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1535, Feb 111590-15911591, Oct 16
Pope of the Roman Catholic Church from 5 December 1590 to his death in 1591. Gregory XIV's brief pontificate was marked by vigorous intervention in favour of the Catholic party in the French Wars of Religion. Instigated by the king of Spain and the duke of Mayenne, he excommunicated Henry IV of France on 1 March 1591, reiterating the 1585 declaration of Pope Sixtus V that as a heretic (Protestant) Henry of Navarre was ineligible to succeed to the throne of Catholic France and deprived of his dominions.
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12/05/1590-Niccolò Sfondrati chosen as Pope Gregory XIV
03/01/1591-Pope Gregory XIV threatens to excommunicate French king Henry IV 
 Notes (1)
Roman Catholic Popes:

Innocent VIII (1484-1492): Pope from 29 August 1484 to his death in 1492. Born into a prominent Genoese family he entered the church and was made bishop in 1467 befor...
Alexander VI (1492-1503): Pope for the Roman Catholic Church from 11 August 1492 until his death. He is one of the most controversial of the Renaissance popes, partl...
Pius III (1503): the Pope for the Roman Catholic Church from 22 September 1503 to his death on 18 October 1503. He had one of the shortest pontificates in pa...
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 Contemporaries
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Pope Gregory XIV1535, Feb 111590
 
15911591, Oct 16

Pope Innocent IX1519, Jul 201544
 
15911591, Dec 30
  Pope for the Roman Catholic Church from 29 October to 30 December 1591. Prior to his short papac...
Domingo de Salazar15121579
 
15941594, Dec 4
 a Roman Catholic prelate who served as the first Bishop of Manila (1579–84) which was then newl...
Jeremias II Tranosunknown1572
 
1595unknown
 Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople (1572-1579, 1580-1584, 1587-1595)*Church of Constantinople
Murad III1546, Jul 41574
 
15951595, Jan 15/16
 the emperor and Caliph of the Ottoman Empire from 1574 until his death in 1595. Murad's reign is ...
Ascanio I Piccolominiunknown1579
 
15971597, May 13
 On 3 Jul 1579, Ascanio Piccolomini was appointed during the papacy of Pope Gregory XIII as Coadju...
King Philip II1527, May 211540
 
15981598, Sep 13
  King of Spain (1556–98), King of Portugal (1581–98, as Philip I, Filipe I), King of Naples a...
Nicolas de Thou15281547
 
15981598, Nov 5
 an eminent French cleric, Bishop of Chartres, and in politics a figure instrumental in the corona...
Gabriel I [1]unknown1590
 
1599unknown
 the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople for the Church of Constantinople from March to August ...
Robert Gwinunknown1590
 
1599unknown
 a Welsh Roman Catholic priest and author. Gwin, who appears to have been alive in 1591, wrote sev...
Theophanes Iunknown1590
 
15991597, Mar 26
 the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople for the Church of Constantinople from August 1596 to F...
Meletios I Pegas15491590
 
16011601, Sep 12
 served as Greek Patriarch of Alexandria between 1590 and 1601. Simultaneously from 1597 to 1598 h...
Queen Elizabeth I1533, Sep 71558
 
16031603, Mar 24
 Queen of England and Ireland (and Supreme Governor of the Church of England ) from 17 November 15...
Gabriel VIIIunknown1587
 
16031603, May 14
 the 97th Pope of Alexandria and Patriarch of the See of St. Mark. Gabriel VIII was originally fro...
John Whitgift1530 ca1583
 
16041604, Feb 29
  the Archbishop of Canterbury for the Church of England from 1583 to his death. Noted for his hos...
Matthew Hutton I1529159
 
16061606
  the archbishop of York for the Church of England from 1595 to 1606. He became a sizar at Trinity...
Sebastian de Vivanco15511570
 
16101622, Oct 26
 a Spanish priest and composer of the Renaissance. The bulk of Vivanco's surviving work was publis...
Thomas Bell15511573
 
1610unknown
 an English Roman Catholic priest, and later an anti-Catholic writer. He was mentioned in 1592 as ...
Richard Bancroft15441584
 
16101610, Nov 2
 an English churchman, who became Archbishop of Canterbury (1604-1610) for the Church of England a...
David Fabricius1564, Mar 91584
 
16171617, May 7
 a German pastor who made two major discoveries in the early days of telescopic astronomy, jointly...
Pedro Paez15641589
 
16221622, May 25
 a Spanish Jesuit missionary in Ethiopia. Páez is considered by many experts on Ethiopia to be th...
Robert Bruce15541587
 
16241631, Jul 27
 Moderator of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland which was called on 6 February 1588 t...
Ericus Erici Sorolainen15461583
 
16251625
  a Finnish Lutheran bishop, a Bishop of Turku from 1583 to 1625 as the successor to Paulus Juuste...
Oliver Almondunknown1590
 
1629unknown
 a Roman Catholic priest and writer, born in the diocese of Oxford. He is believed by Foley to hav...
Lobsang Chökyi Gyalsten15701570
 
16621662
 the fourth Panchen Lama of the Gelug (Yellow Hat sect) school of Tibetan Buddhism from 1570-1662 ...
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