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1573, Oct 71601-16451645, Jan 10
an English bishop and academic. He was the Archbishop of Canterbury for the Church of England from 1633 until his death, during the personal rule of Charles I. Arrested in 1640, he was executed in 1645. In matters of church polity, Laud was autocratic. Laudianism refers to a collection of rules on matters of ritual, in particular, that were enforced by Laud in order to maintain uniform worship in England and Wales, in line with the king's preferences. In theology, Laud was accused of being an Arminian and opponent of Calvinism, as well as covertly favouring Roman Catholic doctrines. On all three grounds, he was regarded by Puritan clerics and laymen as a formidable and dangerous opponent.
 Notes (1)
Archbishops of Canterbury:

John Morton (1486-1500): an English prelate who served as Archbishop of Canterbury from 1486 until his death and also Lord Chancellor of England from 1487. He was el...
Henry Deane (1501-1503): Archbishop of Canterbury from 1501 until his death. Deane was admitted to the society of Lincoln's Inn in 1489, suggesting a knowledge of c...
William Warham (1503-1532): the Archbishop of Canterbury from 1503 to his death. In 1502, he was consecrated Bishop of London and became Keeper of the Great Seal, but ...
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 Mentions (1)
Henry Airay
...vice-chancellor's duties he came into conflict with William Laud, Archbishop of Canterbury, who was beginning to...
 Contemporaries
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William Laud1573, Oct 71601
 
16451645, Jan 10

Queen Elizabeth I1533, Sep 71558
 
16031603, Mar 24
 Queen of England and Ireland (and Supreme Governor of the Church of England ) from 17 November 15...
Gabriel VIIIunknown1587
 
16031603, May 14
 the 97th Pope of Alexandria and Patriarch of the See of St. Mark. Gabriel VIII was originally fro...
Mehmed III1566, May 261595
 
16031603, Dec 21/22
  the Sultan and Caliph of the Ottoman Empire from 1595 until his death in 1603. His reign is most...
Matthew IIunknown1596
 
16031603
  the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople three times, shortly in 1596, from 1598 to 1602 and f...
John Whitgift1530 ca1583
 
16041604, Feb 29
  the Archbishop of Canterbury for the Church of England from 1583 to his death. Noted for his hos...
Pope Clement VIII1536, Feb 241592
 
16051605, Mar 3
  Pope for the Roman Catholic Church from 2 February 1592 to his death in 1605. He was made Cardin...
Pope Leo XI1535, Jun 21605
 
 
16051605, Apr 27
 the Pope for the Roman Catholic Church from 1 to 27 April 1605. His pontificate is one of the bri...
Matthew Hutton I1529159
 
16061606
  the archbishop of York for the Church of England from 1595 to 1606. He became a sizar at Trinity...
Raphael IIunknown1603
 
 
1607unknown
 the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople from 1603 to 1607. Raphael was Bishop of Mithymna when...
Sebastian de Vivanco15511570
 
16101622, Oct 26
 a Spanish priest and composer of the Renaissance. The bulk of Vivanco's surviving work was publis...
Thomas Bell15511573
 
1610unknown
 an English Roman Catholic priest, and later an anti-Catholic writer. He was mentioned in 1592 as ...
Richard Bancroft15441584
 
16101610, Nov 2
 an English churchman, who became Archbishop of Canterbury (1604-1610) for the Church of England a...
Neophytus IIunknown1602
 
 
1612unknown
 Ecumenical Patriarch (1602–03 and in 1607–12), restored*Church of Constantinople
David Fabricius1564, Mar 91584
 
16171617, May 7
 a German pastor who made two major discoveries in the early days of telescopic astronomy, jointly...
John Thornborough15511593
 
16171641
 an English bishop. In a long ecclesiastical career, he was employed as a chaplain by the Earl of ...
Yonten Gyatso15891601
 
