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Governance
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1622, Nov 81654-16601660, Feb 13
King of Sweden from 1654 until his death. He was the son of John Casimir, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Kleeburg and Catherine of Sweden. After his father's death he also succeeded him as Pfalzgraf. He was married to Hedwig Eleonora of Holstein-Gottorp, who bore his son and successor, Charles XI. Charles X Gustav was the second Wittelsbach king of Sweden after the childless king Christopher of Bavaria (1441–1448) and he was the first king of the Swedish Caroline era, which had its peak during the end of the reign of his son, Charles XI. He led Sweden during the Second Northern War, enlarging the Swedish Empire.
 Timeline (5)
08/29/1655-Swedish king Charles X Gustav occupies Warsaw 
09/08/1655-Swedish king Charles X Gustav occupies Warsaw
10/09/1655-Swedish king Charles X Gustav occupies Krakow 
10/19/1655-Swedish King Charles X Gustav occupies Krakow
07/18/1656-Battle of Warsaw: Swedish king Charles X Gustav beats John II Casimir Vasa and occupies Warsaw
 Contemporaries
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Charles X Gustav1622, Nov 81654
 
16601660, Feb 13

Myles Standish1584 ca1603
 
16561656, Oct 3
 an English military officer hired by the Pilgrims as military adviser for Plymouth Colony. He acc...
Bohdan Khmelnytsky1595 ca1617
 
16571657, Aug 6
 a Ukrainian Hetman of the Zaporozhian Host of the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland in the Polish–...
Ferdinand IV1633, Sep 81637
 
16571654, Jul 9
 made King of Bohemia in 1646, King of Hungary and Croatia in 1647, and King of the Romans on 31 M...
Oliver Cromwell1599, Apr 251628
 
16581658, Sep 3
 an English military and political leader and later Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England,...
John Stone [2]unknown1650
 
1659unknown
 an English politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1653 and 1659. In 1653, Stone was e...
Richard Cromwell1626, Oct 41658
 
 
16591712, Jul 12
 Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland, and one of only two commoners to become the Engl...
Nathaniel Bacon [3]1593, Dec 121645
 
16601660
 an English Puritan lawyer, writer and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times...
Ferdinand Charles1628, May 171632
 
16621662, Dec 30
 the Archduke of Further Austria, including Tyrol, from 1646 to 1662. As the son of Archduke Leopo...
Zhu Youlang1623, Nov 11646
 
16621662, Jun 1
 the fourth and last emperor of the Southern Ming dynasty of China. His era name means "Perpetual ...
Emperor Go-Sai 1638, Jan 11655
 
16631685, Mar 22
 the 111th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. Go-Sai's reign span...
Philip IV1605, Apr 81621
 
16651665, Sep 17
  King of Spain (as Philip IV in Castille and Philip III in Aragon) and Portugal as Philip III (Po...
Ferdinando II de' Medici1610, Jul 141621
 
16701670, May 23
  grand duke of Tuscany from 1621 to 1670. He was the eldest son of Cosimo II de' Medici and Maria...
Frederick III of Denmark1609, Mar 181648
 
16701670, Feb 9
 king of Denmark and Norway from 1648 until his death. He also governed under the name Frederick I...
Amangkurat Iunknown1646
 
1677unknown
 the sultan of Mataram from 1646 to 1677. He was the son of the powerful Sultan Agung. Upon takin...
Mehmed IV1642, Jan 21648
 
16871693, Jan 6
 the Sultan and Caliph of the Ottoman Empire from 1648 to 1687. Taking the throne at age six, his ...
Frederick William1620, Feb 161640
 
16881688, Apr 29
 Elector of Brandenburg and Duke of Prussia, thus ruler of Brandenburg-Prussia, from 1640 until hi...
Roger L'Estrange1616, Dec 171639
 
17021704, Dec 11
 an English pamphleteer, author and staunch defender of Royalist claims. L'Estrange was involved i...
Willem van Outhoorn1635, May 41659
 
17041720, Nov 27
  Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies from 1691 to 1704. He was born and died in the Dutch E...
King Louis XIV1638, Sep 51643
 
17151715, Sep 1
 a monarch of the House of Bourbon who ruled as King of France from 1643 until his death in 1715. ...
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