7
 the 28th Archbishop of Norway from 1523 to 1537, the Regent of Norway from 1533 to 1537, a member...
John Stone [1]unknown1530
 
 
15391539, Dec
 an English Augustinian friar who was executed, probably in December 1539; he was canonized in 197...
John Palsgrave1485 ca1513
 
 
15451554
 a priest of Henry VIII of England's court. He is known as a tutor in the royal household, and as...
Jeremias Iunknown1513
 
 
15461546, Jan 13
 Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople two times, from 1522 to 1524 and from 1525 to 1546 for the...
David Beaton1494 ca1519
 
 
15461546, May 29
 Archbishop of St Andrews and the last Scottish Cardinal prior to the Reformation.
Joannicius Iunknown1546
 
 
1546unknown
 Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople (1546)*Church of Constantinople
Pope Paul III1468, Feb 291491
 
15491549, Nov 10
  the Pope for the Roman Catholic Church from 13 October 1534 to his death in 1549. He came to the...
William Lamb [1]1493 ca1537
 
15501550
 a Scottish cleric, lawyer, and author. William Lamb wrote Ane Resonyng of ane Scottis and Inglis ...
Robert Wauchope [1]1500 ca1539
 
15511551
 the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Armagh from 1539 to 1551. Wauchope worked as a theologian in Rom...
Ignatius of Loyola1491, Oct 231508
 
15551556, Jul 31
 a Spanish priest and theologian, who founded the religious order called the Society of Jesus (Jes...
Stephen Gardiner1483 ca1531
 
15551555, Nov 12
 English bishop and politician during the English Reformation period who served as Lord Chancellor...
Pope Marcellus II1501, May 61535
 
15551555, May 1
 Pope of the Roman Catholic Church from 9 April 1555 until his death 22 days later on 1 May 1555. ...
Nicholas Ridley1500 ca1538
 
15551555, Oct 16
 an English Bishop of London. Ridley was burned at the stake, as one of the Oxford Martyrs, during...
Dionysius IIunknown1546
 
1555unknown
 Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople (1546-1555)*Church of Constantinople
Mikael Agricola1510 ca1537
 
15571557, Apr 9
 a clergyman who became the de facto founder of literary Finnish and a prominent proponent of the ...
Reginald Pole1500, Mar 121518
 
15581558, Nov 17
 an English cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church and the last Roman Catholic Archbishop of Canter...
Pope Paul IV1476, Jun 281505
 
15591559, Aug 18
 the Pope for the Roman Catholic Church from 23 May 1555 to his death in 1559. While serving as pa...
Alessandro Piccolomini [1]unknown1528
 
1563unknown
 a Roman Catholic prelate who served as Bishop of Pienza (1535-1563) and Bishop of Montalcino (152...
Pope Pius IV1499, Mar 311546
 
15651565, Dec 9
 the Pope for the Roman Catholic Church from 25 December 1559 to his death in 1565. He is known fo...
Suleiman I1494, Nov 61520
 
15661566, Sep 7
  the tenth and longest-reigning Sultan and Caliph (Sunni Islam) of the Ottoman Empire/Caliphate, ...
Joachim I Pany1448 ca1480
 
15671567
 served as Patriarch for the Greek Orthodox Church of Alexandria between 1486 and 1567. A virtuou...
Pedro de la Gasca1485, Jun1542
 
15671567, Nov 13
 a Spanish bishop, diplomat and the second (acting) viceroy of Peru, from April 10, 1547 to Januar...
Sunan Gunungjati14481479
 
15681568, Sep 19
  one of the Wali Songo, or nine saints of Islam revered in Indonesia. He founded the Sultanate of...
Pope Pius V1504, Jan 171528
 
15721572, May 1
  the Pope for the Roman Catholic Church from 8 January 1566 to his death in 1572. He is venerated...
John Knox1513 ca1546
 
15721572, Nov 24
 a Scottish clergyman, theologian, and writer who was a leader of the Protestant Reformation and i...
Donald Monrounknown1526
 
1574unknown
 a Scottish clergyman, who wrote an early and historically valuable description of the Hebrides an...
Metrophanes III15201546
 
15801580, Aug 9
 the Ecumenical Patriarch for the Church of Constantinople two times, from 1565 to 1572 and from 1...
Pope Innocent IX1519, Jul 201544
 
15911591, Dec 30
  Pope for the Roman Catholic Church from 29 October to 30 December 1591. Prior to his short papac...
King Philip II1527, May 211540
 
15981598, Sep 13
  King of Spain (1556–98), King of Portugal (1581–98, as Philip I, Filipe I), King of Naples a...
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