16171617, Jan
 a jinong and the 4th Dalai Lama of the Gelug (Yellow Hat Buddhism) of Tibet, born in Mongolia on ...
Ahmed I1590, Apr 181603
 
 
16171617, Nov 22
 the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and Caliph (Sunni Islam) of the Ottoman Caliphate from 1603 unti...
Pope Mark Vunknown1603
 
 
16191619
 the 98th Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of St. Mark for the Coptic Orthodox Church. Th...
Kyrillos III Loukarisunknown1601
 
1620unknown
 Pope and Patriarch of Alexandria for the Greek Orthodox Church (1601-1620). He co-authored many l...
Pope Paul V1552, Sep 171597
 
16211621, Jan 28
 the Pope for the Roman Catholic Church from 16 May 1605 to his death in 1621. He is best remember...
Pedro Paez15641589
 
16221622, May 25
 a Spanish Jesuit missionary in Ethiopia. Páez is considered by many experts on Ethiopia to be th...
Osman II1604, Nov 31618
 
 
16221622, May 20
 the Sultan and Caliph (Sunni Islam) of the Ottoman Empire/Caliphate from 1618 until his death on ...
Mustafa I15911617
 
 
16231639, Jan 20
 the son of Mehmed III and was the Sultan and Caliph of the Ottoman Empire from 1617 to 1618 and f...
Pope Gregory XV1554, Jan 91621
 
 
16231623, Jul 8
 Pope of the Roman Catholic Church from 9 February 1621 to his death in 1623. Gregory XV interfere...
Anthimos IIunknown1623
 
 
1623unknown
 Patriarch of Constantinople Opel (1623)
Anthimus IIunknown1623
 
 
16231628
  Metropolitan of Adrianople and Ecumenical Patriarch for the Church of Constantinople for a few m...
Robert Bruce15541587
 
16241631, Jul 27
 Moderator of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland which was called on 6 February 1588 t...
Ericus Erici Sorolainen15461583
 
16251625
  a Finnish Lutheran bishop, a Bishop of Turku from 1583 to 1625 as the successor to Paulus Juuste...
King James I1566, Jun 191603
 
 
16251625, Mar 27
  King of Scotland as James VI from 24 July 1567 and King of England and Ireland (and Supreme Head...
Edmund Gunter15811614
 
 
16261626, Dec 10
 an English clergyman, mathematician, geometer and astronomer of Welsh descent. He is best remembe...
John Preston1587, Oct1611
 
 
16271628, Jul 20
 an Anglican cleric and master of Emmanuel College, Cambridge. About 1611, the year in which he co...
Oliver Almondunknown1590
 
1629unknown
 a Roman Catholic priest and writer, born in the diocese of Oxford. He is believed by Foley to hav...
Pope John XVunknown1619
 
 
16291629, Sep 7
 the 99th Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of St. Mark for the Coptic Orthodox Church. Or...
Gregory IVunknown1620
 
 
1629unknown
 the Ecumenical Patriarch for the Church of Constantinople for two months in 1623. Before he was e...
Leopold V1586, Oct 91623
 
 
16321632, Sep 13
 the son of Archduke Charles II of Inner Austria, and the younger brother of Emperor Ferdinand II,...
George Abbot1562, Oct 191611
 
 
16331633, Aug 5
 an English divine who was Archbishop of Canterbury from 1611 to 1633 for the Church of England. H...
John Marston1576, Oct 71598
 
16341634, Jun 25
 an English poet, playwright and satirist during the late Elizabethan and Jacobean periods. His ca...
Antonio de Andrade15801600
 
16341634, Mar 19
 a Jesuit priest and explorer from Portugal. Engaged in missionary activity in India, was the firs...
Gerasimos I Spartaliotesunknown1620
 
 
1636unknown
 Pope and Patriarch of Alexandria for the Greek Orthodox Church (1620-1636). He was distinguished ...
Neophytus III of Niceaunknown1636
 
