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1590, Jul 131670-16761676, Jul 22
Pope for the Roman Catholic Church from 29 April 1670 to his death in 1676. On 29 April 1670, the papacy was offered to him by fifty-nine Cardinals present at the election; only two being against him. He, however, objected because of his age, for he was almost eighty, and exclaimed, "I am too old to bear such a burden." Pointing to Cardinal Brancaccio, Altieri said he was the Cardinal whom they ought to elect. He persisted in refusing, protesting that he no longer had strength or memory; eventually, with tears he accepted, and out of gratitude to his benefactor, by ten years his junior, he assumed the name of Clement X.
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04/29/1670-Pope Clement X elected
11/14/1675-Pope Clement X declares the Gorkum martyrs to be divine
 Notes (1)
Roman Catholic Popes:

Innocent VIII (1484-1492): Pope from 29 August 1484 to his death in 1492. Born into a prominent Genoese family he entered the church and was made bishop in 1467 befor...
Alexander VI (1492-1503): Pope for the Roman Catholic Church from 11 August 1492 until his death. He is one of the most controversial of the Renaissance popes, partl...
Pius III (1503): the Pope for the Roman Catholic Church from 22 September 1503 to his death on 18 October 1503. He had one of the shortest pontificates in pa...
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 Contemporaries
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Pope Clement X1590, Jul 131670
 
16761676, Jul 22

Giovanni Battista Riccioli1598, Apr 171628
 
16711671, Jun 25
 an Italian astronomer and a Catholic priest in the Jesuit order. He is known, among other things,...
Ascanio II Piccolomini15901629
 
16711671
 the archbishop of Siena from 1629 to 1671. Ascanio was a mathematics pupil of Bonaventura Cavalie...
William Broughunknown1630
 
16711671
 an English royalist churchman, Dean of Gloucester from 1643. Brough was a supporter of William La...
Ingen Ryuki1592, Dec 71620
 
16731673, May 19
 a Chinese Linji Chán Buddhist monk, poet, and calligrapher. He is most known for founding the Ob...
Giacomo Carissimi1605, Apr1623
 
16741674, Jan 12
 an Italian composer. He is one of the most celebrated masters of the early Baroque or, more accur...
Robert Herrick1591, Aug1623
 
16741674, Oct
 a 17th-century English lyric poet and cleric. He is best known for Hesperides, a book of poems. T...
Gerasimus IIunknown1673
 
 
1674unknown
 Ecumenical Patriarch (1673-1674)*Church of Constantinople
Matthew IVunknown1660
 
16751675, Aug 15
 the 102nd Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of St. Mark for the Coptic Orthodox Church. H...
Paisios Ligaridesunknown1657
 
1677unknown
 Pope and Patriarch of Alexandria for the Greek Orthodox Church (1657-1677). He went to Moscow fol...
Gilbert Sheldon1598, Jun 191663
 
16771677, Nov 9
 the English Archbishop of Canterbury for the Church of England from 1663 until his death in 1677....
Methodius IIIunknown1646
 
16791679
 the Ecumenical Patriarch for the Church of Constantinople in 1668–1671. Descended from Crete, ...
Thomas Watson [2]1620 ca1646
 
16791686
 an English, Nonconformist, Puritan preacher and author. He showed strong Presbyterian views durin...
Celio Piccolomini16091658
 
16811681, May 24
 a man of the Italian Church, created cardinal by Pope Alexander VII at the Consistory of 14 Janua...
Ngawang Lobsang Gyatso16171642
 
16821682
 the Fifth Dalai Lama of the Gelug (Yellow Hat Buddhism) of Tibet. Gyatso is credited with unifyin...
Parthenius IVunknown1655
 
1685unknown
 a 5-time Ecumenical Patriarch for the Church of Constantinople (1657–1659, 1665–1667, 1671, 1...
Charles II of England1630, May 291660
 
16851685, Feb 6
 the monarch of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, and Supreme Governor of the ...
Mehmed IV1642, Jan 21648
 
16871693, Jan 6
 the Sultan and Caliph of the Ottoman Empire from 1648 to 1687. Taking the throne at age six, his ...
Pope Innocent XI1611, May 161650
 
16891689, Aug 12
 Pope for the Roman Catholic Church from 21 September 1676 to his death in 1689. He is known as th...
William Sancroft1617, Jan 301663
 
16901693, Nov 24
 the 79th Archbishop of Canterbury (1678-1690) of the Church of England, and was one of the Seven ...
Isaac Aboab da Fonseca1605, Feb 11623
 
16931693, Apr 4
 a rabbi, scholar, kabbalist and writer. In 1656, he was one of several elders within the Portugue...
John Tillotson1630, Oct1661
 
16941694, Nov 22
 the Anglican Archbishop of Canterbury from 1691 to 1694 for the Church of England. He devoted him...
Charles Albanel16161649
 
16961696, Jun 11
 a French missionary explorer in Canada, and a Jesuit priest. In 1649, he arrived in Canada at Tad...
Dionysius IV Muselimesunknown1662
 
16961696, Sep 23
  Ecumenical Patriarch of the Church of Constantinople for five times, in 1671–73, 1676–79, 16...
Pope Innocent XII1615, Mar 131652
 
17001700, Sep 27
 Pope for the Roman Catholic Church from 12 July 1691 to his death in 1700. He took a hard stance ...
Eliyya X Yohannan Maroginunknown1660
 
1700unknown
 Patriarch (1660-1700)* Assyrian Church of the East
Jacques-Benigne Bossuet1627, Sep 271643
 
17011704, Apr 12
 a French bishop and theologian, renowned for his sermons and other addresses. He has been conside...
Philipp Spener1635, Jan 131653
 
17021705, Feb 5
 a German Christian theologian known as the "Father of Pietism." Highly influenced by Johann Arndt...
Ioannikios Iunknown1671
 
1702unknown
 Archbishop of Sinai (1671-1702)* Orthodox Church of Mount Sinai
Estephan El Douaihy1630, Aug 21670
 
17041704, May 3
 He was the 57th Patriarch of the Maronite Church from 1670 to 1704. He is considered one of the m...
Arsenije III Carnojevic16331674
 
17061706, Oct 27
 the Archbishop of Pec and Patriarch of Serbs from 1674 to 1691 and Metropolitan of Sentandreja fr...
Dositheos IIunknown1669
 
1707unknown
 Patriarch (1669-1707)* Patriarchate of Jerusalem -*Church of Constantinople
Samuel Parris16531673
 
17111720, Feb 27
 the Puritan minister in Salem, Massachusetts during the Salem witch trials. He was also the fathe...
Haquin Spegel1645, Jun 141670
 
17141714, Apr 17
 a religious author and hymn writer who held several bishop's seats for the Lutheran Swedish Churc...
Ignatius Isaac Azar16471675
 
17221724, Jul 18
 the Patriarch of Antioch, and head of the Syriac Orthodox Church from 1709 until his resignation ...
Zanabazar Ondur gegeen Luvsadambiyjaltsanunknown1635
 
1723unknown
 1635-1723, Tibetan Buddhism, Mongolia; Buddhism
Lobsang Yeshe16631671
 
17371737
 the fifth Panchen Lama of the Buddhist Gelug (Yellow Hat sect) of Tibet from 1663-1737. He was bo...
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