 
1637unknown
 Ecumenical Patriarch (1636-1637)*Church of Constantinople
Johann Heinrich Alsted1588, Mar1608
 
 
16381638, Nov 9
 a German Calvinist minister and academic, known for his varied interests: in Ramism and Lullism, ...
Cyril I Lucaris1572, Nov 131612
 
 
16381638, Jun 27
 a Greek prelate and theologian, and a native of Candia, Crete (then under the Republic of Venice)...
Anne Hutchinsonunknown1636
 
 
1638unknown
 a Puritan spiritual adviser, mother of 15, and an important participant in the Antinomian Controv...
Cyril II Kontaresunknown1633
 
 
16391640
 Ecumenical Patriarch (1633; 1635-1636; 1638-1639)*Church of Constantinople
Mitrophanes Kritikopoulosunknown1636
 
 
1639unknown
 Pope and Patriarch of Alexandria for the Greek Orthodox Church (1636-1639). His activities were m...
Murad IV1612, Jul 26/271623
 
 
16401640, Feb 8
 the Sultan and Caliph of the Ottoman Empire from 1623 to 1640, known both for restoring the autho...
Richard Bernard15681598
 
16411641
 an English Puritan clergyman and writer. Barnard was a Calvinist Puritan, but a moderate one. Ber...
Edward Finchunknown1630
 
 
1641unknown
 an English Royalist divine. On 9 December 1630 Edward was admitted to the vicarage of Christ Chur...
Pope Urban VIII1568, Apr 51592
 
16441644, Jul 29
  Pope (Roman Catholic Church) from 1623 to his death in 1644. He expanded the papal territory by ...
Parthenius Iunknown1639
 
 
1644unknown
 Ecumenical Patriarch (1639-1644)*Church of Constantinople
Nikiphorosunknown1639
 
16451645, Apr
 Pope and Patriarch of Alexandria (1639-1645) for the Greek Orthodox Church. During his tenure as ...
Matthew IIIunknown1631
 
16461646, Mar 31
 the 100th Pope of Alexandria for the Coptic Orthodox Christian Church from 1631 to 1646 and Patri...
John Abbot1587/881623
 
16471650 ca
 an English Roman Catholic clergyman and poet. His birthplace is uncertain, but may have been Lond...
Thomas Edwards [2]1599 ca1625
 
16471647
 an English Puritan clergyman. He was a very influential preacher in London of the 1640s, and also...
Ibrahim I1615, Nov 51640
 
16481648, Aug 18
 the Sultan and Caliph (Sunni Islam) of the Ottoman Empire/Caliphate from 1640 until 1648. Ibrahim...
Charles I1600, Nov 191625
 
16491649, Jan 30
 was monarch of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, and Supreme Governor of the ...
Jasper Fisher15911630
 
1649unknown
 an English divine and dramatist. About 1631 (according to Anthony Wood) he became rector of Wilsd...
Parthenius IIunknown1640
 
1651unknown
 the Ecumenical Patriarch for the Church of Constantinople for two periods (1644-1646, 1648-1651)....
Godefroy Wendelin1580, Jun 61599
 
16521667, Oct 24
 a Flemish astronomer. The crater Vendelinus on the Moon is named after him. Around 1630 he measur...
Athanasius III Patelarosunknown1634
 
1652unknown
 Ecumenical Patriarch (1634, 1635 and 1652)*Church of Constantinople
Pierre Gassendi1592, Jan 221617
 
16531655, Oct 24
 a French philosopher, priest, scientist, astronomer, and mathematician. While he held a church po...
Cardinal Jules Raymond Mazarin1602, Jul 141628
 
16531661, Mar 9
 an Italian cardinal, diplomat, and politician, who served as the Chief Minister to the King of Fr...
Theodore Tronchin1582, Apr 171608
 
16551657, Nov 19
 a Swiss Calvinist theologian, controversialist and Hebraist. He studied theology at Geneva, Basel...
Pope Innocent X1574, May 61626
 
16551655, Jan 7
  Pope for the Roman Catholic Church from 15 September 1644 to his death in 1655. Born in Rome of ...
Paisius Iunknown1640
 
1655unknown
 a two-time Ecumenical Patriarch for the Church of Constantinople (August 1, 1652-April 1653, Marc...
Joannicius IIunknown1624
 
16561659/1660
 Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople four times from 1646 to 1656 (1646-1648; 1651-1652; 1653-1...
David Pardo [1]1591 ca1610
 
16571657, Mar 15
 a Dutch rabbi and hakham. He was born at Salonica to Rabbi Joseph and Reina in the second half of...
Menasseh Ben Israel16041632
 
16571657, Nov 20
 a Portuguese rabbi, kabbalist, writer, diplomat, printer and publisher, founder of the first Hebr...
Oliver Cromwell1599, Apr 251628
 
16581658, Sep 3
 an English military and political leader and later Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England,...
Saul Levi Morteira1596 ca1616
 
16601660, Feb 10
 a Dutch rabbi of Portuguese descent. Morteira was the founder of the congregational school Keter ...
Lobsang Chökyi Gyalsten15701570
 
16621662
 the fourth Panchen Lama of the Gelug (Yellow Hat sect) school of Tibetan Buddhism from 1570-1662 ...
Robert Abbot [1]1588 ca1610
 
16621662 ca
 an English theologian who promoted puritan doctrines. He is sometimes mistakenly described as the...
William Juxon15821633
 
16631663, Jun 4
 an English churchman, Bishop of London from 1633 to 1649 and Archbishop of Canterbury from 1660 u...
John Wilkins1614, Feb 141637
 
16681672, Nov 19
 an Anglican clergyman, natural philosopher and author, and was one of the founders of the Royal S...
John Trapp1601, Jun 51622
 
16691669, Oct 16
 an English Anglican Bible commentator. His large five-volume commentary is still read today and i...
Edward Boys [2]15991630
 
16691667
 an English divine. Educated at Eton, he was elected a scholar of Corpus Christi College, Cambridg...
Giovanni Battista Riccioli1598, Apr 171628
 
16711671, Jun 25
 an Italian astronomer and a Catholic priest in the Jesuit order. He is known, among other things,...
Ascanio II Piccolomini15901629
 
16711671
 the archbishop of Siena from 1629 to 1671. Ascanio was a mathematics pupil of Bonaventura Cavalie...
William Broughunknown1630
 
16711671
 an English royalist churchman, Dean of Gloucester from 1643. Brough was a supporter of William La...
Ingen Ryuki1592, Dec 71620
 
16731673, May 19
 a Chinese Linji Chán Buddhist monk, poet, and calligrapher. He is most known for founding the Ob...
Giacomo Carissimi1605, Apr1623
 
16741674, Jan 12
 an Italian composer. He is one of the most celebrated masters of the early Baroque or, more accur...
Robert Herrick1591, Aug1623
 
16741674, Oct
 a 17th-century English lyric poet and cleric. He is best known for Hesperides, a book of poems. T...
Ngawang Lobsang Gyatso16171642
 
16821682
 the Fifth Dalai Lama of the Gelug (Yellow Hat Buddhism) of Tibet. Gyatso is credited with unifyin...
Isaac Aboab da Fonseca1605, Feb 11623
 
16931693, Apr 4
 a rabbi, scholar, kabbalist and writer. In 1656, he was one of several elders within the Portugue...
Jacques-Benigne Bossuet1627, Sep 271643
 
17011704, Apr 12
 a French bishop and theologian, renowned for his sermons and other addresses. He has been conside...
Zanabazar Ondur gegeen Luvsadambiyjaltsanunknown1635
 
1723unknown
 1635-1723, Tibetan Buddhism, Mongolia; Buddhism
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